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Lord Malcolm Douglas-Hamilton (Rudolph Hess' host)


John Bevilaqua
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Lord Malcolm Douglas-Hamilton was the British equivalent of Wickliffe Preston Draper

Or was Wickliffe Draper the American equivalent of Lord Malcolm Douglas-Hamilton?

International Association for the Advancement of Ethnology and Eugenics

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The International Association for the Advancement of Ethnology and Eugenics (IAAEE) was a prominent group in the promotion of eugenics and segregation, and the first publisher of Mankind Quarterly.

[edit]History

IAAEE was founded in 1959 and has headquarters in Edinburgh, Scotland. According to Russ Bellant, it was later also incorporated in the United States through the personal agency of Lord Malcolm Douglas-Hamilton, a member of the British Cliveden Set which supported appeasement of Adolf Hitler prior to World War II. [1][2] Other historians, including Bruce Minton, give differing evidence. [3]

A. James Gregor was a founding director of the IAAEE which was, according to Gregor, established to restore "an intellectual climate in the U.S., and throughout the Western World, which would permit a free and open discussion of racial ... problems."[4] Gregor would later assert that his association with the organization was based on his concerns about congenital birth defects and the reproduction of the mentally retarded, as opposed to racial matters. Other members included Senator Jesse Helms and the oil billionaires H. L. Hunt, Herbert and Nelson Bunker Hunt.

The IAAEE's main benefactor was Colonel Wickliffe Draper, a segregationist who opposed the Civil Rights Movement of the 1960s and sought to fund research that would provide scientific justification for segregation and revive the concept of racial hygiene which had been discredited as a result of the Nazis. In the 1970s Gregor was criticised for accepting grants from the Pioneer Fund which had been established by Draper to advance his views. IAAEE received $82,000 in grants from the Pioneer Fund between 1971 and 1996.

In the 1960s, Stanley Porteus served on the Executive Committee of the IAAEE.[5] Henry E. Garrett, professor emeritus of psychology from Columbia University, was president of the IAAEE and one of the editors of Mankind Quarterly. Other key figures included Robert E. Kuttner and Donald A. Swan.

The five founders of IAAEE represent a cross-section of representatives from The International Fascista as described by Charles A. Willoughby (born Adolph C. Tscheppe-Weidenbach).

R. Ruggles Gates - England - (1882-1962)

Nicholas Lahovary - Hungary - (1883-1963)

Heinrich Quiring - Germany - (1885-1964)

Charles C. Tansill - USA - (1890-1964)

Corrado Gini - Italy - (1884-1965)

Professor Charles C. Tansill was formerly associated with American University in Washington, D.C. but was forced to leave in 1936-37 due to controversial pro-Nazi statements.40 He also was on boards or committees on each of these organizations or publications also according to Wes McCuen from Group Research: The John Birch Society, Mankind Quarterly, American Mercury, Citizens Foreign Aid Committee, Federation of Conservatives, Human Events Magazine (funded by Wickliffe Draper), and the Defenders of State Sovereignty and Individual Liberty.

The Executive Committee of IAAEE consisted of the following representatives in the mid-1960's:

1) Professor Garret Daams, Kent State who Was actually present during the Kent State riots and murders during 1968 and was involved with writing extensive justifications for this horrible tragedy.

2) Professor Henry E. Garrett, Columbia University, Draper Committees, Pioneer Fund, White Citizens' Councils Professor Garrett used to brag to colleagues that he was related to the "Garrett's Farm" owner where John Wilkes Booth was discovered hiding after the assassination of President Abraham Lincoln.

3) Professor Robert Gayre, University of Saugor, India the predecessor of Roger Pearson at The Institute for the Study of Man (ISM) and Mankind Quarterly. The close relationship between Gayre and Wickliffe Draper began when Draper was involved as a forward observer during World War II as a Colonel with Army Intelligence in India. Roger Pearson was later head of the World Anti-Communist League during its most pro-Fascist and violent periods of anti-Communist military activity in Latin America.

