Jump to content
The Education Forum

Evan Burton

  • Content Count

  • Joined

  • Last visited

  • Days Won


Everything posted by Evan Burton

  1. USE OF TRIPOD ON THE MOON? 1 Before looking at the images, let's review what Jack has said: 1. These two new images appear identical except for a couple of minor details you can see. They are said to be consecutive exposures made by "Armstrong" of "Aldrin" descending from the LEM. The images are cropped from AS11-40-5867 and AS11-40-5868, which are consecutive images. 2. These IDENTICAL LINES OF SIGHT CAN BE ACHIEVED ONLY WITH A TRIPOD. Absolute bunkum. Firstly, they are NOT identical (which I'll show shortly), and secondly they could be achieved without a tripod. All it requires is to remain still between shots. 3. But the alleged camera was a CHEST-MOUNTED Hasselblad attached to the "Armstrong" chest, and he was moving around, and his camera HAD NO VIEWFINDER. How did he mange to expose, wind film, and take the next shot FROM THE EXACT SAME POINT OF VIEW? To begin, Jack actually has something right - there was no viewfinder. What he wants you to believe, though, is that the camera was something like you would use to take 'happy snaps'. Now - prove that he was moving around, Jack. You have evidence that he did? Did he go for a walk, dance a little jig, play a round of golf? The shots were CONSECUTIVE, one taken immediately after the other. The Hasselblad was activated by either a button the front of the camera, or when chest mounted, by squeezing a trigger on the grip that was attached to the camera. Images of Hasselblad camera courtesy of www.myspacemuseum.com Information on the Hasselblad camera used on the lunar surface. The camera had an electric winder to move to the next frame. So it was very easy to take two consecutive shots from the same viewpoint. You stay still, CLICK, wait for the frame advance, CLICK. Let's look at the two images Jack has shown: AS11-40-5867 AS11-40-5868 Gee, it looks to me that if this were taken with a tripod, they must have moved the tripod a bit. There is an obvious difference between the images. The photographer, Neil Armstrong (NOT alleged), has moved his body very slightly. You can see this, even in Jack's cropped images, because the lens flare at the bottom right of the picture has moved slightly. If you can't see it with the large images, try going to The Project Apollo Image Gallery and look up the two images. You can see them in a smaller scale, and the movement becomes more apparent. The cropped images show practically no difference in viewpoint because there was very little movement between the shots. Once again, there are NO problems with the images.
  2. ANOMOLIES IN BUZZ EXIT SEQUENCE No, there are not. I'll deal with the "missing" piece of metal shortly. Jack is misleading here in a couple of ways. First he says a "NEWLY released photo"; that's incorrect. The image has always been available. High quality scans produced by JSC may have been placed on the internet in 2004, but the image has always been available to the public. Jack has also labelled the images "NEW" and "PREVIOUS", giving the impression that they are meant to be the same image. He mentions in the text that they are consecutive images, but the labels are misleading. Jack says "... there are numerous anomolies present...". Well, list them and point them out. People can't be expected to read your mind. Now, the "missing" metal. What you see in AS11-40-5862 is part of the LM ascent stage body. In AS11-40-5863, Armstrong has moved further to the right and it is being hidden by the RCS plume deflector, the long black thing underneath each thruster quad. It protects the LM body from possible damage by the thrusters. See it in this image, underneath the thruster quad? AS11-40-5923 You can see the "missing" piece of the body in this composite image by Ed Hengeveld. It's just to the right of the RCS plume deflector: AS11-40-5863-69 COMPOSITE OF LM 'EAGLE' BY ED HENGEVELD Links to hi-resolution copies of the images: AS11-40-5862 AS11-40-5863 Once again - no anomoly.
  3. A DISTURBING BUZZ Here is a better view of AS11-40-5903, one of the most famous images of the Apollo programme: AS11-40-5903 Now, Jack's points: 1. Ground is relatively level in this area... Well, no it isn't. There are depressions all over the place. Buzz is standing in one. 2. ... Buzz turned around for the second pose, while Neil walked to the other side to shoot the second pose... why is the second pose so different? This would give you the impression that the photos were taken immediately after one another. They weren't. The image on the RIGHT, AS11-40-5873, was taken at Ground Elapsed Time (GET) of 110hr:03min:24sec, while the image on the LEFT was taken nearly 40 minutes later at GET 110:42:39. In between these times, they examined the LM, took lunar samples, took more images, put up the US flag... oh - and they spoke to the US President. 3. Notice especially the top view of the backpack, taken by a chect mounted camera. How did the camera on the chest shoot a top view of the backpack? With Armstrong taking both photos, why does one camera viewpoint seem higher than the other? Nothing unusual there. In the image on the left (5903), Buzz is walking out of a small depression. He's leaning very slightly more back than normal, so you see a little less of the top of the PLSS backpack. In the image on the right (5873), Buzz is stooped a little forward, so you see a little more of the top of the PLSS backpack. Additionally, in 5873, Armstrong is much further away and may be on slightly higher ground. AS11-40-5873 Incidently, there is a Real Video clip of Armstrong taking images 5872 and 5873. See the Apollo Lunar Surface Journal.
  4. BUZZ HEIGHT QUESTION Firstly, the slight knee bend was normal for the astronauts. This was a combination of the suit and maintaining your centre of gravity. Now, in AS11-40-5873, we are look at Aldrin face on. You can't tell if his knees are bent a little. Maybe they are, maybe there not. The significant factors, however, are: 1. Aldrin is slightly further away from the Solar Wind Collector, probably by about 30cm or thereabputs. So perspective says he will APPEAR slightly smaller. 2. In AS11-40-5873, Aldrin is leaning forward more than he was in AS11-40-5872. Look at the top of his gold visor, the top of his helmet, and the top of the PLSS backback in each image. 3. In AS11-40-5872, he was standing on pretty solid, unbroken soil. In AS11-40-5873, he is standing in an area where there are multiple footprints in the disturbed soil. This might account for as much as a centimetre difference in apparent height. 4. The lunar surface is NOT flat & level. He might be standing in a small depression, again accounting for a centimetre or two of height difference. 5. Armstrong first took AS11-40-5872, then moved closer to the LM before taking AS11-40-5873. This also accounts for a change in perspective. In this "proof" Jack is trying to compare apples & oranges. As usual, it doesn't work that way.
