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A bit of Armstrong for those who do not have the book

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John Armstrong's

"November In Dallas 1997"


"Harvey & Lee"

Transcribed by Jerry Robertson

"In 1961, the arrest of Gordon Lonsdale provided a rare opportunity

for the public to gain insight into the world of espionage. Lonsdale had

emigrated from Canada to England, established a business, and began

passing British defense secrets to the Russians. Lonsdale and four

members of his spy ring were arrested, tried, and convicted of

espionage. As they delved into Lonsdale's background, they quickly

realized he was no ordinary spy. He had fake birth certificates, fake

passports and dual identities. To the surprise of the British, he was

not a Canadian, but a native born Russian who spoke English perfectly.

His real name was Konan Molodi--born in Russia in 1922. He was sent to

California at age nine where he lived with his aunt, attended school,

and mastered the English language. Nine years later, he was recalled

to the Soviet Union and trained in espionage. In 1954, Konan Molodi

was sent to Canada where he assumed the identity of a deceased

Canadian named Gordon Lonsdale. A year later he was in England posing

as a British businessman, but his real purpose was spying out British

defense secrets.

If the KGB recruited young boys, can there be any doubt that our

intelligence agencies ran similar operations?

In the early 1950's an intelligence operation was underway that

involved two teenage boys: Lee Oswald, from Fort Worth and a

Russian-speaking boy named "Harvey Oswald", from New York. Beginning

in 1952, these boys lived parallel but separate lives, often in the

same city. The ultimate goal was to switch their identities and send

Harvey Oswald into Russia, which is exactly what happened, 7 years


Lee and Harvey attended different schools, worked at different

companies, and lived in different cities. When the Warren Commission

pieced together "Lee Harvey Oswald's" life, they found evidence of

Oswald in two places at the same time. Unable to explain these

conflicts, they withheld it from their report. This evidence is the

key to understanding the lives of Harvey and Lee Oswald.

Mrs. Jack Tippit, of Westport, Connecticut was telephoned shortly

after the assassination. The caller knew the Tippits were related to

Officer JD Tippit and wanted Mrs. Tippit to relay information she had

to people in Dallas. The woman would not identify herself because she

was afraid of being killed. She said she personally knew Oswald's

father and uncle. They came from Hungary and lived at 77th St. and 2nd

Avenue in New York. They were unemployed, received money from

Communists, and spent all of their time on Communist activities. She

gave two names--Louis Weinstock and Emile Kardos. If this information

is correct, one of the two Oswalds lived in New York in his youth.

This could explain Oswald's interest in Communism (from his father and

uncle), which began as a teenager and continued throughout his life.

It could also be the reason for Marguerite Oswald's sudden trip to New

York City.

In 1952, in Fort Worth, Texas, 12 year-old Lee Oswald was in the 6th

grade. Classmate Richard Garrett told Life Magazine, "Lee was the

tallest, most dominant member of our group". This 6th grade photo

shows Oswald to be the tall well built kid described by Garrett.

In August, 1952 Marguerite drove with Lee to New York. Although

allegedly quite poor, she hired Louise Robertson as a housekeeper.

Marguerite told Mrs. Robertson that she had brought Lee to New York to

have mental tests done at the Jacobi Hospital. Marguerite was asked

about this by Warren Commission attorney Rankin, but she avoided his


During the year and a half Lee Oswald resided in New York, there are

few records of his activities. His New York school records contradict

New York Court records and the testimony of Lee Oswald's brother, John

Pic. The Warren Commission records tell us Oswald first entered

Trinity Evangelical School in the Bronx in September, 1952, many miles

from his residence in Manhattan. When asked for copies of Oswald's

school records, the Trinity School allegedly told the FBI they did not

maintain records until 1957. This is nonsense. Who ever heard of a

school that did not maintain records? If the school did not maintain

records, how were the dates of his attendance at Trinity obtained? How

did the FBI know he even attended Trinity? And why would 12 year-old

Oswald attend junior high in the Bronx instead of Manhattan.

John Pic, Lee Oswald's older half-brother, remembers Lee's school

enrollment differently. Pic was certain Lee attended school two blocks

from his Manhattan apartment. Lee pointed out that both whites and

negroes attended the same classes together--something he had not yet

experienced. Yet there is no W.C. record of Lee's attendance at any

school near the Pics apartment.

In the fall of 1952, Oswald attended only 24 days of school. His

truancy brought him to the attention of Court Psychiatrist Dr. Milton

Kurian. Dr. Kurian interviewed Oswald, read the court file, and noted

Oswald's recent stay at the Youth House.

Dr. Kurian was 5'7" and described Oswald as being small for his age,

around 4'6". Yet Lee Oswald measured 5'4" according to his New York

school health record. His height was again measured at 5'4" four

months later in New York, tall for a 13 year old boy. When I informed

Dr. Kurian that Oswald's height was listed as 5'4" in New York school

records, Dr. Kurian stated, "Those records must be wrong-he was a

little fellow, no taller than the middle of my chest--perhaps 4'6"


When Dr. Kurian interviewed Oswald on March 27, 1953, Oswald's file

showed previous confinement at the Youth House. But Warren Commission

records tell us that Oswald's first and only placement at the youth

house began three weeks after Dr. Kurian saw Oswald.

The Warren Commission tells us Oswald attended only 24 days of school

thru May 7, 1953. Yet WC Exhibit 1384 shows him attending 109 days of

school at the same time. Which WC record are we to believe? If both

are accurate, these records are for two different "Oswalds".

While Oswald was in the Youth House, his mother met with Probation

Officer John Carro. Marguerite told Carro she was the youngest of 6

children, yet there were 5 children in the Claverie family. She gave

Lee Oswald's father's name as Robert Lee Harvey, when his real name

was Robert Edward Lee Oswald. She said Lee's father died at age 45,

yet we know he was 41 years old when he died. She gave her marriage

date as July 19, 1929, yet she married Robert Oswald in 1933. She gave

her sister's name as Lillian Sigouerette, when we know her sister's

name was Lillian Murrett. She said she formerly owned a house in

Corning, Texas yet there is not and never has been a "Corning," Texas.

She gave Lee Harvey Oswald's birth date as October 19 when the correct

date was October 18th. She said Lee was baptized at the Trinity

Lutheran Church in New Orleans, when the records show he was baptized

at the Redeemer Lutheran Church in New Orleans. When she was asked

whether Lee's father was right or left handed she replied "I do not

remember, sir" (Warren Commission testimony). There is no reason for a

45 year old woman to make these kind of errors concerning her

background. Had she forgotten, was she lying, or was this person truly

Lee's mother?

Assistant FBI Director John Malone reviewed the 1953 court file on

Oswald. Malone filed this 8 page report and stated that when Oswald

left the youth House on May 7, 1953, he entered PS #44 in the 9th

grade. The 9th grade? Oswald entered the 7th grade the previous

September and attended only 24 days of school. How could he have

skipped from the 7th to the 9th grade?

WC exhibits, court records, Pic's testimony and Dr. Kurian's

observations of Oswald strongly suggest there were two different

people--both named Oswald--in New York in the spring of 1953. This

would explain John Pic's testimony when he was shown a series of

photographs (from LIFE Magazine, Feb. 21, 1964) of Lee Oswald as a

youth. Pic identified photographs of Oswald from age 2 thru age 12.

But when Pic was shown this photograph (WC # 2893), he said "Sir,

from that picture, I could not recognize that that is Lee Harvey

Oswald". Jenner said, "That young fellow is shown there, he doesn't

look like you recall Lee looked in 1952 and 1953 when you saw him in

New York City?" John Pic replied, "No, sir.".

In the summer of 1953, Lee Oswald was living in the Bronx with his

mother, who was employed at Lady Orva Hosiery. At the same time

"Harvey Oswald" was residing in North Dakota. After the assassination,

Mrs. Alma Cole wrote this letter to President Johnson informing him

that her son, William Henry Timmer, had befriended Oswald in Stanley,

North Dakota in 1953. Timmer told of meeting a boy in the City Park

who introduced himself as Harvey Oswald. This is the first known

reference to "Harvey Oswald", the person who would eventually assume

the identity of Lee Oswald.

"HARVEY" spent a lot of time with Timmer during the next two months of

the summer of 1953. They went swimming at the reservoir and rode their

bicycles at the city park. Timmer was impressed by this kid "from the

big city" who talked of gang fights in New York City and of making

weapons with razor blades stuck in potatoes. "Harvey" said he had been

all over the country. "Harvey" carried a pamphlet in his back pocket

and on one occasion showed it to Timmer and remarked, "I'll bet you've

never seen anything like this". It was a pamphlet on Marxism. Where

would he get such a pamphlet? From his father and his uncle, who were,

according to the woman who spoke with Mrs. Tippit, "Hungarians and

spent all of their time on Communist activities". These people may

have acted like Communists, but in reality they were probably agents

provocateur and their mission was to uncover and identify domestic


Oswald told Aline Mosby, in a 1959 interview in Moscow, that after

living in New York "we moved to North Dakota". Mosby's interview

appeared in newspaper articles in 1959, and is mentioned in FBI

reports. When Oswald was arrested in August, 1963 in New Orleans, he

was interviewed by Lt. Francis Martello. He told Martello that he had

moved from New York to North Dakota. Clearly, someone named Harvey

Oswald was in North Dakota in the summer of 1953. However, there are

no references to Timmer or Oswald in North Dakota in the Warren

Commission Volumes.

In the fall of 1953 Oswald entered the 8th grade at Public School #44

in the Bronx. Marguerite Oswald again met with probation Officer, John

Carro. When Carro reminded her that Lee was still under court

supervision, she told Carro that he no longer needed court

supervision. He was doing much better and claimed he had been elected

President of his 9th grade class. There were two references to Oswald

in the 9th grade: one by Marguerite and the other by Assistant FBI

Director, John Malone, who obtained his information from Judge

Kelley's court file. How Oswald was able to advance from the 7th to

the 8th grade while attending only 24 days of school has never been

explained. Also unexplained are the continual references to Oswald

being in the 9th grade.

It should be easy to determine which grade Lee Oswald attended during

1953. From Ft. Worth we have grammar school report cards, student

lists, enrollment forms, personal photos, class photos and interviews

with teacher, students and friends. Yet when we try to find similar

records in New York, we find almost nothing. Not one report card, not

one student list, no enrollment forms, no interviews nor even the

names of his teachers, students or neighbors, and only one photograph:

a photograph which his brother, John Pic, says is not Lee Oswald. The

FBI took down the names of every student who shared Oswald's home room

and intended to locate them. Yet not a single New York student was


WC #1413-NY & BEAUREGARD SCHOOL RECORDS-Here we have two contradictory

Warren Commission exhibits. The top one, highlighted in yellow, shows

"Oswald" attended Beauregard for 89 days during the fall term in 1953

in New Orleans. The bottom one shows Oswald attended 62 days of school

during the fall term of 1953 in New York. If both Warren Commission

documents are correct, you have two Oswalds: Lee in New York, Harvey

in New Orleans--in the Fall of 1953.

Lee Oswald, the 5'4" southern boy, moved to New York in 1952 and was

teased by his classmates for his southern accent and for wearing blue

jeans. "Harvey", who already lived in New York, was the 4'6" kid

interviewed by Dr. Kurian, photographed at the Bronx Zoo, and

unrecognized by John Pic. "Harvey" moved to North Dakota in the summer

of 1953 and then to New Orleans where he was teased for his New York

accent and attacked while sitting in the back of a bus with "negroes".

Harvey enrolled in Beauregard Junior High and was assigned to Myra

DaRouse's 8th grade homeroom. On his first day at school, he told Myra

he wanted to be called "Harvey". Myra remembers Harvey as being 4' 6"

tall, which is consistent with Dr. Kurian's observation of Oswald a

few months earlier. During Myra's thirty-year teaching career, her

only home room was during the 1953-54 school year and she became

friends with Harvey Oswald and his friend Ed Voebel. In February,

1954, Myra drove Harvey home to Exchange Alley. At the same time Lee

Oswald and his mother were renting an apartment at 1454 St. Mary's

from Marguerite's best friend, Myrtle Evans.

When school resumed in the fall of 1954 Myra Darouse no longer had a

home room class and lost contact with Harvey. Harvey, now in the 9th

grade, had moved to Fort Worth where he attended Stripling Junior


Lee Oswald remained in New Orleans and entered the 9th grade at

Beauregard. Ed Voebel told the Warren Commission he first met Lee

Oswald when Oswald fought with Johnny Neumeyer. After the fight Voebel

got some ice for Lee and attempted to patch him up. Voebel told the

Warren Commission, Volume 8, page 3, "I think he was cut on the lip,

and a tooth was knocked out ". Shortly after the fight, which occurred

in November, 1954, Voebel took this LIFE Magazine photograph of Lee

Oswald showing the missing front tooth. But in 1981, when Oswald's

body was exhumed, autopsied, photographed and x-rayed there were no

missing or chipped teeth.. The boy in the LIFE Magazine photo with the

missing tooth was not the person killed by Jack Ruby and autopsied in

1991. When I showed the LIFE Magazine photo of Oswald to Myra, she

said this was not Harvey Oswald. Myra was correct, the LIFE magazine

photo was Lee Oswald.

Ed Voebel knew Harvey Oswald in the 8th grade and Lee Oswald in the

9th grade. The HSCA was quite interested in talking to Voebel.

However, Voebel died a few years earlier at age 31 at the Oshner

Clinic, in New Orleans.

While Lee Oswald and Ed Voebel attended 9th grade at Beauregard in the

1954-55 school year, Harvey attended W. C. Stripling Junior High in

Fort Worth. Francetta Schubert was in the 8th grade in the 1954-1955

school year. Fran remembers Oswald being a grade ahead of her. Fran

watched Oswald walk home during lunch periods and discussed him with

her girlfriends. She said Oswald lived at 2220 Thomas Place--across

the street from the school. This is the same house Marguerite Oswald

lived in at the time of the assassination.

In October, 1959, when Oswald defected to Russia, Robert Oswald was

interviewed by the Fort Worth Star Telegram. Robert said his brother

had attended Stripling Junior High in Fort Worth.

In June, 1962, when Harvey Oswald returned from Russia, Robert Oswald

was again interviewed by the Fort Worth Star Telegram, again stating

his brother had attended Stripling Junior High in Fort Worth. Two

years later Robert Oswald told the Warren Commission that his brother

had attended Stripling Junior High School in Fort Worth. When

Marguerite was interviewed by Mr. Pierre Berton in 1964, she also said

that Lee had gone to junior high in Fort Worth. These four statements

made over a 5 year period show Oswald attended Stripling Junior High.

