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John Bevilaqua

Rev. Gerald L K Smith - Minister of Hate

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Rev. Gerald L K Smith has been identified as an attendee at the Winnipeg Airport Incident in Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada on 2/13/1964 where several

persons were overheard discussing Marina Oswald, the JFK Assassination and an upcoming meeting in Wichita, Kansas for a convention which

is believed to be for The Constitution Party of the USA at the Townhouse Motor Hotel, headed by Smith's California cohort William Potter Gale. Smith's

long running feuds with FDR, Truman, Rusk, Acheson and JFK culminated with the death of JFK in 1963. By the Spring of 1964, shortly after the Winnipeg

meeting, Smith had turned a $5,000 bank balance into more than the $1,000,000 required to start building Christ of the Ozarks in Arkansas.

Here is the GLK Smith timeline posted on a web Timeline site as a starting point:

1893

Aug 30, 1893 - Pierce Long was born near Winnfield, Winn Parish, Louisiana on August 30th, 1893. ... a Louisiana preacher, Gerald LK Smith, to travel throughout the ... http://www.us-history.com/pages/h1615.h... [Found on Yahoo! Search] 1 | 2 | 3 Next.

From Travel Leaders Winnfield LA - Web Search - Switchboard.com - Related web pages

www.switchboard.com/webresults.htm?qcat=web ...

1898

Feb 7, 1898 - Gerald LK Smith was born on February 7, 1898, on a farm in Pardeeville, Wisconsin, to Lyman Z. Smith and Sarah Smith. He had one sister.

From Gerald Lyman Kenneth Smith (1898–1976) - Encyclopedia of Arkansas - Related web pages

encyclopediaofarkansas.net/encyclopedia/entry ...

1910

1910 - In 1910 Henry Ford's Dearborn Independent reprinted the Protocols in a series of articles that were then published as The International Jew, five hundred thousand copies of which were circulated in the United States. The book was eventually translated into ...

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From Social Discredit - Related web pages

books.google.com/books?id=_RqEg6BLilUC&pg=PA17 ...

1913

1913 - In 1913, a Jew, Leo Frank, was lynched in Atlanta. In the 920s, the Protocols of the Elders ofZion was exported to the United States and disseminated with the strong financial support of Henry Ford. Several popular preachersGeorge Winrod, Gerald LK Smith ...

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From Judaism and Genocide - Related web pages

books.google.com/books?id=eFFsEYvBEZgC&pg ...

1922

1922 - The New York Times, I believe in 1922, pointed out that Ford had provided financial support to Htiler's early political efforts in Germany. Ford Motor also profited from the use of slave labor under the Nazis.

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From Daily Kos: The War on Christmas - Related web pages

www.dailykos.com/story/2004/12/24/18317/056

1925

1925 - Manifestations of political Fundamentalism include much of the activity in the temperance movement or the virulent anticommunism of Gerald LK Smith. Political fundamentalism suffered a major setback by their defeat at the Scopes Monkey trial in Tennessee in 1925.

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From Fundamental Christianity, christian fundamentalist, fundamentalist, christian … - Related web pages

www.aquatechnology.net/fundamentalism.html

1934

Feb 1934 - Long, in February 1934, formed a national political organization, the Share Our Wealth Society. A network of local clubs led by national organizer Reverend Gerald LK Smith, the Share Our Wealth Society was intended to operate outside of and in opposition to the Democratic ...

From INSTANT POPULISM: A short history of populism old and new - Related web pages

www.prorev.com/populist.htm

1935

1935 - Bryant is the latest in a long line of personalities who have been attracted to Little Switzerland. Those personalities range from the late Gerald LK Smith, the Jew-hating preacher who said the eulogy at Huey P. Long's funeral in 1935, to motorcycle gang members ...

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From Jay DeHaven in a gold coat? (Jay DeHaven's The Maumelle Co. to become … - Related web pages

www.highbeam.com/doc/1G1-10905741.html?refid ...

Sep 13, 1935 - Gerald LK Smith, Long's first lieutenant in the share- the-wealth movement, sounded the call for unceasing battle to try to make every man a king. Then ropes whined under the weight of the great bronze and ma- coMn and Long's body was lowered into Its garden grave near the soaring ...

From 'CARRY ON,' URGES PARSON AT HUEY LONG'S FUNERAL - Related web pages

pqasb.pqarchiver.com/latimes/access/393868131 ...

Sep 14, 1935 - Gerald LK Smith, organiz- er of the Share-our-wealth societies, for which he now claims a member- ship of ten millions; Seymour Weiss, New Orleans hotel proprietor, and Cov. Oscar K. Allen. Others, how-. ever, are pressing for control. Smith would be the spiritual crusader, ...

From LONG'S MANTLE MAY FALL UPON A TRIUMVIRATE - Related web pages

pqasb.pqarchiver.com/chicagotribune/access ...

Sep 15, 1935 - Gerald LK Smith appeared today before 10000 followers of the late Senator Huey P. Long as his anointed apostle to sound a battle cry for a national campaign for the redistribution of the country's wealth. Bilbo Retorts With 'xxxx' to Minister's Attacks. By F. RAYMOND DANIEL. ...

From … ' OF LONG STIRS 10,000 AMENS; Rev. Mr. Smith Addresses Huge 'Share … - Related web pages

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Sep 15, 1935 - Gerald LK Smith, who has taken the leadership of the "' share-our-wealth" organization in the state and already has begun a t.ampaign to realign and test his forces, has been getting %3 a week f.or his living expenses. The probate of Long's will is awaited with inter- est. ...

From SHAKE OFF PALL OF LONG SORROW TO GREET VETS - Related web pages

pqasb.pqarchiver.com/chicagotribune/access ...

Sep 16, 1935 - Gerald LK Smith, using the slain Senator's "martyrdom" for leverage, seeking to succeed Huey P. Long at the head of a national movement for redistribution of wealth, enemies of the Long machine, aiming to offset the Long influences in every field possible, moved today to create a ...

From INQUEST TO STRESS WEISS 'MARTYRDOM'; Baton Rouge Inquiry Today Is … - Related web pages

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Sep 20, 1935 - Gerald LK Smith, self-constituted heir apparent to Senator Long's following among converts to his scheme for redistributing the country's wealth, attempted today to assure himself of an important place in the councils of the political machine which made his mentor the dictator of ...

From LONG'S 'HEIR' PUTS TICKET IN FIELD; Smith, Share-Wealth Leader, … - Related web pages

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Sep 22, 1935 - Gerald LK Smith, and the practical politicians compromised on a ticket announced by Governor Oscar K. Allen. ... "GERALD K. SMITH." Commissioner Martin, who next to the lev. Mr. Smith was regarded as the most effective spellbinder of the combination, explained that he had gone over ...

From LONG TICKET PICKED WITH LECHE LEADER; Allen and Smith Drop Noe in … - Related web pages

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1936

Jan 27, 1936 - Gerald LK Smith, to whom fell the mantle of Huey Long as leader of the "share-the-wealth" movement in Louisiana, arrived in New York City yesterday with a declaration of war against President Roosevelt. The Rev. Mr. Smith is here to confer today with leaders, as yet unnamed, ...

