Abraham Bolden SS..part 4
SA Samuel A. Kinney, driver of the follow-up car:
"SA Kinney immediately recognized the first sound as that of gunfire, realizing that it was a "shot from over our right shoulder" which hit the President in the THROAT…"While Jackie was setting him back up, Connally turns right, then left then pow, pow. The SECOND shot" (hit Connally and)"left Connally's back open." "The THIRD shot hit the President…SA Kinney finds the idea of conspiracy plausible…"(emphasis added; no mention of any missed shots, as well)
[HSCA interview with Kinney, 2/26/78: RIF#180-10078-10493]
"Sam told me twice that he saw the back of JFK's head come off immediately when the fatal shot struck the President's head (Kinney was watching Kennedy's head-and the rear bumper of the limousine-as a normal part of his duty to maintain a five-foot distance between the follow-up car and JFK's limo, something he did hundreds of times before). Sam told me "it was the right rear-I saw that part blow out." Kinney added that his windshield and left arm were hit with blood and brain matter immediately after the head shot.
Once at Parkland Hospital, Kinney helped remove the President from the back seat of the limousine along with Clint Hill, Roy Kellerman, and Dave Powers, thereby receiving an extremely vivid, close-up look at the wound on JFK's head. "His brain was blown out," Sam said, " there was nothing left !" I pressed further, to which Sam added: "There was brain matter all over the place...he had no brains left in his head…Kinney believes there was a conspiracy, but that Oswald was the lone shooter…"
[10/19/92, 3/5/94, and 4/15/94 interviews with Vince Palamara (“The Third Alternative-Survivor’s Guilt: The Secret Service and the JFK Murder”, pp. 8-9, 28, 55-56, 78-80,81-82, 110-111). Sam passed away 7/21/97 (letter from Hazel Kinney to author, 11/20/97).]
SA Paul E. Landis, Jr. (First Lady Detail), rode in follow-up car:
"My reaction at this time was that the shot came from somewhere towards the front…"
[Landis' report dated 11/27/63: 18 H 758-759]
""I still was not certain from which direction the second shot came, but my reaction at this time was that the shot came from somewhere towards the front, right-hand side of the road."
[Landis' detailed report dated 11/30/63: 18 H 751-757]
ASAIC of V.P./ LBJ Detail Rufus W. Youngblood, rode in LBJ's car:
Interviewer: "Do you have anything you want to add to that, or any qualifications you want to add to the previous record of events in Dallas?"
"No, I think that it has been very well covered in the Warren Commission and other reports. I have nothing additional."
[Youngblood's LBJ Library Oral History, 12/17/68, p. 24]
"…Do I believe Lee Harvey Oswald, acting alone, killed the President, and do I believe Jack Ruby, acting alone, killed Oswald. My answer is yes. The Warren Commission, in my opinion, accomplished its mission, and dug deep until it reached the truth."
[Youngblood's book "20 Years in the Secret Service", 1973, p. 177]
"Him [Jim Garrison] and Marguerite Oswald: two nuts!"
[author's interview with Youngblood, 10/22/92. The author also interviewed Youngblood on 2/8/94. Youngblood passed away 10/2/96 ("Pittsburgh Post-Gazette", 10/4/96)]
ATSAIC of V.P./ LBJ Detail Thomas "Lem" Johns, rode in V.P. follow-up car:
"The first two sounded [shots] sounded like they were on the side of me towards the grassy knoll…"
[HSCA interview with Johns, 8/8/78: RIF# 180-10074-10079]
"Newsday" article by Michael Dorman, 2/99:
Lem Johns, a former assistant Secret Service director in charge of all the agency's protective operations, was an agent riding in the Dallas motorcade. "If you get the tie nicked by a different bullet, you've got a second gunman - simple as that," Johns said. "I've never thought that was out of the question."
DNC advance man Jacob L. "Jack" Puterbaugh, rode in pilot car:
"Puterbaugh said he has some doubts about the validity of the Warren Commission's findings, since "the ballistics stuff doesn't add up.""
[Larry Haapanen's interview with Puterbaugh, 9/5/70 (transcript provided to the author)]
Puterbaugh had no comment to make, one way or another.
[1/3/98 letter to Vince Palamara]
SAIC of Miami Office John A. Marshall:
"Twice during the interview, Mr. Marshall mentioned that, for all he knew, someone in the Secret Service could possibly have been involved in the assassination. This is not the first time an agent has mentioned the possibility that a conspiracy existed, but it is the first time that an agent has acknowledged the possibility that the Secret Service could have been involved."
[HSCA interview with Marshall, 2/22/78: RIF#1801007410393]
SA Abraham Bolden, Chicago Office:
Abe is a firm believer in a conspiracy AND in Secret Service negligence. Also, Abe is adamant that there was a plot to kill JFK in Chicago in early November, 1963. I spoke to Bolden twice and corresponded at length with him between 1993 and the present.
Bolden is currently working on his own book with his wife.
SAIC Maurice G. Martineau:
Abe's boss in the Chicago office (and certainly no friend of Bolden's, as Martineau made clear to the author), Martineau was equally adamant to me that a conspiracy took the life of President Kennedy. He also told me he finds the work of the HSCA much more valid than that of the WC. However, when it comes to info. on the Chicago
plot, Martineau is afraid to give me details to this day.
A member of the uniformed division of the Secret Service, Norris is a fervent believer in a conspiracy, although one gets the impression this is more based on his beliefs than actual knowledge, but I could be mistaken. Still, his views and beliefs are important for obvious reasons [see also "JFK: Breaking The Silence" by Bill Sloan (1993)].
Admiral George G. Burkley:
FROM: RICHARD SPRAGUE
March 18, 1977
TO : FILE
FROM : RICHARD A. SPRAGUE
William F. Illig, an attorney from Erie, Pa., contacted me in Philadelphia this
date, advising me that he represents Dr. George G. Burkley, Vice Admiral, U.S.
Navy retired, who had been the personal physician for presidents Kennedy and
Mr. Ilig stated that he had a luncheon meeting with his client, Dr. Burkley,
this date to take up some tax matters. Dr. Burkley advised him that although he,
Burkley, had signed the death certificate of President Kennedy in Dallas, he had
never been interviewed and that he has information in the Kennedy assassination
indicating that others besides Oswald must have participated.
Illig advised me that his client is a very quiet, unassuming person, not wanting
any publicity whatsoever, but he, Illig, was calling me with his client's
consent and that his client would talk to me in Washington.
“Reasonable Doubt”, p. 49 (1982 interview by Henry Hurt+letters of 10/6/82 and 10/14/82)---believed that President Kennedy’s assassination was the result of a conspiracy.