  5. http://educationforum.ipbhost.com/index.ph...indpost&p=36640 (My bolding) Well, you seem to be saying something different in the above quote, but I'll edit my post to reflect you believe the photos are faked. (Edited to add: I notice you haven't changed your post calling me a xxxx. I'll take that as meaning that the 'no calling someone a xxxx' rule is suspended for posts between us until one of the admins says different. I suspect the name calling, though, will be on your side only. Very easy to prove me wrong, however - refrain from saying it.)
  6. LIGHTING & SHADOW DIFFERENCES Jack would have you believe that the images are taken "from similar lines of sight" / "from the same point of view", and there is a problem with the shadows. Well, there's a problem but it's not with the shadows; the images are taken from entirely different perspectives. Can I prove this? SURE! Firstly, have a quick look at the LM: AS11-44-6598 If we stand directly in front of the hatch, with the ladder in front of us, you'll see that on the descent stage (the gold foily stuff) there is an American flag decal to the LEFT of the ladder, and the words 'UNITED STATES' to the RIGHT of the ladder. See them? Okay, so now we have an idea what we are looking at with respect to which side of the LM. If the hatch and ladder are directly in front of us, we have a FLAG to our LEFT, and UNITED STATES to our RIGHT. Now lets have a look at the images provided by Jack. We'll take the main image, AS11-40-5948, first. AS11-40-5948 Look at the LM. What do you see on the descent stage? The words 'UNITED STATES'. If you can't make it out, look at the high resolution image. So the LM leg on the left hand side is the one with the ladder and hatch on it. If we were standing inside the LM with the hatch and ladder immediately in front of us, the image has been taken from about the 9.30, maybe 10 o'clock position (using the clock code, with 12 being in front, 3 immediately right, 6 behind, and 9 immediately left). The camera was pointed just to the left of the LM. Also note the white post to the left of the planted US flag, in the distance. Similarly, look between the the left hand LM leg and the LM body. See the little white vertical strip? That's the Solar Wind Collector. The object to the far left of the flag is the TV camera. Now, let's look at the other (teeny weeny) image Jack provided, AS11-40-5886: AS11-40-5886 Look at the LM, and what do you see? A decal of the US flag on the LM body. Now remember, that was to the LEFT of the ladder and hatch.. The LM leg doesn't have a ladder on it; that's just to the right out of frame. So in this case, the photographer was standing somewhere directly in FRONT of the LM hatch (12 o'clock if you were standing inside the LM), and they are pointing the camera wayyy left of the LM. You can see the Solar Wind Collector to the right of the flag. This composite panorama may help. In the panorama, you can see the white post to the far left, then the flag, the Solar Wind Collector, and then the LM - with the flag decal on the left, and UNITED STATES on the right? Now, think about where each of Jack's images were taken from, and the shadows make perfect sense. Nearly forgot the Editor's comment: Yep, that is light on his right boot. If you look at the high resolution image, you'll see that the panels to the right of the astronaut have a small gap between them. The shadow isn't solid - the light is coming through the small gap between the panels. Some of it has landed on the right boot of the astronaut. Look and you'll see another crack of light further along. Nothing strange about it, nothing sinister, nothing wrong.
  7. APOLLO 11 LIGHTING FROM THE WRONG DIRECTION This is a common premise put forward by those who believe that the images are faked. There is a simple explanation for this, but it takes a little close scrutiny of the images, and you have to know something about the equipment the astronauts had. Firstly, let's look at the image Jack has presented. You may notice that it has no image ID number. That's because the image is a composite image, made up of several images and put together to make one really neat image. Composite of images AS11-40-5863 to 69 by Ed Hengeveld Now, the area of concern is Buzz Aldrin and the LM porch, so that's the image we want to concentrate on. That image is AS11-40-5863, and is shown below. AS11-40-5863 It is HIGHLY recommended that you look at the full high resolution image for this analysis. We know that the sun is to the right of the LM. You can see evidence of this with the sun flares and streaks to the right of the image. Those flares also indicate that the photographer is STANDING IN DIRECT SUNLIGHT, and not in shadow. Take note of that, because it will become important later. Okay, so the sun is to the right therefore the left hand side of the LM (where Aldrin is) should be in shadow, right? But it's NOT!? There MUST be additional lighting coming from somewhere! Take a good look at the AS11-40-5863 image, especially the hi-res image. If there is a light off to the left, shining on Aldrin and the LM porch, there should be some shadows. The LM ladder, the LM leg and struts, the hand rails on the LM porch, Aldrin himself... if there is lighting coming from the left, there must be a shadow somewhere. Take a VERY CLOSE look at the AS11-40-5863 hi-res image. Look at the thrusters, the LM hatch, Aldrin, the ladder & struts, the LM body. Look for a shadow being cast off to the right, as you'd expect with lighting from the left. Are Aldrin's legs casting a shadow on the lip of the LM hatch area? Are the handrails casting any shadows on the same area? Are the tubes coming from the right hand side of Aldrin's PLSS backpack casting any shadows on his right arm, as you expect if lighting was coming from behind him (i.e. the left of the image)? Is the ladder casting any shadows on the struts immediately to the right? Do you see any shadows? No. That's because there is no lighting coming from the left hand side of the scene. BUT THE AREA IS LIT! So what IS causing that? This is where it is handy to know some things about the astronauts equipment, and the environment on the surface of the moon. Look at Aldrin's suit; pretty bright white, isn't it? The astronauts suits were deliberatly made like that so they would reflect light and aid in keeping the astronauts at a cool temperature. Remember I told you to keep in mind that the photographer (Armstrong) was standing in direct sunlight? He's wearing one of those bright white suits, the ones that will reflect light. The suit covering is doing it's job, and reflecting away light - right onto Aldrin and the area of the LM hatch. Can we prove this? Take a look at the hi-res image again. Look at the areas that are lit. Where are they? ON THE SIDES THAT ARE FACING ARMSTRONG. Look at the gold foil - where is it reflecting? Towards Armstrong. Armstrong's suit is reflecting light onto the LM. There are some other things to note: 1. The surface of the moon has a high albedo. This means it reflects a lot of light. It's also providing some additional lighting. Think about a night with a full moon; there is a lot of light being reflected off the moon, isn't there? 2. Image processing. When this image was produced, it is possible the processing was "pushed" so as to highlight as much of the detail as possible without 'washing out' too much colour. See also the Clavius.org website about indirect lighting.