But the FBI had Oswald's New York and New Orleans junior high school

records. This 1955 graduation photo from Beauregard was in their files

within hours. Oswald's attendance at Stripling Junior High in Fort

Worth at the same time created a big problem. Their information about

Stripling probably came from FBI Agent John Fain. From 1952 thru 1963

Fain lived at 1727 Thomas Place--five blocks from the Oswalds. It was

Fain's April, 1960 interview with Marguerite Oswald that prompted

Hoover to notify the State Department that "an impostor may be using

Oswald's birth certificate". Hoover knew about two Oswalds in 1960 and

was again aware of two Oswalds in 1961 when a Lee Oswald tried to buy

trucks to send to Cuba from Bolton Ford in New Orleans (Harvey Oswald

was in Russia at this time).

Oswald's 1954 attendance at Stripling Junior High in Fort Worth was

unexplainable. So, the day after the assassination, Saturday, at 8

o'clock in the morning, the FBI went to Stripling to pick up Oswald's

junior high school records. Two FBI agents were met by Mr. Frank

Kudlaty, assistant principal of Stripling. Frank looked through

Oswald's file and noted Oswald had attended "not quite a semester" in

the 9th grade.

While Marguerite worked at Washer Brothers in the fall of 1954, Harvey

attended Stripling and created the 9th grade record that Mr. Kudlaty

gave to the FBI. Don't bother to look for Oswald's Stripling records

in the Warren Volumes, and don't waste your time filing a Freedom of

Information request with the FBI. The FBI denies any knowledge of

Stripling records.

Oswald's 1954 Stripling records have disappeared, but the memories of

Oswald's classmates have not. Doug Gann remembered Oswald in his home

room. Roy Parkin used to play touch football in Oswald's front yard

and saw him in the halls of Stripling. In 1955, Bobby and Jackie Pitts

lived at 2224 Thomas Place, next door to Oswald. Interestingly, Paul

Gregory, Oswald's friend and Marina's interpreter in 1963 also

attended Stripling Junior High in 1954 and was in the same grade as

Oswald. When we understand there are two teenagers using the name

Oswald, we realize each of these boys had a parent or guardian.

Perhaps this is the reason we see Oswald's mother identified sometimes

as Marguerite and other times as Margaret.

Harvey Oswald left Fort Worth and returned to New Orleans in late

1954. His first job, at age 15, was at the Dolly Shoe Company in New

Orleans. The Warren Commission tells us he worked part-time while

attending Beauregard. But Louis Marzialle, the store manager,

remembered Oswald working during the day at full time employment.

Louis and the store owner, Maury Goodman, remembered Oswald as being a

very quiet and physically small child; this is Harvey. Louis observed

Oswald and was unsatisfied with his work. Three days after Easter,

1955, Louis fired Oswald after he returned from lunch. While Harvey

worked at Dolly Shoe, Lee attended Beauregard in the 9th grade with Ed

Voebel. Marguerite was fired from Dolly Shoe by owner Maury Goodman.

Marguerite continually refused to complete insurance forms necessary

to obtain employee bonding.

According to the Commission, Oswald's next employment was Tujague's, a

freight forwarding company. However the dates of employment, as told

by the Warren Commission are a complete fabrication. They tell us he

worked at Tujague's for two months (without verifiable documentation),

but former Tujague employees say he worked there much longer, nearly a


Robert Oswald was discharged from the Marines in July, 1955 and

visited Marguerite and Lee for a week in New Orleans before returning

to Ft. Worth. When Lee joined the Civil Air Patrol on July 27, Robert

helped buy him a uniform from the Army-Navy Surplus store. Robert told

the Warren Commission that during his one week stay "Lee was working

for an export firm there in New Orleans". Lee said, "We're sending an

order to Portugal this week" or "I received an order from Hong Kong

just this morning." The export firm was Tujague, Inc., and the time

was July, 1955. Not November, as reported by the Warren Commission.

Frank DiBenedetto, Oswald's supervisor at Tujague's, remembered him as

a model employee who was very dependable and about 5'11," a little

taller than himself. This was Lee Oswald, quite a bit taller than

"Harvey Oswald". Frank DiBenedetto told the HSCA that Oswald had

worked for Tujague's "a year to a year and a half" Gloria Callaghan, a

secretary at Tujague's, remembered Oswald worked at Tujague's thru

April of 1956 when she took a leave of absence to have her first

child. Frank did not remember the month Oswald quit but did remember

he quit to join the Marines. Lee Oswald left New Orleans in July,

1956, moved to Ft. Worth and joined the Marines in October. From

Robert Oswald, Gloria Callaghan and Frank DiBenedetto, we learn Lee

Oswald worked at Tujague's from July, 1955 until at least April and

probably until July, 1956. (The W. C. says from Nov. 55 thru Jan.


The day after the assassination, former Tujague employee Jimmy Hudnell

gathered up Oswald's payroll records, time cards, and canceled checks

and gave them to Mr. Tujague. Those records have disappeared. Tujague

did not provide verifiable records such as canceled checks, payroll

tax or social security records--only his handwritten payroll records.

Tujague was Vice President of the Friends of Democratic Cuba. Guy

Bannister, Jack Martin, Arcacha Smith, Bill Craig, Bill Dalzell, Grady

Durham (secretary-treasurer), FBI Agent FBI Agent Regis Kennedy and

FBI Agent Lansing Logan (advisor) were either members or associates.

If anyone wanted to manufacture dates of employment for Oswald, the

Tujague Company could provide a good cover. When Lee Oswald worked at

Tujague's in the fall of 1955, Harvey attended Warren Easton High


On October 17 1955, Harvey Oswald forged a note to the school saying

"we are moving to San Diego in the middle of the month. Will you

please send by him any papers such as his birth certificate". After

Harvey quit high school, he worked briefly for J. R. Michels, and then

left New Orleans for California. We know about his residing in

California thanks to Texas Employment Commission employee Laurel

Kittrell. She interviewed the two Oswalds in 1963 in Dallas. She

remembered they looked remarkably similar. One Oswald told her he had

been a motorcycle delivery person for a realty company in California

in 1956--before joining the Marines. More of the Laurel Kittrell

interview will follow.

The last company Oswald allegedly worked for prior to joining the

Marines was the Pfisterer Dental Labs. The Warren Commission Report

states "after quitting J.R. Michels Oswald worked several months

thereafter for the Pfisterer Dental Laboratory" in 1956.

The day after the assassination, Airman Second Class Palmer E. McBride

told the FBI that he worked with Oswald from the fall of 1957 to the

summer of 1958 at the Pfisterer Dental Laboratory in New Orleans. They

worked together every day and discussed recent Russian space

successes. They listened to classical music at each other's homes and

debated the merits of Communism, In early 1958 McBride took Oswald to

a meeting of the New Orleans Amateur Astronomy Association at the home

of William Wulf. Oswald became involved in a discussion about

Communism which was overheard by Wulf's father. "Harvey" Oswald, who

again was promoting Communism, was asked to leave.

McBride took Oswald to an Astronomy meeting at Gehrke's home in early

1958. Gehrke told the FBI that none of these meetings were held in his

home until 1958. Therefore, McBride and Oswald could only have

attended a meeting at Gehrke's home in January of 1958 or later.

McBride worked with Oswald from the fall of 1957 until July, 1958,

when McBride quit to join the Air Force Reserves. Oswald left

Pfisterers a month earlier.

Linda Faircloth, current President of Pfisterer Dental Laboratory,

tells us of Oswald's employment. The day after the assassination the

FBI had taken all employment records, payroll records, quarterly tax

forms, canceled checks, employment applications, W-2 forms, all

documentary evidence pertaining to Oswald. Oswald's employment records

at Pfisterers, like the Tujague employment records, have disappeared.

The owners were told by the FBI not to discuss the case among

themselves or with anyone. The FBI discontinued it's investigation of

Oswald in New Orleans in 1957 and 1958 by stating the information

provided by McBride "is unfounded and no further investigation is

needed". In reality, McBride knew too much about Oswald to be

interviewed. But Palmer McBride is very much alive and lives in Sun

Valley California.

McBride and other people who were close to Oswald were never

interviewed by the Warren Commission nor the House Select Committee.

Not a single Pfisterer employee or partner testified before the Warren

Commission. Thanks to the FBI, not a single Pfisterer document

relating to Oswald's employment has been found. Why? Because in 1957

and 1958 Lee Oswald was in the Marines in Japan.

John Hart Ely, a staff attorney for the Warren Commission, was

responsible or gathering background information on Marguerite and Lee

Oswald. He forwarded the Palmer McBride and William Wulf FBI

interviews to Albert Jenner and Wesley Liebeler on March 30, 1964.

From the FBI interview of McBride, Liebeler knew Oswald worked at

Pfisterers in 1957 and 1958. From Oswald's Marine records he knew

Oswald was supposed to have been in Japan at the same time. Oswald in

both New Orleans and Japan for the same one year period posed yet

another problem--it was unexplainable and had to be resolved.

On April 10, 1964 Commission Attorney Albert Jenner wrote a memorandum

to Mr. Rankin (General Counsel for the Warren Commission). He said

"our depositions and examination of records and other data disclose

there are details in Mr. Ely's memoranda which will require material

alteration and, in some cases, omission". McBride's FBI statement was

ignored and neither he nor the owners or employees of Pfisterers were

interviewed by the Warren Commission.

To establish Oswald's employment at Pfisterers in 1956, the Warren

Commission interviewed William Wulf Jr., McBride's friend and fellow

Astronomy club member. In Wulf"s testimony all references to the years

1957 or 1958 were avoided. In his opening statement, Liebeler said "We

want to inquire of you concerning possible knowledge that you have of

Lee Harvey Oswald during the time that he lived in New Orleans during

the period 1954-1955." This was a clever and misleading statement by

an attorney who knew exactly what he was doing. Liebeler fixed Wulfs

attention to 1954 and 55. By misdirecting Wulf's attention to 1954 and

1955, references to 1957 or 1958 were avoided. Liebeler obtained

"testimony" that allowed the Warren Commission to circumvent the

problem of Oswald's working at Pfisterers in 1957/1958.

In 1996 I spent the afternoon with Wulf. He reconstructed his school

years from 1952 thru 1959. During the 1956-1957 school year he was

sick and did not attend school. In the fall of 1957 he returned to

DeLaSalle High School, where the meetings of the New Orleans Amateur

Astronomy Association were held. He said he was certain he met Oswald

that winter, in either January or February, 1958--exactly what McBride

told the FBI in 1963.

When the FBI visited the Hotel Senator after the assassination, they

interviewed only those employees who had worked at the Hotel prior to

1956. They avoided employees who had worked at the hotel in 1957 and

1958 who could have remembered Oswald and his mother. They reviewed

hotel registration cards for the year 1956 and avoided 1957 and 1958.

The search for Oswald at the Hotel Senator was deliberately shifted

from 1958 to "prior to 1956". McBride met Marguerite Oswald in 1958.

Yet Marguerite left New Orleans in July, 1956, then lived and worked

in and around Fort Worth until her death. She never again resided nor

worked in New Orleans. But McBride insists he was introduced to

Marguerite Oswald at the Hotel Senator in early 1958. McBride is not

alone in his observation of Marguerite in New Orleans at this

time--there were several other witnesses and photographs. On the left

is a photograph of Marguerite Oswald in New Orleans in 1957. On the

right is a photograph of Marguerite Oswald in Fort Worth in 1960--two

different Marguerite Oswalds.

The second way in which the FBI dealt with Oswald's presence in New

Orleans in 1957 and 1958 concerned their handling of the physical

evidence. Shortly after Oswald's arrest on November 22, Dallas Police

searched Ruth Paine's house and 1026 North Beckley. They confiscated

hundreds of items belonging to Oswald. That evening Dallas Police

Chief Curry said "We got several calls insisting we send this

(Oswald's possessions) and nobody would tell me exactly who it was

that was insisting .... they insinuated it was someone in high

authority that was requesting this ...... they wanted this evidence up

in Washington". "About midnight Friday night--November 22--we agreed

to let the FBI have all the evidence and they said they would have an

agent stand by and when they were finished with it, return it to us."

The person in "high authority" who had requested the evidence be

turned over immediately to the FBI was President Johnson's aide, Cliff


The bulk of Oswald's possessions were sent directly to the FBI in

Washington without being inventoried or photographed. This provided an

opportunity to tamper with evidence, which is exactly what they did.

James Cadigan, an FBI document specialist received Oswald's

possessions in Washington. He said initially that the first big batch

of evidence was brought into the laboratory on November 23rd of 1963

and this consisted of many, many items". Cadigan went on to say "time

was of the essence and this material, I believe, was returned to the

Dallas Police within two or three days." This portion of Cadigan's

testimony was deleted. Look at Oswald's possessions were secretly

returned to the Dallas Police and then "officially" inventoried and

photographed on November 26th. The changing of testimony was noticed

by some of the Warren Commission Staff Attorneys. Leon Hubert wrote

this memo to Warren Commission Attornies Howard Willens and Warren

Commission General Counsel Rankin. He states "We are requiring

witnesses to waive signatures on depositions or sign them. A waiver of

signature certainly does not include permission to change meaning. At

the staff meeting on Friday, I raised objections to "editing" of the

transcripts of depositions. The only way to avoid all this is to let

the depositions rest as they are". They ignored Hubert and "edited"

testimony of Cadigan and many other witnesses.

Among Oswald's possessions was a 1955 W-2 form from the Dolly Shoe

Company. In April, 1955 Harvey Oswald was fired by Louis Marzialle

after lunch. Full time employment at Dolly Shoe would be reflected in

wages listed on his W-2 form. Full time employment would conflict with

Lee Oswald attending Beauregard. So, Harvey Oswald's original W-2 form

was replaced with this W-2 form which shows wages commensurate with

part time employment. Who created this form and when? The Internal

Revenue Service wrote this letter to former Dolly Shoe owner Maury

Goodman. They informed him that the federal tax ID number for Dolly

Shoe appearing on this 1955 W-2 form was not issued until January,

1964. Dolly Shoe was founded in January, 1955 and discontinued

business in October, 1957. The federal tax ID on this 1955 W-2 form

was issued 7 years after the company went out of business. So, who had

custody of the W-2 form in January, 1964? The FBI did.

The most significant item found among Oswald's possessions at Ruth

Paine's was a W-2 form from the Pfisterer Dental Lab. That original

W-2 form would have given the correct years Oswald worked at

Pfisterers-1957 and 1958. But that item has disappeared. It was

replaced with this 1956 W-2 form. This form purports to show that

Oswald worked at Pfisterers in 1956 instead of 1957 and 1958 as

reported by McBride and the owners of Pfisterers. However, this letter

from the Internal Revenue Service informs us that the federal tax ID

number appearing on this 1956 W-2 form was issued in January, 1964.

This 1956 W-2 form is a fake--created in January, 1964 while in

custody of the FBI. Its purpose was to show that Oswald was employed

at Pfisterers 1956--before he entered the Marines--not in 1957 and


The tax ID on the Tujague W-2 forms for 1955 and 1956 was also issued

by the IRS in January, 1964. These W-2 forms were created to show

Oswald worked at Tujague's for two months (November, December, 1955;

January, 1956), instead of the year (July, 1955 through July, 1956) as

remembered by Oswald's boss, Frank DiBenedetto and secretary Gloria

Callaghan. Oswald's working at Tujague's for a year would have

conflicted with his Warren Easton High School attendance and his

employment at J.R. Michels.