From LONG AIDE ARRIVES TO FIGHT PRESIDENT; Rev. GLK Smith to Act Today … - Related web pages

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May 31, 1936 - Gerald LK Smith, head of the share-the-wealth clubs, or ganized by Senator Huey P. Long, announced tonight that they had joined forces. "We are presenting a common front against the dictatorship in Washington," Dr. Townsend said. The announcement was made aft- i era conference, ...

From TOWNSEND AND SMITH JOIN; Form Alliance of Old-Age-Pension and … - Related web pages

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Jun 23, 1936 - Gerald LK Smith announced here today. Participating, he said, would be Dr. FE Townsend and a representative of the Rev. Father Charles E. Coughlin, as well as Representative Lemke himself. Mr. Smith, the inheritor of Huey P. Long's share-the-wealth movement, declared that he had ...

From … MEET WITH LEMKE TODAY; Townsend, Rev. GLK Smith and Coughlin Aide … - Related web pages

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Jul 15, 1936 - Gerald LK Smith and the lesser lights of the organization stayed at Cleveland's most pretentious hotel, which is convention headquarters. ... The Rev, Gerald LK Smith, former organizer of the late Huey Long's Share Our Wealth societies, said this was "only natural," and declared ...

From Townsendites Stage Frugal Convention; Search Out Cheap Lodgings at … - Related web pages

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Jul 17, 1936 - Gerald LK Smith, recent convert from the ranks of Huey Long's share-our-wealth clubs, agreed today to hit the sawdust trail for Representative ... ONE-MAN REVOLT FLARES But Gomer Smith Faces Ouster for Defending New Deal and Attacking Gerald Smith. Father Coughlin's speech at the ...

From COUGHLIN WINS TOWNSEND AND LONG GROUP TO LEMKE AS HE … - Related web pages

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Jul 26, 1936 - Gerald LK Smith address a mass meeting in the Mosque Theatre at Newark, NJ tonight. The meeting was held under the auspices of local Townsend ... Gerald LK Smith, self-styled heir to the share-i the-wealth organization created by! the late Senator I-Iuey P. Long ofI Louisiana. ...

From ELECTION BY HOUSE IS TOWNSEND PLAN; Old-Age Pension Leader Hopes … - Related web pages

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Aug 8, 1936 - Gerald LK Smith at a luncheon at the National Press Club today. Mr. Smith is a director of the Townsend organization and head of the Share-Our-Wealth Clubs. His speech was enriched by the vernacular of the Louisiana bayous Although he dic not mention 1Rep resentative Lemk by name, ...

From … ROOSEVELT AS COMMUNIST AIDE; Rev. GLK Smith at National Press … - Related web pages

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Aug 13, 1936 - Mr. Smith or their estimate of the direction in which, they said, he was leading Dr. Townsend. 'If-Dr. Townsend and Gerald Smith on the course they! .are now following, ... "Without Townsend, Gerald Smith could not get a crowd of fifty people together to defame the President. ...

From TOWNSEND DRIVE IS CENTRALIZED; Chicago Headquarters Will Be … - Related web pages

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Aug 16, 1936 - Gerald LK Smith, Chief Spellbinder of Union Party, Says President Leading Country Toward Communism. Clergyman Bitter. Foe of Roosevelt ... Mr. Gerald LK Smith made a speech to the National Press Club of Washington. Until fame completes its eleva- tion of him, let us explain that ...

From Clergyman Bitter Foe of Roosevelt - Related web pages

pqasb.pqarchiver.com/latimes/access/402232551 ...

Aug 22, 1936 - lend aid and comfort to Gerald LK Smith hlr. Sullivan. commits treachery to the craft whlch he has long served. Under even the loosest dispensation it is monstrous for ... Smith filled in when the other clergyman was not avail-. able. Long treated Gerald Smith with. a good deal ...

From BROUN ' S PAGE - Related web pages

www.thenation.com/archive/detail/13570777

Aug 29, 1936 - 'DIRTY CAMPAIGN' CITED Eaton Calls Foe 'Ventriloquist Dummy' and Gerald Smith Labels Him 'the Itch.' Secretary of the Interior Harold L. ... Gerald LK Smith, the late Huey Long's successor as leader of the Share-the-Wealth movement in Louisiana, who pronounced him the "itch" of the ...

From MARTIN SAYS ICKES IS A 'MUD SLINGER'; Secretary's Attack on Landon … - Related web pages

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Sep 20, 1936 - GERALD SMITH. ty- lair grounds, k oint, .Lna.; then at 4 pm at Santa- Fe park, near Willow Springs. At 5:15 pm he will appear' at 6900. ... Gerald LK Smith, head of the share the wealth movement and a supporter of Congressman William Lemke, Union party candidate for President, ...

From REV. GERALD SMTH HERE TO MAKE FOUR ADDRESSES TODAY - Related web pages

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Oct 21, 1936 - Gerald LK Smith were announced here tonight. The action followed reports from New York that Smith had disclosed his intention to lead a ... Dr. Townsend's statement said: "If the press reports concerning the Fascist action of Gerald LK Smith are true then I hereby dis;avow any ...

From TOWNSEND AND LEMKE DISOWN GLK SMITH; Leader of New Anti-Red … - Related web pages

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Nov 6, 1936 - GERALD LK SMITH was arrested on [onday night in his room with four other men, charged with disturbing the peace and using obscene language, spent two hours in Jail, and received a suspended sentence in court. low this column yields to almost anybody you can mention in its regard for ...

From Topics of The Times - Related web pages

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1937

Aug 20, 1937 - Gerald LK Smith, who launched the Committee of One Million to war on radicalism after Huey Long's Share - the - Wealth movement died, was named yesterday as defendant in an action filed in Supreme Court for an accounting of the profits of his new organization. ...

From GLK SMITH ASKED TO SHARE WEALTH; Ousted Partner Demands His Split … - Related web pages

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1938

Apr 18, 1938 - Gerald Smith. mented by John L. Lewis and his Committee for Industrial Organiza- tion, with help given by the admin- istration, Smith said. The organiza- tion is financed entirely by ... The Rev. Gerald LK Smith says his committee of 1000000 will make a triple attack on the Roosevelt...

From HUEY'S DISCIPLE HITS ROOSEVELT 'GIMME' POLICIES - Related web pages

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1939

Dec 9, 1939 - Chicago Daily Tribune (1872-1963) - Chicago, Ill. Date:

From Rev. Gerald LK Smith's Federation Is Suspended - Related web pages

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1940

Aug 4, 1940 - The convention criticized the pending Congressional bill to deport Harry Bridges, CI O, longshore leader, and condemned the utterances of the Rev. Charles E. Coughlin, Representative Martin L. Dies and Gerald LK Smith as leading to a denial of civil liberties and destruction of ...

From AUTO UNION VOTES CENSURE OF SOVIET; Russia Condemned With Other ' … - Related web pages

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1941

Feb 6, 1941 - Gerald Smith Hits. Bill Another opponent of the measure was Gerald LK Smith, who appeared on behalf of the Committee of 1000000. Mr. Smith said that the members of his organization "actually believe that behind the obvious purposes of this bill is a definite plan to get us into this ...

From NATIONAL CHAMBER OPPOSES AID BILL; 'We Don't Want Congress to … - Related web pages

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1942

Sep 16, 1942 - Circuit Judge Homer Ferguson of Detroit, whose crusade against political graft sent scores to prison, gained ia long lead over Gerald LK Smith, one-time lieutenant of the late Huey Long, for the Republican nomination for Senator in returns from today's primary. ...