  8. Hi David. First off, I have no connection with NASA in any way, shape, or form - except my respect and admiration for its achievements. As such, NASA has absolutely no control over what I say - therefore I am NOT an 'unofficial spokesman' for them, and if they have any policy for such I'm unaware of it and it would not affect me. The images and text from sites like the Apollo Lunar Surface Journal are all public domain, and as such are the best source available to me. Now, has NASA commented on these 'discrepencies'? Not directly, as far as I know, but they do indeed mention claims that the programme was somehow faked: The Great Moon Hoax - Moon rocks and common sense prove Apollo astronauts really did go to the Moon The Moon Landing Hoax Lessons of the 'Moon Hoax' myth Why doesn't NASA officially respond to these claims? Well, at one stage they were going to. NASA hired science writer Jim Oberg to compile a book showing exactly why all the 'moon hoax' claims were wrong. When this was announced, a flood of complaints were received saying that the book project was a waste of money. The backlash from the general public and elected officials was so great that NASA was forced to cancel the book. Should NASA respond to these claims? In my opinion - YES. I am not, however, a US citizen or taxpayer and so I have no say in the matter. My own opinion is that people should write to their elected officials and demand that NASA be allowed to refute these claims. I've written to some of the programme's participants, and asked why they are not more vocal about these claims. In general, they say it is simply not worth it. Responses are misquoted or taken out of context, or simply not shown when it does not support a pro-'Apollo Hoax' stance (Bart Sibrel is a major proponent of this approach). Some have commented that people who are genuinely unsure tend to read the arguements, look up the science, conduct the possible experiments, and come to the conclusion that it did indeed happen as claimed. The die-hard 'hoax believers' will not change their stance, and no evidence will alter their beliefs - so why waste time trying? Jack White himself has said as much. When I asked what evidence WOULD convince him that the programme was not faked, he said (here on this forum) words to the effect of: He would examine any evidence in support of the landings but since images of the landings were faked, any evidence in support of the images being genuine must also be faked so there can be no evidence to prove images of the landings are genuine. [Edited to correct Jack White's stance on the Apollo programme images]
  9. NASA DO(O)MED? This one is so silly, I'm not even sure why I am bothering to address it. It's a lens flare. They are seen in many Apollo images. From Apollo 17: AS17-134-20469 AS17-134-20413 And from Apollo 15: AS15-82-11192 Also look at these images: AS15-82-11193 AS15-82-11194 AS15-82-11195 AS12-46-6739 AS12-46-6740 AS12-46-6765 AS12-46-6766 AS12-46-6767 AS12-46-6768 AS12-46-6804 AS12-46-6805 AS12-46-6806 AS12-47-6949 AS12-47-6950 AS12-47-6951 AS12-47-6952 AS12-47-6969 AS12-47-6970 AS12-47-6971 AS12-47-6972 AS12-47-6973 AS12-47-6974 AS12-47-6975 AS12-47-6993 AS12-47-6994 AS12-47-6995 AS12-47-6996 AS12-47-6997 AS12-47-6998 AS12-47-6999 AS12-47-7000 AS14-66-9245 AS14-66-9246 AS14-66-9247 AS14-66-9248 AS14-66-9249 AS14-66-9280 AS14-66-9281 AS14-66-9282 AS14-66-9283 AS14-66-9284 AS14-66-9285 AS14-66-9304 AS14-66-9305 AS14-66-9306 etc etc etc Now, the Editors comments: "The result is lens flare in the image. But that cannot be the case here because 1) lens flares do not have dimension – the object has recorded on film with a highlight at the top nearest the light source, and with graduated shading away from the light. 2) the camera used for these images was allegedly a Hasselblad with a pentagonal leaf shutter that would not produce a sphere-like result." Dimension? WTF? The Hasselblad wouldn't suffer from it? Look at the above images! Here is a link to Clavius.org that explains lens flare. Our resident photographer, Craig lamson, had this to say about it: The Clavius site explains lens flare very well. Just a few thoughts however on White and Auls. They both make a big deal about the leaf shutter on the hasselblad lens. This is a failed attempt to try to add an appeal to authority to their arguments, and perhaps to a layman it might be effective. However they are only offering up more disinformation on the subject of the Hasselblad lens. I find it amazing that White who claims to be a professional photographer and Percy who claims the same are ignorant of the facts about both the hasselblad lens and lens flares. Perhaps their disinformation is by design? Anyways the hasselblad lens does indeed have a leaf shutter. That means unlike say a 35mm camera where the shutter curtain is right in front of the filn inside the camera, on the hasselblad lens the shutter is actually inside of each lens. And it is a 5 bladed shutter like WHite and Percy say. The problem is the shutter blades have nothing to do with the shape of any lens flares recorded by the film. During exposure the shutter blades retract fully from the optical path of the lens. They are not a factor AT ALL for lens flare. Disinformation on the part of White and Percy and it clearly leads on to question thier statements that they are both professional photographer or photo experts. Now for the truth. There is a second set of diaphragm blades inside the hasseslblad lens and these blades control the f-stop ( redcuing the amount of light that passes through the lens to control exposure) and indeed this is a 5 bladed diaphragm. When you see a five sided shape in an apollo lens flare its coming from this diaphragm not from the leaf shutter. Now for the flare itself. White and Percy maintain that a shape produced in a lens flare MUST have the shape of the f-stop diaphragm.( well actually they says the shutter diaphragm which is not true) For example they point out examples where the lens flare is circular and not five sided and call this impossible. Well that simply not true. A flare is a reflection between the various glass elements that make up the insides of a complex lens like the hasselblad lens. Some of these glass elements are positioned in front of the lens diaphragm and some behind it. A reflection between two lens elements in front of the fstop diaphragm will be reproduced on film as a five sided shape because the fstop diaphragm will block part of the reflection before it reaches the film. However if the reflection between lens elements occurs between elements that sit behind the fstop diaphragm there is nothing to block part of their shape and they are recored on film without the 5 sided shape. Heres a link to the lens flare image I created in my studio. Ive posted it here on this forum as well in another thread. It shows both circular and blade masked flares in a single image. http://www.photosig.com/go/photos/view?id=...40&forward=user