According to the 5/31/87 issue of Paul Hoch's newsletter "Echoes of Conspiracy" (vol. 9, No. 1), "Dr. Burkley recently told a relative of his that he did think that Oswald must have been part of a conspiracy, because the way he and his family lived and traveled was indicative of financial support.". Burkley passed away 1/91.
Presidential Aides David F. Powers and Kenneth P. O'Donnell, rode in follow-up car:
7 H 472-474: Affidavit dated 5/18/64---“…the first shot went off…I noticed then that the President moved quite far to his left after the shot from the extreme right hand side where he had been sitting. There was a second shot and Governor Connally disappeared from sight and then there was a third shot which took off the top of the President’s head and had the sickening sound of a grapefruit splattering against the side of a wall. The total time bewteen the first and third shots was about 5 or 6 seconds. My first impression was that the shots came from the right and overhead, but I also had a fleeting impression that the noise appeared to come from the front in the area of the triple overpass. This may have resulted from my feeling, when I looked forward toward the overpass, that we might have ridden into an ambush…"
7/20/87 "Boston Herald"---"we'll never know for sure what happened."
“JFK: The Day The Nation Cried”, 1988---the most detailed (albeit brief) account of the shooting by him on video---does not leave room for a missed shot.
“High Treason”, p. 423 and Groden’s “TKOAP”, p. 205 (refering to O’Neill’s 1987 book “Man of the House”, p.211); “Larry King Live”, 1/20/92 (interview with O’Neill); “Beyond JFK: The Question of Conspiracy” video (1992-O’Neill)---Powers and Kenneth P. O’Donnell told Tip O’Neill that the shots came from the grassy knoll [for his part, O'Donnell said "my reaction in part is reconstruction---is that they came from the right rear."[7 H 468; Powers passed away 3/27/98. O'Donnell passed away 9/9/77.]
Milton T. Wright, Jr., driver of Mayor Cabell's car:
"I don't believe in the conspiracy or more that [sic] one gun theory."
[8/28/98 letter to Vince Palamara]
4/21/91 interview with Harry Livingstone for “High Treason 2”, pp. 435-437---“…I remember coming into Parkland Hospital, and Dr. Burkley telling me that he [JFK] had gone, and Jackie was sitting outside of the place where he was being kept---they were doing the autopsy or whatever they were doing, and I went up to her and tried to console her.”; “I never looked at any of that [the autopsy materials]. Nothing. I kept it, and then Bobby [Kennedy] moved it into another room. It was all sealed up. I never saw any of it…I had no access to it.”; “It was a conspiracy. There was no doubt about that...J. Edgar Hoover was involved in it.”;
“Bloody Treason” by Noel Twyman, p. 831 and
“Assassination Science” by James Fetzer,p. 372: 10/7/94 letter to Richard Duncan---“As for the assassination is concerned [sic] it is my belief that there was a conspiracy because there were those that disliked him and felt the only way to get rid of him was to assassinate him. These five conspirators , in my opinion, were Lyndon B. Johnson, J. Edgar Hoover, the Mafia, the CIA, and the Cubans in Florida. The House Intelligence Committee investigation, also, came to the conclusion that there was a conspiracy.”[Lincoln conveyed the same thoughts to Anthony Summers: see “The Fourth Decade” journal, May 1998 issue, p. 14. Evelyn passsed away 5/11/95]
Advance man Marty Underwood (worked on the planning of JFK's Texas tour - specifically, his proposed stops at Houston and Austin):
In an exclusive interview conducted on 10/9/92, the author obtained the following new information [similar in content to what Underwood told "Evening Magazine" on 11/22/88, his only tv appearance]:
- Underwood became "an honorary Secret Service agent" and served under Presidents Kennedy and Johnson. While with LBJ, he became the "aide in charge of the Secret Service." The advance man confirmed to this author that JFK did not restrict agents from riding on the Presidential limousine. Underwood told Harrison Livingstone: "There were so many things that fell through in Dallas. Any advance man who had any sense at all would never have taken him down that route." When Livingstone commented that the route was changed, Underwood added: "Yeah, I know. You don't take a guy down a route like that."("High Treason 2", by Harry Livingstone, page 442)
- FBI Director J. Edgar Hoover had a file on Underwood and, according to the advance man, Hoover hid the Lee Harvey Oswald file from the Secret Service;
- Underwood stated that the CIA, the FBI, and the mafia "knew (JFK) was going to be hit" on 11/22/63 - this information came from his direct contacts with CIA officer Win Scott, the Mexico City Station Chief during Oswald's visit to that region! In addition, Underwood stated that, eighteen hours before Kennedy's murder, "we were getting all sorts of rumors that the President was going to be assassinated in Dallas; there were no if's, and's, or but's about it." When Underwood told JFK about these disturbing reports, the President merely said, "Marty, you worry about me too much" (indeed, JFK told San Antonio Congressman Henry Gonzalez on 11/21/63: "The Secret Service told me that they have taken care of everything. There's nothing to worry about").
The reason why Underwood opened up to me is best expressed by him: "Everyone who had anything to do with Dallas in any way - Kenny O'Donnell, the Secret Service -they're practically all dead now. I just think people should know the truth."
From ARRB's Final Report, pages 135-136 (see also p.112; as with Floyd Boring, I alerted the ARRB's Tom Samoluk in early 1996 to Underwood, even sending him Underwood's only tv appearance on video, "Evening Magazine" dated 11/22/88 mentioned above]:
"Martin Underwood, a former advance man for Presidents Kennedy and Johnson, was a member of President
Kennedy's advance team in Texas
in November 1963. A researcher [GUS RUSSO]who worked with Seymour Hersh on his book, The Dark Side of Camelot, told
the Review Board that Underwood claimed that President Johnson sent Underwood to Mexico City in 1966 or
1967 to see what he could learn about the Kennedy assassination. Underwood allegedly met with Win Scott,
former CIA Chief of Station in Mexico City.
The researcher [GUS RUSSO]provided the Review Board with copies of handwritten notes, on White House stationery,
ostensibly prepared by Underwood and documenting his meeting with Scott. The notes state that Scott told
Underwood that the CIA "blew it" in Dallas in November 1963. On the morning of November 22, the agency
knew that a plane had arrived in Mexico City from Havana, and that one passenger got off the plane and boarded
another one headed for Dallas. Underwood's notes state that Scott said that CIA identified the passenger as
The researcher [GUS RUSSO]also stated that someone instructed Underwood to follow Judith Campbell Exner on her 1960 train
trip from Washington, D.C., to Chicago, during which she was alleged to have carried money between Senator
Kennedy (the Democratic Party nominee) and organized crime boss Sam Giancana.