From Gerald LK Smith Far Behind - Related web pages

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1943

May 31, 1943 - Gerald LK Smith. "I want to tell you how proud and happy that makes me feel. I doubt if any one ever was so fortunate in the nature of his opposition. "If I ever had any doubt of the righteousness of the things I stand for, this opportunity convinces me I am right. ...

From … ; In Detroit He Thanks Bearers of GLK Smith's Placards for 'Nature of … - Related web pages

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1944

Apr 6, 1944 - Gerald LK Smith, organizer and director of the America First party, today called the Wisconsin Presidential primary, in which delegates for Wendell L. Willkie trailed those favoring Gov. Thomas E. Dewey, Lieut. Comdr. Harold E. Stassen and Gen. Douglas MacArthur "a great victory for ...

From … FIRST VICTOR IN WISCONSIN; Gerald LK Smith Warns Others Not to … - Related web pages

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Jun 26, 1944 - Gerald LK Smith. kle as a "he Dorothy Thompson," drank water out of a pitcher and led a rousing " boo " for Gov. Dewey of New York. ... Gerald LK Smith, Detroit organizer of various movements, took over the grand ballroom of the Stevens hotel yesterday, fetched in 2000 of his ...

From SMITHITES TAKE OVER BALLROOM A LA SQUATTERS - Related web pages

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Aug 2, 1944 - Bricker of Ohio, Republican nomi- nee for vice president, tonight de- nounced Gerald LK Smith for use of the Ohioan's name as running mate for Smith on a national ... "Gerald Smith Is one of those rabble rousers who, like Adolf Hit. ler, prejudice his stock in trade," Dewey said. ...

From BRICKER RIPS GERALD L. SMITH AND HIS PARTY - Related web pages

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Oct 2, 1944 - Gerald LK Smith, Presidential candidate of the America First party, told more than 800 at a rally tonight that President Roosevelt and Governor Dewey were "low-heeled traitors" who had "hitched their horses behind the barn and are driving them off together." ...

From GLK SMITH ASSAILS ROOSEVELT, DEWEY - Related web pages

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1945

Oct 18, 1945 - Gerald LK Smith, the "one-man political force," spoke at John H. Francis Polytechnic High School last night while thousands of pickets milled outside, but instead of the violence which officials bad feared a "good time" seemingly was "had...

From Gerald LK Smith Gets Mixed Reception Here - Related web pages

pqasb.pqarchiver.com/latimes/access/412726551 ...

Oct 18, 1945 - More on LATimes.com. Partners. Classifieds.

From Gerald LK Smith Gets Mixed Reception Here - Related web pages

pqasb.pqarchiver.com/latimes/access/412726551 ...

Oct 19, 1945 - Start Page: 6. Text Word Count: 140.

From Gerald LK Smith Blocked in North - Related web pages

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Oct 26, 1945 - Los Angeles Times Archives - Research & articles at your finger tips.

From Gerald LK Smith Granted School Use - Related web pages

pqasb.pqarchiver.com/latimes/access/412742651 ...

1946

Feb 8, 1946 - CLASHES MARK GERALD SMITH RALLY; SEIZE 19. Three Policemen Injured. Outside Hall. (Pictures on back page). Clashes between police and a crowd of 1500 objectors gathered outside marked the appearance last night of Gerald LK Smith, head of the America First party, and his followers at ...

From CLASHES MARK GERALD SMITH RALLY; SEIZE 19 - Related web pages

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Mar 1, 1946 - More on LATimes.com. Partners. Classifieds.

From GERALD LK SMITH PEACE DISTURBERS GET JAIL AND FINE - Related web pages

pqasb.pqarchiver.com/latimes/access/414939741 ...

Mar 29, 1946 - CHICAGO, March 28 (1 1Gerald LK Smith and his public relations man, Don Lobeck of Detroit, were convicted today of contempt of court because of statements ... Smith, head of the America First party, and Mr. Lobeck were convicted at a trial in the chambers of Judge John V. McCormick, ...

From JUDGE PROMISES JAIL FOR GERALD LK SMITH - Related web pages

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Apr 9, 1946 - Gerald LK Smith, head of the America First party, was sentenced today to sixty days in jail for contempt of court for distribution of statements to reporters ... America First Party Head Is Sentenced for Contempt of Chicago Court--To Appeal CHICAGO, April 8 (AP)--Gerald LK Smith, ...

From GLK SMITH GETS SIXTY DAYS IN JAIL; AMERICA FIRST LEADER … - Related web pages

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Jun 8, 1946 - Neither Seeks Nor Wants Support From Detroit Nationalist. The Hartford Courant (1923-1984) - Hartford, Conn. Author:

From Talbot Repudiates Endorsement By Gerald LK Smith - Related web pages

pqasb.pqarchiver.com/courant/access/896334362 ...

Jul 29, 1946 - The Hartford Courant (1923-1984) - Hartford, Conn. Date:

From 'Mob' Probe Is Sought By Gerald LK Smith - Related web pages

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Aug 15, 1946 - Gerald LK Smith and Mrs. Smith in Blackstone hotel lobby last night after attempts to hold meetings in two other hotels end ... Policemen lined up at Morrison hotel last night to prevent clash between pickets (behind them) and Gerald LK Smith adherents, before Smith rally was ...

From GERALD SMITH BALKED IN TWO LOOP MEETINGS - Related web pages

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Oct 3, 1946 - Governor Dewey and Irving M. Ives, Republican candidate for United States Senator, sharply denounced today what they described as a "backhanded" endorsement of the Republican State ticket by Gerald LK Smith, America First leader. In a joint statement Mr. Dewey and Mr. Ives said that ...

From GLK SMITH SCORED BY DEWEY AND IVES; Candidates Denounce ' … - Related web pages

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1947

Mar 3, 1947 - Gerald LK Smith (left) talking to Dr. George Long during the ceremony. Associated Press Wirephotos , Miss., March 2 (AP) -- Senator Theodore ... Gerald LK Smith of Shreyeport, La.,.head of the Chris-, tian Nationalist Crusade, in a brief address, described Mr. Bilbo as "the most ...

From CHURCH SPONSORED BY SENATOR BILBO IS DEDICATED - Related web pages

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1948

Aug 1, 1948 - ALBERT:DILLING SUES GERALD LK SMITH FOR $10.000 IN FEES. - Atty. Albert Dulling, former hus- band of Mrs. Elizabeth Dilling, outspoken writer, filed suit in Superior court yesterday against Gerald LK Smith, 55, self-styled rabble rouser, for $10000 at- torney s fees which Dulling ...

From ALBERT DILLING SUES GERALD LK SMITH FOR $10,000 IN FEES - Related web pages

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1949

May 17, 1949 - Other speakers at the meeting were Gerald LK Smith, head of the America First party, and Fred Kister, head of the Christian Veterans. The Rev. Arthur W. Terminiello was arrested after speaking at a tumultuous meeting here Feb. 7, 1946, sponsored by the Christian Veterans of America. ...

