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William Kelly

Whitney H. Shepardson

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What an interesting guy.

http://educationforum.ipbhost.com/index.ph...mp;#entry159840

Oswald's defection to the Soviet Union and the downplaying of his 201 File, in perspective, suggests the possibility that the downing of Francis Gary Powers and the failure of the Paris Summit may have been an event that was manipulated by a very powerful force within US Intelligence. Adding to this speculation we find that Richard Helms, who would be managing Oswald's 201 File was working with Whitney Shepardson (friend of Demitri de Mohrenschildt) as he collected information about Helsinki, Finland in the later half of 1959. In the Dulles biography it is pointed out the Richard Helms maintained a "private" intelligence network. Since Helms had been part of SI (as was Shepardson) and SI had been created under the watchful eye of John J. McCloy during WWII we find an interesting network of people surround this Oswald guy.

http://www.cfr.org/about/giving/shepardson.html

The Whitney H. Shepardson Fellowship was established in 1961, and renamed in 1967 to honor one of the founders of the Council, who served on the Board of Directors from 1921 until his death in 1966. This senior-level fellowship is periodically awarded to a person with experience and recognized professional stature in public or academic affairs related to the study of international relations.

Whitney H. Shepardson (1890-1966)

shepardson.jpg Whitney Shepardson was an international business executive, editor, and author whose strong interest in international affairs began when he attended the Versailles peace conference in 1919. He returned to New York and helped found the Council on Foreign Relations in 1921. From 1934 to 1940, he was the principal editor of The United States in World Affairs, the Council's annual review of world events. During World War II, Mr. Shepardson headed the Secret Intelligence unit of the Office of Strategic Services (which became the CIA). From 1953 to 1956, he served as president of the Free Europe Committee, operator of Radio Free Europe.

Whitney Shepardson Fellows

2006– James M. Goldgeier, Library of Congress2005–2006 Peter B. Kenen, Council on Foreign Relations2004–2005 Manuel Enrique Hinds, former Minister of Finance, El Salvador 2002–2003 Ronald Steel, University of Southern California 2000–2001 Charles A. Kupchan, Council on Foreign Relations 1999–2000 Michael Mandelbaum, Johns Hopkins University 1998–1999 John J. Mearsheimer, University of Chicago 1997–1998 Tony Smith, Harvard University Center for European Studies 1995–1997 John Newhouse, formerly of The Brookings Institution 1993–1994 John Lewis Gaddis, Ohio University 1992–1993 Stanley Hoffmann, Harvard University, Michael Joseph Smith, University of Virginia 1991–1992 David C. Hendrickson, Colorado College Robert W. Tucker, John Hopkins University 1990–1991 Roger D. Stone, World Wildlife Fund1989–1990 Monteagle Stearns, Warburg Professor of International Relations, Simmons College 1988–1989 Donald S. Zagoria, City University of New York—Hunter College 1986–1988 José Luis Llovio-Menendez, former official in Castro government 1984–1985 Benjamin J. Cohen, Clayton Professor of International Economic Affairs, Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy1982–1983 Peter B. Grose, editorial staff, The New York Times1978–1980 Murrey Marder, diplomatic correspondent, Washington Post 1977–1978 Eric Rouleau, diplomatic correspondent, Le Monde 1974–1975 Marshall D. Shulman, Adlai E. Stevenson Professor of International Relations, Columbia University 1972–1973 John S. Dickey1971–1972 John S. Dickey 1970–1971 Philip C. Jessup, Sr. 1967–1968 Willard L. Thorp

Please note: Titles reflect fellows' positions just prior to joining the Council.

http://www4.colgate.edu/scene/mar1999/rhodes.html

The Colgate Scene

March 1999 Table of contents Colgate's first Rhodes Scholar

4a.jpg

Shepardson's Sal photo from 1910

John W. Shepardson (Harvard '49) is writing a biography of his father, Whitney Hart Shepardson '10, who was founder of the Council on Foreign Relations, chief of the Secret Intelligence Branch of the Office of Strategic services, and president of the Free Europe Committee. Prompted by the naming of the college's sixth Rhodes Scholar,
, John offered this passage, which describes his father's selection as the first:

On Saturday, December 18, 1909, in Albany, five college students appeared for personal interviews with three senior college officers. The committee was to choose one of the young men to be the Rhodes Scholar from the State of New York to enter Oxford in October 1910.