  10. APOLLO 11 10X8 PRINTS IN APOLLO 15 PHOTO This is one of the more ridiculous claims. The "photos" are actually a piece of packing material (foil) used in the Scientific Equipment (SEQ) Bay. The main image Jack uses is AS15-87-1183 (link to Hi-Res image). The ALSJ notes this: [Jim moved to a spot southeast of the LM to take his third LM pan, AS15-87- 11822 to 11840. Readers should note that, for some reason, this is a counter-clockwise pan, a departure from normal practice. David Harland has assembled the portions showing the LM.] [The down-Sun photo, 11822, shows the minus-Y (south) strut in the foreground. In the distance, Dave is standing at the right side of the Rover. Frame 11826 shows the effects of the higher sun angle on the view toward St. George Crater. Readers may want to compare this frame with SEVA frame AS15-85- 11375. Frame 11835 is centered on Mt. Hadley.] [Frame 11839, shows the dark grey doors cover the Scientific Equipment (SEQ) Bay on the southeast face of the LM. The fuel cask is in the down position at the left of the doors. Note the wrinkling of the thruster shield. The fuel cask dome and removal tool are next to the minus-Y (south) strut. In the background, Dave has moved away from the Rover and is moving toward the drill site. Frame 11840 is similar.] [Jim's last two pictures show more detail around the LM. Frame AS15-87-11841 shows the area under the SEQ Bay doors and, as well, the various deployment tapes used to open the doors and extract the ALSEP packages. Before taking 87-11842, Jim moved to a position slightly north of the minus-Z (east) strut to take a picture of the area under the Descent Stage. There isn't as much evidence of sweeping by the Descent Engine exhaust as there is in some other missions, particularly Apollo 12. See, for example, AS12-47-6907. Note the numerous pieces of trash that Dave and Jim have tossed under the descent stage to keep them out from under foot.] Here is another view of the same material on the Apollo 15 LM footpad (note footpad at top of image): AS15-88-11883 Here are some examples of the packing material: Cropped AS16-107-17436 Hi -Res Jack has cropped out the other examples of foil in the original image used on the Aulis webpage: Crop of AS15-87-11839 (Hi-Res) The "photos" are actually a continuous strip of foil used on the LM: Enlarged crop of AS15-87-11839 (Hi-Res) with highlighting showing strip of foil In actual fact, though, there WAS at least one photograph left on the moon. Charlie Duke on Apollo 16 left a family portrait on the moon (AS16-117-18841). Link to image of Duke family portrait as left on lunar surface.
  11. I doubt he will, but the offer is always there. Cheers.
  12. CONRAD LOWERED ON WIRES? Firstly, this is a picture of Al Bean, not Conrad. The picture is part of a sequence, AS12-49-7201 to AS12-49-7216 taken BY Conrad. Why aren't there any footprints to the right? Simple. Bean approached that spot from the left of the picture, then turned around to get out of the picture. He was never to the right of where the footprints are. Reference to the ALSJ shows: 132:31:47 Conrad: I'll tell you what we'll do. I'll stop right here and take a pan. 132:31:51 Bean: Okay. 132:31:52 Conrad: How's that grab you? 132:31:55 Bean: Because these rocks obviously came out of the crater, because they're scattered more uniformly around it. There's a bunch of them on the rim and there's not many far away. We probably ought to grab a big one of them. 132:32:06 Conrad: 74 (foot focus). 132:32:07 Bean: We're moving straight south now. (Pause) There's an interesting rock. Hey, that's all right; let's get it. (Pause) Let me read your camera and you can read mine, if you would. Help them out a bit down there (in Houston). 132:32:34 Conrad: Just a minute. 132:32: Bean: Okay, your camera right now is on 36. How about mine? 132:32:41 Conrad: You're 36 also. 132:32:43 Bean: Okay. 132:32:43 Conrad: Move. 132:32:44 Bean: Did you copy that, Houston? 132:32:48 Schmitt: Roger, we got it, Al. 132:32:51 Bean: Every crater you come to and look in, you see the glass beads. (I'll) move out of your way, Pete, (while you take the pan). (Pause) 132:33:12 Conrad: Okay, now. Back to rock-taking (camera) settings: 5 feet, f/8, 1/250th. Okay. All right, Al, where do you want to grab a sample here? ********************** If you look at AS12-49-7208, you can see Bean's shadow at the bottom right of the image. At this time, he is moving / has moved to the spot where we see the footprints in AS12-49-7213. Bean is moving clockwise (left-to-right) relative to Conrad. AS12-49-7208 Conrad warns him to move (out of the shot), and after a brief interval, he does so "(I'll) move out of your way, Pete, (while you take the pan)." AS12-49-7213 shows him moving out of Conrad's way (Hi-Res). There are no footprints to the right of him because he didn't come from there. There are footprints to the left because that is the way he came from, and where he moved to. You have to look at the sequence of images, and read the transcripts of what they were doing. Looking at things in isolation can give you a false impression.