4) Professor Luigi Gedda, member of P-2 the secret fascist organization in Rome, Italy

5) Professor Wesley C. George, University of North Carolina, Pioneer Fund funding recipient and frequent contributor to White Citizens's Councils publications and Right Magazine of Willis Carto and Wickliffe Draper.

6) Professor William C. Hoy, University of South Carolina Pioneer Fund funding recipient

7) Professor Robert Kuttner, Creighton University on the Liberty Lobby Board of Policy and an Editor for The American Mercury. His son, Robert B. Kuttner is a nationally syndicated columnist whose right wing predilections are foisted on the unsuspecting public without any knowledge of his father's background.

8) Professor Frank C. J. McGurk, Alabama State recipient of funding from the Pioneer Fund

9) Professor Clarence P. Oliver, University of Texas who is the brother of Dr. Revilo P. Oliver who was a Warren Commission voluntary interviewee and on the board of the pro-fascist Church of the Creator.

10) Professor Robert Osborne, University of Georgia, most likely related to Fairfield Osborne an incorporator of The Pioneer Fund who co-authored books with Nathaniel Weyl, a proto-Fascist eugenicist and a staunch believer in white supremacy causes who tried to frame Alger T. Hiss for alleged communist affiliations. Alger Hiss attributed his persecution to members of the British Cliveden Set run by Lord Malcolm Douglas-Hamilton whose brother was the host for Rudolph Hess when he parachuted into England on an isolationist mission in support of Hitler's war aims.

11) Professor K. Otto Reche, University of Vienna "...an anthropologist who later became a leading figure in planning for the 'removal' of 'inferior' populations in eastern Germany." [stefan Kühl. The Nazi Connection: Eugenics, American Racism, and German National Socialism. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1994] Reche was a member of The German Society for Racial Hygiene and the Chairman of The Vienna Society for Racial Care. K. Otto Reche is the most direct linkage from IAAEE into Hitler's Master Race policies and The Nuremberg Laws. Draper himself created the controversial Supreme Court case called Buck vs. Bell (1924) heard by Oliver Wendell Holmes, which became the justification for his "involuntary sterilization" campaigns from 1924-1972 resulting in the sterilization of 75,000 individuals in dozens of states. See: "Against Their Will" a revealing series of articles by Kevin Begos in the Winston-Salem Times.

12) Helmut Reuning, NIPR, South Africa, supported apartheid policies of South African government

13) Professor Ernest van den Haag, New York University on the American Committee for Aid to the Katanga Freedom Fighters, The Charles Edison Dinner Committee (son of Thomas Alva Edison and a founder of William F. Buckley's YAF group), the Intercollegiate Studies Institute, a frequent contributor to William F. Buckley's National Review. van den Haag opposed the 1954 Supreme Court Desegregation decision on the basis that it was based on "inaccurate psychological conclusions."

14) Professor Armando Vivante, Bueno Aires, Argentina Not much is currently known about Vivante, but he was reported to have been involved with contacting and harboring escaped Nazi War Criminals in South America

15) Professor J. D. L. Hofmeyr, University of South Africa, Pretoria, South Africa Someone whose name appears often on the masthead of the racist reich in America and a rapid supporter of "apartheid policies."

16) Professor C. D. Darlington, Oxford University

The IAAEE, according to the 8-page organizational description printed by Wes McCuen of Group Research, Inc. in 1969, is also closely associated with both the "Noontide Press" of Willis A. Carto and the Eagle Forum of Major Gen. Edwin A. Walker, who was identified by Jack Ruby in his Warren Commission testimony as being directly behind the murder of John F. Kennedy.

"IAAEE members have written for two Noontide Press publications, Western Destiny and American Mercury, while the sole distributor for Mankind Quarterly (of Roger A. Pearson), semi-official organ for IAAEE, is Noontide. " [citation to be provided]

The officers of IAAEE in 1969, included the following persons with affiliations to either The Pioneer Fund, the Liberty Lobby or related right wing extremeist organizations violently opposed to John F. Kennedy:

Robert E. Kuttner - Member Board of Policy Liberty Lobby, contributing editor American Mercury.

Donald A. Swan -Pioneer Fund grant recipient and Assistant Editor Mankind Quarterly Professor.