The Review Board staff informally interviewed Underwood. Underwood confirmed that he traveled to Mexico
City in 1966, but said that he went to advance President Johnson's trip and not to look into circumstances
surrounding President Kennedy's assassination. While in Mexico City, Underwood met with Scott concerning the
details of President Johnson's trip. During Underwood's meeting with Scott, he said they did discuss President
Kennedy's assassination and that Scott told him the story that the researcher relayed to the Review Board.
When Review Board staff asked Underwood about any notes he may have taken, he initially claimed to have no
memory of any notes. Upon viewing copies of the notes that the researcher [GUS RUSSO] provided to the Review Board,
Underwood said that he had written the notes in 1992 or 1993 for a researcher [GUS RUSSO]to use for Hersh's book.
Underwood explained that the notes are on White House stationery because he has a lot of extra White House
stationery left over from his work with President Johnson.
Underwood could not remember whether he had contemporaneous notes from his meeting with Scott. He also
denied that he followed Judith Campbell Exner on a train and that he had no knowledge about her alleged role as a
After the informal interview, Underwood forwarded to the Review Board a set of typed notes from his 1966 trip
to Mexico City and his meeting with Scott. The typed notes documented Underwood's activities in Mexico City
and briefly mentioned his meeting with Scott. The notes do not mention Underwood's conversation with Scott
about the Kennedy assassination. Instead, the notes state that Underwood sought Scott's assistance in staging a
big welcome for President Johnson. The Review Board subsequently requested Underwood to testify under oath,
but due to health problems, he was not available. Underwood's notes now are part of the JFK Collection."
New material available for the first time in “Survivor’s Guilt: The Secret Service & The Failure To Protect The President” by Vincent Michael Palamara---
1) The primary, first-hand accounts of over 70 former Secret Service agents, White House aides, and family members, many of whom have never spoken publicly before. No other author or government investigative body has successfully interviewed and contacted as many of these men as has author Palamara. No other book has ever examined the conduct of the Secret Service in such voluminous and authoritative detail.
2) The long-standing and wide-reaching myth that President Kennedy was difficult to protect and somehow, directly or indirectly, made his own tragic death easier for an assassin or assassins is exploded for the first time in devastating and authoritative detail.
3) The fraudulent notion that JFK had ordered the agents off the rear of his limousine in Dallas is conclusively debunked. Agents on or near the rear of JFK’s car would have thwarted his death.
4) The popular and widespread myth that President Kennedy personally ordered the bubbletop off his limousine in Dallas is likewise shown to be a convenient exaggeration. An impossible multiplicity of responsibility is painstakingly demonstrated, as are multiple options involving the bubbletop that were not used in Dallas.
5) The premature approval of Kennedy’s speech site in Dallas by members of the Secret Service, over other options, which determined the type of security used for the site, the choice of the route used to get to the destination, and even the speed of JFK’s limousine, is detailed in full.
6) Despite the rabid, right-wing environment in Dallas, it is shown that there were allegedly no threats found by the agency in this troubled city, a seeming impossibility. Like the choice of speech site, this situation likewise determined the level of security---or lack thereof---used for JFK’s mortal trip to the Big D.
7) For the first time ever, an exhaustive account of all the recent prior threats to Kennedy’s life just before the President’s journey to Texas is revealed.
8) Another major discovery by the author is the covert monitor of mortal threats to JFK’s life for the New York, Florida, and Texas trips---the last three major Presidential forays---by two members of the Secret Service’s Protective Research Section. Also, a little-known military intelligence presence is shown to have existed in Dallas on November 22, 1963, yet another probable covert monitor of mortal threats to the President that was covered up after the assassination. Finally, the presence of a CIA agent at the hospital the dying President was taken to is revealed.
9) The presence of unauthorized Secret Service agents in Dealey Plaza, the site of the assassination, is exhaustively documented in devastating detail. Likewise, the media’s reporting of the death of a Secret Service agent the day of the assassination is painstakingly examined. Finally, the untimely death of a Secret Service agent shortly before the Texas trip is revealed in context.
10) The alarming and shocking behavior of perhaps the most important agent connected to the Dallas trip, JFK’s driver, is explored in unprecedented detail.
11) The lack of proper local police and military involvement will be shown to be Secret Service responsibilities and, ultimately, failures. In addition, the strange omission of key members of the Secret Service is duly noted.
12) It is shown that overpasses, buildings, windows, and rooftops were not properly monitored, due to Secret Service negligence (or worse). In addition, the strange conduct of local police and the agents themselves is also noted, along with the ramifications of this behavior. An unprecedented agent-by-agent examination is scrupulously documented with disturbing results.
13) Evidence that the fateful motorcade route Kennedy rode in Dallas was changed at the eleventh hour by the Secret Service is detailed in full. Also, like the speech site, it is conclusively documented that other options---and alternate routes---were available and not used that fatal day in Dallas.
14) The Dallas police plan to use many flanking motorcycles, used to shield the President during the motorcade, was changed shortly before the assassination by the Secret Service. Also, the press and photographers, Kennedy’s personal physician, military aides, and several important vehicles were moved from their normal positions close to JFK at the last minute, again by the Secret Service.
15) It is amply demonstrated by the author that President Kennedy was actually very personable and friendly with the Secret Service and did not interfere with their actions at all. In addition, JFK’s oft-noted obsession with death will be shown to be a byproduct of his knowledge of threats to his life just before Dallas.
16) Evidence of covert security tests and studies, as well as the destruction and altering of crucial documents, evidence, and testimony, is revealed. Also, disturbing FBI-Secret Service fueding is noted in context.
17) A mountain of lies and bureaucratic cover-up is duly noted, along with the ramifications of these falsehoods for the subsequent investigations into the assassination, the conduct of the Secret Service itself, and, ultimately, the writing of accurate history.
18) Disturbing sentiments regarding President Kennedy on the part of several key Secret Service agents is revealed, as well as the justifiable feelings of guilt and responsibility for the President’s death by others. In addition, the suprising conspiratorial beliefs of several former agents are chronicled.
19) Gross negligence and, in some instances, seeming culpability on the part of members of the Secret Service, sworn to protect the life of John F. Kennedy, is detailed with many disturbing ramifications revealed.
20) Whether one views the assassination as the work of a lone unaided assassin---Lee Harvey Oswald---OR the work of a deadly secret cabal, the powerful information in “Survivor’s Guilt” holds up in any case. In fact, it is conclusively demonstrated that, regardless of who or what was ultimately behind the assassination, it was the agents of the Secret Service who bear the heavy burden for President Kennedy’s tragic and untimely murder.http://barnley.blogs...my-profile.html
Apparently Clint Hill after reading Vince's book, is very upset with him to put it mildly ,he says that he is a "bas...." for "inflicting harm on the agency". "and absolutely no good will come from writing about any of this all these years later."