  13. LRVs LOWERED INTO POSITION? Firstly, please give the image ID number. You have done so with some, but it is important that ALL images shown be given the original ID number so that others can check the image and confirm findings to their own satisfaction. There are five images shown: Top left (BW): AS15-85-11470 Top right (BW): Crop of AS15-85-11470 Middle left (BW): AS15-85-11471 Middle right (BW): Crop of AS15-85-11471 Bottom left (COL): AS17-137-20979 This is interesting. I can't see any tyre tracks in either of the B&W images. If we refer to the ALSJ (which I will refer to many times - please note the link URL), we see this is where they were prepping for the second EVA. They had come out of the LM, and were getting the LRV and equipment ready to proceed to the first site of the day. It tells us how they were loading equipment onto the LRV, and Dave Scott is trying to fix a fault in the LRV's forward steering. We should note from the ALSJ: [At some point prior to climbing on the Rover, Jim takes photos AS15-85-11470 and 11471.] [in 11470, Dave may be about to drive a short way out from the LM to re-initialize the navigation system based on the known position of the Sun. In this down-Sun photo, we can see the ALSEP in the background and, on the Rover, the maps and 16-mm movie camera mounted on the accessory staff forward of Jim's seat, and the tool rack at the back of the vehicle. The umbrella-shaped high-gain antenna at the front of the Rover is pointed straight up, the TV is in its stowed position, the low-gain antenna just forward of Dave is pointed straight up. The small bag mounted on the back of Jim's seat is the BSLSS (Buddy Secondary Life Support System) bag ( 159k ) which contains a set of hoses and fittings which would allow the astronauts to share cooling water in case one of them lost cooling. Note the rearward fender extensions on both visible fenders. During the flight out from Earth, these were stacked onto the forward sections and, during deployment, the astronauts slid these extensions aft on guide rails until they locked into place. On both Apollo 16 and 17, the Commanders accidentally tore the right rear extension off by walking too close and brushing against them.] [After taking 11470, Jim has taken a step to his left to take a stereo companion, 11471. The Solar Wind Collector is visible beyond the Rover TV camera. Between the two frames, Dave has driven forward perhaps 30 cm. Note that there is dust coming off the wheels as Dave maneuvers. At the front of the Rover, we can see the closed battery covers. In front of Jim's seat, we can see his foot rests. This picture also gives us a good view of Dave's RCU-mounted Hasselblad camera and of the wire Rover wheels. A high-resolution detail from 11471 shows Dave's Hasselblad, the DAC, the handcontroller, and the traverse map. Note the RCU bracket mounted on the back of the DAC.] We can SEE that the LRV is driving forward, but no tracks appear! (Don't forget to look at the hi-res image, http://www.hq.nasa.gov/office/pao/History/...85-11471HR.jpg) I would suggest that this had to do with the fact that gravity on the Moon is 1/6 that of Earth gravity and there was only one person in the LRV. Not conclusive, but a viable alternative explanation. Now, if we look at AS15-85-11450, there does not appear to be any tyre tracks either. UNLESS we look into the depression just to the right of the LRV. There you can clearly see tyre tracks. Once out of the depression on the lunar surface, they tend to disappear. Perhaps this is just the angle we are viewing them from. AS15-85-11450 (Click here for a high resolution image) AS15-85-11451 has a similar view. The distance is probably too far to show any conclusive evidence of tyre tracks. AS15-85-11451 (Click here for a high resolution image) However, please note that to the right of the depression, no tyre tracks show in either image. Perhaps they lowered the LRV into the depression, drove it forward a metre or so? In my opinion: probably not. As you can see in AS15-85-11471, the LRV tyres leave a trail of dirt behind them. In areas where the surface dirt is thinner, that probably hides the LRV tyre tracks. Not conclusive by any means, but it is an alternative explaination for what we are seeing. The astronauts walking around the LRV, and the soil coming off the tyres has hidden the tracks. What about AS17-137-20979, the colour image from Apollo 17? Well, this is interesting. Lets have a look at that image: AS17-137-20979 No, no tracks. BUT WAIT! If we look to the bottom right of the wheel, running parallel with the wheel..... what's that we see? Is that a small depression that look remarkably like tyre tracks that have been walked over? Yep - sure does. I'd suggest that during the fender repair, the LRV was picked up and moved slightly to the left. We know it was possible to do this;, the astronauts occasionally had to pick up the LRV to point it in a new direction if it could not be turned in the space they had. So what about other tracks? Was the LRV lowered into position by the "NASA fakers"? One must ask themselves: Why LOWER the LRV into position? Why not simply drive it? The LRV did work; there are lots of examples of this. It was not an impossible engineering feat. So why lower it? So why not simply drive it into its position for the photograph? Edited to add: A fellow 'Apollogist' from New Zealand had this to add: "Kiwi" wrote - ...this photo is AS15-85-11471 and the journal refers to it at ground elapsed time 143:03:52. The reason for no tyre marks behind the wheels is that Dave Scott and Jim Irwin have been working all around the rover, loading it up for their second EVA. You can see the change to a lighter soil colour beyond where the astronauts trod at the rear of the rover, and in the background are tyre marks from the previous day's activities. Round about this time Dave performed a steering check and Jim had yet to climb aboard. However, you can see dust falling from both of the wheels, so what exactly is going on? Context. Context. Read the text of the journal, compare this photo with the previous one, and it all becomes clear. In AS15-85-11470, the top of the dark band on the rear wheel is between 11 and 12 o'clock, and the dark band at Dave's wrist is left of the dark handle on his Hasselblad camera. In 11471, Jim has stepped back a little and to his left so the perspective has changed, but we can still see that the rear wheel has rotated to between 12 and 1 o'clock and the band on Dave's arm is forward of the camera handle, showing that he has pushed the joy stick forward. So what we're most likely looking at in the two photos is that in AS15-85-11470 the rover is stationary, as evidenced by Jim having time to move back and to the left for the next photo, and in AS15-85-11471 we are seeing the very first motion of the rover for that day. It has moved so little that it hasn't yet laid down a visible length of tracks in the stirred-up lunar soil. A further indication that the rover is just getting under way is that in both photos the TV camera at the front is in the stowed position, showing that Ed Fendell back in Houston is yet to start work, operating it by remote. The caption for AS15-85-11471 in the ALSJ's Apollo 15 Image Library says "Jim has taken a step to his left to take a stereo companion to 11470." I doubt this, as he would not have needed to move so far to the left as he did, nor would he have also stepped backwards to take the second shot of a stereo pair. He moved for some other reason, probably to simply get more of the rover in the second photo. Thanks Kiwi!
  14. In case I miss out through dreaded sleep, Happy New Year to all the Forum members - even you Jack.
  15. Evan Burton