Professor Swan once had his house raided and the amount of Nazi memorabilia and paraphernalia that was discovered was astounding, according to one of the arresting officers.

Listed as an "Associate" of IAAEE by Wes McCuen of Group Watch, in Washington, D.C. is Attorney Sam Crutchfield, Jr. who was part of the nefarious and sinister Jesse Helms organization. He has provided legal advice to the Jesse Helms camp for years and was formerly chairman of the Virginia State Advisory Board of "Young Americans for Freedom" started by William F. Buckley, Jr., Marvin Liebman and Douglas Caddy in Connecticut. Funding for YAF came from multi-millionaires Charles Edison according to Douglas Caddy, the Georgetown roommate of Clendenin J. Ryan, Jr., and from Clendenin J. Ryan, Sr. as well.

Crutchfield was also the attorney of record for the Mississippi State Sovereignty Commission during the period when Wickliffe P. Draper provided secretive funding to the MSC using his J. P. Morgan trust fund account as documented by recent Pulitzer Prize winning author, Doug Blackmon in a Wall Street Journal article published on June 11, 1999. Three of the four major funds transfers from Draper to the MSC occurred either right after the assassination of Medgar Evers, Jr., in Mississippi in June 1963, just before the bombing of the Sixteenth Street Baptist Church, in Mobile, Alabama, in September of 1963, killing several choir girls, or just before the murders of the Freedom Riders: Chaney, Schwerner and Goodman in Philadelphia, Mississippi in June of 1964. Draper was linked to the Medgar Evers, Jr. murder via Senator James Eastland, from Mississippi, who headed up the Draper Genetics Committee for the Senate Internal Security Subcommittee. Evers' killer was Byron DeLa Beckwith, Senator James Eastland's nephew.

[edit]Publications

The group published a series of monographs that were cited in many papers on race and intelligence.

In the controversial book The Bell Curve, authors Charles Murray and Richard J. Herrnstein recommend two books on race and intelligence by three Pioneer Fund recipients: Audrey Shuey, Frank C. J. McGurk, and R. Travis Osborne. McGurk is the main authority they cite in support of the idea that IQ tests are not racially biased. In 1959 McGurk and Shuey became leading members of the IAAEE.[6]

[edit]References

^ Bellant, Russ (1991). Old Nazis, the New Right, and the Republican Party: Domestic fascist networks and their effect on U.S. cold war politics. South End Press, ISBN 978-0896084186

^ Staff report (April 03, 1939). Stop Hitler. Time

^ Minton, Bruce. Washington's Cliveden set. Reprinted from New masses, Feb. 24, 1942.

^ Tucker, William H. (2002). Our Source of Funds: The Campaign against Civil Rights. in The Funding of Scientific Racism: Wickliffe Draper and the Pioneer Fund. University of Illinois Press, ISBN 0-252-02762-0

^ Stannard, David (December 12, 1997). Why Porteus Hall must be renamed. Honolulu Star Bulletin

^ Winston A. Science in the service of the far right: Henry E. Garrett, the IAAEE, and the Liberty Lobby - International Association for the Advancement of Ethnology - Experts in the Service of Social Reform: SPSSI, Psychology, and Society, 1936-1996. Journal of Social Issues, Spring, 1998.

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Malcolm's brother....

Douglas Douglas-Hamilton, 14th Duke of Hamilton

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Douglas Douglas-Hamilton, 14th Duke of Hamilton

1903 – 1973

Place of birth London, England, UK

Place of death Edinburgh, Scotland, UK

Service/branch RAuxAF 1927-1936, RAF 1939-1945

Years of service 1927-1945

Rank Air Commodore

Commands held 602 (City of Glasgow) Squadron, Air Training Corps

Awards Air Force Cross, Mentioned in Despatches

Other work Chancellor of the University of St Andrews, Deputy Governor of the British Linen Bank,Chairman of Norwich Union (Scotland), Director of Scottish Aviation, and Securicor (Scotland)

Air Commodore Douglas Douglas-Hamilton, 14th Duke of Hamilton and 11th Duke of Brandon, KT, GCVO, AFC, PC, DL, FRCSE, FRGS, (3 February 1903 – 30 March 1973) was a Scottish nobleman and pioneering aviator.