Quote: "Also Clint Hill has recently had a stroke as well as Winston G.Lawson and Frank G.Stoner..Mrs Hill said that he was "greatly distressed", and that Hill was "angry at being lied to that day, as he was only doing his job that day." which has to be in reference to Floyd Boring's orders...and that I was not to call again."
Needless to say Mr. Palamara appears upset now as well....This information was posted by him on the alts..
Thoughts expressed ..."They ,were extremely angry that the Agents of the Secret Service' inflicted harm on the agency' on 11/22/63.. as well as a great loss of belief and respect for 3 great Institutions of our country which they once earned,
1. Political Leadership, 2.Law Enforcement 3: Media...
MY LETTER TO CLINT HILL
By Vince Palamara 2005
On 6/2/05, the author mailed this lengthy, 22-page letter to former WHD agent Clinton J. Hill (Certified, Return Receipt Requested with a S.A.S.E. to boot) summarizing the entire first chapter of my massively updated and expanded first book “Survivor’s Guilt: The Secret Service & The Failure To Protect The President” in great detail.
Mr. Clinton J. Hill 6/1/05
SUBJECT: Lynn Meredith (and colleagues) and PROOF that you are 100% NOT to blame for the actions and inactions of 11/22/63...a couple others must share the burden instead.
Specter: "Now, had there been any instruction or comment about your
performance of that type of a duty with respect to anything President
Kennedy himself had said in the period immediately preceding the trip to
Hill: "Yes, sir; there was. The preceding Monday, the President was on a trip to Tampa, Florida, and he requested that the agents not ride on either of those two steps."
Specter: "And to whom did the President make that request?"
Hill: "Assistant Special Agent in Charge Boring."
Specter: "Was Assistant Special Agent in Charge Boring the individual in charge of that trip to Florida?"
Hill: "He was riding in the Presidential automobile on that trip in Florida, and I presume that he was. I was not along."
Specter: "Well, on that occasion would he have been in a position comparable to that occupied by Special Agent Kellerman on this trip to Texas?"
Hill: "Yes sir; the same position."
Specter: "And Special Agent Boring informed you of that instruction by President Kennedy?"
Hill: "Yes sir, he did."
Specter: "Did he make it a point to inform other special agents of that same instruction?"
Hill: "I believe that he did, sir."
Specter: "And, as a result of what President Kennedy said to him, did he instruct you to observe that Presidential admonition?"
Hill: "Yes, sir."
Specter: "How, if at all, did that instruction of President Kennedy affect your action and - your action in safeguarding him on this trip to Dallas?"
Hill: "We did not ride on the rear portions of the automobile. I did on those four occasions because the motorcycles had to drop back and there was no protection on the left-hand side of the car." (Emphasis added)
(Yet, during Chief Rowley’s Warren Commission testimony, he was asked the following:
Mr. Rankin: “Chief Rowley, I should like to have you state for the record, for the Commission, whether the action of President Kennedy in making these statements was understood by you or properly could have been understood by the agents as relieving them of any responsibility about the protection of the President.”
Mr. Rowley: “No; I would not so construe that, Mr. Rankin. The agents would respond regardless of what the President said if the situation indicated a potential danger. The facilities were available to them. They had the rear steps, they would be there as a part of the screen. And immediately in the event of any emergency they would have used them [emphasis added].” Rowley even added: “Now, if the thing gets too sticky, you put the agent right in the back seat, which I have done many times with past Presidents.”)
Furthermore, on 9/18/96, by my request , the Assassination Records Review Board’s Doug Horne interviewed Mr. Boring regarding this matter. Horne wrote: "Mr. Boring was asked to read pages 136-137 of Clint Hill's Warren Commission testimony, in which Clint Hill recounted that Floyd Boring had told him just days prior to the assassination that during the President's Tampa trip on Monday, 11/18/63, JFK had requested that agents not ride on the rear steps of the limousine, and that Boring had also so informed other agents of the White House detail, and that as a result, agents in Dallas (except Clint Hill, on brief occasions) did not ride on the rear steps of the limousine. MR BORING AFFIRMED THAT HE DID MAKE THESE STATEMENTS TO CLINT HILL, BUT STATED THAT HE WAS NOT RELAYING A POLICY CHANGE, BUT RATHER SIMPLY TELLING AN ANECDOTE ABOUT THE PRESIDENT'S KINDNESS AND CONSIDERATION IN TAMPA IN NOT WANTING AGENTS TO HAVE TO RIDE ON THE REAR OF THE LINCOLN LIMOUSINE WHEN IT WAS NOT NECESSARY TO DO SO BECAUSE OF A LACK OF CROWDS ALONG THE STREET (Emphasis added).”
I find this admission startling, especially because the one agent who decided to ride on the rear of the limousine in Dallas anyway---and on at least 4 different occasions--- was none other than yourself!.
This also does not address what the agents were to do when the crowds were heavier, or even what exactly constituted a "crowd", as AGENTS DID RIDE ON THE REAR STEPS OF THE LIMOUSINE IN TAMPA ON NOVEMBER 18, 1963 ANYWAY (agents Donald J. Lawton, Andrew E. Berger, & Charles T. Zboril, to be exact)!
Furthermore, as noted above, both your written report and your testimony sure convey a more strict approach than one stemming from an alleged “kind anecdote“. In fact, as mentioned above, you twice stated in your report that you DID NOT RECALL who the agent was who told you, and the other agents, not to ride on the rear of the limousine, yet you named him under oath to Counsel Specter: Floyd Boring.
The deathblow to the Tampa tale: I wrote to former Florida Congressman Samuel Melville Gibbons on 1/7/04 and asked him if he had heard President Kennedy order the agents off the rear of the limousine. Gibbons rode in the rear seat with JFK and Senator George Smathers on the Tampa trip of 11/18/63. Gibbons response in full, dated 1/15/04: “I rode with Kennedy every time he rode. I heard no such order. As I remember it the agents rode on the rear bumper all the way. Kennedy was very happy during his visit to Tampa. Sam Gibbons.”