It was all so different in 1909. Today, of course, both Colgate and the Rhodes program are coeducational. Today the United States has a population of more than 200 million; 80 percent live in cities. Then the United States had some 92 million people; 50 million lived rurally. Today a college education is required for countless jobs. Then people felt well educated when they completed high school; only seven percent of high school graduates went to college.

Each of the candidates of 1909 had earlier passed a two-day set of qualifying examinations testing knowledge of Latin, Greek, arithmetic and algebra. Eight had taken the test, five had qualified.

Whitney Shepardson, Colgate 1910, had qualified because of his academic and focused family, his course at Colgate and his own effort. His father was then principal of Colgate Academy, the preparatory branch of Colgate University. His father had grown up a Baptist minister's son, had rejected this strict life to become an educator who taught by persuasion and concentrated on long-term results. Whitney's mother was a daughter of a Maine lawyer; she concentrated on the short term -- every evening she sat down with her children, reviewed their days and conduct with them.

Whitney had studied Latin, Greek, arithmetic and algebra at Colgate Academy. His work there had won him the Dodge Entrance Prize, awarded annually to the college freshman entering with the best preparatory record. His work at Colgate College, which earned him Greek and Latin prizes, included study with professors who saw their work as a seven-day-a-week profession -- a perpetual seminar. "Hamilton and Colgate," reported an observer in 1901 ". . . was a community of scholars in an almost medieval sense where the entire student body went calling upon the faculty on Sundays." Earlier on Sunday, faculty members had offered at the Baptist Church Greek, German and French Bible classes. To his Albany interview, Whitney brought a college record of all As in final examinations and participation in nearly all campus activities: class president, winner or runner-up on all major prizes, on staff at the literary magazine and newspaper. He had also brought letters of recommendation from summer camp employers, from the Colgate faculty, and from the president of the University of Rochester. For more than fourteen months he had steered towards this Rhodes award and now his work was on the line.

4b.jpg

Karsh of Ottawa photo taken in 1962 Two contemporary glimpses of Whitney are available. First, as an adequate athlete: He won his college letter as a basketball player as a member of a team who had a season record of 9 won and 5 lost. An unsigned evaluation of him as a basketball player was published in the college newspaper, three months after his Rhodes interview: "Shepardson, who played more than half the schedule as forward, is a strong teamwork man, who watches his guard closely, but is a little weak in attack."

The second glimpse of Whitney, dated December 17, 1909, the evening before his Rhodes interview, can be found in his first-place prizewinning speech before a judge from Utica, a professor from Hamilton College and a minister from Rome, all three imported to the Colgate campus to judge the oratorical efforts of six Colgate undergraduates.The Progressive Movement then led American thought and political action and Whitney's entry titled "The Rise of The Humanist" followed a classic Progressive approach: Man is rational and wants to choose the path of Good, if shown a social problem and shown another who has a constructive answer, Man will follow. Whitney endorsed temperance, forgiveness of youthful offenders, improvement of prison conditions, more use of paroles, and removal of the abuses of child labor. He exhorted his audience to take up these causes, as others had done, and follow these who had shown the way.

At the Albany interview, President Stryker of Hamilton College, Father Quinn of Manhattan College and Dean Crawshaw of Colgate were charged to select an unmarried male applicant to attend Oxford for three years. The candidates had to be measured on an elaborate formula set out in Cecil Rhodes' will, one half of the overall mark to be devoted to past success in scholastic achievement and "fondness and success in manly outdoor sport." The other half of the grade was to be scored on qualities of character. These Rhodes' will qualities were so well expressed that they were later lifted and incorporated into the objectives of the Boy Scout movement.

An additional question: "How well will this young man be accepted at Oxford?" seems to have been added by every selection committee. U.S. Selection Committees had, in their first two or three years, ignored some instructions from the English Rhodes Trustees. Special conditions imposed by the first New York committee -- that a Rhodes Scholar must be 24 years of age and must be a legal resident of the state in which he competed -- had been removed by orders from the Rhodes Trust. Some unnamed U.S. committees, perhaps even New York, had practiced a system of rotation -- each college, in turn, in a state, could fill the award from its student body. Perhaps it was coincidence, New York had sent in succession four previous scholars -- first from Cornell, then Hobart, next Hamilton and Columbia. When in 1908, rotation was discovered in several selection committees, sharp instructions had been sent by the English Rhodes Trustees to the American committees to stop.