    David Lifton and the Apollo Program

    Oh come on! Anyone who reads your "studies" will know different. "This is a lunar lander?" You have said, on this very board, that you do not believe the landings took place and that no evidence can prove otherwise because any evidence to the contrary must be fake because the landing never took place ("circular reasoning" thread) Bullxxxx. You claim repeatedly the landings never took place.
  16. Evan Burton

    Chemtrails over Las Vegas last Friday

    ---------------------------- Real close Evan, but the TRACONS are in closed darkened rooms ["Pushing Tin"] and the only way T/Os and landings are observed, is by the Approach/Departure controllers in the Tower Cab. [i have spent lotsa time in ALL "positions"]. However, if it is Denver [5000+ ft. msl/"Mile Hogh"] and the frezing level is at ground level -- then you might get some contrails. (depends on compressibility factors/air density & humidity] The T/O & Landing vapors which are frequently viewed -- have to do with wing-tip vortices and "high-angle-of-attack" positions at the "leading-edges" of the aircraft's wings -- especially at "V-2" when the pilot or co-pilot calls it, and the nose is rotated up just before "Liftoff". But I agree with your statement that: The pic is NOT anywhere near a "formation", and if not contrails -- it is aircraft dumping fuel as a weight [load & CG] precaution before letting down on an approach. The FAA doesn't like fuel dumping [on the taxpayer's heads and cars] at lower altitudes. Keep'em rightous, GPH __________________________ Yep, they were wing tip votices. I suggested in another thread the Jack contact the local TRACON to discuss the air routes over his area, so he might understand about the 'roads' above his head. BTW, it's a good doco about ATC. Pretty amazing stuff nowdays. I was a military ATCO, and when I did my training we were the first course to have both procedural control and radar. The ATC simulator had just opened up, so we did approach training in front of a screen. The tower sim wasn't quite ready, though. Still had the big panorama photograph of the airfield to work.
  17. Evan Burton