Furthermore, an amazing document was released in the 1990’s concerning, among many other related topics, the issue of the agents’ presence (or lack thereof) on the limousine. This is a 28-page “Sensitive” memorandum from Belford Lawson, the attorney in charge of the Secret Service area for the HSCA, addressed to Gary Cornwell & Ken Klein dated 5/31/77 and revised 8/15/77. Apparently, Attorney Lawson was suspicious of Mr. Boring, for he wrote on the final page of this lengthy memorandum: “Subject: Florida Motorcades in November 1963…Was Floyd Boring, the Senior SS Agent on the White House detail, lying to SS Agent Hill when he told Hill that JFK had said in Tampa…that he wanted no agents riding upright on the rear bumper step of the JFK limousine? Did JFK actually say this? Did Boring know when he told this to Hill that Hill would be riding outboard on the JFK follow-up car in Dallas on November 22, 1963? Did Boring say this to Ready or Roberts? [Lawson’s emphasis]”
***Floyd M. Boring, Emory P. Roberts, & William R. Greer bear THE burden for the security lapses in Dallas; no one else ... http://barnley.blogs...my-profile.html
Vince Palamara's new book "Survivor's Guilt" if interested is only available from Andy Winiarczk..our book hero, at .
The Last Hurrah Bookshop..
937 Williamsport ,Pa.
17701 U.S.A....Phone and Fax 570/321-1150
Secret Service..Chicago : Florida 1963
Abraham W.Bolden Sr.....White House Office and Chicago Office of the Secret Service..
On temporary assignment in June 1961 to the White House Detail..The first
African-American, also the first African-American agent for the Pinkerton Agency. He
entered the Secret Service in October 1960 (59?) and was separated
in May 1964.
"Washington News" & "San Francisco Chronicle" 5/21/64.
" New York Times" 12/6/67.
"Washington News & San Francisco Chronicle" 5/21/64.
"New York Times" 12/6/67.
"Ramparts" magazine 1/19/68, pp/67-68:
"National Tattler" 7/5/70
Source for the 1975 "Chicago Independent " article ,interviewed by
Mark Lane "Rush To Judgment": p.275: as well as Lane's
"A Citizen's Dissent"" p/193.
Bud Fensterwald and Ian Calder interview for the
"Nashville Enquirer" 5/25/68.
and Interviewed by the HSCA 1/19/78.
Bolden is currently working on his own book with his wife..
""Report of the Select Committee on Assassinations of the U.S. House of Representatives
In addition, the committee obtained the testimony of a former Secret Service agent, Abraham Bolden, who had been assigned to the Chicago office in 1963. He alleged that shortly before November 2, the FBI sent a teletype message to the Chicago Secret Service office stating that an attempt to assassinate the President would be made on November 2 by a four-man team using high-powered rifles, and that at least one member of the team had a Spanish-sounding name.(61) Bolden claimed that while he did not personally participate in surveillance of the subjects, he learned about a surveillance of the four by monitoring Secret Service radio channels in his automobile and by observing one of the subjects being detained in his Chicago office.(62)
According to Bolden's account, the Secret Service succeeded in locating and surveillance two of the threat subjects who,(63) when they discovered they were being watched, were arrested and detained on the evening of November 1 in the Chicago Secret Service office.(64)
The committee was unable to document the existence of the alleged assassination team. Specifically, no agent who had been assigned to Chicago confirmed any aspect of Bolden's version.(65) One agent did state there had been a threat in Chicago during that period, but he was unable to recall details.(66) Bolden did not link Vallee to the supposed
four-man assassination team, although he claimed to remember Vallee's name in connection with a 1963 Chicago case. (67) He did not recognize Vallee's photograph when shown it by the committee. (68)
The questionable authenticity of the Bolden account notwithstanding, the committee believed the Secret Service failed to make appropriate use of the information supplied it by the Chicago threat in early November 1963. ""http://www.archives....rt/part-1d.html
Abraham W.Bolden Sr.....White House Office and Chicago Office of the Secret Service..
From Vince Palamara's "Survivors Guilt" updated...2005
The first black member of the SS..member of the WH detail whose appointment came at the instigation of President Kennedy when he appeared in Chicago in 1961..
Mr .Bolden was also the first SS agent ever "dishonorably discharged" which took place not long after the assassination. Sam Kinney stated to the author..
"We never had any bad publicity until Abe Bolden came along."
Chief Rowley told the WC.."This is the first time I remember anything like this happening since I have been in the Secret Service."
Former agent and Chief of White House Signal Corps Col George J. McNally wrote in his book, "The Secret Service for the first time in it's long history had an agent indicted for attempting to sell a government investigation report to a defendant in a counterfeiting case."..(**1**)
In writing several letters to Vince, Mr.Bolden ,pontificated about JFK "a sincere dedicated President who because of his long sufferings was able to feel the agony of others."
Bolden: " I was personally told by SAIC ,Harvey Henderson ,"Your a n.You were born a n.You're going to die a n. So act like a n,"..
(According to former Agent Art Godfrey ,"Harvey Henderson was a shift agent, never a boss or shift leader"..(Letter to author dated, 11/24/97..
Perhaps Bolden meant that Henderson was HIS boss on the shift.)
Other important details that Bolden elaborated on...
"You may ask, why was I not in Dallas in that fateful day of darkness. It is because the Secret Service White House Detail of the 60's was composed basically of new service recruits and entrenched senior agents, five of whom you named in your letter to me, who ran the Secret Service Detail ,under James Rowley ,as if their job was not to protect the President ,but to 'look good' by putting up a front that protection was being afforded . The senior agents were " party people " ( not so with Clint Hill, Ed Z.Tucker or Bob Foster). Who reported for assignment after consuming large quantities of alcohol, and attended lavish sex parties during off duty hours..... agents in Hyannis Port drank heavily the night before, the morning of , and during their Presidential guard assignments with some agents carrying liquor in their tote bags and drinking on duty....
Prior to May 21,1964, no evidence or inquisitions had been made into the conduct of the Secret Service in Dallas on November 22,1963. As I spoke with the newspaper writers and T.V. newsmen on May 20,1964, I knew from experience that the lax attitude concerning protective assignments , the deep disrespect for Kennedy prevalent within the Service, and the propensity to consume hard liquor prior to assignment were the actual murderers of our President.. Oswald did not kill Kennedy....the attitudinal violence of the Secret Service did.!. No one could kill our President without the shots of omission fired by the Secret Service. Observe the feet of ( four )Secret Service agents glued to the running boards of the follow-up car as bullets (sic?) pierce the brain of our President.!!!".(**2**)
"If any person had the ability ,love, and compassion to better the condition of all peoples of America, it was John F.Kennedy. Oft times during my assignment of the White House , he would approach me and ask, "How are
they treating you or "How do you like the detail ?" He introduced me to every member of his cabinet saying, "This is Mr. Bolden. I brought him here to make history and to open the door for his people."