When Oswald's possessions were picked up by the Dallas Police on

November 22 and 23, Officers Gus Rose and R. S. Stowall spent several

hours initialing each and every item belonging to Oswald. Their

initials should be on each W-2 form. When the Dallas Police turned

over Oswald's possessions to the FBI each item was checked off and

each inventory sheet initialed by FBI Agent Warren DeBrueys. But the

Dolly Shoe, Tujague and Pfisterer W-2 forms in the National Archives

do not have the initials of either Rose or Stowall. Those forms with

Rose and Stowalls initials have disappeared They were replaced with

forgeries, created in January 1964. These forged documents and 200

other items were then photographed by the FBI, and returned to Dallas

in February, 1964. These forgeries are now in the National Archives

(items #168, 169, 175 of WC Exhibit #2003).

While Harvey Oswald attended Warren Easton High School in New Orleans

in September and October, 1955, Lee Oswald was working at Tujague's.

This created another conflict. School records could not be changed,

but changing Oswald's dates of employment at Tujague's was easy.

Instead of Lee Oswald working at Tujague's from August, 1955 thru

July, 1956, his employment records were changed to show he worked at

Tujague's for two months--from November, 1955 until January, 1956.

These two months fit neatly between Harvey Oswald's Warren Easton

attendance and Harvey Oswald's two week employment at J. R. Michels in

January, 1956.

Then, without identifying Oswald's dates of employment, the Warren

Commission tells us he was employed for "a few months thereafter" at

the Pfisterer Dental labs--in the spring of 1956.

We now begin to see that the Warren Commission took parts of Harvey

Oswald's and Lee Oswald's lives and created their fictionalized

history of "Lee Harvey Oswald".

In the fall of 1956, "Harvey Oswald," was in Fort Worth, Texas, where

he briefly attended Arlington Heights High School. It was there that

former elementary school friend Richard Garrett ran into Oswald.

Garrett said "he walked up to me in the hall at school. I remember I

had to look down to talk to him and it seemed strange, because he had

been the tallest, the dominant member of our group in grammar school.

He looked like he was lost. He was very different from the way I

remember him". Of course he was different, Harvey had temporarily

replaced Lee.

Harvey joined the Marines in October, three weeks after this photo was

taken. Two weeks later, someone wrote to the Red Cross asking for help

in obtaining emergency leave for Lee Oswald. The first inquiry was

received by the Red Cross on November 9--only two weeks after Oswald

join the Marines. From the Red Cross records, we see that Marguerite's

address is 3830 W. 6th, yet according to her landlady she lived at

4936 Collinwood until July, 1957. Lee Oswald's birth date was given as

October 19, instead of October 18. His military branch was first

listed as "Army", then scratched out and changed to "Marines".

Finally, we see that the original inquiry came from Oswald's

father--not his mother. All references to "him " have been scratched

out and changed to "her". Why would someone inquire about emergency

leave for a son only two weeks after he joined the Marines? Or did

this inquiry come from the father of one of the Oswalds, and later,

when someone realized Oswald's father died before he was born, the

references on the Red Cross form were changed from "his" to "her".

The 112th Military Intelligence Group at Fort Sam Houston maintained a

file on Harvey Lee Oswald, that was "routinely destroyed" in 1973.

After Boot Camp and ITR training, Harvey Oswald left for Jacksonville,

Florida. Lee Oswald also joined the Marines in October, 1956. This

photo of Lee, found in a Naval Intelligence file at the National

Archives, was taken in December, 1956. After Boot Camp and ITR

training, Lee Oswald left for Jacksonville, Florida. Allen Felde (WC

exhibit #1962) said he and Oswald attended an A & P School in

Jacksonville, Florida and then aviation electronics school in Memphis,

Tennessee. Felde described Oswald as a left winged person who wrote to

Senator Thurman and condemned Eisenhower. Felde is describing Harvey


While Lee Oswald attended Radar School in Biloxi, Mississippi in June,

1957, Allen Felde and Harvey Oswald attended Aviation Electronics

School in Memphis, Tennessee. When Lee transferred to El Toro in July,

and left for Japan in August, Allen Felde and Harvey Oswald were still

in Memphis. Felde last saw Harvey Oswald in September, 1957, when Lee

was already in Japan. Even though Felde was with Oswald for a year, he

was not interviewed by the Warren Commission nor the House Select

Committee. Felde, like McBride, knew too much about Harvey Oswald to

be interviewed.

In January, 1957 military records show "Lee Harvey Oswald" was treated

for tonsillitis. He was treated again for tonsillitis in 1958 and

given injections of penicilliin. But according to an FBI report, Dr.

Philben, of Dallas, Texas had removed Oswald's tonsils twelve years

earlier--in January, 1945.

>From Memphis, Harvey Oswald may have traveled to Columbus, Ohio. Sgt.

Donald Swartz of the Columbus, Ohio Police Department Intelligence

Division filed a report stating that Lee Harvey Oswald attended

Antioch College, in Yellow Springs, Ohio for a short period of time in

the fall of 1957. Additional allegations of Oswald's presence in

Yellow Springs, Ohio came from an unidentified Counterintelligence

Agent from the Office of Special Investigations at Wright Patterson

Air Force Base in Ohio. The agent said Oswald received money, on a

regular basis, through money orders issued by the Miami Deposit Bank

of Yellow Springs, Ohio.

In November of 1957, Harvey Oswald was in New Orleans where he worked

at the Pfisterer Dental Labs with Palmer McBride until July,

1958--while Lee Oswald was in Japan. This photo of Harvey was probably

taken in early 1957. Lee Oswald, while in Japan, never spoke Russian,

read Russian newspapers, nor discussed Communism. He hated the name

"Harvey" or "Harv", and was given the nickname "Ozzie". Peter Cassisi,

John Heindel and other Marines who served with Oswald in Atsugi

remembered Lee Oswald returning to the base drunk, loud, and

boisterous on numerous occasions. But the person killed by Jack Ruby

did not drink, did not smoke, and usually did not speak unless spoken


In October, 1957 Lee Oswald shot himself in the arm with a .22

derringer while in the Marines at Atsugi. Lee Oswald was taken to the

hospital where the wound was sewed up. Later an incision was made in

Lee Oswald's arm 2 inches from the entrance wound to remove the

bullet. No scars from these arm wounds are visible from photographs

taken during Oswald's autopsy. Mortician Paul Groody was twice asked

about scars on Oswald's arms. Both times Groody said he had not seen

any scars on Oswald's arms.

The FBI interviewed 36 Marines who were acquainted with the "Oswalds."

There were 26 men who knew "Harvey Oswald" at El Toro in 1959, 2 who

knew Lee Oswald from radar school, and 8 who were stationed with Lee

Oswald in Japan. The FBI ignored Marines who knew Lee Oswald in Japan,

like Zack Stout, George Wilkens, and Bobby Warren, choosing instead to

interview Marines who barely knew him. William Trail "saw little of

Oswald". Paul Murphy "did not know Oswald personally". Owen Dejanovich

"never had any discussions of any kind with Oswald". Cassisi did not

recognize Oswald as his former Marine associate when Oswald's pictures

were published after the assassination.

Lee Oswald was close with three Marines-George Wilkens, Zack Stout,

and Bobby Warren. They often went on liberty with Oswald on weekends.

They visited the Queen Bee bar, were together on Corregidor, Cubic

Bay. Stout said "Ozzie" was always writing letters to his mother. Yet

no letters from Japan can be found. It is doubtful the handwriting

from any of Lee's letters from Japan would match the handwriting of

Harvey's letters from Russia. After Oswald snapped the photo of George

Wilkens, on the right, Wilkins then took a photograph of Oswald, the

one on the left. These Marines, who were with Lee Oswald nearly every

day in Japan, were not interviewed by the Warren Commission. Zack

Stouts interview in 1978, by the House Select Committee, was withheld

from the public until 1996. Marines who were close to Lee Oswald were

either not interviewed or their interviews were not made public. This

1958 photo, taken by Robert Oswald, is the "Lee Oswald" known by Zack

Stout, George Wilkins and Bobby Warren, not Harvey Oswald who defected

to Russia.

Harvey Oswald, who left the Pfisterer Dental Lab in July, 1958, took

Lee's place at the Marine base in El Toro, California in December.

Harvey used the next 9 months to convince fellow Marines of his

interest in Communism and his ability to speak Russian. Some

researchers have speculated that Oswald learned Russian at the

Monterray school of languages in California. When? During Boot Camp or

Infantry training in California? In Jacksonville, Florida or Biloxi,

Mississippi? In Japan with his mobile radar unit that traveled to the

Philippines and Taiwan? No, the Lee Oswald who left Japan in November,

1958 did not speak a word of Russian. Russian speaking "Harvey"

replaced Lee at El Toro and took a Russian language exam in February,

1959. Lee Oswald's brother, John Pic, wasn't fooled by the switch.

When shown a photograph of "Lee Harvey Oswald" wearing a Marine

helmet, Pic told the Warren Commission, "I would never guess that that

would be Lee". Pic knew this person was not his brother. So did

Robert Oswald.

On March 23, Harvey Oswald obtained a GED--equivalent to a high school

degree. When Attorney Rankin questioned Marguerite Oswald in 1964

about the high school degree she said. "I have that. His original

correspondence in the service--completed high school. January,

1958--passing 65 on a scale of 100". Two high school GED degrees-one

obtained by Lee in January, 1958--one obtained by Harvey in March,

1959--both obtained while in the Marines. In June, Harvey Oswald had a

date with Roslyn Quinn. They spoke Russian together for several hours.

Oswald's interest in reading Russian newspapers, listening to Russian

records and speaking Russian was noticed by fellow Marines who called

him "Oswaldovich". Kerry Thornley, from New Orleans, noticed that

Oswald spoke with no southern dialect--if anything, he had a New York

accent. Thornley knew Harvey, the Oswald who had lived in New York.

On August 7, 1959, Harvey Oswald was granted a dependency discharge

from the Marines. His early discharge was predicated upon an alleged

work-related injury suffered by Marguerite Oswald. Dr. Milton Goldberg

had first treated her in January, 1959. Marguerite told him that "her

son wanted to defect to Russia". This was 10 months before Harvey went

to Russia. Harvey Oswald remained at El Toro until his discharge on

September I1, 1959.

Lee Oswald was living in New Orleans. Captain Valentine Ashworth met

Oswald in New Orleans "before he went to Russia". On June 28, 1959

Oswald was registered in room "D" at the McBeth Rooming House in New

Orleans. A month later Mrs. Gladys Davis was introduced to Lee Oswald

at her home in Coral Gables, Florida. In September, 1959, she was

living with Martinez Malo who had numerous Cuban associates who came

to their residence. A Cuban exile named Francisco Rodriquez Tamayo AKA

"Mexicano" had introduced Oswald to her. This is the same time frame

during which Marita Lorenz claims she first met Oswald in a CIA

safehouse in Miami. Lee Oswald would continue his associations with

Cuban exiles and their CIA "handlers" for the next three years while

Harvey Oswald was in Russia.

Lee Oswald used this photo on this Los Angeles passport application.

He used this Department of Defense ID card for identification, a card,

often issued to intelligence operatives. But the photo on the ID card

was only half his, the other half of the photo, the right half was

Harvey. This ID card could be used by either Harvey or Lee.

Lee Oswald then traveled to Fort Worth, visited his mother, and

remained there through September 16. On September 16, Harvey Oswald

was in New Orleans and filled out a passenger emigration form. He did

not have the Los Angeles issued passport with him and incorrectly

listed the issuing passport office as New Orleans. Lee, who had the

Los Angeles issued passport, was still in Fort Worth. A side by side

comparison of the emigration form and Oswald's passport application

reveals not only inconsistencies, it also provides a rare chance to

compare the handwriting of Lee Oswald and Harvey Oswald.

Harvey Oswald purchased a ticket from a travel agency in the

International Trade Mart Building, boarded the SS Marion Lykes, and

left for Russia. This article and photo appeared in the Fort Worth

Star Telegram concerning Oswald's defection. This is Lee Oswald,

recognizable to residents of Fort Worth. Harvey Oswald's photograph

did not appear in Fort Worth newspapers in 1959--no one in Fort Worth

would have recognized Harvey as "Lee Oswald".


Lee Oswald remained in the US while Harvey went to Russia. When Harvey

Oswald met Marina, she thought he was a native Russian with a Baltic

accent. When she learned he was a foreigner, she asked which of his

parents was Russian. His March, 1961 medical records from Minsk list

his name as "Harvey Alik Oswald". A State Department Security Office

memo of March 2, 1961 refers to "Harvey" Oswald. A letter written to

Oswald in May 3, 1961 is addressed to Esteemed Citizen "Harvey

Oswald". A CIA memo of November 25, 1963 explained the agencies

interest in the "Harvey" story. The merging of Harvey Oswald with Lee

Oswald's background had been successful. Russian speaking Harvey was

in Russia and Lee was working with CIA operatives in New Orleans,

Texas and Florida. People who look similar, like Harvey and Lee, are

often used by the intelligence community. Castro's top agents were

identical twin brothers--Patricio and Antonio De La Guardia. Lee and

Harvey were not identical in appearance, but they looked similar

enough to confuse, deceive, and fool those who knew or saw them. This

is the smoke and mirrors Jim Garrison spoke of--trademarks of the

intelligence community.

Lee Oswald was in New Orleans and Florida in the summer and fall of

1959. William Huffman told the FBI he saw Oswald "sometime after

Castro came to power, in January, 1959". Oswald and four or five

Cubans fueled a 43 foot Chris Craft diesel boat at his dock. Oswald

telephoned "Ruben" in Key West, who came to the dock and paid for the

fuel. "Ruben" may have been Jack Ruby, who ran guns to Castro in the

late 1950's from a house in Kemah, Texas. Neighbors were quite

familiar with Jack Ruby, and remember his weekend trips to Cuba in a

50 foot surplus military craft loaded with guns. Marita Lorenz met Lee

Oswald at a safehouse in Miami in 1960 and saw and photographed him

again at CIA training camps in the Florida everglades several times

during 1960 and 1961. Former Congresswoman Clare Boothe Luce financed

Cuban exile groups in the early 1960's. The Captain of one of these

groups advised Luce "that (Lee) Oswald and others were involved in

infiltration of Communist groups in that area".

By June, 1960 J. Edgar Hoover was aware of an Oswald in the States and

an Oswald in Russia. He sent this memo to his field offices warning

them that an impostor may be using Oswald's birth certificate. FBI

files contain many reports of Lee Oswald in the States while Harvey is

in Russia, but you won't find them in the Warren Volumes.