From CONVICTED BY JURY IN 1946; Terminiello Tried in Chicago Municipal … - Related web pages

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1950

Aug 10, 1950 - Gerald LK Smith was voiced at his Santa Mlonica summer home yesterday by Gon. Warren following puh- lication of an advertisement in s hich Smith announced a se- ries of addresses here devoted in part to the California Gov- contest. in tile advertisement, listed subjects to be ...

From WARREN REPUDIATES GERALD LK SMITH 'AID' - Related web pages

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1951

Apr 11, 1951 - April 11, 1951 - President Truman relives General MacArthur of command of United Nations troops in Korea. In San Diego, Rockwell is introduced to anti-Jewish political newspapers like Common Sense when he becomes politically active in the draft General ...

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From George Lincoln Rockwell timeline - Metapedia - Related web pages

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1952

May 5, 1952 - Kamp's enthusiastic admirer, Gerald LK Smith, hits even harder and lower. In his The Cross & The Flag, Smith writes: "A dispatch out of London reveals that the leading Jewish paper [unnamed] of that city now admits that Eisenhower is a Jew." Smith's Patriotic Tract Society ...

From They Hate Ike - Related web pages

www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171 ...

1953

Mar 13, 1953 - Declaring that rumors had reached him that Gerald LK Smith planned to endorse him as a candidate for Mayor, Rep. ... "Speaking for myself only, I do not want and will not accept the endorsement of Gerald LK Smith. "I never have sought and will not accept the endorse- nient or ...

From Poulson Backed With $500 Campaign Gift - Related web pages

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1954

Apr 2, 1954 - "I have never been connect- ed in any way with Gerald LK Smith." As the meeting adjourned. Mrs. Younger pressed her iss ... Mrs. Younger-"Didn't you also accept 575 from Gerald L. K Smith in your 1952 cam- paign for the Vice-Presidency?" Tenncy-"Yes." ...

From MRS. YOUNGER AND TENNEY SKIRMISH OVER GLK SMITH - Related web pages

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1956

Nov 6, 1956 - Los Angeles Times Archives - Research & articles at your finger tips.

From Gerald LK Smith Sues Over Bar From Ballot - Related web pages

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1957

Mar 12, 1957 - Start Page: a8. Text Word Count: 99.

From Gerald LK Smith Suit Tossed Out - Related web pages

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1958

Jan 31, 1958 - Would he as forcefully the right to appear on the campus of people su-h as Gerald LK Smith. Mrs. Joseph McCarthy. sod Westbrook Pr9ler? It would be to Unoo if be would be as 00iou0s for the students to "talk it out" with. these people. Co.c. Ntl.

From ANTI-COMMUNISTS ON THE CAMPUS - Related web pages

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1961

Aug 4, 1961 - Author of more than a dozen history texts (the best: Europe Since 1815), he was an intrepid writer of letters-to-the-editor, had a passion for publicly debating political extremists from left to right (eg, Gerald LK Smith), and once unsuccessfully ran for Congress as a Democrat in ...

From $ 10,000 Apple for Teacher - Related web pages

www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171 ...

1963

May 4, 1963 - Gerald LK Smith, denounced in a Senate speech yesterday by Senator Thomas H. Kuchel, Republican of California, said today that he had sent Mr. Kuchel this ... Mr. Kuehel listed what he called the "anti-Semitic hate sheet of Gerald LK Smith" in his attack on "fright peddlers. ...

From GERALD LK SMITH CHALLENGES KUCHEL - Related web pages

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1964

May 14, 1964 - IA large number of -[ tire Marylanders have received[ mailings from Gerald LK Smith, the California-based} anti-Negro, anti-Semitic extremist. "The Christian Nationalist Crusade was able to render a practical and effective service in the Wisconsin primary election as well as in the ...

From Hate' Groups Back Wallace Bid; Gerald LK Smith Is Among Supporters in … - Related web pages

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1966

Aug 12, 1966 - The report listed a score of Reagan supporters across the country variously connected with the John Birch Society and an array of organizations extending as far right as Gerald LK Smith's Christian Nationalist Crusade. It also listed a half dozen instances of personal activities of ...

From REAGAN ACCUSED OF BIRCHER LINKS; Democratic Report Calls Him ' … - Related web pages

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1968

May 11, 1968 - He referred to Gerald LK Smith as an. extremist "of the worst kind," but he had not repudiated his support because he never knew that h had it. The defense attorney appeared somewhat surprised that Mr. Goldwater had never heard of a New York Times report telling of SmitH's support. ...

From DEFENSE ATTACKS GOLDWATER AGAIN; But the Ex-Senator Remains … - Related web pages

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1969

Nov 28, 1969 - This little Ozark town, which took Gerald LK Smith into its midst five years ago, is showing the first signs of alarm at his expanding influence over community life. The concern obviously does ngt yet pervade the population of 1700 but until recently the town gave outsiders the ...

From Gerald LK Smith Becomes Issue in Ozarks; Town Shows Alarm as His … - Related web pages

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1970

Jan 25, 1970 - The national chairman of the Anti-Defamation League of B'nai B'rith has urged President Nixon to take immediate action to prevent Government funding of a road that he says leads to a shrine promoted by "the notorius anti-Semite Gerald [LK] Smith." ...

From Jewish Group Asks Nixon to Bar Fund For Road in Ozarks - Related web pages

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1972

Jul 27, 1972 - On the next page was a long social note written in straight-faced society page style entitled, "Gerald and Elna Celebrate Their 50th.' It described the 50th wedding anniversary reception for the town's best-known residents, Gerald LK Smith, the 74year-old right-wing crusader, ...

From … Resort Town a Model of Coexistence; Hippies and Gerald LK Smith … - Related web pages

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1976

Apr 1976 - Gerald LK Smith died in April 1976. See also: Christian Identity; Coughlin, Father Charles; Gale, William Potter; Gayman, Dan; Goff, Kenneth; Hitler, Adolf; Robb, Thom; Swift, Wesley.

From Encyclopedia of White Power - Related web pages

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Apr 16, 1976 - Fiery Political Orator Was Damned, Revered Gerald LK Smith, 78, Dies in Glendale; Political Orator Was Damned, Revered ... Gerald LK Smith, the fiery orator denounced by many as a hate-mon- gering bigot-and revered by others as a Christian patriot-died Thurs- day in Glendale. ...

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Apr 16, 1976 - Fiery Political Orator Was Damned, Revered Gerald LK Smith, 78, Dies in Glendale; Political Orator Was Damned, Revered. Gerald LK Smith, the fiery orator denounced by many as a hate-mongering bigot--and revered by others as a Christian patriot--died Thursday in Glendale.

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Apr 16, 1976 - Gerald LK Smith, the anti-Communist lecturer and columnist and founder of the Christian National Crusade, died yesterday. Mr. Smith, a preacher whose political activism began with support of the Presidential ambitions of Huey P. Long in the 1930's, was 78. Page 30.

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Apr 16, 1976 - Gerald LK Smith, the anti-Communist lecturer and columnist and founder of the Christian National Crusade, died yesterday. Mr. Smith, a preacher whose political activism bean with support of Huey P. tong tn the 1930's, was 78 years old. Page 30.

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Apr 16, 1976 - Incomplete Source. Gerald LK Smith, the fiery orator denounced by many as a hate-mongering bigot--and revered by others as a Christian patriot--died Thursday in Glendale.