"Before I left the White House Detail (June 1961). I sought an audience with the then Chief of the Secret Service ( U.E. Baughman). I told him in no uncertain terms that (1) the Secret Service Detail was not protecting President Kennedy properly by agents reporting for work in a drunken condition and (2) when the President was assassinated it would be a direct result of laxity by agents around the President..The reply to my assertions.......was that the Secret Service had not "lost" a President in over 20 years and that to a new agent (me) it might appear that security was lax, but everything was covered."..In a follow up letter ,Bolden wrote : "In November 1963,I was in Washington ,D.C. on a super secret mission involving and Internal Revenue Investigation of the members of the House
of Representatives. My contact when I arrived was Mr.Joiner, Chief of Intelligence then for the I.R.S. I arrived in Washington on Nov.8,1963, and left Nov.11,1963, eleven days before Kennedy was assassinated .It was during this time that I discussed the breakdown in security with Chief Rowley in person and it was also at this time that I found out that Chief Rowley had written an article for Reader's Digest (s) Nov.(63) issue stating and outlining how easy it would be to assassinate a President using a high powered rifle.
Some of the copies of the Reader's Digest had already been distributed when Kennedy was assassinated. After the assassination, all copies of that issue were withdrawn and new November issues were printed deleting the "essay" by Chief Rowley .. In the assay, Chief Rowley contended that the weakness within the security of the President was " an assassin perched in the window firing a high powered rifle." You can see how such an article was extremely detrimental to the safety of President Kennedy." Letter to author dated 10/30/93.
Abe Bolden was imprisoned on trumpeted up charges by the Secret Service on trying to sell a government report on a counterfeiting case, is adamant that he was innocent and framed by the Secret Service..An agent from the Chicago office, Conrad Cross, told the HSCA, "he believes Bolden was set up." But did not know by whom..( HSCA interview RIF #180 -10104-10324).
Bolden wrote: "...I surmised that the actual reason for my arrest was due to the fact that Kennedy was assassinated and that I could not be depended upon to keep quiet about my complaints ( of laxity, etc)..regarding the Secret Service."...
The assassination was the darkest days of the Secret Service history and the agency was fearful of loosing their position of being the protector of future Presidents.
Bolden: "You know what I could not understand? I talked to Jim Rowley several times, after I left Washington. D.C..it always puzzled me as to why he let this thing happen to me in Chicago . That bothered me because he impressed me as a fairly decent guy, a fair man it seemed, ...I just can't ...I don't know if this thing that happened ( to me )was over his head or he couldn't stop it because he was the Chief of the Secret Service..I just can't believe that Chief Rowley would let this happen...."
Mr. Bolden also had wished that his fellow agents had been at the trial or at least had read the transcript..
As it did turn out one agent WAS at Bolden's trial (both of them in fact)..
Louis B.Sims..who was later discovered as being one of the agents who were in charge of maintaining the elaborate eavesdropping operation for the Nixon, White House..and changing the tapes...( RIF #180-10093-10022:HSCA interview with Sims..5/22/78.
Abe Bolden was unaware that Rowley testified to the WC about his case, and in some length...but the WC never called Bolden..J. Lee Ranklin had asked Rowley,"Chief Rowley, have you had any other complaints similar to this in regard to the conduct of the Secret Service agents on the Presidential or White House detail ?".
"We had one in the last month .We had charges leveled at us by an agent of the Secret Service..........Who is currently under indictment, and who will be brought to trial on criminal charges on the 29th of June. And ,for that reason while I have no reluctance to discuss it, I think we should go off the record, because I don't want in any way to prejudice the case..( Bolden) said he was framed . Now, he said he was framed because he was prepared to go before your Commission, Sir, to testify about this thing that happened 3 years ago ,and in the charges he said he advised me ,as well as others ,and nothing was done. He said he was framed for this reason....He had never made any complaint to me. It came as a complete surprise." ( WC 5 H 454-455, 457-458).
Considering that the charges that Bolden had made in 1962...to Chief Baughman it is easy to see why Rowley could make this statement..But Rowley made no mention of Bolden's claim to having spoken with him in early Nov. 1963, when he was in Washington....
Rowley continued.."Now, in order to determine their ability and fitness for assignment ,since some people are better criminal investigators than they are at protection work, we have an orientation program, which includes duty on the White House detail..Mr. Bolden was one of the men selected to come in the summer of 1961.He was also a replacement for some regular agent on the detail who was on leave..It was a 30 day assignment. This afforded us an opportunity to observe him, determine whether he was equipped and so forth. And he was on the White House detail for this short period of time. The time that he describes was a five day weekend up at Hyannis Port....
Before he left his detail assignment, you see, he alleges that he told me about the condition that was going on up in Hyannis...When he left to return to his office in Chicago......The fact is he never informed me..He never informed any of his supervisors or anyone on the detail......I found out there was no truth to charges of misconduct. There was 11 charges lodged against us, one, charge, the ninth charge, a part of it is true.The boys did contribute for food. In otherwards up there in Hyannis, when they are up there for a week, or a weekend , they would be assigned to a house, which economically was beneficial to them .One shift, and some of the drivers would be in this house. This house was in a remote area from the shopping area and so forth..So they agreed when they arrived there ,to contribute to buy food for breakfast, it being an 8 to 4 shift. Eight to four meant they would have breakfast there and dinner...One of the agents who enjoyed it as a hobby cooked the meals for them, while the others took care of the dishes ...when they went shopping they bought two or three cases of beer which they had available in the icebox when the men came off duty in the evening.".(.WC 5H 455-457.)
In both his letters and interviews with Palamara, Abe Bolden expressed much interest and suspicion in Harvey Henderson, his "boss" during this time on the White House Detail".. "While in New York on a protective assignment, Harvey Henderson countermanded a direct order from the President ..This occurred in September or October 1963 ( Mr.Bolden may be mistaken the time period may have been mid November 1963...a mere week or so before Dallas )..(**3**)
"The President subsequently had Henderson removed from the detail, this act was very unpopular with Jerry Behn, Emory Roberts, and others on the detail."...
Abe Bolden elaborated on the telephone...with the author..
"Do you know what happened to Harvey Henderson? I heard that he had been relieved of his Detail by President Kennedy himself...Harvey had made some threats like, 'We'll get you'...I understand that he told the President "I'll get you,or something to that effect. ...(it was) no secret that Kennedy wanted him removed from the detail...Harvey was a quick tempered guy who couldn't take the heat..Where is Harvey Henderson at ?I think that you would do well if you could find out where Harvey Henderson was on November 22- can you track him down ? In mentioning the Secret Service credentials present in Dealey Plaza on 11/22/63, Bolden said, in reference to Harvey Henderson ...
" that's the first thing that crossed my mind ..he would have the nerve, the guts ,the anger, the craziness, the instability..I'm not saying he was in Dallas, but I'm saying that it would be something to look at"..
Harvey Henderson died in 1994 before Vince Palamara could locate and contact him for any comment.....Interestingly regarding a plot to kill Martin Luther King was furnished by Henderson, the ASAIC of the Birmingham Secret Service office ,on 3/11/65, over three years before MLK's murder.