In January, 1961, Fred Sewell, manager of the Bolton Ford Truck center

in New Orleans met "Lee Oswald", who wanted to buy trucks to be sent

to Cuba. The sales order form listed the purchaser as Friends of

Democratic Cuba whose members included former FBI Agent Guy Bannister,

active FBI agents Logan and Kennedy, Lee Oswald's former employer,

Gerard Tujague, and CIA operative William Dalzell.

In the spring of 1961, Lee Oswald visited the Dumas and Milnes

Chevrolet Dealership in New Orleans. He and salesman James Spencer had

coffee at Walgreens and discussed the sale of a 1958 Chevrolet to

Oswald. This Oswald, Lee Oswald, could drive and, as we shall see, had

a valid Texas drivers license.

In May, 1961 Robert Taber, a member of the Fair Play for Cuba

Committee, and "Lieutenant Oswald" met with Dr. Enrique Luaces in

Havana, Cuba. Oswald was introduced as an arms expert. Dr. Luaces

said he had no doubt that the Oswald he met in 1961 and the Lee Harvey

Oswald whose picture appeared on television after the assassination

are one and the same. After the assassination the US Army forwarded a

file captioned "Harvey Oswald" to the FBI which contained an Army

Intelligence report about Oswald and Robert Taber in Cuba.

In July, 1961, Ray Camay, news director for radio station KBOX in

Dallas, told the FBI he met with Lee Oswald on several occasions in

the summer of 1961. Oswald tried to obtain from him the names of

pilots who had volunteered to fly Flying Tiger missions over Cuba. The

FBI knew how to deal with Carney. They told him that Oswald was in

Russia during 1961 and he was obviously mistaken.

In the fall of 1961, Police Officer Charles Noto arrested Lee Oswald

and Celso Hernandez on Breakwater Road on the Lakefront in New

Orleans. They were brought to Levee Board Police Headquarters where,

after a closed door session with Marcel Champon, the officer in

charge, they were released. This 1961 arrest is very important. Two

years later, in August, 1963, Celso Hernandez would again be arrested.

But this time he was arrested with Harvey Oswald, who created a

disturbance by handing out "Fair Play for Cuba Literature". Hernandez

knew both Oswalds.

In late 1961 and early 1962 Stephen Landesberg, Earl Perry, and Oswald

created demonstrations in New York City. Landesberg and Perry would

create the demonstrations while Oswald took photographs. A few hours

after the assassination Landesberg told his story to the FBI. The FBI

knew how to deal with Landesberg. Because the FBI knew Oswald was in

Russia during 1961 and early 1962, they charged Landesberg with

providing false information to the government and summarily had him

committed to the Bellevue Psychiatric Center in New York. The entire

court case, US vs. Steven Harris Landesberg, including two backup

microfilm copies, disappeared from the court archival records. When

the FBI tried to obtain Earl Perry's records from the Marines, they

were told they would first have to get clearance from the

Pentagon-from the Pentagon!

In the summer of 1962, Leander D'Avy worked as a doorman at the Court

of Two Sisters restaurant in the French Quarter. A man he later

identified as Lee Harvey Oswald approached him and asked for Clay

Bertrand. The restaurant manager, Gene Davis, told D'Avy he would

speak with the man. Davis spoke to Oswald at the bar and later, after

Oswald left, told D'Avy that the man had been behind the Iron Curtain.

On a Saturday morning in November, 1963, about two or three weeks

before the assassination, D'Avy went looking for Davis to obtain his

paycheck. He found Davis in an upstairs storeroom that was being used

as a makeshift apartment. With Davis were Lee Harvey Oswald, David

Ferrie, a Cuban, and three unidentified men.

In 1968, New Orleans D. A. Jim Garrison wanted to question Davis about

his associations with Oswald. Garrison had asked Davis to take a

polygraph test, but he refused. He had good reason to refuse. Eugene

Clair Davis was an active informant of the New Orleans FBI designated

symbol informant 1189-C as of October 11, 1961. The National Archives

has many documents on Gene Davis, most of them "postponed in full".

>From 1959 thru the Spring of 1962 Lee Oswald was surrounded by people

involved in Cuban affairs-people we now know were either working for

or closely associated with the CIA and FBI.

In June 1962 Harvey Oswald left Russia, and moved to Fort Worth where

he impressed the Dallas Russian community with his command of the

Russian language. George DeMohrenschildt said Harvey preferred

speaking Russian to English. He discussed classical Russian literature

with Harvey-in the Russian language. Speaking elementary Russian is

one thing. Speaking and reading Russian well enough to discuss

"classical Russian literature" with a well educated native speaking

Russian is another. The Warren Commission wants us to believe this

high school dropout taught himself Russian by reading Russian

newspapers--at age 19. In reality Harvey Oswald had been speaking

Russian for a long time-- since childhood.

Oswald's Russian speaking ability allowed him to observe and report on

conditions in the Soviet Union. His 50 page manuscript (Volume 16, pp.

287-336) is replete with minute detail, facts and data--not the type

of information recorded by a tourist or temporary resident of Russia.

When Lee Oswald's older brother, John Pic, saw "Harvey" Oswald after

his return from Russia, Pic told the Warren Commission "the Lee Harvey

Oswald I met in November, 1962 was not the same Lee Oswald I had known

10 years previous". When Attorney Jenner asked Pic how he looked

physically "as compared with when you had last seen him," Pic replied

"I would never have recognized him, sir". You noticed a material

change in his appearance? Pic replied, "much thinner, didn't have as

much hair, different facial features, eyes set back, his face was

rounder, and he no longer had a bull neck". The Oswald that Pic saw on

Thanksgiving day in 1962 wrote his name in Pic's address book as


In September, 1962, when Harvey Oswald was working at Leslie Welding

in Fort Worth, ex-CIA agent Donald Norton met with Lee Harvey Oswald

in Mexico. He gave Oswald $50,000 in cash and received, in turn, a

manila envelope.

In March, 1963 when Harvey and Marina were living on Neeley Street, a

letter was found in the mail box at the Carousel Club addressed to

Jake Rubenstein. The return address was "Lee Oswald, 1106 Diceman

Avenue, Dallas, Texas". Daniel Thomas McGown, a prominent Memphis

attorney, found the letter below the mailbox. He notified the FBI of

the letter after the assassination.

In June, 1963 Harvey Oswald applied for a passport. He listed his

mother's and father's birth date incorrectly and misspelled his

mother's maiden name. Four years earlier, in September, 1959, Lee

Oswald had applied for a passport and made similar mistakes. It is

likely the 1959 passport application was filled out by Lee and the

1963 passport application was filled out by Harvey. The discrepancies

in his parents birth dates on two passport applications are

unexplainable. Curiously, another individual applied for and received

passports on two separate occasions and made the same mistakes as

Oswald--both parents had different birth dates listed on each passport

application. That person was Oswald's cousin, Marilyn Murrett.

In July, while Harvey is working at the Reilly Coffee Company in New

Orleans, Marshall Hicks, an employee of Western Union, delivered

several telegrams to Lee Harvey Oswald at 1501 W. 7th, in Fort Worth.

In the Spring and Summer of 1963 Dorothy Marcum dated Jack Ruby. She

was certain that Oswald and Ruby not only knew each other, but that

Oswald had worked for Ruby in June and July, 1963.

When Jack Ruby's Oldsmobile needed work, mechanic Robert Roy said it

was Lee Oswald who delivered and picked up the car, not once, but

several times.

When Frances Hise visited Jack Ruby at the Carousel Club, she saw a

man enter through the back door. Ruby said, "Hi Ozzie," and told him

to go in the back room. When Ruby finished speaking with Miss Hise he

joined "Ozzie". She said there was "no doubt in her mind" it was

Oswald. Dozens of people saw Oswald and Ruby together in the summer

and fall of 1963. This is precisely the time during which Harvey was

residing with Marina in New Orleans. It was Lee Oswald who knew Jack

Ruby. Here is a list of people who place Oswald and Ruby together.

Through early 1963, the activities of Harvey Oswald and Lee Oswald had

no apparent relationship to the assassination. But in the summer of

1963 things changed. Antonio Veciana observed his long time associate

"Bishop" with Lee Oswald at the Southland Building in Dallas. "Bishop"

also known as David Atlee Phillips was the head of Cuban Propaganda

for the CIA. Why would the head of CIA Cuban Propaganda operations be

with Lee Oswald? .... Because the plot, as it developed, could not

have succeeded without Lee Oswald. During the next two months Lee

Oswald was used to impersonate Harvey in a series of events that were

designed to set up "Harvey" as the assassin and implicate Cuba as his

sponsor. It is not unreasonable to speculate that David Phillips

masterminded this plan. After the assassination, Phillips was in a

perfect position to receive, direct and control inquiries to the CIA

in Mexico City regarding Oswald. As most researchers know, there were

many bogus CIA dispatches that came from Mexico City following the


In August, Harvey was arrested in New Orleans for creating a

disturbance while passing out "Fair Play for Cuba Literature". Helping

him was Charles Hall Steele, who we now know was an FBI informant

identified as "Dallas T-14". A photograph of Oswald was shown to

Oswald's brother, John Pic. Attorney Jenner asked "Do you recognize

the young man handing out the leaflets?" Pic replied "No, sir, I would

be unable to recognize him". Jenner replied "As to whether he was your

brother". Pic replied "That is correct" . Once again, John Pic refused

to identify Harvey Oswald as his brother. Instead of asking Pic to

identify the person in the photos, they asked no further questions.

Again and again Pic told the Warren Commission the photos in Life

Magazine were not his brother-but nobody listened. How many times does

John Pic have to tell us these photos are not his brother before we

finally believe him?

In September 1963, while Harvey is in New Orleans, "Lee Oswald" and

Mr. Hernandez approached Robert McKeown at his home in Bay Cliff,

Texas. Hernandez, in his 40's, may have been forty seven year old

Celso Hernandez, arrested with Oswald in New Orleans in 1961, and

arrested with Oswald in August, 1963. Lee Oswald offered to purchase

four Savage .300 caliber automatic rifles with scopes for $1,000

each-rifles that could be purchased for $300 from Sears & Roebuck.

McKeown wondered why someone would pay him so much for these rifles.

McKeown told the HSCA "that is what puzzled me, why would he come to

me". McKeown may have been puzzled, but it made perfect sense to the

people who sent Lee Oswald to purchase the rifles. A photograph

appeared in the Houston Chronicle on April 29, 1959. It was McKeown

and his friend Fidel Castro. McKeown had provided Castro with

armaments during the Cuban revolution. Grateful for McKeown's help,

Castro had flown to Houston and offered McKeown concessions or a high

position in the Cuban government. If anyone had wanted to place the

blame for Kennedy's assassination on the Cuban government, what better

way than to have Castro's close friend and gun supplier, Robert

McKeown, provide Oswald with rifles to assassinate Kennedy.

In September, 1963, Mrs. Lou Hayes noticed a young man sitting close

to her on a bus. He began talking about his "recent trip to Cuba". He

said "I flew there. I saw Castro". Two months later, when Mrs. Hayes

saw Oswald's photograph on TV, she recognized him as the young man she

had seen on the bus. Mrs. Hayes was a long time friend of Warren

Commission member Hale Boggs. Mr. Boggs sent this letter to Warren

Commission counsel J. Lee Rankin. He wrote "Mrs. Hayes is a thoroughly

responsible person and information contained in her letter of December

11, 1963 should be checked out thoroughly by the Commission". The

statements made by the person she saw on the bus, probably Lee Oswald,

were staged to show a close relationship between Cuba, Castro, and


In September, 1963 former Army Intelligence Officer Richard Case Nagel

knew of an impending assassination attempt on President Kennedy. Nagel

wrote to J. Edgar Hoover advising "that a conspiracy involving Lee

Harvey Oswald would take place in the latter part of September, 1963".

Wanting no part of a conspiracy Nagel, on September 20, walked into

the State National Bank in El Paso and fired shots into the ceiling.

He walked outside, waited for the police to arrest him, and was taken

to jail. When searched, the police found a photocopy of an ID card

belonging to Lee Harvey Oswald. A close examination of the Oswald ID

card found on Nagel and the Oswald ID card taken from Oswald on

November 22 show differences. The postmark on Oswald's card does not

appear on Nagel's copy. The signatures do not match and the

photographs are not the same. The photograph on Nagel's copy of

Oswald's ID card, though not very clear, has different facial

features, a different hairline, and different clothing (the person in

Nagel's ID card is wearing a tie). Two different photos of Oswald on

two, otherwise identical, ID cards. What Nagel was doing with a copy

of Oswald's ID card two months before the assassination is a mystery.

On September 23, while Harvey, Marina, June. and Ruth Paine were in

New Orleans, a "Lee Oswald" applied for a job, through the Texas

Employment Commission, at the Semter Drug Depot in Dallas, Texas.

On September 25, when "Oswald" cashed an unemployment check at the

Winn Dixie Store in New Orleans, Mrs. Lee Dannelly of the Selective

Service Commission in Austin, Texas, interviewed a man who identified

himself as Harvey Oswald. He was attempting to straighten out his

dishonorable discharge from the Marines. Oswald said he had entered

the Marines in Florida and resided in Fort Worth. Oswald was also seen

in an Austin cafe later that day.

On September 26, An "Oswald" sat next to John Howard Bowen/Albert

Osborne on a bus bound for Mexico City. He discussed Mexico with two

Australian girls, pointed out landmarks, and recommended the Hotel

Cuba in Mexico City. On September 27th an Oswald visited the Cuban

Embassy. When refused a visa, he caused a minor scene which was

remembered by embassy personnel. J. Edgar Hoover alleged that when

Oswald was refused a visa, he left saying "I'm going to kill Kennedy

for this". Hoover's allegation was not supported by the Cubans at the


Cuban consul Eusebio Azcue and his assistant Sylvia Duran remembered

Oswald. Sylvia Duran said Oswald was her height, about 5'3", and

having blond hair. When Azcue saw television coverage of the

assassination, Azcue said that the "Oswald" he saw did not even

resemble the man who visited his consulate. Two photographs were taken

of Oswald inside the embassy by the Cubans. The photographs show a

medium height, blond person wearing a sweater.

"Oswald" visited the Russian embassy at noon on September 27 where he

spoke, in broken Russian, to employees of the embassy. This Oswald's

Russian was so poor, he and the embassy staff switched to English. The

Oswald George DeMohrenschildt knew, Harvey, spoke Russian well enough

to discuss classical Russian literature in the Russian language--not

broken Russian. The day after the assassination J. Edgar Hoover told

Lyndon Johnson "we have up here the tape recording and the photograph

of the man who was at the Soviet embassy using Oswald's name. That

picture and tape recording do not correspond to this man's voice, nor

to his appearance. In other words, it appears that there is a second

person who was at the Soviet embassy down there."

It appears that neither Harvey nor Lee Oswald were in Mexico City. Had

this person been either Harvey or Lee, CIA cameras would have recorded

his visit and provided a photo or the tape recording would have been

Oswald's voice. The CIA would have provided a photo of Harvey or

Lee-not this photograph of a middle aged, heavyset, unidentified man.