4c.jpg

Author John W. Shepardson After the records and support letters for each of the five candidates were reviewed by the committee, each man was called in for a personal interview. Whitney had in the previous thirty hours won an oratorical contest, and had risen early that Saturday morning to catch trains in order to meet his interview appointment in Albany. Whitney was very tense, almost overwhelmed, so much so that, years later, he did not remember Father Quinn of Manhattan, who was a friendly and kindly questioner, but did remember President Stryker of Hamilton College, who had "almost reduced him to powder." Stryker, always imperious, was in fine form that day. At the end of the five interviews, Dean Crawshaw of Colgate recalled that he was designated by the other two committee members, Quinn and Stryker, to go into the waiting room to ask each candidate: "if selected, would you accept?" Crawshaw returned with positive assurance from each candidate to find that, in his absence, the other two committee members had selected Whitney Shepardson. And so the Colgate official had nothing to do with choosing the Colgate winner.

On the letterhead of the State of New York, Education Department, Albany, came the official notice dated December 18, 1910:

"Mr. Whitney H. Shepardson

Hamilton, N.Y.

Dear Sir:

I have pleasure in advising you that the committee of selection on Rhodes scholarships have unanimously awarded you the scholarship from the State of New York for the year 1910.

You should communicate with Mr. F.J. Wylie, Oxford Secretary to the Rhodes Trustees, No. 9 South Parks Road, Oxford, England, as soon as may be possible, notifying him of the college to which you desire admittance . . . . . . Very sincerely yours, Augustus S. Downing

Permanent Secretary"

Whitney's long campaign was successful; now began another campaign for Whitney: to be admitted to the college of his choice. leaf-10pt.gif

http://74.125.47.132/search?q=cache:QwztHD...;cd=6&gl=us

Memos from Col. J. G. O'Conor to W. Shepardson complaining about the OSS Chief in Istanbul, Turkey, May 1944, 5 pp.

Letter to Mr. Dulles from Whitney H. Shepardson

http://www.faqs.org/cia/docs/125/000042992...PORT-FOR-T.html

The Papers of WHS at Franklin D. Roosevelt Library

http://www.fdrlibrary.marist.edu:8000/find...2C+Whitney+Hart

Edited by William Kelly

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Interesting fellow indeed, thanks William

(1953 again, it's becoming a bit of a red-flag???) "From 1953 to 1956, (ditto : Walker, Little Rock, Rosa etc.) he served as president of the Free Europe Committee, operator of Radio Free Europe." I wonder if there is any ASC or America First connections, The bio seems to gloss over the years around 1940.

______________________

"...an educator who taught by persuasion and concentrated on long-term results." The TSBD building supplied schoolbooks to a large part of the US of A. These books were often vetted (As MSC docs indicate) to weed out desegregation and anything that smelled of moral degragation including anything sympathetic to "Communism".

______________________

Adlai Steph (oops> v) enson Fellow early in Nixon presidency.

______________________

It may be interesting to see his life in parallel with such as the Wobblies and the growth of the FBI and later the McCarthy era and various other "lefty events".

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Guest Tom Scully

Whitney Shepardson went to work early in his career for P.N. Gray. He later managed two businesses Gray was a principle of when Walter Liggett published the info below,

in 1931.....

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Whitney_Shepardson

....Shepardson was president of Bates International Bag Company from 1928 to 1930. He was vice-president of International Railways of Central America, a transport arm of the United Fruit Company, from 1931 until 1942.[6]

Walter Liggett was gunned down in front of his wife in the driveway of his home in 1935: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Walter_Liggett

Liggett and Herbert Hoover had been engaged, by 1935, in a 13 years long, public feud:

http://news.google.com/archivesearch?q=wal...;hl=en&um=1

A smear campaign was initiated in attempt to make his death look like the "rub out" of a corrupt, organized crime participant. He was accused, because of his 1931 book about President Herbert Hoover's background, of plagiarizing the research of John Hamill, who authored an earlier book about Hoover titled,

http://www.amazon.com/Strange-Career-Hoove...s/dp/1419154737

The Strange Career of Mr. Hoover Under Two Flags

Hamill's book was commissioned and financed by a former NYC policeman and partisan democrat, O'Brien. ONI officer Glenn Howell's 1931 diary entries show that he believed he had been acting under orders from President Hoover when he organized a break in of O'Brien's NYC office in an effort to determine what negative info Hamill had gathered on Hoover before the Hamill/O'Brien, "Two Flags" book was published.... Liggett's daughter later wrote a book to rehab her late father's reputation. She provided proof that Liggett was a reputable, muckraking journalist and that his research on Hoover pre-dated and was independent of Hamill/O'brien's. The pages at the following two links and at the last link in this post, support the background info in this paragraph.