In speaking to two other agents Maurice Martineau, (Mr. Bolden’s superior in Chicago) and Robert Lilley, the name Harvey Henderson, struck a nerve..Martineau spoke nervously :" I knew him...not very well...I didn't have too much contact with him."..
Asked when Mr .Henderson "left" the W.H detail. Lilley said he "would have left .....pause....probably 1962."(**5**)
Former agent Walt Coughlin wrote: "Harvey (The Birmingham Baron) Henderson had left the Detail when I arrived (6/62.).but I recall he was there for most of the 1950s.. ( Undated letter to author received 2/21/04)...Walt later added ,"Harvey Henderson he ( Bolden) is probably rite (sic) about ".
In contrast ,former agent Gerald Blaine who claims to have been on Bolden's temporary shift at the White House,wrote on 6/12/05: "I don't remember anybody on the detail that was racist .Merit was perceived by a person's actions ,their demeanor ,reliability, dependability and professional credibility ...not race!...Harvey was not even on the shift that Bolden was during his thirty days stay. Even though Harvey Henderson was from Mississippi, I never heard of him discriminating nor demeaning anyone because of race."
Darwin Horne wrote:"Harvey Henderson was on the detail from about 1952 to about 1960 and then went ro Birmingham."'( E-mail to author dated 2/22/04)..Former V.P. L.B.J agent Jerry Kivett wrote "I knew Harvey Henderson but do not know when he served on the White House detail .Probably late 50's to early 60's."( letter to author dated 2/18/04).
Oliver Stone consultant Gus Russo told the author in 92..that Mr.Bolden told him that Agent Robert Lilley" was either privy to the assassination or had foreknowledge. " When asked Bolden if this was true, he nervously said :
"(pause)....I don't recall right at this moment.......I don't recall right at this moment."..........
Lawyers John Hosmer, Sherman Skolnick, Bernard Fensterwald & Mark Lane were convinced that Abe Bolden was framed on wrongful charges. Also, Sen.Sam Irving (later of Watergate fame), Sen.Edward Long, Asst. Att.Gen.Fred Vinson, and U.S. Att. Edward Hanrahan were involved in the Bolden case....Abe Bolden told Palamara that "The Secret Service office here in Chicago knows there was no crime committed ...they absolutely know that there was no crime committed." his attorney from Springfield, Ill. John Hosner ,believes that "his client was imprisoned as a result of information
he has about the assassination."..( AARC files provided to the author by
researcher Bill Adams)...
Bolden retained Attorney Hosner because he "knew how the government worked."
In a letter to Josiah Thompson dated 12/26/67, Att.Hosner outlined his case:
"Some peculiar and remarkable things happened before and during the trial...three SS informers were the witnesses against Bolden..
One of whom
Joseph Spagnoli ,later in his own trial ,admitted perjury at the behest of the Government, and Bolden's, alleged co-conspirator, a man he had arrested twice ( Frank W.Jones) was never brought to trial..the "shaft " was put to Bolden by the Secret Service and the Government ."...
In prison 3/14/68, in a letter ,Abe Bolden summed it up to Senator Long:
" I was kidnapped, denied an attorney ,convicted on perjury evidence and suborned by the government ,convicted by methods used by the trial judge
that suppressed (sic) evidence favorable to the defense, and perjury admitted during the trial by government witnesses was suppressed (sic) from the jury."
He added, " U.S. District Judge J.Sam Perry instructed the jury , while that jury was in deliberation ,that 'In my opinion, the evidence shows the defendant to be guilty of counts 1,2 and 3 in the indictment .'
To give any personal opinion to a deliberating jury, by anyone, is clearly a violation of law called jury tampering.
Yet, after a mistrial was declared in the 1st trial, this same Judge J. Sam Perry( with opinion) intact heard the 2nd trial.. Moreover he was upheld by the 7th Circuit Court U.S.Court of Appeals who ruled that such opinions do not show prejudice on the part of the Judge..Then what would he have to do to show prejudice? Lynch me? This charge by a Judge has never been used by a Caucasian Judge against a Caucasian defendant !..".....
" Then how did the government case against me initiate?..On or about May 11,1964. Frank W.Jones ,a counterfeiter of U.S.currency who had been twice arrested by me and who at that time had a case pending in the Federal District Court due to my investigations, called J.Lloyd Stocks (Acting Assistant Special Agent in Chicago of the Chicago office.) Jones wanted to talk to an agent about information he had concerning another counterfeiting ring. According to Stocks, Jones was afraid of going to jail and wanted to co-operate with the SS...Stocks called me into the office on May 11, 1964 and assigned me to interview Jones. I vigorously protested to Stocks because
(1) I had arrested Jones and was to be chief witness against him as the counterfeiting plant was discovered by me in his home during a set raid.
(2) Jones could be setting me up to be killed or otherwise harmed and
(3) I was leaving the SS School on May 16,1964 and there was no time to develop Jones as an informant. Both Acting Assistant SA in Charge Maurice G. Martineau and Acting Asst. SA in Charge J.Lloyd Stocks overruled my objections and I was told to meet with Jones or resign...I met Jones at his home at approximately 11 AM on May 11/64..Jones purported to have information concerning the "Dagos" ( Joseph Spagnoli et. Al .counterfeiting band case) who was arrested on our about May 6/64. I was one of the arresting officers in that case also..After speaking with Jones for about a 1/2 hour while parked in a SS vehicle in front of Jones' home, Jones and I went to a McDonald's restaurant where I exited the car leaving Jones seated inside.
Later I dropped off Jones at home and drove back to the SS office, 219 South Dearborn in Chicago. I reported the conversation with Jones to ASAIC Martineau………. Mr.Martineau stated over my objections for the same reasons listed above, that Jones should be developed as an informant and Mr.
Martineau issued Jones an informant number by which he was to be reffered in any subsequent reports....Jones called me at my home on the night of the 11th and told me he had met with some Dagos and that these Dagos dealt in " a lot of suits" .He stated that one of them, Joe, was to call him and that he would get a lot of good information from Joe.."
"The next day, May 12/64, I met Jones at his home about 10AM Jones reiterated his confusing story stating that the counterfeiting plates for the $100.00 bonds were in the hands of "Slim" and we could buy them for
$50,000. I immediately drove to the SS office and told ASAIC Martineau what Jones said. I also took that opportunity to dictate my reports on this matter to June Marie Terpinas ,secretary for the SS..Mr. Martineau agreed that it appeared that Jones was leading us on a wild goose chase and interested only in helping himself. I was instructed to stay away from Jones and discontinue the operation. ..Jones called me at the SS office around 2.30pm on May 12/64, I told Jones that "Spagnoli called the boss and stopped all contacts with him." Spagnoli was determined to be the "Joe" referred to by Jones as the Dago..