According to Richard Helms, this photograph was taken after Oswald

left Mexico-on October 4. There was little, if any, evidence that

placed either Harvey or Lee in Mexico City.

David Atlee Phillips was a long time associate of Alpha 66 leader

Antonio Veciana. Phillips knew that Veciana had a relative in the

Cuban embassy. He was asked by Phillips to offer his relative a large

sum of money to say that the relative and his wife met Oswald during

his Mexico City trip. If evidence would not place Oswald in Mexico

City, perhaps the offer of money would. Attempted bribery and coercion

by the head of Cuban operations for the CIA-David Atlee Phillips.

Further indications of CIA involvement; further attempts to place

Oswald in Mexico City.

Visits to the Cuban and Russian embassies took place on September 27.

That evening a "Leon Oswald", probably Lee Oswald was in Dallas

visiting Sylvia Odio.

In the afternoon of the following day, Mrs. Lorena Brayshaw and her

daughter Carol met and spent time with Harvey Oswald in New Orleans in

the French Quarter.

That same day, September 28, with an "Oswald" in Mexico City, and

Harvey in New Orleans, Lee Oswald arrived at the Sports Drome Rifle

Range driving a 1940 Model Ford. He asked Mr. Price, a friend of the

owner of the facility, to help him sight in his rifle. With car lights

shining on the target, Mr. Price sighted in the rifle.

On October 3, an Oswald left Mexico at Nuevo Laredo, at 1:30 am.

Mexican records list Oswald's departure by automobile. The Warren

Commission says he left Mexico by bus and arrived in San Antonio at

6:30 am. During the next few days, Oswald sightings multiplied.

An Oswald spent the next night, October 4, in Alice, Texas, 100 miles

east of Laredo. The next morning, accompanied by a woman and two year

old child, he drove an old model car to radio station KOPY. He filled

out an employment application, visited with Laymon Stewart and Robert

Janca, and said he had just come from Mexico.

A few days later an "Oswald" applied for a job at the Continental Oil

Company in Houston. This person identified himself as "Lee Oswald" and

was interviewed by Mrs. Sheppard. He told her he had just returned

from Mexico with a friend and that they had tried to proceed from

Mexico to Cuba. Oswald told her he was staying at the Savoy apartments

two blocks away.

George Ryan, manager of the Stop-N-Go drive-in grocery in Houston told

the FBI that Oswald tried on three successive days to cash a $65 check

at his store. He told the Houston Press he was under orders from the

FBI not to discuss the case.

We have one Oswald leaving Mexico on October 3, driving thru Alice,

Texas on October 4 with a woman and two year old child, applying for a

job in Houston, residing at the Savoy Apartments the week of Oct. 7th,

and trying to cash a $65 check.

On the afternoon of October 3, with one Oswald in Alice, Texas and

Harvey in New Orleans, an Oswald, probably Lee Oswald, was interviewed

by Harry Sanderson of the Texas Employment Commission . Later, Oswald

checked into the Dallas YMCA and was assigned room 601.

On October 4, Harvey Oswald filled out, signed and dated an employment

application at the JOBCO employment agency in Dallas. The evening of

October 4th, Dallas Attorney Carroll Jarnagin overheard a conversation

between Jack Ruby and Harvey Oswald at the Carousel Club. Harvey

Oswald told Jack Ruby that he had just got in from New Orleans.

Jarnagin took notes of that conversation which appear as WC #2821.

According to Ruth Paine, Oswald stayed at her house in Irving the

evening of the 4th, 5th and 6th of October. On October 7, Harvey

Oswald rented a room from Mary Bledsoe in Dallas.

>From September 25 thru October 5th Oswalds can be found in New

Orleans, Mexico City, Dallas, Houston, and a number of small towns

near Alice, Texas at the same time. These multiple sightings have

confused researchers for years and continue to confuse us today. The

available evidence simply does not allow us to accurately pinpoint

which Oswald was at a particular location at a given time. What is

obvious from the multiple, concurrent, Oswald sightings is the unseen

hand of a covert intelligence operation.

Lee Oswald was at the Sports Drome Rifle Range on October 10th. On

October 17th, while Harvey was working at the Book Depository, Lee was

again at the Sports Drome Rifle Range. He arrived with another man in

a car and wound up shooting at Gordon Slack's target. Mr. Slack

identified Oswald's picture, but said that Oswald's hair was much


Laurel Kittrell, of the Texas Employment Commission, interviewed

Harvey Oswald before he began work at the Book Depository on October

15. He told her he had come up from New Orleans. She described him as

neat in appearance and articulate. He told her his first job was

selling shoes. In 1956 he moved to Encino, California and worked 6

months a motorscooter messenger boy before he joined the Marines.

Laurel Kittrell interviewed "Harvey Oswald", who first worked at Dolly

Shoe in 1955, and wrote the infamous note to Warren Easton High School

in October, 1955 stating "we are moving to San Diego". Her curiosity

was aroused when Oswald told her he had lived in Russia and had a

Russian wife. She noticed the woman with him was about to have a baby

and remembered her as being quite short and wearing no makeup. During

this interview, she asked him what he liked best about Russia. He

replied "The opera". A week later Oswald showed up for another

interview. Harvey was then working at the T.S.B.D.. But Mrs. Kittrell

realized this Oswald was not the same person she had interviewed

before. The two Oswalds were very, very similar--but different people.

She said, "the man I remember as (Harvey) Oswald, and the man I

remember as the Teamster were much alike in size, shape and outline,

generally, there was a marked difference between them in bearing and

manner. The man I remember as Oswald was a trim, energetic, compact,

well-knit person, who sat on the edge of a chair (Harvey). The man I

remember as the Teamster, was sprawled over his chair and was rather

messy looking (Lee)". After the assassination, Mrs. Kittrell wrote and

phoned the FBI, but was not interviewed until a year later, after the

Warren Commission volumes were published.

On the evening of October 22, an "Oswald Lee" visited the home of

Harold Zotch in Grand Prairie, Texas (south of Irving, TX). Mrs. James

Walker and Oswald spoke for nearly two hours.

Oswald told her he had been to Russia and was writing a book about his

experiences. He said he had been working at the Texas Book Store for

eight days, had a room in Oak Cliff, and said his wife lived in

Irving, Texas. She noticed a tattoo of a dagger with a snake on his

left forearm. She asked him what this meant and he said "don't tread

on me--you know, don't step on me". About 10 PM Oswald left in an old

model car driven by a tall, dark headed young man.

On October 24, FBI Agent Milton Kaack visited the Department of Vital

Statistics in New Orleans, where he inquired about birth records for

Lee Harvey Oswald. With FBI informant Gene Davis keeping company with

Lee Oswald, FBI informant Charles Steele handing out Fair Play for

Cuba Literature with Harvey Oswald, and FBI Agent Hosty keeping tabs

on his PCI informant Harvey Oswald in Dallas, the FBI was certainly

interested in Oswald. Their interest may have prompted FBI Agent

Milton Kaack to check the birth record of Lee Harvey Oswald-less than

a month before the assassination.

Two weeks later, Jack Ruby and a man believed to be Oswald were at the

Contract Electronics store in Dallas at 3 P.M. for approximately one

hour. The store personnel, Kermit Patterson, Donald Stuart and Charles

Arndt, discussed the buying and selling of electronic equipment with

them. Patterson identified Lee Harvey Oswald from New Orleans Police

photographs as the person he saw in his store. He said Oswald had a

tattoo on his left forearm.

In Irving, Texas Harry Spencer interviewed Oswald for a job at his

Heating and Air Conditioning company. He found Oswald so interesting

that he spoke with him nearly an hour--yet Warren Commission records

show Harvey Oswald working at the Book Depository the time.

Cliff Shasteen operated a barber shop less than a mile from the

Paines' house in Irving. Shasteen, an Irving city council member, was

Lee Oswald's barber. He saw Oswald at various Irving locations

including Williamsburg's Drug Store, Hutchison's Grocery and the

Paines' house. Every other week Oswald drove the Paine's station wagon

to his shop for a haircut. Shasteen thought he lived with the Paine's.

So did the neighborhood postman who remembered the substantial amounts

of mail Oswald received at the Paines. Shasteen and his fellow barbers

cut Lee Oswald's hair twice a month beginning in the summer of 1963.

FBI Agent Bardwell Odom told Shasteen that his memory of cutting

Oswald's hair in the summer of 1963 was during the time Oswald lived

in New Orleans. In a tape recorded interview Shasteen replied "I can't

help what it contradicts, that's just the fact and that's it." He

remembered Oswald had "nearly black hair" as well as "hairy arms",

also with black hair. This differs from Harvey Oswald's medium brown

hair. He remembered that Oswald always wore either long sleeve or

short sleeve coveralls that buttoned up the front; yet no coveralls

were found among Oswald's possessions nor was Oswald known to wear

coveralls. Shasteen noticed Oswald's yellow shoes, which Oswald said

he had purchased in Mexico for $1.50. Oswald said he frequently

traveled to Mexico. Shortly after the assassination the FBI was trying

to find evidence of Oswald's visit to Mexico. The yellow shoes noticed

by Shasteen would have helped the FBI place Oswald in Mexico. Yet no

yellow shoes were found among Harvey Oswald's possessions and the FBI

was unable to come up with any physical evidence that linked Harvey

Oswald with his alleged trip to Mexico City.

Finally, nine months after the assassination, on August 27, 1964, the

FBI was provided with items that linked Oswald to Mexico City. A guide

map of Mexico City, a pamphlet for the week of September 24, and a

portion of a bus ticket were conveniently provided by Marina, having

been discovered by CIA asset Pricilla Johnson McMillan.

On one visit to Shasteen's barber shop Oswald was accompanied by an

unknown 14 year old boy. Later, in October, this boy was dropped off

for a haircut by someone driving a 1958 Ford.

Shasteen often saw Oswald at Hutchison's Grocery, across the street

from his shop. Store owner Leonard Hutchinson said Oswald came to his

store during the weekdays, always purchasing the same items--a gallon

of milk, a loaf of bread, and a package of cinnamon rolls. During the

weekdays, Harvey Oswald lived 13 miles away in Oak Cliff while working

at the Book Depository. In early November Oswald, accompanied by two

women matching the description of Marguerite and Marina, attempted to

cash a check in the amount of $189 made payable to Harvey Oswald.

Curiously, the amount of the check-$189-is only a few dollars more

than the amount Harvey left on the dresser the morning of November 22.

Where would "Harvey Oswald" get a $189 check? His only place of

employment since July was the Texas School Book Depository and they

paid their employees in cash. The answer may come from FBI Agent James

Hosty who told fellow FBI Agent Gayton Carver that Oswald was a paid

FBI informant. When Hosty mentioned that he contacted Oswald by

placing notes under Oswald's apartment door, Carver said "you mean the

Paine's house?", Hosty responded "no, Oswald's apartment."

On Wednesday or Thursday, November 6 or 7th, Oswald, wife and child

arrived around 2 P.M.. in a 1958 blue Ford. Marina was recognized by

Gertrude Hunter, a friend of store owner Edith Whitworth. Mrs. Hunter

had previously seen and spoken to Marina at Minyard's Grocery and a

service station located at 6th and Hastings Street. Oswald mentioned

to Mrs. Whitworth he had an apartment and would need furniture in a

couple of weeks. After the assassination Marina denied being in the

store or meeting either woman. In an attempt to resolve the matter the

Warren Commission had Mrs. Whitworth and Mrs. Hunter meet with Marina.

Both women positively identified her as the woman they had seen and

spoken with in the Furniture Mart as well as other locations in

Irving. Mrs. Hunter remembered that Marina spoke with a woman dressed

in a white uniform about clothing and the welfare of her baby. She

remembered the Salvation Army was mentioned. Mrs. Ambrose Martinez,

Intake Secretary of the Salvation Army in Dallas told the FBI that Lee

and Marina Oswald accompanied by two children came to her office in

seeking aid. Oswald gave Mrs. Paine as a reference. Oswald said he had

met Mrs. Paine in New Orleans and he and Marina lived with Mrs. Paine

in Irving. Marina not only denied being at the Furniture Mart, she

denied ever knowing these women, denied applying for assistance from

the Salvation Army, denied shopping at Hutchinson's Grocery, denied

shopping at Minyard's Grocery and denied riding in a car driven by her

husband. If Marina had admitted to riding in a car with Oswald, or if

Ruth or Michael Paine admitted loaning Oswald either of their cars,

they would have confirmed Lee's driving ability.

A check with the Texas Department of Public safety would have turned

up a drivers license in the name of Lee Oswald and risked exposing the

two Oswalds.

Many people had knowledge of Lee Oswald's Texas drivers license or

driving ability. When Marina, Robert and the Paines refused to admit

"Oswald" could drive, they were referring to "Harvey"-they all knew

Lee and knew he could drive. Harvey lived in Oak Cliff, 13 miles from

the Paine house, worked at the Book Depository without missing a day,

was not in Irving during the week, did not have a drivers license, and

could not drive. Lee Oswald had a Texas drivers license, was seen

driving several different cars, and may have had an apartment in or

near Irving as mentioned by James Hosty. As Shasteen observed, Lee

Oswald may have lived at the Paine's during the week.

In late October and early November, Lee Oswald was used again and

again to set up Harvey as the "patsy". In late October an Oswald drove

to the Sports Drome rifle range where he again target practiced. On

October 31, an Oswald applied for a job at the multi-story Statler

Hilton Hotel in downtown Dallas. On November 1, an Oswald purchased

ammunition at Morgan's Gun Shop. On November 4th, an Oswald visited

Dial Ryders gun shop to have a scope mounted on his rifle even though

Mr. Davis had sighted in Oswald's rifle, with scope, at the Sports

Drome Rifle Range a month earlier. The rifle ordered from Kleins

Sporting Goods in March, 1963 came with a scope already mounted. On

November 9, an Oswald was at the Downtown Lincoln Mercury dealership

where he gave his name to the salesman, test drove a new car at

excessive speeds and said he would soon have enough money to buy a new

car. On November 16, an Oswald applied for a job at the Southland

Hotel Parking garage (Allright Parking Systems). Oswald asked how high

the Southland Building was and if it had a good view of downtown

Dallas. A rifle with a scope. ammunition, target practice, a tall

building from which to shoot the President, and enough money within a

few weeks to buy a new car. The framing of "Harvey Oswald" as the

assassin was nearly complete.

A few days before the assassination, Mr. W. M. Hannie was in Juarez,

Mexico preparing to drive to Fort Worth for medical treatment. He was

asked if he would mind giving a ride to a young man named Lee Oswald.

Hannie agreed, provided the man would drive, since Hannie was using

medication. Enroute to Fort Worth, Oswald told Hannie he had recently

been in Mexico City. Oswald spoke of his two children, the "book

company" and Jack Ruby's "honky-tonk" which he said he was tired of

cleaning. Dorothy Marcum, Ruby's girlfriend, corroborated Lee Oswald

working for Ruby in 1963. Hannie said that during their trip from El

Paso to Fort Worth, Oswald used the telephone at nearly every stop.