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Apr 16, 1976 - Fiery Political Orator Was Damned, Revered Incomplete Source. Gerald LK Smith, the fiery orator denounced by many as a hate-mongering bigot--and revered by others as a Christian patriot--died Thursday in Glendale.

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Apr 16, 1976 - The Hartford Courant (1923-1984) - Hartford, Conn. Date:. GLENDALE, Calif. (AP) -- Gerald LK Smith, the right-wing Arkansas preacher who once boosted Louisiana Gov. Huey Long for president, died Thursday of complications from pneumonia, his associates said.

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1977

Dec 23, 1977 - FOUNDED BY GERALD LK SMITH. Anti-Jewish Christian Group Disbanding. BY JOHN DART. Tinm Reibgle Writr. The anti-Jewish Christian Nationalist Crusade, founded by the late Gerald LK Smith and based in Glendale since 1953, is being dis- solved. it was confirmed Thursday. ...

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1980

1980 - The movement didn't burst out of nowhere in 1980. The Ku Klux Klan's power peaked in the 1920s, and clerical fascists such as the Rev. Gerald LK Smith and "radio priest" Father Charles Coughlin had large followings in the 1930s. But the current Christian ...

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1985

Apr 7, 1985 - Roots of the Aryan Nations date back to one Gerald LK Smith. He was a right-wing fundamentalist preacher who learned at the feet of populist, ... The Identity-Aryan Nations link to Gerald LK Smith is more substantive than another Smith legacy - George Lincoln Rockwell, ...

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1987

Aug 29, 1987 - The second was the decision by Gerald LK Smith to make a nearby mountaintop a monument to Christ. Smith, known for fiery bigotry aimed primarily at blacks and Jews, first purchased a stone castle in Eureka Springs. Then he went to a mountaintop and marked an "X" where he wanted to ...

From Eureka Springs Has Ex-Hippie Mayor, 70-Foot Christ Built by Famed Anti … - Related web pages

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1988

Nov 6, 1988 - Gerald LK Smith was a bizarre fundamentalist whose vitriolic racism was matched only by his passion for collecting Bibles. In chronicling Smith's life, Glenn Jeansonne, who teaches history at the University of Wisconsin at Milwaukee, opens a window on the lunatic fringe. ...

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1989

Feb 20, 1989 - tions prevailed in which organizations and explains how, depending on locale, a nativist bigot could be either a pro Labor reformer or a conservative farmer. But aside from its arresting title, The Party of Fear falls to capture the drawing power of these movements, or to explain how ...

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1990

Apr 23, 1990 - Gerald LK Smith was the founder of the. America First. Committee. Smith bad nothing. to do with the AFC, the most important ... anti-Semites like Gerald. LK. Smith (I thank. E. Scott Royce for his correction), didn't. support Hitler, called for admitting Euro- ...

From LETTERS.

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1991

Jul 21, 1991 - From the other shore, Gerald LK Smith, the right-wing rabble-rouser, circulated a petition at Ford's River Rouge plant, stigmatizing Hillman as an ally of the Communist Party and the Soviet Union and as a fast friend of Vladimir I. Lenin, demanding the President fire him. ...

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1992

Apr 3, 1992 - A better parallel to David Duke's appeal would be that of the far-right demagogues of the 1930s-specifically, Gerald LK Smith. ... Something tells me Gerald LK Smith would have made the same choice. Theater always comes before politics with these types. ...

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1993

Feb 8, 1993 - While Franklin Roosevelt sold his New Deal in radio "fireside chats," Father Coughlin and Gerald LK Smith developed their own vast audiences of naysayers. Long before he became president, Ronald Reagan sharpened his antigovernment message on the radio. Pat Buchanan honed his combative ...

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1994

Feb 8, 1994 - There have been anti-Semitic crusades in America before Mr. Farrakhan's - Father Coughlin, Gerald LK Smith and others long forgotten in their dusty graves but theirs was a crusade in the name of Christianity. Now for the first time, Mr. Farrakhan poses a rival to Christianity, Islam, ...

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1995

Oct 26, 1995 - Minister Farrakhan has been and apparently will continue to be a hatemonger of the ilk of Gerald LK Smith, Father Coughlin, David Duke and other repulsive bigots who have earned their way into American infamy. Is it an expansive and warped notion of political correctness that prevents ...

From Writing Scared About Louis Farrakhan - Related web pages

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1996

Oct 13, 1996 - But it doesn't compete with the classic jabberwocky of Gerald LK Smith, a preacher-acolyte of Long's underclass exploitations, in his 1935 third-party warning to Establishment politicians that ''the arm wavin', baby havin', stump grabbin', sod bustin', go-to-meetin', ...

From When Oratory Wasn't Mush - Related web pages

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1997

Jan 6, 1997 - A Nazi sympathizer named Gerald LK Smith had applied for a permit to use the auditorium at a local high school for an assembly. The Los Angeles Board of Education turned him down. Gorenfeld called the case "a real test" of his belief in civil liberties. ...

From 82-Year-Old Jurist Bows Out Reluctantly; Court: Superior Court … - Related web pages

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1998

Aug 1, 1998 - Gerald LK Smith started attracting attention in the 1930s. For more than 40 years, he preached a combination of "Christianity and Constitutional Americanism" that included, in his own words, "all racial groups adjusted to their place in history without abortive attempts being made to ...

From The Ozarks aren't the Mediterranean, but for pilgrims to New Holy Land … - Related web pages

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1999

Jun 1, 1999 - In the late 1950s, after failing to stick with a succession of jobs as an artist, promoter, and advertiser, Rockwell converted to Nazism after reading Hitler's Mein Kampf and the anti-Semitic diatribes of Gerald LK Smith and Conde McGinley. In 1958 he organized the American Nazi party ...

From American Jewish History - Related web pages

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2000

Sep 9, 2000 - He is the link between World War II-era racists such as Gerald LK Smith and today's David Duke. Butler began his journey into the world of extremism as a youngster on the streets of south Denver. In a series of interviews in 1987, Butler said he was raised in a house on South Lincoln ...

From RACIST LEADER HAS SOUTH DENVER ROOTS RICHARD BUTLER, 82, … - Related web pages

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2001

Dec 1, 2001 - ON A SEPTEMBER AFTERNOON in 1935, the Reverend Gerald LK Smith preached the eulogy for the recently deceased US Senator Huey Long before the 150000 mourners gathered outside Baton Rouge, Louisiana's skyscraper capitol building. `This tragedy fires the souls of us who adored him,' Smith ...

From Minister of hate: Gerald LK Smith. - Related web pages

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2002

Jan 21, 2002 - For the rest of his days, Ford would indulge in an occasional outburst against "the Jews," while demagogues such as radio evangelist/politician Gerald LK Smith circulated Ford's anti-Semitic texts. By the 1940s, American Jews were engaging in a near-complete boycott of Ford vehicles, ...

From A Titan of Industry--and a Bigot - Related web pages

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2004

Mar 1, 2004 - It was under such circumstances that Gerald LK Smith, "the Little Fuehrer," entered the city's life. ... Gerald LK Smith took advantage of this instability, of this "historic crisis," by establishing Los Angeles as the "beachhead of his operations." (4) ...