He was the eldest of four brothers who were to make military history by all being at the rank of Squadron Leader or above simultaneously at the outbreak of World War II.

Contents [hide]

1 Early life

2 Flight over Everest

3 World War II, the Hess Affair, and after

4 Offices and positions held

4.1 Business positions held

5 Publications

6 Marriage and issue

7 See also

8 References

9 External links

[edit]Early life

Hamilton was born in Pimlico, London, England. He was the son of Alfred, the 13th Duke of Hamilton and his wife Nina Benita Poore. He was educated at Eton and Balliol College, Oxford, where he gained a Blue in boxing, this in turn led to his winning of the Scottish Amateur Middleweight title. He also represented the university in rowing.

Styled Marquess of Douglas and Clydesdale before he succeeded his father as the Duke of Hamilton and Keeper of Holyroodhouse in 1940, he had been a prominent Unionist Member of Parliament (MP) for East Renfrewshire from 1930 until he succeeded. In 1935 in order to experience the life of the employees in his family's mines, he joined a Trades Union and worked for a time at the coal face, as plain 'Mr. Hamilton'.

[edit]Flight over Everest

First flight over Everest 1933, Lord Clydesdale piloting the plane shown, with the summit of Everest in front

He became interested in flying at an early age and served in the Royal Auxiliary Air Force (RAuxAF) becoming the youngest Squadron Leader of his day, commanding 602 (City of Glasgow) Squadron from 1927 to 1936. He was involved in one of the most ambitious avionic enterprises of the early twentieth century, the Houston-Mount Everest expedition. Flying higher than any before. Lord Clydesdale, as he was known, was chief pilot on the first flight over Mount Everest in 1933, using an open cockpit bi-plane. The extremity endured by the crews of these aeroplanes was instrumental to the introduction of pressurised cabins in modern aircraft, it also was the first detailed and scientific survey of the Himalaya region, and resulted in the birth of Scottish Aviation Ltd (now part of BAE Systems).

In recognition of his role in the expedition, he was decorated with the Air Force Cross in 1935. As a pioneering early aviator he was regarded in much the same heroic way as the astronauts a generation later.

Later, at the outbreak of World War II he resumed his commission, at the rank of Air Commodore. He was responsible for air defence in Scotland, and took command of the Air Training Corps.

[edit]World War II, the Hess Affair, and after

Wreckage of Hess' plane, Bonnyton Moor, Scotland

Hamilton had attended the 1936 Summer Olympics in Berlin. A keen sportsman, he had flown his own plane to Germany where he was a member of a multi-party parliamentary group which had been invited to Berlin to observe the games by the German government.

In Berlin he attended numerous functions, including a grand dinner for the British contingent hosted by Joachim von Ribbentrop the German ambassador to Britain and later Foreign Minister, where he was introduced to Hitler, and other leading members of the National Socialist government. Hamilton had previously met Ribbentrop in London as the Ambassador to the Court of St. James's. Hamilton was invited by Hermann Göring to inspect the newly reinstated Luftwaffe, for his professional interest in aviation. It has been suggested that Hamilton either through his own initiative or under instruction indulged in some minor espionage during these occasions. He did not however, meet the deputy Führer Rudolf Hess whilst in Germany.

Whilst in Germany Hamilton had met the Geopolitician Albrecht Haushofer, son of the distinguished Geopolitical academic Professor Karl Haushofer. The younger Haushofer had studied alongside Hess at Munich University. On Hess' rise to prominence within the Nazi Party, Haushofer became his advisor on foreign affairs.

Following the outbreak of war in 1939, memories of the earlier pan-European cameraderie of 1936 quickly faded. In 1940, upon his father's death, Hamilton succeeded to the Dukedom and was exerting all his efforts into the Air war, the aerial defence of his sector of Southern Scotland and Northern England.

On May 11, 1941, Hess parachuted into Scotland, the reason for his doing so was ostensibly to meet with the Duke and plot a secret peace treaty that would lead to the supremacy of Germany within Europe and the reinforcement of the British Empire without.