Abilene, Texas is a little over half way from El Paso/Juarez to Fort

Worth. On November 17 a note had been slipped under the apartment door

of Harold Reynolds, a photographer. The note had been intended for his

neighbor, Pedro Valeriano Gonzalez, president of the Cuban Liberation

Committee. The note read "Call me immediately. Urgent". Two Dallas

phone numbers were given. The note was signed "Lee Oswald". Reynolds

gave the note to Gonzalez, who was quite nervous when he saw it.

Although he had a phone in his apartment, Gonzalez proceeded directly

to a pay phone to call Dallas. Reynolds reported that he had seen a

man who looked like Lee Harvey Oswald with an older man from New

Orleans at Gonzalez's apartment. After the assassination Gonzalez fled

to Venezuala.

On November 20, Mary Dowling served Lee Oswald at the Dobbs House

Restaurant at 10:00 am. He was unsatisfied with his order and cursed

at her while Police Officer J. D. Tippit looked on. Chef Dolores

Harrison, Manager Sam Rogers, and employee Douglas Leaks remembered

Oswald as a regular "coffee customer". They were not interviewed by

the Warren Commission because their testimony would have placed Oswald

at the Dobbs House during the morning of November 20, instead of at

the Book Depository.

A half hour later, at 10:30 a.m., an "Oswald" was picked up at the

Beckley Street entrance to the R. L. Thornton Expressway, less than a

mile from the Dobbs House, while hitch-hiking. He introduced himself

to the driver as "Lee Harvey Oswald" and was carrying a 4 foot long

package wrapped in brown paper. He told the driver, Mr. Ralph Yates,

it contained curtain rods and discussed the President's visit. Mr.

Yates dropped Oswald off across the street from the book depository.

Upon returning to work, Mr. Yates told a fellow employee, Dempsey

Jones, about the person he had picked up in Oak Cliff and dropped off

at the corner of Elm and Houston. The FBI gave Yates a polygraph test.

When the results failed to discredit Yates, the Bureau called the

tests "inconclusive".

Also on November 20, a package was mailed from Irving, Texas to Lee

Oswald at 2515 W. 5th St., Irving, TX. On Thursday, Oswald rode to the

Paines with fellow employee Wesley Frazier. Oswald said he wanted to

pick up some curtain rods Mrs. Paine had for him. The package mailed

on Wednesday had not been delivered. There was $.12 postage due on the

package and it was held at the Irving Post Office. A notice of

attempted delivery was received by Ruth Paine and turned over to the

FBI. They picked up the package prior to the Dallas Police searching

the Paine residence on November 23rd. The package, opened by US Post

Office Inspector Harry Holmes, contained "a long brown bag opened at

both ends"--similar to the brown bag that was allegedly found by the

Dallas Police in the Book Depository. We know Wesley Frazier and his

sister allegedly saw Oswald place a "brown bag" in Frazier's car and

carry the bag into the Book Depository the morning of the

assassination. Yet no one else saw Oswald carry a bag into the Book

Depository. The Dallas Police found a brown bag on the 6th floor

which, allegedly, was used to carry the rifle into the building. No

fingerprints were found on that bag. Nor were fingerprints found on

the brown bag mailed to Oswald at the Paine residence. If the package

containing the brown bag would have had the correct amount of postage,

it would have been delivered to the Paine residence. Oswald would have

opened the package and unwittingly placed his fingerprints on the

brown bag--a bag that could have been conveniently placed on the 6th

floor of the Book Depository. The expected delivery of a package

containing "curtain rods" could have been the reason for Oswald's

uncharacteristic trip to Irving on Thursday evening.

On November 22, Harvey Oswald left a wallet, wedding ring and $180.00

on the dresser at the Paine residence. He arrived at the Book

Depository at 8:00 am. At the same time Lee Oswald was seen at Top Ten

Records, near the Texas Theater, where he purchased a ticket. Lee

Oswald returned a short time later and purchased another ticket. This

time, Officer J.D. Tippit was in the store. Two hours later Lee Oswald

purchased two bottles of beer from the Jiffy Store near downtown

Dallas. When asked for identification, he showed store clerk Fred

Moore a Texas drivers license with the name Lee Oswald. Moore

remembered Oswald's birth date as October, 1939.

Fifteen minutes before the assassination Arnold Rowland saw two men,

one of them wearing a white shirt and holding a rifle, in the far west

window of the Book Depository. This window is at the opposite end of

the building from the window from which Oswald was supposed to have

fired. At this time Harvey Oswald told the Dallas Police he was eating

in the lunchroom.

Jack Ruby had telephoned a friend and asked if he would "like to watch

the fireworks". Unknown to Ruby, his friend was an informant for the

criminal intelligence division of the Internal Revenue Service. He and

Ruby were standing at the corner of the Postal Annex Building at the

time of the shooting. Minutes later Phil Willis, who knew Jack Ruby,

saw and photographed Ruby near the front of the School Book


Across the street four young women were watching the events. They

worked at a sewing room in the Dal-Tex Building and knew Oswald. They

said he spoke Spanish well and ate with them at a nearby restaurant.

They also were acquainted with Jack Ruby, who they observed walking up

and down the street near the Depository Building after the

assassination. When Oswald came out, these four women saw Ruby give

Oswald a pistol. Even though they reported this to the FBI, it was

never followed up by the FBI, as there are no known interviews of

these girls nor was Ruby ever questioned about this.

The Warren Commission tells us Oswald picked up his pistol from his

room at Beckley. But Earlene Roberts said when she cleaned his room,

she never saw a pistol or the holster found by the police in Oswald's

room on the afternoon of November 22. We know Harvey Oswald had a

pistol and attempted to fire it in the Texas Theater during his

arrest. Officer McDonald, Officer Charles Walker, Officer Hutson and

other police officers heard the gun "snap" and fail to fire. The snap

of gun was also heard by theater patrons including John Gibson.

Officer Gerald Hill, who took possession of the pistol at Dallas

Police Headquarters, reported that one of the shells had a hammer mark

on the primer. An FBI report states that the firing pin of Oswald's

pistol was bent. If Oswald's gun failed to fire in the Texas Theater,

then why would that gun be expected to fire and kill Officer Tippit?

Shell casings from the Tippit shooting were found and given to Dallas

Police Officer Poe shortly after Tippit vas shot. Poe placed his

initials on the inside of the empty shell casings. When shell casings

were shown to him 6 months later by FBI Agent Bardwell Odom, Poe

refused to identify them as the casings given to him at the scene of

the Tippit murder--his initials were not on the inside of the casings

he was shown. These were different shells fired from a different


If the information provided by the IRS informant, Phil Willis and Mrs.

Lopez's daughter and co-workers is accurate, it is possible Jack Ruby

was in Dealey Plaza at the time of the shooting and gave Harvey Oswald

a pistol with a bent firing pin. If such a pistol was given to Oswald

by Jack Ruby, then Ruby most certainly participated in and was

knowledgeable of the conspiracy. Ruby knew more about Oswald the

evening of the assassination than did members of the press or District

Attorney Henry Wade. When Wade said that Oswald was a member of the

"Free Cuba Committee", it was Jack Ruby who corrected Wade by saying

"Fair Play for Cuba Committee".

A person wearing "a light colored shirt", probably Lee Oswald, was

seen by Arnold Rowland at the west end window of the 6th floor of the

Book depository 15 minutes before the assassination. Another person,

described as "heavy set, wearing a hat, tan sport coat and horn rim

glasses, was seen by Richard Carr looking out of a window on the top

floor of the Book Depository. Minutes after the shooting James Worrell

saw a person described as "5'10" and wearing some sort of coat" leave

the rear of the Depository heading south on Houston St. Richard Carr

saw the man he had seen on the top floor of the Book Depository walk

south on Houston, turn east on Commerce, and then get into a Nash

Rambler station wagon. This car was parked on the corner of Commerce

and Record. The Nash Rambler station wagon was next seen in front of

the Book Depository by Deputy Sheriff Roger Craig. Craig saw a person

wearing a light colored, short sleeved shirt, who he later identified

as Oswald, get into the station wagon and then travel under the triple

overpass towards Oak Cliff. Marvin Robinson was driving his Cadillac

when the Nash Rambler station wagon in front of him abruptly stopped

in front of the Book Depository. A young man walked down the grassy

incline and got into the vehicle which sped away under the triple

overpass. A third witness, Roy Cooper, was behind Marvin Robinson's

Cadillac. He observed a white male wave at, enter, and leave in the

station wagon. A photograph, taken by Jim Murray, shows a man wearing

a light colored short-sleeved shirt headed toward the Nash Rambler

station wagon which is in front of the Book Depository. Deputy Sheriff

Roger Craig, also in the photo, is pictured looking at the man and the

station wagon. The Hertz sign, on top of the Book Depository, shows

the time as 12:40 P.M.. The man in the white shirt, Lee Oswald, jumped

into the station wagon which sped toward Oak Cliff.

Roy Truly, minutes after the assassination, saw Harvey Oswald in the

lunchroom. Oswald spoke to a reporter on his way to the front door. He

may have been given a defective pistol by Jack Ruby as witnessed by

the girls from the building across the street. Harvey Oswald walked 7

blocks east on Elm Street where he boarded a city bus which would

have taken him to Oak Cliff. He rode the bus a few blocks back toward

the Book Depository until the bus became caught up in traffic. Harvey

obtained a bus transfer, later found by the police, left the bus, and

walked south on Lamar Street. William Whaley saw a man wearing a brown

shirt walk toward his cab on Lamar Street. Whaley took his passenger,

who he later identified as Oswald, to Oak Cliff via the Houston Street


Across the viaduct, five witnesses saw J.D. Tippit arrive at the Gloco

service station at 12:45. He sat in his car and watched traffic cross

the bridge from Dallas for about 10 minutes. There were no police

dispatches ordering Tippit to this location. If Tippit was not somehow

involved, what was he doing there? Oswald crossed the Houston Viaduct

about 12:52 and passed in front of Tippit at the Gloco Station. Within

a minute or two (about 12:52 P.M.) Tippit sped south on Lancaster. Two

minutes later, at 12:54 P.M., Tippit answered his dispatcher and said

he was at "8th and Lancaster"--a mile south of the Gloco Station. He

turned right on Jefferson Blvd., and stopped at the Top Ten Record

Store a few minutes before 1:00 P.M. and used the phone. He left the

store, sped across Jefferson to Sunset where he ran a stop sign and

turned right. From this intersection Oswald's rooming house is a two

minute drive (at 45 mph).

Whaley let Harvey Oswald off near the corner of Neeley and Beckley a

few minutes before 1:00 P.M.. Oswald walked to his rooming house,

arriving shortly after 1:00. While Oswald was inside a Dallas police

car drove by slowly and honked the horn twice. If this was not Tippit,

then who was it? All other Dallas Police cars were accounted for that

day. Harvey Oswald left the rooming house and was last seen on the

corner of Zang and Beckley by Earlene Roberts around 1:04 P.M.. During

the next few minutes Oswald managed to get to the Texas Theater, over

a mile away, without being seen by anyone en route. The only

explanation that makes sense is that he was driven to the theater, a

two and one half minute ride, probably by Tippit.

Butch Burroughs, an employee of the Texas Theater, heard someone enter

the theater shortly after 1:00 PM and go to the balcony. According to

Burroughs, Julia Postal sold this man a ticket. About 1:15 PM Harvey

Oswald came down from the balcony and bought popcorn from Burroughs.

He was seen by theater patron George Applin. Harvey, wearing a brown

shirt, walked into the lower level and sat next to Jack Davis during

the opening credits of the first movie, which began at 1:20 P.M. A few

minutes later Harvey moved across the aisle and sat next to a pregnant

woman. Fifteen minutes later, just before the police arrived, the

pregnant woman went to the balcony and was never seen again. Harvey

remained in the same seat until his arrest.

We have followed the movements Harvey Oswald, wearing the brown shirt,

from the Book Depository to the rooming house and then to the Texas

Theater. What about Lee Oswald, the man wearing the white shirt, who

left Dealey Plaza in the Rambler station wagon and was last seen

heading toward Oak Cliff at 12:40 P.M.?

Lee Oswald is first seen by Mr. Clark, a barber, hurrying past the

10th Street Barber-a block from Jack Ruby's apartment. William

Lawrence Smith left his construction job shortly after 1:00 P.M..

While walking east to the Town and Country Cafe he passed a man, who

he identified as Oswald, walking west. Lee Oswald, wearing a "light

colored shirt" and jacket, is next seen walking west by William Arthur

Smith and Jimmie Burt at 10th and Denver. Cab driver Scoggins sees

Oswald walking west as Tippit's patrol car passed slowly in front of

him. Jack Tatum, in his red Ford Galaxie, drove past Tippit, who was

talking to a man through the passenger side car window. Tatum said the

man was wearing a white T-shirt, white jacket and had his hands in his

pockets. Several car lengths behind Tatum was Domingo Benevides in

his 1958 Chevrolet pickup-"15 feet" from Tippit's police car.

Helen Markham was on the corner, 100 ft away. Tatum, Benevides and

Markham saw the young man walk up to the police car. When Tippit got

out of the car, the man walked around the front of the car and shot

him. Benevides ducked under the dash of his truck and Markham fell to

her knees and began screaming.

Jack Tatum watched the gunman walk to the rear of the police car, turn

and walk along the driver's side of the car and shoot Tippit in the

head. William Arthur Smith and Jimmy Burt jumped in Burt's 1952 blue

Ford and sped to the scene of the shooting. Burt got out of the car in

time to see Tippit's assailant walking south on Patton Street. Frank

Wright, his wife, and Acquilla Clemons heard shots and saw the

assailant leave the scene. Wright's wife called the police to report

the shooting. Helen Markham said the shooting was at 1:06 P.M., prior

to the arrival of her bus at 1:12. Mr. Bawley, driving west on 10th

St., arrived at the scene at 1:10 PM., according to his watch. He used

Tippit's radio to report the shooting. Look at the Police transcript.

The time of transmission is listed as 1:10, then crossed out and

changed to 1:19. The time of the next broadcast is also crossed out

and changed. If Markham, Bawley, and the Police broadcast times are

correct, Tippit was shot close to 1:10-when Harvey is sitting in the

Texas Theater. The police and Warren Commission place the time of the

Tippit shooting at 1:16-just enough time for Harvey to have jogged

from his rooming house to 10th and Patton from the east.

>From these numerous witnesses, the time of Tippit's shooting can be

as early as 1:10 and as late as 1:15 PM. The Warren Commission fixed

the time as 1:16. Tippit's body was en route to the Hospital by the

time the Police arrived. Dallas Police Officer Westbrook found

Oswald's brown wallet next to where Tippit had fallen and showed it to

FBI Agent Barrett. It seems unbelievable that a man would leave his

wallet next to a policeman he has just shot. But Barrett insists

Oswald's wallet was found at the Tippit murder scene. If Tippit's

assailant was the man who impersonated Harvey Oswald for the previous

two months, then the wallet was intentionally left at the scene of the

Tippit shooting. Perhaps this was Lee Oswald's last act of setting up

Harvey as a "patsy". If so, it left Lee with no identification. It

also caused a problem for the police, the man they arrested could not

drive and did not have a drivers license.