From "The Little Fuehrer Invades Los Angeles": the emergence of a black-Jewish … - Related web pages

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2005

Jun 21, 2005 - The Identity churches stem more directly from the preaching before and after World War II of Gerald LK Smith, a notorious anti-Semite. It was Smith's West Coast operative, Wesley Swift, who founded the church that Butler now leads. Later a Swift offshoot in Mariposa, Calif., ...

From A Sinister Search for "Identity" - Related web pages

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For a full text searchable index of Nazi Hydra in America click here: http://www.5000watches.com/NaziHydra

George Seldes Facts and Fascism...

How much do you really know about the Roots of the Fascist inspired JFK plot? If GLK Smith is not on your radar

then the answer should justifiably surprise and embarrass you. Ever read David Boylan's article about the Christian Defense League, Winrod, Swift and Smith? Well, read it.

The Roaring 20s and the Roots of American Fascism Part 5: Preachers & Klansmen

In 1924, the Hearst papers, the American Legion, and the Ku Klux Klan led the charge for the Americanization" of schoolbooks, loyalty oaths for teachers, and harsher immigration legislation. These three organizations would become deeply tied to fascism in the following decade. Several members of the American Legion were involved in the fascist plot of 1934 against FDR. The Hearst papers would become an open propaganda outlet for the Nazis and fascism. The Klan would go on to form an alliance with the American Bund.

Hearst with Nazi officers

W.J. Simmons, a former Methodist circuit rider from Atlanta, established the second Klan in 1915. The original Klan had died out and disbanded. The second Klan would be disbanded later on, only to be reborn again. In the first four years of rebirth, the Klan was relatively small. Not until 1920 did it grow to mammoth proportions.

Two factors with roots in the late 1800s set the stage for the rebirth of the Klan. The first was massive immigration from Europe. The American Protective Association, formed in 1887, was virulently anti-alien. The group was particularly strong in the Midwest, where the Klan became strong in the 1920s. The other factor was the populist movement of the 1890s which sought to unite blacks and poorer whites against mill owners and the conservative elite of the South.57

The Klan remained relatively small through 1919. It wasn't until Simmons met publicists Edward Young Clarke and Elizabeth Tyler in 1920 that the membership increased, peaking at around 4,500,000. The huge increase in Klan membership was largely a product of the Red Scare. Simmons had a contract with the two, giving them 80 percent of all membership dues. Clarke and Tyler promoted the Klan as rabidly pro-America, anti-black, anti-Jewish, antiunion, and most importantly, anti-Catholic.

The race riots in the summer of 1919 also contributed to the rapid growth of the Klan in 1920. In 1919, race riots occurred in Chicago, Washington DC, Elaine, Arkansas, Charleston, South Carolina, Knoxville and Nashville, Tennessee, Longview, Texas and Omaha, Nebraska. Through the first half of the decade, the Klan would be a serious force in both the North and South.

The message from the new Klan was that it meant business. Many people believe the Klan was just a bunch of racist, hooded night-riders. The reality is that the Klan has always been closely associated with religion. Besides blacks, Jews, and immigrants, the Klan attacked bootleggers, dope dealers, nightclubs and roadhouses, violations of the Sabbath, sex, and so-called scandalous behavior.

The early 1920s saw a rash of lynchings, shootings, and whippings; the victims were most often a Black, Jew, Catholic or immigrant. Additionally, women of scandalous behavior, as determined by the Klan, were subject to abuse. In Alabama, a divorcee was flogged for remarrying. In Georgia, the Klan, led by a minister, administered 60 lashes to a woman for the vague charge of immorality and failure to go to church. In Oklahoma, Klansmen whipped girls found riding in automobiles with young men. In the San Joaquin Valley of California, the Klan flogged and tortured women for morality charges.58

In Chicago, Miss Mildred Erick was beaten almost into unconsciousness, and had crosses carved on her arms, legs, and back by Klansmen. The Klansmen's attack was provoked by her conversion to Catholicism.59

In November, 1921, a case in Asheville, North Carolina became the focus of the national media. The Reverend Abernathy, of the First Christian Church, sent a letter to city officials calling for a purity campaign and the arrest of two women, Etyln Maurice and Helen Garlington, and two black men, Louis Sisney and Maurice Garlington. The women were charged with prostitution, fornication, and adultery. Both women received a sentence of one year in the county jail.59 The campaign was similar to an earlier one in Athens, Georgia launched by the Reverend M.B. Miller of the First Christian Church. Miller headed the Klan in Athens.

There are thousands of examples of women receiving much harsher treatment than the Asheville case. What brought Asheville to national attention is that Asheville was the home of William Dudley Pelly and the Silver Shirts. Many of the regions in which the Klan were strong in the 1920s later became centers of pro-fascist groups in the 1930s. Pelly would later move his Silver Shirt organization to Indiana, an area that had a strong Klan in the 1920s.

With its anti-black, anti-union, anti-communist, anti-socialist, anti-Jew, and extreme nationalist agenda, the Klan's platform was remarkably like that of the Nazis. By the 1930s, the Klan served as a bridge between nativist groups and fascists. On August 18, 1940, the Klan formalized an alliance with the American Bund at the Nazi encampment of Nordland, at Andover, New Jersey. Before this, a Nazi agent had offered former Klan Grand Wizard Hiram Evans $75,000 to control the Klan's voice. When James Colescott succeeded Evans, the Klan entered into its collaboration with the American Bund.

After the alliance with the Bund was formed, the Klan embarked on a plan to infiltrate unions in an effort to Americanize them. After Pearl Harbor, the Klan intensified these efforts, particularly in the Detroit area. Once inside the unions, Klansmen spread pro-fascist literature, and succeeded in provoking wildcat strikes to hinder the war effort. Their efforts went so far as to organize opposition to purchasing war bonds.

Probably the Klan's most successful effort to disrupt the war effort was the Detroit riot. This Klan-inspired riot was an attempt to prevent blacks from occupying their new homes in the Sojourner Truth Settlement, a housing project. The riot caused several deaths, and an interruption of war production. Amplifying its effect, the riot was of tremendous propaganda value to America's enemies. Germany and Japan seized on the riot, and aired lurid broadcasts of it to demoralize American troops.60

Today, one cannot understand the Detroit area without looking at the influence of fascism in the area. The riot was provoked by the Klan which was closely associated with fascism and the Bund at the time. However, there were many other fascist organizations active at the time within the Detroit are. The Black Legion, the Wolverine Republican League, Father Coughlin, and several other fundamentalist ministers of hate as well be shown later in this chapter. Michigan was one of the hot spots for fascism as several of the strongest supporters of fascism within the halls of congress came from Michigan.

Detroit was not the only riot inspired by the Klan designed to stop war production. Another Klan-inspired race riot occurred on June 15, 1943 in Beaumont, Texas. A mob of over 4,000 attacked the black section of the city, looting stores and burning buildings. Twenty-one people were killed, and production in the area was slowed for months.