When the SS arrested me and brought me to Chicago, they charged me with
(1) Solicitation of a bribe..(2) Conspiracy: and (3) Obstruction of Justice based upon the allegations that I had sent Jones to Spagnoli to solicit a $50,000 bribe. For this bribe, Spagnoli was to receive an onionskin copy of a SS report detailing the government's case against Spagnoli and 6 other defendants."
"During the trial, it was brought out that I in fact was given an onionskin report to review and pass on to Agent Conrad Cross .Cross also worked on the Jones case with me. It was further affirmed that I in fact gave the Spagnoli onionskin report to Agent Cross while inside the SS office on the morning of May 8/64 Cross further stated that he read and "lost" the onionskin report..
During the trial no onionskin report was introduced into evidence. The only document that pertained to the onionskin was a passage from the report re-typed on bond paper. The name Vito Zaccagnini was misspelled (Zaggacnini) throughout the passage, this could have been the result of someone making a quick reading or writing of the paragraph and reproducing what he thought he saw. According to Mr. Nason, who testified on behalf of the government concerning fingerprints lifted from the excerpt typed on bond paper ,my fingerprints appeared nowhere on the paper. The fingerprints of both Jones and Spagnoli were clearly identified, but there was not one shred of evidence linking me to the excerpt introduced into evidence .... except the testimony of Jones who testified, "he removed the paper from his briefcase and handed it to me (on May 11,1964). There is no documented testimony as to how the onion skin paper changed to bond paper or how I could insert a paper in a typewriter, type the excerpt, remove the excerpt from my briefcase and give it to Jones (while not wearing gloves) and not one hint of my fingerprints were anywhere on the paper.".
After he was charged by the SS and the Gov. on May18/64..he was released on bail on the 19th.....He felt betrayed and angry...a warrant had been issued and the decision had been made that he had in fact committed a criminal act.
He realized that the agency had abandoned him and he had been set up, by Jones, Spagnoli or the SS itself..
He recalled how he had openly derided the agency for blowing the Chicago investigation of an assassination plot against the President in Nov./63..two weeks before he was shot in Dallas.
He felt he had been coerced to meet Jones by the SS and now they were acting as if this was a special deal between Jones and him outside the agency. On May 20th /64 he decided to hit back..where he felt it would hurt the most..
Shortly after Nov.22/63 there were rumours circulating within the agency (which turned out to be true) that the night before ,agents of the detail in Dallas were intoxicated. in a teahouse (sic) .Rumour had it that a few agents had become so intoxicated that one had lost his U.S.Treasury Commission book..The stories inside the agency persisted they they knew whose Identification had been lost or stolen but to admit to such, would place the agency in a bad predicament..
In Jan.65, Joseph Spagnoli, the counterfeiter contacted by his attorney Frank Oliver, Spagnoli admitted in open court that he had committed perjury in the
"Bolden trial" , he produced a yellow sheet of paper that he admitted stealing from the office of the U.S .Attorney during a pre-trial conference.. Judge Perry asked Spagnoli if he understood that he was admitting to perjury to which he replied,"Yes, sir."..He openly confessed that the government attorney Richard Sykes solicited the perjured testimony...The change of the dates appearing on the stolen paper and the change of times of Jones' contact with Spagnoli wrere all in the handwriting of Assistant U.S .Attorney Richard T.Sykes..
An effort to get a hearing on a perjury matter before the Judge Perry, by his attorney Raymond Smith proved to be unsuccessful and the case went to the 7th Circuit Court of Appeals in 65...During the argument before them the issue of Spagnoli's perjury was brought up..Judge Luther Swygert summoned Attorney Richard Sykes into the courtroom and point blank asked him if he had solicited perjury in the Bolden trial..Sykes reply was..
" Your honor, I refuse to answer that question on the grounds that it may tend to incriminate me."
""In June 1965, the 7th Circuit Court of Appeals affirmed the conviction noting in a footnote that Spagnoli was “less than forthright in his testimony."
In June 1966, the U.S.Supreme Court refused to grant Certiarori and on
June 25,1966..I commenced to serve a 6 year sentence in custody of the Federal Bureau of Prisons ( in Springfield ,Missouri)..
Interestingly ,in the case of Richard Case Nagell, an intelligence agent who knew both LHO (WCD 197,regarding Nagell, says in it's inquiry ;"For the record he would like to say that his association with Oswald was purely social and that he met him in Mexico City and in Texas.)and had allegedly uncovered a plot to kill JFK in advance ,was placed in a cell directly across from Bolton..
Former WHD and Chicago office agent Joseph E. Noonan .Jr. told the HSCA on 4/13/78 that.."he briefly discussed the elements of the Spagnoli case and told us that there was no way that Bolden was going to be able to give Spagnoli files which would really help him with his case. He could only feed him office files and Spagnoli already knew that information. The Secret Service had "turned" Spagnoli's girlfriend and she was the one who set him up. Bolden's case was a sad chapter in the Chicago office of the Secret Service", according to Noonan..
That Bolden had gotten a stiff rap from the judge 6 years, and part of the problem was Bolden's personality. He talked, and angered many people within the SS..with allegations about their laxity in the President's protection functions. Noonan also said " Bolden was too gentle for this job. Abe never wanted to arrest anybody”. However, former agent Bob Lilley said he Bolden was" a good street agent."..(Author's interview with Lilley 9/27/92.).
In the Washington Post on 5/21/64 was the report that ...
" Mr. Bolden who has graduated cum laude from Lincoln University in Jefferson City, Missouri ,and won two commendations for cracking counterfeit rings after he joined the Secret Service, said the charge was a 'direct result' of his superiors' learning his intentions to testify before the Commission." Mr Bolden had attempted to contact the Warren Commission's General Council ,J .Lee Rankin in May of 1964 from a White House phone during his stay in Washington to attend a special Secret Service school, the next day..Mr Bolden was charged with attempting to sell a government report .He should have known better his earlier talks with both Chief Baughman in 1961 and Chief Rowley in 1963 went unheeded ,and he was transferred out of the White House Detail and out to the ordinary anti-counterfeiting duty in the Chicago office. This second request for an audience for his testimony was a bad mistake, but Mr. Bolden had information to tell the Commission far more important than laxity of duty and drinking by agents..
When JFK was scheduled to be in Chicago on 11/2/63 for the Army/Air
Force game at Soldier Field, Mr. Bolden was a member of the Chicago office of the Secret Service handling security. As Warren
Edited by Bernice Moore, 07 February 2006 - 12:38 AM.