Hess' Messerschmitt 110 crashed on Bonnyton Moor near to Hamilton's home at Dungavel House. Hess was captured by a local farmer, David McLean, and assuming the false name "Albert Horn", he asked to be taken to the Duke. Hess however, was taken to hospital for injuries sustained during his descent. Hamilton was informed of the prisoner and visited him whereupon he revealed his true identity. Hamilton immediately contacted Sir Winston Churchill, and informed him of the Deputy Führer's arrival. Hess was imprisoned by the British authorities until the end of the war and the subsequent Nuremberg trials.

Hamilton came under pressure from the press to explain his role in the affair, with suspicions being raised that he may have been in prior contact with Hess. Questions were asked in the House of Commons. On the 22 May, Sir Archibald Sinclair, the Secretary of State for Air, gave this statement to the House:

"When deputy fuehrer Hess came down with his aeroplane in Scotland on the 10th of May, he gave a false name and asked to see the Duke of Hamilton. The Duke being apprised by the authorities, visited the German prisoner in hospital. Hess then revealed for the first time his true identity, saying that he had seen the Duke when he was at the Olympic games at Berlin in 1936. The Duke did not recognise the Deputy Fuehrer. He had however, visited Germany for the Olympic games in 1936, and during that time had attended more than one large public function, at which German ministers were present. It is, therefore, quite possible that the deputy Fuehrer may have seen him on one such occasion. As soon as the interview was over, Wing Commander the Duke of Hamilton flew to England and gave a full report of what had passed to the Prime Minister, who sent for him. Contrary to reports which have appeared in some newspapers, the Duke has never been in correspondence with the Deputy Fuehrer. None of the Duke's three brothers, who are, like him, serving in the Royal Air Force has either met Hess or has had correspondence with him. It will be seen that the conduct of the Duke of Hamilton has been in every respect honourable and proper." Hansard, 22 May 1941

The Duke was Mentioned in Dispatches.

At the end of February 1950 the Duke led the funeral procession, on foot, through Hamilton for his friend Sir Harry Lauder, said to be the largest funeral ever held in the town, and read The Lesson during the service describing Lauder as "a Great Scot".

[edit]Offices and positions held

He was appointed Privy Counsellor and Lord Steward of the Household, holding the latter office until 1964.

He served as Chancellor of the University of St Andrews from 1948 to 1973. He was admitted to the Order of the Thistle in 1951. He was also a member of the Royal Company of Archers, the Sovereign's bodyguard for Scotland.

He served as Lord High Commissioner to the General Assembly of the Church of Scotland four times, in 1953, 1954,1955 and 1958.

In 1963 the Duke was made honorary President of the Boys Brigade, he had been the treasurer since 1938. He was the President of the Air League from 1959-1968.

[edit]Business positions held

Director of Scottish Aviation_Ltd

Deputy governor of the British Linen Bank

President of Securicor (Scotland) Ltd

President of the Building Societies Association

Chairman of Nationwide Building Society (Scotland)

Chairman of Norwich Union Life and Fire Insurance Society (Scotland)

[edit]Publications

The Pilots' Book of Everest- with Group Captain MacIntyre. Hodge, London, 1936.

[edit]Marriage and issue

In 1937, he married the Lady Elizabeth Ivy Percy, the daughter of the Duke of Northumberland. They produced five sons:

Angus Douglas-Hamilton, 15th Duke of Hamilton (b. 1938)

James Douglas-Hamilton, Baron Selkirk of Douglas (b. 1942)

Lord Hugh Malcolm Douglas Hamilton (1946–1995)

Lord Patrick George Douglas-Hamilton (b. 1950)

Lord David Stephen Douglas-Hamilton (b. 1952)

[edit]See also

George Nigel Douglas-Hamilton, 10th Earl of Selkirk

Lord Malcolm Douglas-Hamilton

Lord David Douglas-Hamilton

[edit]References

Who's Who 1973. A. & C. Black, London, 1973.