Today's modern, or the third Klan formed an alliance with neo-Nazis domestically, and in England, Sweden, Canada, and Australia. An American sergeant stationed in Bitburg served as the Klan's recruiting officer in Germany. Currently, much of the hate and pro-Nazi literature in Germany (where it is illegal) comes from the United States.61

Klan-inspired lynchings and riots were common in the 1920s. Over 450 people were lynched; almost all were black.63 Lynchings became so frequent that Representative L. C. Dyer of Missouri introduced a bill in 1921 to make lynching a federal crime. The bill passed the house but failed in the Senate, due to a filibuster by southern senators. Lynching was not the only method the Klan used to dispose of blacks. On December 9, 1922 a mob in Perry, Florida burnt a black man at the stake after he was accused of murder.64

The most noted act of Klan-inspired violence was in Rosewood, Florida, which was chronicled in a recent film. In January 1923, the tiny town of Rosewood came under attack by a white mob. The mob was incited by a report of a white woman having been assaulted by a black man in the nearby town of Summer. The riot resulted in several residents of Rosewood being murdered, and the black portion of town being burnt to the ground. The black residents, fearing for their lives, fled into the nearby swamps and relocated. No charges were ever filed against the mob, which was reported to have had several Klansmen from outside the area.

Although Rosewood is the most widely known race riot of the 1920s, it was not the bloodiest. The Tulsa, Oklahoma riot of 1920 was far more horrific. A mob of over 10,000, some wielding machine guns, attacked the black section of the city, destroying thirty-five square blocks, and leaving over 300 dead. The mob used at least eight airplanes to spy on the blacks and may have even used the planes to bomb some areas.65

The listing of all the race riots and lynchings of the 1920s would fill several volumes. Many, such as Rosewood, were reported nationally. The Nation reported that the state of Florida was unconcerned about the fate of Negroes. A few northern newspapers decried the massacre, but most adopted a more apologetic view of the Klan and its violence. The Tampa Times justified it by proclaiming that blacks "are anything but a Christian and civilized people." The Gainesville Sun went even further, stating that lynchings would prevail as long as criminal assaults continue on innocent women, and closed the editorial equating the massacre with the death of a dog.

Today, most peoples' image of the Klan is one of a violent gang of racists clothed in bed sheets, and view the Klan as a pariah of some sort. Even with the rise in membership since 1980, the Klan is still a shadow of its former self. However, the real legacy of the Klan is not related to hooded nightriders or cross burnings. Rather, the real legacy is the role the Klan played in developing what now constitutes the religious right.

It was common place in the 1920s for ministers to lead the local Kaverns. The same holds true today. One such example is the Reverend J.M. Drummond, who was the keynote speaker at a Klan rally near Estill Springs, Tennessee on July 7, 1979.66 Drummond is an Identity minister, as is Pete Peters, another minister closely associated with the Klan.

The Identity religion teaches that Aryans are the true Jews of the Bible, and that Jews, Blacks and other minorities are children of Satan. Two of the more influential developers of the Identity religion began their ministries in the 1920s.

The Red Scare of 1919 resulted in the purging of anyone holding even the mildest liberal views, clergy included. With few liberal clergymen remaining, the result was a gigantic chasm into which the Klan and the radical right moved, shifting the spectrum to the far right. The result can still be seen today in the linkage between racism and religion. A study conducted in the 1960s detailed this linkage, and will be presented in a later chapter. Since that study, the linkage has become even more pronounced, with the rise of the Identity religion in recent years.

The evolution of the present religious right from the 1920s Klan can best be shown by the careers of Gerald Winrod and Gerald Smith. In November, 1925 in Salina, Kansas, Winrod established the Defenders of the Christian Faith. The Defenders were extremely conservative, and in April, 1926 Winrod began publishing a monthly magazine, The Defender. Winrod supported prohibition, and was rabidly opposed to the theory of evolution.

The teaching of evolution, as well as the Scopes trial, was one of those issues that become a watershed event in shaping later movements. The teaching of evolution would define what has evolved into the religious right. Although there were fundamentalists before the 1920s, the fundamental religious movement was revitalized and defined by the Scopes trial. In fact, the term "fundamentalist" was coined in the 1920s. Many early fundamentalists, such as John Franklyn Norris, were openly supportive of the Klan. Norris was a Baptist preacher from Texas, and also had a parish in Detroit, flying between the two cities. Norris also ran a seminary, one notable graduate of which was John Birch. Birch's death at the hands of Chinese communist forces in the late 1940s spawned the formation of the John Birch Society in the 1950s.

In 1926, Winrod led a campaign to ban the teaching of evolution locally, as well as in California and Minnesota. He appointed a committee to examine textbooks, and in Minnesota he helped William Bell Riley draft the bill which was introduced in the Minnesota legislator.

Riley was a force in the conservative wing of the Baptist Church during the 1920s. Like Winrod, Riley was rabidly opposed to the teaching of evolution, and was also extremely anti-Semitic. In 1934, he published the Protocols of the Elders of Zion, and an article on communism, attempting to show they were part of a conspiracy at work in Roosevelt's New Deal. Riley preached:

"Today in our land many of the biggest trusts, banks and manufacturing interests are controlled by Jews. Most of our department stores they own. The motion pictures, the most vicious of all immoral, educational and communistic influences, is their creation."68

The above quote, from one of Riley's sermons, is indistinguishable from Hitler's propaganda. It is a clue that, if Riley was not outright pro-Nazi, he certainly harbored sympathy for fascism.

Riley was not the first clergyman to tout the Protocols. On February 12, 1919, the Reverend George Simons testified in front of the Senate's Overman Committee, shocking listeners with the tale of a secret worldwide Jewish conspiracy. Simons cited the Protocols as evidence. It is generally assumed that Simons obtained his copy of the Protocols from Dr. Harris Houghton of military intelligence. Houghton had obtained his copy from the Czarist immigrant Boris Brasol.17

With his congregation of 3,500, Riley exerted tremendous influence in the upper Midwest. Jewish leaders regarded his church as the center of the area's anti-Semitism. However, Riley's influence extended far beyond his area and time. In 1902, Riley founded Northwestern Bible Training School, which in 1935 became the Northwestern Theological Seminary. He also assisted in the preparation of The Fundamentals, a statement of fundamentalist belief. Just before his death, Riley placed the leadership of Northwestern under the direction of Billy Graham.

On March 2, 2002, the ghost of fascism came home to roost on the head of Riley's chosen successor, Billy Graham. On that day, an additional 500 hours of Nixon tapes were released. In a 1972 conversation between Nixon and Graham, the preacher expressed his contempt for, as he saw it, Jewish domination of the media. Graham is heard on tape saying referring to a Jewish owned newspaper:

"his stranglehold has got to be broken or this country is going down the drain."

Later in the conversation, Graham expresses further opinions about Jews:

"They swarm around me and are friendly to me. Because they know I am friendly to Israel and so forth. But they don't know how I really feel about what they are doing to this country, and I have no power and no way to control them."74

In response to the new revelations, Graham apologized profusely, claiming a lack of memory of the incident. This latest example of Billy Graham's anti-Semitism should come as no surprise to those that have followed his career. Graham's career has been marked with similar incidents.

In the 1950s, Graham was embroiled in an incident revealing his anti-Semitism. The incident stemmed from his portrait gracing the cover of the January 1957 issue of The American Mercury, and his friendship with the Mercury's owner, Russell Maguire. Maguire had acquired a huge fortune from oil and munitions. Maquire owned the company that made the Thompson submachine gun, and had acquired the Mercury in 1952.

