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#2---Nothing Complicated Here Either

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After impact and exit, the rear of JFK's head would have appeared somewhat like the attached drawing, with the "Skull Cap" portion of the top of his head laying over to the right alongside the right side of his head, and the rear/occipital area of the skull still fully intact.

Additionally, from the anterior/posterior X-ray, one can observe that the entrance wound into the skull was in fact located within this section of skull as well. (we will look at and discuss the entrance and exit points later)

Now, one may want to compare this with the HSCA drawing as there is one item of critical importance, which will come into play with the THIRD/LAST/FINAL SHOT>

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In working towards the anterior/posterior X-ray, this (not-so-artistic) drawing should at least serve to indicate the "Skull Cap" section which was blown over onto the right hand side of JFK's head, as well as the large area of skull in the frontal lobe which was blown out by the exiting bullet and bullet fragments after the bullet was basically cut in-two.

I have identified two specific areas of the Skull Cap section which are of note:

"A" being the entrance into the skull which is located within the "cowlick" area of the head.

"B" being that point of the skull where the bullet began it's initial exit from within the skull, and in so doing, left metallic residue scraped along the exit hole which it created in the skull.

This metallic residue is scraped off on the INNER table of the skull and clearly demonstrates that this was the beginning exit point for the bullet.

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Hopefully, one can excuse the old "colored" paper, which is many years old.

Nevertheless, the attached drawing is meant to represent a bullet penetration of the skull.

The top drawing representes a penetration from outside to inside, in which the bullet will generally leave some indication of it's metallic composition scraped along the bone of the entrance point, on the outer table of the skull.

That portion of the inner table of the skull is virtually always blown away and is what is referred to as the "beveling" which clearly deliniates which side is the entrance point and which side is the exit point.


The bottom drawing depicts a bullet which is exiting the skull, in which it will scrape off metallic residue on the inner table of the bone, and thereafter blow away the outer table (beveling) upon exit.


The amount of metallic residue which may become embedded into the bone is dependent upon a variety of factors which include the actual bullet composition (pure lead v. copper-jacketed v steel/armor piercing, etc;, as well as a variety of conditions related to the angle of impact and any prior damage to the bullet prior to it's impact.

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On the anterior/posterior X-ray, Item "A" is the elongated "cowlick" entry wound which the HSCA located, and item "B" is in fact metallic residue embedded in the INNER TABLE of the skull, which forensically designates this as an EXIT point for a bullet.

Edited by Thomas H. Purvis
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If one will compare the metallic residue outline of the attached drawing ("A/A") with that point designated as "B" on the anterior/posterior X-ray, they will find the similarity in nature of how a bullet which is exiting from INSIDE the skull, leaves metallic residue embedded on the inner table of the bone, and when that bullet and/or it's fragments removes all trace of skull bone which is FORWARD of the entry point, the remaining tell-tale metallic residue outline is left.

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Smart Person!


Mr. SPECTER - Well, if you assume that the trajectory through the President's head was represented by the path of a 6.5-mm. bullet which fragmented upon striking the skull, both the rear and again the top, is it possible that a fragment coming at the rate of 2,000 feet per second from the distance of approximately 160 to 250 feet, could have produced a fragment which then proceeded to strike the Governor's wrist and inflict the damage which you have heretofore described?

Dr. GREGORY - I think it is plausible that the bullet, having struck the President's head, may have broken into more than one fragment. I think you apprised me of the fact that it did, in fact, disperse into a number of fragments, and they took tangential directions from the original path apparently.

Mr. SPECTER - Assuming the fact that the autopsy surgeon presented for the record a statement that the fragments moved forward into the vicinity of the President's right eye, as the diagram shows, that there were approximately 40 star-like fragments running on a line through the head on the trajectory, and that there was substantial fragmentation of the bullet as it passed through the head, what is your view about that?

Dr. GREGORY - I think it is possible that a fragment from that particular missile may have escaped and struck the Governor's right arm.



Mr. HOLLAND - Well, it was pretty loud, and naturally, underneath this underpass here it would be a little louder, the concussion from underneath it, it was a pretty loud report, and the car traveled a few yards, and Governor Connally turned in this fashion, like that [indicating] with his hand out, and another report.

Mr. STERN - With his right hand out?


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