[edit]External links

Portrait

Douglas, 14th Duke of Hamilton and his three brothers

Parliament of the United Kingdom

Preceded by

Alexander MacRobert Member of Parliament for Renfrewshire East

1930–1940 Succeeded by

Sir Guy Lloyd

Political offices

Preceded by

The Duke of Buccleuch and Queensberry Lord Steward

1940–1964 Succeeded by

The Duke of Westminster

Academic offices

Preceded by

The Earl Baldwin of Bewdley Chancellor of the University of St Andrews

1948–1973 Succeeded by

The Lord Ballantrae

Peerage of Scotland

Preceded by

Alfred Douglas-Hamilton Duke of Hamilton

1940 – 1973 Succeeded by

Angus Douglas-Hamilton

Peerage of Great Britain

Preceded by

Alfred Douglas-Hamilton Duke of Brandon

1940 – 1973 Succeeded by

Angus Douglas-Hamilton

Categories: Old Etonians | Dukes in the Peerage of Scotland | Dukes of Hamilton | Dukes of Brandon | House of Douglas and Angus | Knights Grand Cross of the Royal Victorian Order | Knights of the Thistle | Members of the Privy Council of the United Kingdom | Members of the United Kingdom Parliament for Scottish constituencies | Alumni of Balliol College, Oxford | Chancellors of the University of St Andrews | Recipients of the Royal Victorian Chain | Conservative Peers | Scottish Unionist Party MPs | UK MPs 1929-1931 | UK MPs 1931-1935 | UK MPs 1935-1945 | Recipients of the Air Force Cross (United Kingdom) | Royal Air Force officers | Royal Air Force personnel of World War II | Scottish aviators | Scottish explorers | Deputy Lieutenants of Lanarkshire | Fellows of the Royal Geographical Society | 1903 births | 1973 deaths

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Rockefeller and United Fruit searched for Douglas-Hamilton

Wing Commander Lord Malcolm Avondale Douglas-Hamilton OBE, DFC (12 November 1909 – 21 July 1964) was a Scottish nobleman and politician.

The third son of the 13th Duke of Hamilton and 10th Duke of Brandon, he was educated at Eton College and at the RAF College Cranwell.

He served with the Royal Air Force from 1929 to 1932, then worked in civil aviation until the outbreak of the Second World War, during which he again served with the RAF. He was Air Training Corps Commandant for Scotland from 1945 to 1946. He was appointed OBE in 1943 and was awarded the Distinguished Flying Cross in 1944. His elder brother, the Marquess of Douglas and Clydesdale, later 14th Duke of Hamilton and 11th Duke of Brandon, had also been active in the RAF and ATC.

He married twice: firstly in 1931 to the Hon. Pamela Bowes-Lyon (a granddaughter of the 13th Earl of Strathmore and Kinghorne) and cousin to Queen Elizabeth, the Queen Mother; secondly he wed in 1953 to Natalie Winslow.

Following his second marriage, he emigrated to the United States, where he became extremely active in fostering relations between Scotland and Americans of Scottish descent. He considered the United States to be his adopted country. He founded, along with his wife, the American Scottish Foundation, which after the Saint Andrews Society is the oldest American organization devoted to US/Scottish relations in existence. The organization was responsible for establishment of Scotland House, and the Scottish Ball, an annual charitable dinner devoted to raising money to support the American Scottish cause.

He continued his love of flying, starting his own charter flying company in the early 1960s, and with his son Niall traversed remote parts of the globe. It was on one such trip through Cameroon in 1964 that Lord Malcolm went missing with his son Niall and a passenger, in the heavy equatorial mountainous jungle of Cameroon. Following an exhaustive manhunt by Lord Malcolm's family, including assistance from the Rockefeller company United Fruit, his remains were located in the jungle. Neither Niall Douglas-Hamilton nor the passenger were ever located.

Recently disclosed documents from MI5 show, that, on August 1, 1936, Lord Malcolm flew a de Havilland plane to Spain, that he delivered to pro-Franco nationalists. Another plane was flown the next day by Dick Seaman.[1]. Only two weeks earlier, General Franco was flown in a de Havilland from the Canary Islands to Morocco and onwards to Spain, helped by two other Britons, Hugh Pollard and Cecil Bebb.

During the 1930s, Lord Malcolm was supportive of appeasement for some years.

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