In 1951, Maquire donated $75,000 to Billy Graham to produce a film extolling the virtues of free enterprise and the development of God-given natural resources. The film Graham produced was called Oiltown, USA. Graham continued his friendship with Maguire after producing Oiltown, and wrote several articles for the American Mercury. By the time Graham's portrait graced the Mercury's cover, the magazine had earned a reputation as overtly anti-Semitic and hard right. Maguire and the Mercury were ardently anti-communist, and also called for the abolition of the income tax, the UN, NATO, the ACLU and Zionism. Throughout the 1950s the Mercury, under the guidance of Maguire, supported Senator Joseph McCarthy.

Other writers for the Mercury included J. Edgar Hoover, Ralph de Toledano and George Lincoln Rockwell, founder of the American Nazi Party. De Toledano's resigned from the OSS after refusing to work with liberals. Maguire was an open backer of fascism and fascist organizations, and was an early supporter of Rockwell. Rockwell often complained about Maguire's miserly donations.

By January 1957, the Mercury was at loggerheads with the Anti-Defamation League over charges of anti-Semitism. Despite their public apologies, the religious right and Billy Graham cannot rid themselves of their past support of fascism and anti-Semitism any more than a leopard can change its spots.

Conservative theological circles today still regard Riley highly, carefully sweeping his collaboration with the Jayhawk Nazi, Winrod and his anti-Semitism, under the rug. Yet, anti-Semitism is still present in the Baptist church. Like many right wing groups, today the Baptist church cloaks its anti-Semitism behind a thin veil. It comes bubbling to the surface in the position the Baptist church has adopted in recent years of reaching out to Jews so they may be converted to Christianity. Jewish leaders describe this program as condescending. It is also manifested in the strong support for Israel due to the misguided beliefs of many of the fundamentalists. The reconstructionists a sub branch of the religious right believe the end of the millennium marks the end times and the approaching battle of Armageddon with the conversion of Jews to Christianity.

Winrod's lingering influence and anti-Semitism were also readily apparent in the 1980s in Kansas. At that time, Kansas became a hotbed of support for the Posse Comitatus, a far right-wing, extremely anti-Semitic group. The Posse Comitatus, which was founded by a former Silver Shirt leader, subscribes to the Identity faith.

Nor is this the end of the Winrod continuing influence. In March 2001, Winrod's son Gordon, now age 74, was sentenced to 30 years in prison for kidnapping six of his grandchildren. The children had been living in North Dakota. Windrod's two daughters assisted in their kidnapping and were brought to trial separately. The children have received mental health treatment after being returned to their fathers.

The younger Winrod began buying land in Ozark County, Missouri in the 1960s and eventually opened a church he called Our Savior, in which he preached his hate of the Jews. Winrod's congregation consisted mostly of his adult children and a few followers. Two or three times a year he would mail every resident of the county his Winrod Letter, despite numerous complaints. During his trial he repeatedly referred to the proceeding as a "Jewdiciary."76

The Posse's rise to popularity in the Midwest, and in Kansas in particular, provides another example of how, old prejudices, hate and fascist leanings lingers on for generations. Indeed, racism in Kansas can be traced back prior to the Civil War. Further evidence of Winrod's lingering influence on Kansas is seen in the 1999 attempt by the Kansas Board of Education to ban the teaching of evolution.

Although Winrod claimed he was not a member of the Klan, he did nothing to oppose the group.69 During the 1920s an estimated 100,000 residents of Kansas were Klan members. In the 1924 race for governor, both Democratic and Republican candidates sought the Klan's support. There was a solid base of support in Kansas at the time for candidates that attacked Catholics and Jews. Winrod would depend on that base in his later run for senator.

It wasn't until the 1930s that Winrod adopted full-blown fascism as his ideology. After 1934, Winrod accepted the Nazi's justification for their anti-Semitic policies. His view was that the Nazis were only acting to save Germany from Jewish radicalism, economic exploitation and racial lust. In 1935, Winrod called Hitler a devout Catholic.69 Eventually, Winrod was indicted for sedition in the 1940s.

An even more direct link between the 1920s and today's far right groups can be established by tracing the origin of the Identity religion. The Identity religion is based on racial hatred, and has been adopted by many current far right groups including the Aryan Nations, the Posse Comitatus, various Klan klaverns and militias.

Reuben Sawyer, the pastor of Portland, Oregon's East Side Christian Church, was the first to combine the Klan with Identity religion. Sawyer was instrumental in the British Israel Federation, and during the 1920's was a popular speaker in the Pacific Northwest. It was out of the British Israel Federation that the Identity religion emerged. Sawyer was a leader of the Klan in Oregon, and the founder of its women's auxiliary. Besides being the first to combine the Klan and what was to become the Identity religion, Sawyer was the first to combine anti-Semitism with anti-communism, as the following quote illustrates:

"Jews are either Bolshevists, undermining our government, or are shylocks in finance or commerce who gain control and command of Christians as borrowers or employers. It is repugnant to a true American to be bossed by a sheenie. And in some parts of America the Kikes are so thick that a white man can hardly find room to walk on the sidewalk. And where they are so thick, it is Bolshevism they are talking. Bolshevism, and revolution"70

It was from such views that the Identity religion developed. Among those credited with its founding was a young minister, Gerald Smith. Smith began his ministries in Soldier's Grove, Wisconsin, by revitalizing a Disciples of Christ congregation. In 1923, Smith accepted a pulpit at the Seventh Christian Church in Indianapolis. He soon built the congregation to over 1,000. At the time, the Christian Evangelist noted that Smith a prominent figure among the Hoosier Disciples. As the 1920's progressed, he moved to other pulpits in the Indianapolis area. In 1929, he left Indiana for the Kings Road Christian Church in Shreveport, Louisiana.

While at the Kings Road church, he worked with the Klan, not against it. Smith's self-promotion and social activism soon alienated many of his wealthy backers. Soon, Smith aligned himself with one of the most notorious fascists of the time, Huey Long. In 1934, he resigned his pulpit at Kings Road to work with Long's Share the Wealth organization. In 1936, Smith endorsed Eugene Talmadge, the racist governor of Georgia, for reelection, and also aligned himself with another well-known fascist, Francis Townsend.

In 1939, Smith met Merwin Hart, head of Utica Mutual Life, and soon received support from the New York Economic Council. No doubt, Smith's campaign against the CIO figured prominently in the decision to support him. Living in Michigan at the time, Smith began broadcasting on WJR, a station owned by an enemy of Roosevelt. There he received further support from such leading industrialists as the Dodge and Olds brothers. In 1938, he supported the campaign of Arthur Vandenberg, a senator with fascist leanings. Smith also cultivated a friendship with Henry Ford.

In 1942, the FBI received a tip that Winrod helped Smith start The Cross and Flag, a notorious fascist publication that continued well into the 1960s. Following WWII, Smith moved to California, and founded what has become the Identity religion. In the 1960s, Smith moved to Arkansas, and started several grandiose projects, one of which, the Christ of the Ozarks, was completed in 1966. It was soon followed by a Bible museum.

Smith's legacy is his founding of the Identity religion, a religion based solely on hate, teaching that Aryans are the true Jews of the Bible, and that Jews and other minorities are children of Satan. The Identity religion has became almost universal among far right groups today. It acts as the glue holding the various factions of the far right together and to justify their hate.

Edited by John Bevilaqua

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