The last two posts in the "Patrick Hoy", thread on this forum, tie in nicely with the Walter Liggett description of the J. Henry Schroder Banking Corp. director, Manuel Rionda, and with the description of Manati Sugar.....

http://educationforum.ipbhost.com/index.ph...st&p=163522

http://educationforum.ipbhost.com/index.ph...st&p=163442

China Matters: Last of the Muckrakers: An Appreciation of Walter ...

Dec 13, 2006 ... University reported on the private diary of one Glenn Howell, ... I told Lewis Strauss that my opinion was that the O’Brien has ... Unfortunately for Ms. Sizer, Walter Liggett’s daughter, Marda Liggett Woodbury was still in a ... As to the bad blood between Hoover and Liggett, Hoover does not ...

http://chinamatters.blogspot.com/2006/12/l...ciation-of.html

China Matters: December 2006

... of Stanford University reported on the private diary of one Glenn Howell, ... I told Lewis Strauss that my opinion was that the O’Brien has been these many ... Unfortunately for Ms. Sizer, Walter Liggett’s daughter, Marda Liggett ... As to the bad blood between Hoover and Liggett, Hoover does not emerge as the http://chinamatters.blogspot.com/2006_12_01_archive.html

http://query.nytimes.com/gst/abstract.html...96E9C946095D6CF

MISS CARGIN BETROTHED Will Marry Whitney H. Shepardson Of New York at Her Mother's Estate at Greystones, Ireland.

August 7, 1921, Sunday

http://query.nytimes.com/mem/archive-free/...96E9C946095D6CF

Mr. Shepardon, who is th son of....was the Secretary of the League of Nations Committe and assistant to Colonel House at the Peace Conference.

He is associated with the import and export firm of P.N. Gray & Co. of this city who have been agents for the Belgium Government, and sailed last

February for South Africa in connection with the business of that company. From South Africa, he went to London. After the wedding he will take his

bride to Vienna, where they will remain sometime before coming to New York. Mr. Shepardson was graduated from Colgate and later from the Harvard Law

School and after that he went to England, where he took a degree at Oxford.

http://www.fdrlibrary.marist.edu:8000/find...2C+Whitney+Hart

The Papers of Whitney Hart Shepardson

P.N. Gray and Co.

Correspondence, memoranda, notes, newspaper clippings, picture postal cards and reprints concerning WHS's work as European manger (stationed in Vienna) of P.N. Gray and Co. Gray and Co. was an American concern acting as the agent for Belgian, Polish and Austrian government in their purchase of food from the United States. Also a 42 page typed manuscript recounting a 10 week visit (1921) to South Africa with stops at Capetown, Durban, Johannesburg and Fort Elizabeth.

http://www.google.com/search?hl=en&saf...amp;btnG=Search

The Rise of Herbert Hoover By Walter W. Liggett Biography & Autobiography - 408 pages

Page 379

Prentiss N. Gray was manager of the California & Oregon Coast Steamship Company

prior to the World War. It was not an important position. He resigned to go to Europe where Hoover made

him director of the Commission for the Relief of Belgium. Gray served for a time in Brussells, then went to London, thence to New York, and when the war ended

he was in Washington. When Hoover became United States Food Controller, Gray was made choed of the Marine Transportation Division, and after the war he was hand-picked by Hoover as director of the American Relief Administration.

Page 380

In April, 1919, only a few monhs after the Armistics, he organized P. N. Gray Company. E. Bunge, a wealthy Belgian who dealt in grain and hides, and Carolus Falk, former manager of Bunge's business, were members of the firm. Alexander Hempbill, chairman of the board of directors of the Guarantee Trust Company, was also associated with Gray.

Soon after Gray organized his exporting company, the Gauraantee Trust Company headed a syndicate which included National City Bank, the National Bank of Commerce, and JP Morgan & Co., which advanced a credit of $50,000,000 to the Belgian government. Gray then entered into a contract with the Belgian government whereby he was given charge of the purchase of post-war supplies in the United States and also had charge of their shipment to Belgium. This was a purely private contract but nevertheless the United States Shipping Board turned over to him nearly 200,000 tons of shippng at extremely low charters.

P. N. Gray Company not only has a virtual monopoly of all of Belgium's postwar trade, but occupied an advantageous position in dealing with Germany, Austria, Poland, and other war-torn countries of central Europe. The American Relief Administration had its agents in all those countries and they had been Mr. Gray's subordinates. It was only natural for them to boost him and knock certain German-American competition. There is docucmentary proof that these tactics were employed and Mr. Hoover himself used his official position to promote the private exporting business of his California friend.