Oswald walked briskly south on Patton passing within 60 feet of Ted

Callaway. Callaway noticed Oswald's white jacket and white shirt.

Oswald turned west on Jefferson and passed Mary Brock who described

him as wearing "light clothing". The police broadcast of Tippit's

killer described him as a "white male, 5'8", black hair, wearing a

white jacket and shirt. Oswald passed Hardy's Shoe store and slipped

into to the Texas Theater. Julia Postal, the cashier, called the

police. Police broadcasts reported the suspect in the balcony of the

theater. When the police arrived, they were told by a "young female",

probably Julia Postal, that the man was in the balcony. All policemen

who entered the front of the theater went to the balcony. They were

questioning a young man when more police entered the main floor of the

theater from the rear entrance.

They were looking for a man in a white shirt and white jacket in the

balcony, but they arrested a man on the main floor wearing a brown

shirt. Captain Westbrook told the officers to "get him out of here as

fast as you can and don't let anybody see him". Harvey Oswald was

brought out the front entrance, placed in a police car and escorted to


The police homicide report of Tippit's murder read "suspect was later

arrested in the balcony of the Texas neater at 231 W. Jefferson".

Detective Stringfellow's report states "Oswald was arrested in the

balcony of the Texas Theater". But the man in the balcony was not

arrested. He may have been escorted out the rear of the theater and

driven away in a police car. Bernard Haire, owner of a hobby shop two

doors from the theater, witnessed this event. For 25 years Mr. Haire

and other witnesses thought they had witnessed the arrest of Oswald at

the rear of the Texas Theater. Who was this person if not Lee Oswald?

Three police officers were directed to obtain the names and addresses

of all theater patrons, but no list exists. There is no police report,

no record of arrest, nor mention of any person taken from the rear of

the theater.

Just after 2:00, Mr. T. F. White observed a man sitting in a red Ford

Falcon, with the engine running, in the El Chico parking lot behind

his garage just north of the Texas Theater. As Mr. White approached

the car, the driver sped off in a westerly direction on Davis St. Mr.

White, who later saw Oswald's picture on TV said the man was identical

to Oswald and wore a white T-shirt. This Oswald "sighting" shortly

after Harvey Oswald's arrest at the Texas Theater could have been a

case of mistaken identity. But Mr. White wrote down the vehicle's

license plate number. The plates belonged to a blue 1957 Plymouth 4

door sedan-not a red Ford Falcon. The Plymouth belonged to Carl

Mather, a long time employee of Collins Radio and close friend of J D

Tippit. Newsman and former Dallas Mayor Wes Wise heard of the unusual

Oswald sighting. Mr. Wise questioned Mather about the incident. Mather

was so nervous he could hardly talk and said little. In 1977 the HSCA

wanted to interview Mather about this incident. He agreed, but not

before he was granted immunity from prosecution. Several HSCA

documents regarding this incident remain classified in the National


Harvey Oswald, arrested wearing a brown shirt, was taken out the front

of the theater and driven to the police station. But not a single

witness described Tippit's killer as wearing a "brown shirt" until

four months later. Some witnesses identified Harvey as Tippit's

killer, some did not. Once again witnesses had difficulty recognizing

the difference between Lee and Harvey Oswald-the same problem Laurel

Kittrell had when she interviewed both Oswalds at the Texas Employment

Commission a month earlier.

Oswald and Tippit were seen at the Dobbs House and the Top Ten Record

Store at the same time. Tippit was at the GLOCO Station when the

Oswald's cab crossed the Houston St. Bridge. Tippit spoke to and was

shot by Oswald. License plates belonging to the car of Tippit's close

friend, Carl Mather, were seen on a car driven by Oswald shortly after

the assassination. There are either a lot of Oswald/Tippit

coincidences or Tippit was somehow involved.

Lee Oswald's Texas drivers license may have been found in the wallet

left at the Tippit shooting--the same drivers license shown to store

clerk Fred Moore hours earlier when Lee bought two beers. A Texas

drivers license belonging to Lee Oswald turned up at the Texas

Department of Public Safety the following week. Aletha Frair, and 6

employees of the Dept. of Public Safety saw and handled Oswald's Texas

drivers license. It was dirty and worn as though it had been carried

in a billfold. Mrs. Lee Bozarth stated that she knew from direct

personal experience there was a Texas drivers license file for Lee

Harvey Oswald. The file had been pulled shortly after the

assassination. Lee Oswald had a Texas drivers license. Harvey Oswald

did not have a license.

Worldwide attention centered on Harvey Oswald after his arrest. Former

FBI Agent Gayton Carver said Oswald was being paid by the FBI as a

"potential security informant". When he said "now everyone will know

who I am", he knew his work as an undercover informant was finished.

Harvey Oswald, sitting in the Dallas jail, now had both the CIA and

FBI desperately trying to distance themselves from him, link him with

Castro and/or Cuba, frame him for the assassination, hide his true

identity, and create a legend that portrayed him as a "lone nut".

One hour after Oswald's arrest, Hoover wrote "Oswald made several

trips to Cuba; upon his return each time we interviewed him about what

he went to Cuba for and he answered that it was none of our business".

If the FBI interviewed Oswald each time he returned from Cuba, where

are these interviews? His 1961 trip to Cuba, known to Army

Intelligence, would conflict with Harvey Oswald in Russia at the same

time. That one interview would prove the FBI was aware of 2 Oswalds.

If, on the other hand, these interviews mentioned by Hoover were

fictitious, then the FBI director is maliciously attempting to link

Oswald to Cuba-an hour after his arrest.

The Director of Central Intelligence sent a message to Mexico City

stating "headquarters has received report that on day of President

Kennedy's assassination Cubana Aircraft delayed its departure Mexico

City five hours awaiting important passenger who arrived Mexico City

airport at 2130 hours Mexi time. Passenger transferred directly to

Cubana plane without going through customs or immigration. Traveled in

pilots cabin to Havana". This message is a hoax. Another attempt to

link Cuba to the assassination-- this time from CIA headquarters.

A rumor surfaced that Jack Ruby met with Fidel Castro to discuss the

murder as well as the smuggling of drugs and weapons. This lie, as

well as others, originated with former south Florida CIA operative

Frank Sturgis-- long time friend and associate of David Phillips, E.

Howard Hunt and their CIA collaborators from the Florida swamps. With

FBI memos, CIA dispatches, letters with no return addresses, newspaper

articles, rumors and false leads running rampant, it seemed like

everyone was blaming Oswald and linking him to Cuba--both before and

after the assassination. The framing of Harvey Oswald had worked. In

his own words Harvey told us "I'm just a patsy".

Lee Oswald was not in jail. In the early morning hours of November 23,

some 12 hours after the assassination, Mary Lawrence was working at

the B & B Restaurant-two doors from Jack Ruby's Vegas Club. She was

the head waitress and had known Jack Ruby for the past 8 years. She

and the night cashier saw Jack Ruby and a person identical to Lee

Harvey Oswald in the restaurant shortly after midnight. She reported

this to the Dallas Police and received a phone call on December 3,

from an unknown male who stated "if you don't want to die, you better

get out of town". When subsequently questioned by the Dallas Police,

Mary Lawrence stated that the man with Ruby was "positively Lee Harvey

Oswald". Neither Mary Lawrence nor her friend were interviewed by the

Warren Commission.

Because two Oswalds and their connections to the intelligence

community had to be contained, the 1954 Stripling Junior High school

records disappeared within hours. Employment and wage records from

Dolly Shoe, Tujague's, and Pfisterers vanished, replaced with forged

w-2 forms. Oswald's drivers license and file disappeared. Oswald and

his mother's tax returns were classified. Witnesses whose testimony

conflicted with Oswald's official whereabouts were ignored. Oswald's

possessions, confiscated by the Dallas Police caused additional

problems-particularly Oswald's Minox spy camera.

The Dallas Police had photographed Oswald's possessions, including the

Minox camera and case. They turned over the undeveloped film to the

FBI. The FBI did not want to explain what a poor laborer like Oswald

was doing with a spy camera. When the FBI developed the film they

produced a print of the Minox camera that was unrecognizable. They

later re-photographed the items and produced a good quality print. But

the Minox was gone-it was replaced with a Minox lightmeter. They then

coerced the Dallas Police Department into changing their property

invoice forms from a camera to a light meter. But with a Minox camera

case and Minox film also listed in the Dallas Police inventory, there

had to be a camera. Two months later (January 31, 1964), Michael Paine

conveniently provided his Minox camera, serial number 27259, to the

FBI. This camera was returned to the Paines in June, 1964. In a

television interview on the PBS television show Frontline, Michael

Paine confirmed the FBI returning his Minox camera. He further stated

that all of his photographic equipment was stolen 5 years after the

assassination-Michael Paine's Minox camera was gone forever. But the

National Archives still has a Minox camera, allegedly Oswald's,

available for public inspection. It was photographed in October, 1997

by researcher Malcolm Blunt. But this camera does not have the

initials of Dallas Police officers Gus Rose or Stovall, who found the

camera, which suggests that the camera found in Oswald's seabag, and

turned over to the FBI, is not the camera at the National Archives.

The FBI should explain what happened to the Minox camera, handed over

to them by the Dallas Police.

Before they officially received Oswald's possessions from the Dallas

Police, the FBI sent the Minox film to their laboratory. They

requested "a comparison of Minox film recovered from possessions of

Lee Harvey Oswald with Minox film located in a New York FBI file to

see if the films were exposed in the same camera". The New York file

is marked LOCFAB, which is "Location-Foreign Agent Bureau." It is also

marked ESP-R which is Espionage--Russia ...... Someone in the FBI

suspected that film found in the Paines garage in Irving, Texas may

have been exposed in the same Minox camera as film in an espionage

file in New York.

Harvey Oswald, double-crossed and sitting in jail, posed a grave

danger to the conspirators. This problem was eliminated when Jack Ruby

killed Harvey two days after the assassination. Mortician Paul Groody

was asked twice if he noted a mastoid scar on the left side of

Oswald's neck from a 1945 mastoidectomy operation or scars near

Oswald's left elbow from the self inflicted gunshot wound in 1957.

Groody noticed no such scars.

To keep investigative agencies from involving themselves with

Kennedy's murder, and possibly learning the truth, LBJ placed the

investigation under the control of the FBI and his long time friend,

Hoover. The Warren Commission was created to prevent a serious

investigation from taking place.

Two days after the assassination the FBI investigation was all but

finished and reduced to writing. Subsequent investigation would either

support the Warren Commission report or be ignored.

A few people in the FBI and Warren Commission knew about the Oswald

problem, and how to handle it. The task of acquiring background

information on Marguerite and Lee Oswald was assigned to Warren

Commission staff attorney John Ely. His report was given to Warren

Commission Attorney Albert Jenner. Jenner then wrote to Chief Counsel

J. Lee Rankin telling him that the background information on

Marguerite and Lee Oswald would require material alteration and in

some cases omission. Mr. Ely's original memoranda and notes are

missing from Archival records. Other background information on

Marguerite and Lee is missing as well. The Master list of Warren

Commission exhibits lists all commission documents. The New York

school, court records and documents relating to Oswald's family

history from 1953 are marked "FBI-missing; Liebeler has" indicating

that the missing documents were last known to be in Warren Commission

Attorney Liebeler's possession. Several withdrawal cards show the

"biographical information on Lee Harvey Oswald" has been restricted by

the CIA. Government officials who tried to check into Oswald's

background, such as State Department of Security investigator Otto

Otepka, were re-assigned or removed from their jobs.

James A. Wilcott, a former CIA finance officer, told the House Select

Committee on Assassinations that Lee Oswald had been recruited from

the military by the CIA "with the express purpose of a double agent

assignment in the USSR". His testimony was ignored. In a telephone

call recorded by the FBI, Michael Paine said to his wife Ruth, "we

both know who's responsible for this". This potentially explosive

admission was never followed up by the FBI or Warren Commission.

The first 6 pages of this 7 page memo were redacted. The last page

says "if there were some question about the identity of Oswald it

would seem that this question would have been raised by Oswald's

mother ..... Someone is questioning Oswald's identity, but they

didn't realize that Marguerite not only knew, but participated in the

Lee and Harvey Oswald scheme for years. Robert Oswald knew, lied to

the Warren Commission, and kept silent. John Pic knew, told the truth

to the Warren Commission, and was ignored.

Robert Oswald provided many damaging and misleading statements about

Lee Oswald which supported the government's conclusion of Oswald's

guilt. Many of Robert's stories and parts of his testimony before the

Warren Commission were fabrications. Robert said "One of Lee's

favorite programs was I Led Three Lives", the story of Herbert

Philbrick, the FBI informant who posed as a Communist spy. Lee watched

that show every week without fail. When I left home to join the

Marines (July 11, 1952) he was still watching the re-runs". "I Led

Three Lives" was often mentioned to suggest that Oswald had a vivid

and fanciful imagination and was out of touch with reality. But in

this case, it was Robert Oswald who was out of touch with reality.

This TV program first aired in September, 1953-a year and two months

after Robert left home and joined the Marines.

Even physical evidence provided by Robert, such as the Imperial Reflex

camera allegedly used to take the backyard photos was suspect. It was

not provided until three months after the assassination.

Adding to the rumors was Robert Blakey, former attorney for the House

Select Committee on Assassinations (HSCA). For the past 20 years,

Blakey has been trying to sell the public on the idea that organized

crime killed Kennedy. Blakey says that because Oswald was raised by

his uncle, who had ties to organized crime, that Lee Oswald also had

ties to organized crime in New Orleans.

Let's set the record straight. Lee Oswald was in the care of his aunt

and uncle, Lillian and Dutz Murrett, between the ages of 1 and 2 while

Marguerite was working. From ages 3 to 5 he was placed in the

Bethlehem Orphans Asylum. From age 6-12 he was in the Dallas/Fort

Worth area. From ages 12 to age 14 he was in New York. The only time

Lee Oswald could have been raised by his uncle was between the ages of

1 and 2. Robert Blakey's assertions that organized crime killed

Kennedy are as worthless as his statements connecting 2 year old Lee

Oswald to organized crime.

Warren Commission members Hale Boggs and Richard Russell suspected a

conspiracy. Boggs advocated re-opening the investigation. However,

before he was able to introduce a bill re-opening the case, he and

Alaska Senator Nick Begich disappeared on a flight from Anchorage to

Juneau. In early 1964 Richard Russell asked Army Intelligence Colonel

Phillip Corso to quietly conduct an investigation into the "Oswald

matter". Corso soon reported to Senator Russell that there had been

two United States Passports issued to Lee Harvey Oswald and they had

been used by two different men. He obtained this information from

Francis Knight, the head of the US Passport office. He also reported

to Senator Russell there were two birth certificates in the name of

Lee Harvey Oswald and they had been used by two different people.

