I bwlieve John Dewey is one of America's most important philosophers. He was a communist in his youth but as a result of what happened in the Soviet Union he became a libertarian socialist. Steven Best has argued: "Philosopher Sidney Hook has gone so far as to argue that Deweysim is the genuine fulfillment of Marxism. But the similarities end abruptly on a key point: Marx insisting on the revolutionary overthrow of capitalism, and Dewey embracing pragmatic reform and rejecting Marxism as unscientific utopianism."
He had a famous debate with Leon Trotsky in the 1930s. Trotsky claimed that although Dewey's ideas had considerable value over previous bourgeois philosophies, he condemned his pragmatism as an insidious apology for capitalism and class collaboration.
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