Considering all the circumstances, it is not particularly surprising that Prentiss N. Gray blossomed out as a full fledged financier after the war. According to Poor's Manual he now occupies the following positions:

J. Henry Schroder Banking Corp., president and director

European Mortgage and Investment Co., president and director

American British & Continental Corp., vice president and director

International Railways of Central America, director

Swiss-American Electric Co., director

J. Henry Schroder Trust Co., president and director

International Holding & Investment Co. Ltd, director

Electric Shareholders Corp., director

Hydro Electric Securities Corp., director

St. Regis Paper Co., director

Manati Sugar Co., director

Minor C. Keith, Inc., director

Prudential Investors, director

Bates Valve Bag Co., director

Some of the names above require a little explanation. The J. Henry Schroder Banking Corporation, 45 William Street was incorporated in 1923 as a re-organization of the J. Henry Schroder Bank of London and Hamburg. Baron Bruno Schroder is chairman of the board and other directors are Julius Barnes, Prentiss Gray, H.G.P. Deans, John McHugh, John L. Simpson, Gerald F. beal, Frank C. Tiarks, Manuel E. Rionda, and George A. Zabriskie. The Schroder Banking Corporation has several branches in Germany and deals with international securities. One German branch closed its doors (temporarily) just threee days before Hoover urged a moratorium on war debts last June.

In February, 1929, just a few days before Hoover was sworn in as President, the J. Henry Schroder Banking Corporation increased its capital stock from $2,200,000 to $5,000,000; and in May, 1929, it incorporated the J. Henry Schroder Trust Company which is authorized to do a domestic banking business and is now a member of the Federal Reserve Board. The J. Henry Schroder Banking Corporation, according to it's last sworn statement, has assets of approximately $79,000,000.

(The above corps., companies and trusts are described in more detail on page 381....a sample):

http://books.google.com/books?id=0JS1Mgze5...8&ct=result

....The Minor C. Keith Coporation owns several railroads and steamship lines and also holds a large interest in the United Fruit Company.

The Manati Sugar Company owns a sugar estate of 281,446 acres about 400 miles east of Havana and also has a factoru, railroad trackage and rolling stock.

Besides Prentiss N. Gray, the directors are W.N. Cromwell, B.D. Forster, Frederick Strauss of Seligman and Comapany, George W. Davison, W.V. King, W.L. Cummings.

William S. Gray, Jr., Henry E. Worcester of Boston, Earle Bailie of the Guarantee Trust Company, Manuel Rionda, and Manuel E. Rionda.

The office of the president of Manati Sugar Company is vacant. Manuel E. Rionda is chairman of the board of directors. His presence on the board of directors of

the J. Henry Schroder Banking Corporation, with George A. Zabriskie, recalls the fact that Rionda is reputed to have made a huge fortuen in sugar right after

the World War, when Herbert Hoover was still Food Controller and Zabriskie, appointed by Hoover, was chairman of the United States Sugar Equalization Board and

armed with arbitrary powers to dispose of both the Cuban and domestic sugar crops....

....Let me state frankly that I have no positive evidence that President Hoover has any financial interest in any of the aforementioned concerns. Such evidence would be almost impossible to obtain unless one were a director or substantial stockholder in one of the companies and had the legal right to demand....

...Mr. Hoover, however is primarily to blame, if there is more or less a general belief among those who have looked into the situation that he has at least several million dollars invested in international banking concerns which have huge holdings in public utility stocks both in this country and abroad. Ever since his departure from London he has deliberately shrouded his affairs in the greatest possible secrecy--and secrecy unvariably breeds suspicion....

http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/...,755479,00.html

Dec. 16, 1935

Died, Walter Liggett, writer (Bawdy Boston, The Rise of Herbert Hoover), muckraking editor of the Midwest American, loud & bitter foe of Minnesota's Governor Floyd B. Olson; of bullet wounds inflicted by gunmen as he stepped out of his car; in Minneapolis. Last month he was acquitted of a charge of sodomy against an 18-year-old girl after he had branded the charge a frameup by Olson forces. After the shooting police arrested a night club proprietor and a onetime liquor runner, charged them with the murder.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Floyd_B._Olson

http://news.google.com/archivesearch?q=wal...312239186509848

STATE IS SHOCKED AT LIGGETT MURDER; Minneapolis Underworld Is...

- New York Times - Dec 15, 1935

The assassination of Walter Liggett last Monday, presumably because of violent attacks on ... In tone and method his journalism was regarded as intemperate. ..

