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James DiEugenio

The Latest on Permindex/CMC

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John Kowalski took up where Maurice Phillips left off in his survey of the Bloomfield papers at the Canadian archives in Ottawa.  (Funny, Fred Litwin lives there and somehow he could not do this?)

He also discusses the Metta book  based on the papers and research out of Italy.

Whatever one thinks of all this, it makes the whole Mitrokhin KGB stuff advocated by Litwin look simply stupid and silly.




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From the link: Metta’s research links many members of CMC to Mussolini’s old fascist guard and neo-fascists associated with the “Strategy of Tension.”

All in my Opinion, on the surface, the CIA connections that Mr. Metta makes to Nagy, Permindex, CMC and the Strategy of Tension, look opportunistic from the standpoint of the Americans having an interest in curtailing the growth of communism in post-war Italy. That is, to the extent Communism represented a threat in Italy after the War, the utilization of the remnants of an anti-communist infrastructure and network of pro-Mussolini (pro-Facist) types, seems like a logical step the OSS and then the CIA, would take. In that case, a post-war working relationship between the CIA and pre-war and war-time Mussolini supporters looks like more of an Anti-Communist effort than a Pro-Fascist effort.

A Post-War Anti-Communist alliance (whether in Italy, or Hungary or Vietnam) would certainly be an easier sell in the USA than a Pro-Facist one. Nevertheless, pre-War Facist supporters of the Mussolini strain (more corporate control, less anti-Semitism) remained influential in certain circles in the United States after the war.  Franklin Roosevelt’s pre-War “Braintrust” certainly had some sympathy for the type of Fascism that Mussolini practiced before World War II.

Adolf Berle, whom Mae Brussell had a real “bee in her bonnet” for, was one of FDR’s original Brain-Trusters. Berle’s economic ideas, which leaned towards the state control of large corporations, were popular during the Depression and it is likely that his writings and academic research had more of an influence on Mussolini than the other way around.

Another member of the Brain-Trust was Rexford Tugwell. He was a little more blatant in his support of Mussolini and said (pre-War) about Mussolini’s plan to modernize the Italian Economy,   "It's the cleanest … most efficiently operating piece of social machinery I've ever seen. It makes me envious." (In Phillip K. Dicks book “The Man in the High Castle”, some of the characters read a book called “The Grasshopper Lies Heavy.” In that fictional book (within The Man in the High Castle) Rexford Tugwell becomes President in 1940.)

Berle and more so Tugwell, remained influential after World War 2, with Tugwell being the primary contributor to a 10 year effort to develop an alternative US Constitution (New States Constitution), via the Center for the Study of Democratic Institutions. The effort was taken pretty seriously.

"After the completion of the proposed New States Constitution (1974), Nelson Rockefeller, then president of the U.S. Senate, engineered the introduction of HCR 28 calling for an unlimited Constitutional Convention (Con-Con) in 1976. Public opposition defeated this effort so the convention backers then went to the states promoting a "limited convention" for the ostensible purpose of adding a balanced budget amendment. As I mentioned in Part 1 of this article, we defeated this effort as well."

As mentioned up top, any connection between Permindex and the CIA might have developed independently to fight Communism in post-War Italy. That being said, some pre-War, mostly academic fascination with the Mussolini brand of Fascism, survived until well after the War with Tugwell’s efforts highlighted here.


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