    Chemtrails over Las Vegas last Friday

    Actually, contrails can form at any time - it just needs the right atmospheric conditions. Contrails are often formed during takeoff and landing. On this subject, I happen to be watching a Discovery Channel programme called 'Understanding Air Traffic Control'. Guess where it happens to be set? Dallas-Fort Worth. Third busiest airport in the world. Over 6000 movements per day. Guess what you see? Aircraft leaving CONTRAILS (not chemtrails) - even during landing. A DC-10. A DC-9. A B747. Some B737s and 727s. All leaving CONTRAILS. They remarked about how it's a common sight in the area, and how the aircraft are criss-crossing across the skies as they try to sequence the aircraft. Take a look at the programme Jack. It puts paid to all your nonsense about chemtrails. Have you been down to the DFW TRACON centre and asked about the CONTRAILS yet Jack? I suspect not. You have an aversion to hearing things that contradict your misconceptions.
  18. Evan Burton

    Chemtrails over Las Vegas last Friday

    Did you ask the FAA / local ATC authorities what the aircraft were, why they appeared in formation, and their flight plan details?
  19. Evan Burton

    Is anyone interested in Apollo missions...

    ------------------------------------ As was stated previously. Whenever POTUS travels, be it "Marine-1" (USMC HMX-1 Helicopter Squadron, now based at MCB Quantico - same locale as the FBI Academy & the FBI H.R.T.) -- or in the Boeing 747 "Air Force-1" -- the FAA continously provides a wide circle of security for ALL POTUS, VPOTUS & VIP aircraft while enroute to their destinations. The FAA styles these as T.F.R.s (Temporary Flight Restictions [zones]] which are treated just as seriously as the "P" circle on all aeronautical charts [Flight Prohibition Area]!! Said "P-Area" was previously centered on the White House area, but since 9/11 has been widened to include all of Washington, D.C. !! The FAA "TFRs" are in reality -- "Moving Prohibited Areas"; but are difficult for unauthorized folks to monitor, even with the $9.95 per/month software program styled as "Flight Follower". The public is encouraged to use this program, which monitors ALL aircraft which are flying on an "Instrument Flight Rules" [i.F.R.] flight plan -- excepting of course Air Force-1 and many other military and civilian "security flights"; such as the now infamous CIA "Rendition Flights". FAA Regulations require that ALL aircraft flying above 12, 500 feet msl are REQUIRED to file (well in advance of takeoff) an IFR flight plan. The public oftentimes get anxious about family & friends air travel schedules. Therefore many have opted to monitor specific commercial airline flight schedules and enroute activities. This keeps them abreast of both flight delays and early arrival times. Moreover: this provides a "heads-up" as to whether they must drive to the airport as per previously announced -- or delay same due to the enroute delay. Or, in the event of an early arriva, scramble to the airport to meet their parties. As for the Secret Service protocols activated during the 9/11 attacks, USSS "Protective Research" gives continous threat updates -- both to the "onsight protective entities", and the "National Command Center". The NCC based USSS "Control Group" sits at computer & communications consoles. If the USSS/CG @ the NCC decides that the on site protocols must be abrogated [due to latest threat intelligence] -- then orders are given immediately to change some; or all of the executive protection/tactical protocols. This means that the POTUS "onsite/enroute" teams might well be ordered to use surface transportation and even avoid going near Air Force-1!! That is: Should Intel give warnings that the 747 is either NOT in a secure locale; OR that takeoff and/or enroute threats have been discovered. The previous post hinted at SAM threats. While Air Force-1 indeed has anti-MANPADS countermeasure modules installed -- which include laser devices, E.C.M (Electronic Counter-Measures), chaff-foil dispensers, flare dispensers, etc.!! However, the new Russian "Stinger" type MANPADS [beginning with the SAM-17 series] carries upgraded anti-countermeasure devices; which might foil ALL of the Air Force-1 CMs !! Moreover, intelligence community sources have advised the Congress, et al. that: Some of these advanced design MANPADS have been inside CONUS since 1998 !! The Israeli commercial airline "El Al" is constantly updating their anti-MANPADS, air-to-air, and mobile SAM threats. Without a doubt, on that tragic "date of infamy" (9/11), once POTUS had just about finished his "children's goat story", the USSS NCC controllers had already decided that immediate departure by Air Force-1 was the safest option. And this was the result of rapid scanning of all FAA, military & commercial radar "repeater" scopes -- then being displayed on their NCC computer consoles. The first worry is the number of aircraft in the immediate vicinity -- especially those which are NOT "squawking" transponder codes. Most of these "blips" are the result of airplaneswhich are then flying under VFR (Visiual Flight Rules). VFR aircraft don't require an FAA "flight Plan", nor "Flight Following" radar surveillance. The primary focus of their scrutiny is: The estimated size and speed of the "radar return blips". For instance, a large blip which appears to be above 12,500 ft. msl, and is NOT "squawking" an IFR code number, automatically is labeled as a "Hostile Bogey". If it obviously deviates from its flight path,and flies toward where POTUS is situated [on ground or in the air] -- it is immediately labled as a "Hostile Bandit"!! The S.O.P. for POTUS routing while under "potential imminent threat of attack" is either to a nearby bunker facility [police or military] which has FEMA approved communications capability. The secondary option is immediate diversion [if airborne] to the primary ["ex-S.A.C.", and now NORAD] command center at Offutt Air Force Base. Cheyenne Mountain is NOT an option, because there are NO air base facilities located closer than Colorado Springs AFB. Returning POTUS to the Washington D.C. "Maximum Threat Area" [Washington, D.C.] is out of the question!! The available enroute protection for Air Force-1 is primarily the airborne command center platform styled as "Looking Glass"!! That "platform" itself is also supported by a nearby AWACS "Scanner Bird" -- which provides up to 300 miles of radar detection capability. A C.A.P. ["Combat Air Patrol"] of escort fighters is launched, and are promptly directed to position themselves in a formation which then flies parallel to AF-1's flightpath -- but are NOT allowed to fly in close proximity to POTUS. Primarily this is soas to avoid causing "radar clutter", and more importantly: To avoid any possibility that the escorting fighters might inadvertently become engaged in a "friendly fire event"!! Said "F/F Event" might well occur when: ordered to interdict and attack a designated "Bandit" -- and subsequent to their having received a "Call Sign/Buster" command, air-to-air missiles are launched !! A "stray friendly" A/A missile might well penetrate ALL of the AF-1 countermeasures and cause a strike !! Oftentimes, "Out-Rider" Hawk-Eye Radar/ECM aircraft are launched, and thereafter provide an even wider cordon of protection/detection for an enroute AF-1. POTUS has very little to say about any of these activities. And it would be especially foolish for a president, [especially one who is an "ex-fighter jock"] -- to either countermand: Or even attempt to offer advice to those professionals, who have the firm mandate to provide executive protection !! I am open to any expert opinions on this matter. Chairs, GPH __________________________ Thanks Gerry - a lot of interesting material there. What it has to do with my comment, I'm not sure - but interesting nonetheless. Some of the codewords used might not be quite correct. Our terminology is BOGEY for an unidentified contact, and BANDIT for a hostile contact. Perhaps they use something different, but I'd find the 'hostile bogey' confusing. Also, 'CALLSIGN / BUSTER" might be misunderstood by some people. In your text, it kinda sounds like it is an order to fire missiles at a bandit. Normally, BUSTER means 'at maximum possible continuous speed'. You might expect to hear something like this: "Tadpole 24, bogey 240 bullseye 55, angels 15. Delouse, buster." That means: TADPOLE 24 - Callsign BOGEY - Unidentified air contact 240 BULLSEYE 55 - Contact is bearing 240 degrees from a prearranged location, 55 nautical miles ANGELS 15 - Height of contact is 15 thousand feet DELOUSE - Detect and identify unknown contact trailing friendly forces BUSTER - Fly at max possible continuous speed
  20. Evan Burton