Refuses Aid of G - Men In Slaying of Editor

Urbana Daily Courier - UIUC Library - Dec 14, 1935

MINNEAPOLIS (UP) Joseph Keenan refused today to send agents of the federal department of justice to Minneapolis to investigate the slaying of Walter Liggett ...

http://www.americanheritage.com/articles/m...992_3_106.shtml

AmericanHeritage.com / HOOVERGATE

Lawrence O’Brien, the head of the Democratic National Committee at the time of ... appears in the recently uncovered diary of Glenn Howell, who in 1930 was the ... On May 21, 1930, Howell met with the financier Lewis Strauss—Hoover’s ...

Edited by Tom Scully

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Tom

For what it is worth Lewis Strauss was a good friend of John J. McCloy as was Sir William Wiseman and many at Kuhn, Loeb.

Jim Root

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Tom

For what it is worth Lewis Strauss was a good friend of John J. McCloy as was Sir William Wiseman and many at Kuhn, Loeb.

Jim Root

This probably isn't the perfect place to post this, but recently I posted an excerpt of Boris Pash's testimony on my cryptology thread, and since that

seems to be the most under-read link on the Forum, I thought the following provided a supplementary "Dallas" aside, regarding the aftermath of all that.

Not every post can be filled with the ultimate answers to the Kennedy assassination, and I happen to believe that depth of knowledge counts for a lot more

than what some consider.

September 9, 1945

Dallas Morning News

Sumners Seeks Freeze on Atomic Bomb Data

A complete freeze on information on the Atomic bomb was proposed

Saturday by Representative Hatton W Sumners, Dallas with death as

the ultimate penalty for violating provisions of the law to be offered

by Sumners on the subject.

Sumners, chairman of the House judiciary committee, said he would

introduce on Monday, his bill putting a stop to any further discussion

of the atomic bomb. The freeze would continue until Congress

decides what should be permissible information under the Sumner's

proposal.

The brief bill drafted by the Dallas Congressman provides

that whoever knowingly and without authority of the Congress

communicates, delivers, transmits, discloses or divulges, or attempts

so to do, to any person whatsoever, any information concerning the

composition, manufacture, production and use of the explosive

known as the atomic bomb, or any record, paper or document contain-

ing such information or the contents or tenor of any such record

paper or document shall be punished by death if the verdict of the

jury shall so recommend, or by imprisonment for such term as the

court shall determine.

Publication of Data Opposed

The Sumners measure would bar newspaper and other printed articles

of the composition, manufacture and production and use of the

atomic bomb, and apparently even private discussions of the matter

covered by the bill. It is the Dallas congressman’s idea that

details of the bomb should not be discussed until Congress has

had an opportunity to consider the entire subject and that Congress

should be the judge of what should be disclosed. Sumners said he

would urge early action on his bill.

A bill similar in purpose was introduced earlier in the week

by Representative George H Bender (Rep.) of Ohio and referred to

the judiciary committee. Sumners said he did not know of the Bender

measure until after he had prepared his bill.

Prevention of Aggression

Senator Tom Connally, of Texas, Senate foreign relations chairman

said Saturday he believed the United States should preserve for itself

the secret of the atomic bomb and that the government should acquire

all available supplies of uranium and other materials necessary for

its production.

“The United States is a member of the Security Council and will

probably furnish an air contingent, “ Connally said. “Such a force

armed with the bomb could do much to prevent aggression and

preserve the peace of the world. We shall never use the bomb

except to preserve the peace and for our own necessary self-

defense.”

“Of course science may invent weapons and defenses to

counteract the effect of the bomb. It is a great invention

but science has not been exhausted.”

Robert:

Of course sixty-five years after the Manhattan project

era, we know more about FDR’s Uranium Committee

and the S-1 Committee which met at Bohemian Grove

Sept. 13, 1942.

http://www.cfo.doe.gov/me70/manhattan/s-1_photograph.htm

Arguably subtopics associated with same are the Lawrence

Livermore Laboratory and the Atomic Energy Museum

See

http://www.cfo.doe.gov/me70/manhattan/library.htm

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Guest Tom Scully

Whitney Shepardson went to work early in his career for P.N. Gray. He later managed two businesses Gray was a principle of when Walter Liggett published the info below,

in 1931.....

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Whitney_Shepardson

....Shepardson was president of Bates International Bag Company from 1928 to 1930. He was vice-president of International Railways of Central America, a transport arm of the United Fruit Company, from 1931 until 1942.[6]

Walter Liggett was gunned down in front of his wife in the driveway of his home in 1935: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Walter_Liggett

Liggett and Herbert Hoover had been engaged, by 1935, in a 13 years long, public feud:

http://news.google.com/archivesearch?q=wal...;hl=en&um=1

A smear campaign was initiated in attempt to make his death look like the "rub out" of a corrupt, organized crime participant. He was accused, because of his 1931 book about President Herbert Hoover's background, of plagiarizing the research of John Hamill, who authored an earlier book about Hoover titled,

http://www.amazon.com/Strange-Career-Hoove...s/dp/1419154737

The Strange Career of Mr. Hoover Under Two Flags

Hamill's book was commissioned and financed by a former NYC policeman and partisan democrat, O'Brien. ONI officer Glenn Howell's 1931 diary entries show that he believed he had been acting under orders from President Hoover when he organized a break in of O'Brien's NYC office in an effort to determine what negative info Hamill had gathered on Hoover before the Hamill/O'Brien, "Two Flags" book was published.... Liggett's daughter later wrote a book to rehab her late father's reputation. She provided proof that Liggett was a reputable, muckraking journalist and that his research on Hoover pre-dated and was independent of Hamill/O'brien's. The pages at the following two links and at the last link in this post, support the background info in this paragraph.

The last two posts in the "Patrick Hoy", thread on this forum, tie in nicely with the Walter Liggett description of the J. Henry Schroder Banking Corp. director, Manuel Rionda, and with the description of Manati Sugar.....

http://educationforum.ipbhost.com/index.ph...st&p=163522

http://educationforum.ipbhost.com/index.ph...st&p=163442

China Matters: Last of the Muckrakers: An Appreciation of Walter ...

Dec 13, 2006 ... University reported on the private diary of one Glenn Howell, ... I told Lewis Strauss that my opinion was that the O’Brien has ... Unfortunately for Ms. Sizer, Walter Liggett’s daughter, Marda Liggett Woodbury was still in a ... As to the bad blood between Hoover and Liggett, Hoover does not ...

http://chinamatters.blogspot.com/2006/12/l...ciation-of.html

China Matters: December 2006

... of Stanford University reported on the private diary of one Glenn Howell, ... I told Lewis Strauss that my opinion was that the O’Brien has been these many ... Unfortunately for Ms. Sizer, Walter Liggett’s daughter, Marda Liggett ... As to the bad blood between Hoover and Liggett, Hoover does not emerge as the http://chinamatters.blogspot.com/2006_12_01_archive.html

..........................................

http://www.americanheritage.com/articles/m...992_3_106.shtml

AmericanHeritage.com / HOOVERGATE

Lawrence O’Brien, the head of the Democratic National Committee at the time of ... appears in the recently uncovered diary of Glenn Howell, who in 1930 was the ... On May 21, 1930, Howell met with the financier Lewis Strauss—Hoover’s ...

http://query.nytimes.com/mem/archive-free/pdf?res=F30A14FE3E5E11738DDDA10894DC405B878DF1D3

Last Man Out Tells of Belgian Relief

The Commission Makes Public a Letter Received from Christian A. Herter

April 8, 1917

....There seems to be a prevalent idea in this country that America is feeding Germany indirectly through Belgium, and that the best of all that is sent

to Northern France is consumed by German soldiers. No impression could be more erroneuus. Infractions of the guarantees are the exception, rather than the rule...

http://www.google.com/search?q=Christian+Herter+1919+council+foreign&ie=utf-8&oe=utf-8&aq=t&rls=org.mozilla:en-US:unofficial&client=firefox-a#hl=en&ds=n&sugexp=ldymls&pq=christian+herter+1919+council+foreign+relations+shepardson&xhr=t&q=Christian+Herter+council+foreign+relations+shepardson&cp=17&safe=off&client=firefox-a&rls=org.mozilla:en-US:unofficial&bs=1&um=1&ie=UTF-8&tbo=u&tbm=bks&source=og&sa=N&tab=wp&bav=on.2,or.r_gc.r_pw.&fp=4145421307f4e362&biw=1320&bih=654

Research institutions and learned societies

Joseph Charles Kiger - 1982 - 551 pages - Snippet view

COUNCIL ON FOREIGN RELATIONS, INC. The council was started by a group of Americans at the Versailles Peace Conference who felt ... Herbert Hoover, Thomas W. Lament, Christian A. Herter, Whitney H. Shepardson, and Colonel House himself....