    Is anyone interested in Apollo missions...

    I said this in another forum, and I think it's just as true here: If the 'government' faked the moon landings (where there were tens of thousands of personnel involved, warehouses full of technical documentation, thousands of images, the programme was in the public eye, and subject to enormous scientific scrutiny as perhaps the most significant event of history), and the 'government' faked 9/11 (where there were hundreds of people at the scene, a few videotapes of the events themselves, and subject to massive government / public / scientific scrutiny as one of the most significant events in history).... why didn't they fake finding WMDs in Iraq? The area was under tight control and security, few people would have been involved, the faking (either chemical or nuclear) of WMDs is well within the capability of the forces involved, it would have justified events in Iraq to both domestic & foreign opponents, and it would have been a great PR boost for G.W. Bush. Yet nothing was found. Think about it.
  21. Could someone tell me where all the responses I made to Jack White's 'Apollo Hoax' work on Aulis.com went to? I can't find it on the topic list, and the links are no longer working. I hope I'm not sounding paranoid, and I hope it's just a 'glitch', but I would find it disturbing that such a detailed and comprehensive rebuttal to Jack's Aulis claims were to suddenly disappear whilst all Jacks 'Apollo Hoax' claims (including images) remain intact. Please tell me I have been sadly mistaken, and made an error of some description.
  22. Evan Burton

    The Aulis 'Apollo Hoax' Response Files

    I do not know what has happened to this thread. It seems to have gone missing when we changed servers. Some members have complained about photographs being removed from the Forum. I am afraid we have limited disk space on this Forum. This problem is not helped by some members who post a lot of large-sized photographs. Some even “quote” these photographs in their postings. Every so often Andy and myself have the task of removing old photographs from the Forum. Therefore, it is advisable for members to provide links to photographs they have on their own website as well as putting them on the Forum. I'm happy to report the following: I saved most - if not all - of the images that were uploaded to the thread (i.e. attachments, not links) on my PC. Additionally, one of the very kind people at apollohoax.com saved all the text from the thread, which includes the link URLs. At the suggestion of another one of the kind people from apollohoax.com, I checked google and managed to retrieve about half of the pages from the thread. With all this, I should be able to totally reconstruct the thread. To save valuable disk space here, I'll see about setting up a dedicated website for the work. This will probably take a few weeks to get a website, and then reconstruct it. I'll post the new URL when it's finished. Thanks again for all the help, and the kind words.
  23. Evan Burton

    The Aulis 'Apollo Hoax' Response Files

    I'm just hoping it got 'missed' in the transition / recent problems with the board. Thank you for the comments, Stephen. One of the things about Apollo Hoax claims is that at first, there seems to be a basis for them. Once you can locate the details, you find that they fall apart.
  24. Evan Burton

    Bedford School

    I've never encountered this problem with a forum before: I normally 'right-click' links to open them in a new window. On this forum I can't do that. If I right-click a link, it will not activate a menu - simply nothing happens. I always have to click the link and open in the same window, or use the file menu to open a new window (i.e. a copy of the first) and then activate the link from there. This is occuring with my IE 5.5 at work, and Netscape 7.03 at home. Anyone else finding this problem?
  25. Evan Burton

    Big Mountain, small LM

    As you can see Maya, Jack White will only talk to you if you support his claims. If you question what he says, he will no longer discuss his claims with you.