http://www.google.com/search?q=Special+Activities+Division%2C&ie=utf-8&oe=utf-8&aq=t&rls=org.mozilla:en-US:unofficial&client=firefox-a#hl=en&ds=bo&sugexp=ldymls&pq=%22*%28the%20truth%20was%20that%20he%20had%20spent%20a%20considerable%20part%20of%20his%22&xhr=t&q=%22execution+of+Edith+Cavell+because+she+was+about+to+expose&cp=64&pf=p&sclient=psy&safe=off&client=firefox-a&rls=org.mozilla:en-US%3Aunofficial&tbm=bks&source=hp&aq=f&aqi=&aql=&oq=%22execution+of+Edith+Cavell+because+she+was+about+to+expose+him.%26%22&pbx=1&bav=on.2,or.r_gc.r_pw.&fp=4145421307f4e362&biw=1320&bih=654

LIFE - Oct 2, 1944 - Page 60 by Samuel Hopkins Adams

Vol. 17, No. 14 - 124 pages - Magazine - Full view

In his fight for re-election Hoover was subjected to the same sort of sniping. The barrage against him took various forms. He was a British subject and not an American citizen; he had imported and oppressed Chinese coolie labor; a British judge in Hong Kong had denounced him for crooked finance; he had built up a fortune out of Belgian Relief funds and added to it from his Russian Relief operations (the truth was that he had spent a considerable part of his own fortune); and, finally, he was a pro-German and had procured the execution of Edith Cavell because she was about to expose him. Part of this nonsense eventually broke into print in a book published by a fly-by-night concern. One of the joint authors admitted that it was a tissue of lies and publication was stopped, but some of the charges were more cautiously repeated in other books.....

http://pqasb.pqarchiver.com/latimes/access/379758791.html?dids=379758791:379758791&FMT=ABS&FMTS=ABS:AI&type=historic&date=Feb+11%2C+1932&author=&pub=Los+Angeles+Times&desc=BOOK+ATTACKS+ON+HOOVER+HIT&pqatl=google

BOOK ATTACKS ON HOOVER HIT

Arthur Train Turns Guns on Executive's Assailants "Strange Career" Publication Gets Particular Attention Position of President Held Barrier to Prosecution

Los Angeles Times (1923-Current File) - Los Angeles, Calif.

Date: Feb 11, 1932

Shepardson and CFR, as well as the "statesmen" of the American Right during the 20th century, including Christian A. Herter, the man who succeeded the ailing John Foster Dulles and handed the State Dept. over to JFK appointee, Dean Rusk, all seem to have emerged from their experience of swarming all over Hoover's Belgium "relief" program.

Above is support for the absurdity of Arthur Train, widower of a Vanderbilt niece and father of John Train, defending the "unfairly maligned", failed sitting U.S. President, the great humanitarian, Herbert Hoover.

A dozen years later, in a Life Magazine article it is the "muckraker" Samuel Hopkins Adams enthusiastically defending the powerful, although Adams had to be aware that Hoover's most vehement and longstanding critic, Walter Liggett, had been murdered in 1935, in his own driveway, if front of his wife and young daughter.

In fairness, to Adams, though, many decades later the diary entry of deceased ONI officer Glen Howell, revealed for the first time that Hoover was so unconcerned about the "baseless" charges published in the book commissioned by O'brien and written by John Hamill, that Glen Howell privately recorded that Lewis Strauss showed up during Hoover's presidency to order Glen Howell of ONI to burglarize O'Brien's office in search of incriminating details about Hoover anticipated to be in those files.

The mathematics done in London at the time, and in the U.S. since WWI, seem to make it clear that Hoover and his young, upper crust capitalist followers made the war into the GREAT war by injecting the vital and otherwise unobtainable element of an American food source indispensible to the sustained war operations of Kaiser Wilhelm's forces. Was it only a coincidence that the expansion of and prolonging the war saved the investors in the giant, speculative, Remington Arms complex in Bridgeport, just as one example? Conditions were such that Germany could not cope with feeding its military, its domestic population, and the combined population of ten million Belgians and Northern Frenchmen in the territories German troops occupied, owing to the fact that men can farm or fight, but cannot do both simultaneously.

If Hoover, et al, were the humanitarians they claimed to be, prior to 1920, what could have possibly influenced them to change so radically for the remainder of their influential and malignant careers?

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Just found some new letters written by Whitney Shepardson that I find interesting.  Anyone else still looking into this man?  He did play a very important role in US Intelligence during his lifetime.  My question becomes did it continue into the 1960's.....I believe it did.

Jim Root

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