This information came from William Sullivan-head of the FBI's Domestic

Intelligence Division. Corso and Russell concluded the assassination

had been a conspiracy. Russell tried to resign from the Warren

Commission, but LBJ refused. A frustrated Russell stopped going to

Warren Commission meetings. Six years later Senator Russell spoke out

and said he thought there had been a criminal conspiracy behind

Kennedy's murder. Russell felt the FBI had deceived the Commission in

two areas: one of these areas was the ballistics evidence and the

other area was Oswald's background. Russell was correct-the FBI had

withheld information that could have exposed Oswald's dual identity.

The New York and Stripling school records, the original W-2 forms and

the dozens of reports of Lee Oswald in the US while Harvey was in

Russia could have been given to the Warren Commission. A letter

written by Professor Vladimar Petrov could have caused them to

investigate, rather then speculate, about the origin of Oswald's

Russian speaking ability. Professor Vladimar Petrov, head of the

Slavic Language Department of Yale University, studied a letter Oswald

wrote to Senator John Tower. Petrov said "the person who wrote the

letter was a native speaking Russian with an imperfect knowledge of

the English language". This could explain Oswald's grammatically

incorrect English as well as his exceptional command of the Russian

language. Without this type of information, Warren Commission members

were left to speculate when they encountered problems with Oswald's


The Warren Commission took altered and misleading information from the

lives of Lee Oswald and Harvey Oswald and created the legend of "Lee

Harvey Oswald". Authors such as Priscilla Johnson, Marguerite Oswald,

Gerald Ford, and Robert Oswald promoted the Oswald legend. The story

of Lee Harvey Oswald was so etched in the public's mind that the stage

was set for Warren Commission critics to investigate everything but

Oswald. In reality, the focus should have been on Oswald from the


In 1967 Jim Garrison and his staff recognized the discrepancies in

Oswald's background. Investigator Alberto Fowler told Carlos Bringuier

that Garrison had information that an identical double of Lee Harvey

Oswald existed and this individual was a "double agent" of the FBI. In

a memo to Lou Ivon, Garrison writes "If you really want to know what I

think, it is that Robert Oswald knew this returning defector was not

really Lee and this is what Robert's problem was the night of the

assassination when he found it necessary to take such a long drive to

think things out. He knew things were far more complicated than they

appeared on the surface". If the returning defector was not Robert's

brother, then Robert is not the uncle of June and Rachel Oswald. This

could explain why neither June nor Rachel have ever met, spoken to, or

received correspondence from Robert Oswald. In 34 years no

communication whatsoever from their "Uncle Robert". Things get

complicated when one person is substituted for another.

Now you can understand why documents and files relating to Lee Oswald

are still classified. There are nearly as many classified documents on

Marguerite Oswald as there are on Clay Shaw, George DeMohrenschildt,

Michael and Ruth Paine and David Ferrie--people with suspected ties to

our government intelligence agencies. There was much more to

Marguerite than simply the "mother" of the alleged assassin. Jack

Ruby's tax returns were published in the Warren Commission volumes

while Marguerite's and Lee Oswald's tax returns remain classified.

When the ARRB was created in 1992, tax returns were specifically

exempted from public disclosure. Why? Because the wages and employ-

ment shown on the Oswald's tax returns would not match the Warren

Commission's version of their employment. Marina Oswald has the

authority to release Lee Harvey Oswald's tax returns but has

consistently refused to do so. Why? What reason could she possibly

have for refusing to release 40 year old tax returns? Because Marina

may have known. She insisted on seeing Oswald's body during his

autopsy. Marina entered the room, stood next to the body of Lee Harvey

Oswald and did a most curious thing. She raised his eye lids and

looked at his eyes. Four months later she told a French journalist "I

had two husbands: Lee, the father of my children, an affectionate and

kind man; and Harvey Oswald, the assassin of President Kennedy". If

this statement is true, then Marina knows enough about Lee and Harvey

to not release the tax returns.

Both Marguerite and Lee Oswald's income tax returns are marked

"classified" and unavailable to the public. So are the income tax

returns of John Smith and Minnie Smith for the same years. The names

of John and Minnie Smith cannot be found anywhere else in the world of

the Kennedy Assassination--not in the National Archives files, the

Warren Commission documents, HSCA files, or elsewhere. The only

documents relating to John and Minnie Smith are the "classified"

income tax returns listed in the National Archives master list of JFK

documents. One has to wonder if John Smith and Minnie Smith are

pseudonyms for the second Lee and Marguerite Oswald. Otherwise, who

are these people and what possible relevance do they or their tax

returns have to the assassination?

The release of tax returns could expose Oswald's dual identity created

by the CIA and thereby indict elements of the government in the

assassination and its cover-up. The full extent of this cover-up

remains hidden within classified documents at the National Archives.

The next time you are confronted by supporters of the Warren

Commission, ask them to explain the fake W-2 forms, the missing

Stripling records, the 2 Minox cameras, the missing Dolly Shoe,

Tujague and Pfisterer employment records. Have them speak with Mr.

Kudlaty, Fran Schubert, Palmer McBride, William Wulf, or former

Stripling students. Ask them why documents and tax returns relating to

Marguerite and Lee Oswald remain classified. Show the photographs of

Lee and Harvey Oswald.

Most of the cover-up had to do with protecting the identity of Oswald.

He was not created by the Mafia, the Cubans, the Russians or the

Dallas Police. He was a creation of the CIA ........ years before the

assassination. This Warren Commission Exhibit appeared in newspapers

at the time of Oswald's "defection". (C. E. 2963) When each half of

Oswald's face is viewed separately. it is easy to see that this photo

is a composite--half of Harvey, the photos on top, and half of Lee,

the lower photos .......... This is "Lee Harvey Oswald" .........

created by the CIA ...... promoted by the Warren Commission.

Exposing and understanding the two "Oswalds" will not solve the

Kennedy assassination. It does give us insight into the capabilities

of intelligence operations. It allows us to understand why our

government agencies concealed their knowledge and involvement with

Oswald. It helps us understand why witness testimony was ignored,

altered, and in some cases omitted. It helps us understand why

evidence was altered, fabricated and destroyed. We begin to understand

why so many witnesses disappeared, died mysteriously or committed

suicide. We finally realize why Harvey Oswald was not allowed to stand

trial and had to be eliminated.

After 34 years, many pieces to this puzzle are falling into place and

if you understand who Harvey and Lee Oswald really were, who created

them and who directed them, then you will know who was responsible for

the assassination of John Kennedy.

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John Armstrong's

"November In Dallas 1997"


"Harvey & Lee"

Transcribed by Jerry Robertson

"In 1961, the arrest of Gordon Lonsdale provided a rare opportunity

for the public to gain insight into the world of espionage. Lonsdale had

emigrated from Canada to England, established a business, and began

passing British defense secrets to the Russians. Lonsdale and four

members of his spy ring were arrested, tried, and convicted of

espionage. As they delved into Lonsdale's background, they quickly

realized he was no ordinary spy. He had fake birth certificates, fake

passports and dual identities. To the surprise of the British, he was

not a Canadian, but a native born Russian who spoke English perfectly.

His real name was Konan Molodi--born in Russia in 1922. He was sent to

California at age nine where he lived with his aunt, attended school,

and mastered the English language. Nine years later, he was recalled

to the Soviet Union and trained in espionage. In 1954, Konan Molodi

was sent to Canada where he assumed the identity of a deceased

Canadian named Gordon Lonsdale. A year later he was in England posing

as a British businessman, but his real purpose was spying out British

defense secrets.

If the KGB recruited young boys,

The is no evidence he was recruited at that age. There is a UK Independent article from 1998 which states "Genrikh Yagoda, then head of the Soviet secret police, helped the boy get a passport to go to America." But what it ignores is that the boys father had just died, and his mother may not have been able to cope with him alone. The most that this supports is that the Cheka had an interest in the boy for possible future use. The Independent article, btw, gives his age as 12 for his trip to live with his aunt. Other accounts say 10.

can there be any doubt that our

intelligence agencies ran similar operations?

A favorite Cold War ploy of the US was to claim they were "bridging a gap" in various fields with enemy nations in order to justify military/space spending and various covert projects (e.g MKULTRA). In other words, the US never set trends - they merely followed. Now Armstrong is either suggesting this is another case in point - the Russians did it, and the US copied the idea, or the US came up with the idea independently and coincidentally.

Neither of those propositions makes any sense.


January 17, 1922 - Konan Molodi born in Moscow

27 August 1924 - Gordon Lonsdale born in Canada

Between 1929 and 1932 - Molodi sent to U.S

1932 Gordon Lonsdale moves to Finland

1939? Molodi returns to Soviet Union to enlist for WWII

October 18, 1939 - Lee Harvey Oswald born

1943? Gordon Lonsdale dies

September 19, 1944 - Finish - Soviet armistice signed with Finland ceding 10% of its territory to the Soviets - a decision which gave the Soviets access to Lonsdale's records.

1951 - Molody trained to become an "illegal" agent.

1952 - Lee Harvey Oswald moves to New York

1954 - Molody enters Canada illegally and assumes the identity of Gordon Lonsdale.

1954 - Lee Harvey Oswald leaves New York


If the US were copying the Molody operation, at what point in the above timeline did the CIA or any other US agency find out about that Soviet Operation?

If the CIA came up with the idea independently, why go to all the bother to demonstrate an alleged Soviet Cold War precedent?

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In the early 1950's an intelligence operation was underway that

involved two teenage boys: Lee Oswald, from Fort Worth and a

Russian-speaking boy named "Harvey Oswald", from New York. Beginning

in 1952, these boys lived parallel but separate lives, often in the

same city. The ultimate goal was to switch their identities and send

Harvey Oswald into Russia, which is exactly what happened, 7 years


Lee and Harvey attended different schools, worked at different

companies, and lived in different cities. When the Warren Commission

pieced together "Lee Harvey Oswald's" life, they found evidence of

Oswald in two places at the same time. Unable to explain these

conflicts, they withheld it from their report. This evidence is the

key to understanding the lives of Harvey and Lee Oswald.

The sole evidence of any operation dating back to the '50s was in the memories of a small number of witnesses; mainly family members who Armstrong alleges knew all about "Harvey & Lee". But if they knew all about it, they would have given evidence that comported with just one "Lee Oswald". The very evidence then that Armstrong uses to support two Oswald's actually goes to demonstrate that "if" there were two, and the family knew about it, they did a terrible job of concealing it. The alternatives are: they did not know about it - which causes even more problems for Armstrong's theory... or there was never any "Harvey" (with apologies to Giant white rabbits!), and those family members simply had fallible memories.

There is other evidence from 1963 showing Oswald may have been impersonated, but it is not necessary to explain those '63 impersonations by inventing a "Harvey" as part of an ill-fitting copy of what was in effect, a Russian "illegal" agent program which in one instance, used the identity of a dead Canadian.

The fact is that in the 1950s, the CIA already had a program to infiltrate "illegal" agents into the Soviet Bloc. It was called RED SOX.

Mrs. Jack Tippit, of Westport, Connecticut was telephoned shortly

after the assassination.

On reading this, I took "shortly after the assassination" to mean on the same day as... in fact, the contact was made at 11:30am on Nov 30.

and wanted Mrs. Tippit to relay information she had

to people in Dallas.

Nowhere in the FBI report does it say that the caller asked for the information to be relayed anywhere. She did ask for it not to be reported to the press.

The caller knew the Tippits were related to

Officer JD Tippit

The caller ASKED if she was related to Officer Tippit. And as Jack Tippit said, the fact that he was distantly related to JD was published in a front page story of the Norwalk Hour.

The woman would not identify herself because she

was afraid of being killed. She said she personally knew Oswald's

father and uncle. They came from Hungary and lived at 77th St. and 2nd

Avenue in New York. They were unemployed, received money from

Communists, and spent all of their time on Communist activities. She

gave two names--Louis Weinstock and Emile Kardos. If this information

is correct, one of the two Oswalds lived in New York in his youth.

This could explain Oswald's interest in Communism (from his father and

uncle), which began as a teenager and continued throughout his life.

It could also be the reason for Marguerite Oswald's sudden trip to New

York City.

Jack Tippit said the caller sounded Spanish (Cuban?), which may indicate yet another attempt to connect Oswald to a Communist conspiracy. I am not entirely convinced that is the case here though, any more than I am convinced it demonstrates the existence of "Harvey Oswald". Further research is warranted.

Edited by Greg Parker
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a few links to the

Cuban DELAGUARDIA spy twins not too much on the web right now that gives ANY deep details of their adventures, perhaps in some books in the past such has been reported..PERHAPS OTHERS HAVE INFORMATION, THANKS....so as requested with a but.....best b..


http://www.counterpunch.org/hylton02162010.html .........STUDENTS AS SPIES...




Edited by Bernice Moore
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a few links to the

Cuban DELAGUARDIA spy twins not too much on the web right now that gives ANY deep details of their adventures, perhaps in some books in the past such has been reported..PERHAPS OTHERS HAVE INFORMATION, THANKS....so as requested with a but.....best b..


http://www.counterpunch.org/hylton02162010.html .........STUDENTS AS SPIES...




two more//that's it for now..thanks for your time...b


Edited by Bernice Moore
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a few links to the

Cuban DELAGUARDIA spy twins not too much on the web right now that gives ANY deep details of their adventures, perhaps in some books in the past such has been reported..PERHAPS OTHERS HAVE INFORMATION, THANKS....so as requested with a but.....best b..


http://www.counterpunch.org/hylton02162010.html .........STUDENTS AS SPIES...




two more//that's it for now..thanks for your time...b


Thanks Bernice. I appreciate the effort. That said, I'm a little confused. I expected to find that the De La Guardia twins had been recruited as kids. Instead, what the stories relate to is that one was executed as an adult for running drugs while the other was imprisoned for "not denouncing" him. The "plasticmacca" link btw, has a broken link to a jfk site. I'd be confident that this is a "Harvey and Lee" site as these are the only one promoting the De La Guardia story as relevant to the JFK assassination.

Let's recap what we have so far:

There is no evidence that Molodi was recrited as a 9 year old. At best, the evidence shows that he may have been identified for future use as an adult.

The claim that members of the Oswald family knew about "Harvey" is countered by the fact that they gave evidence which is used to support the "Harvey" theory.

The suggestion that if the Soviets were using recruiting kids as spies, so must the US have been is based on the unproven premise that Molodi was so recruited. It also means that the CIA found out about the Molodi project no later than 1952 (the year Oswald went to live in New York). The evidence ignored by or unknown to Armstrong actually shows the CIA got wind of Harry Houghton (who was passing on secrets to "Lonsdale") in 1959 from a defector. This eventually led to Molodi - but it took some time again to uncover that true identity.

The "Mrs Jack Tippit" FBI report has been misquoted/misrepresented by Armstrong in a number of ways:

The call was not made "shortly after the assassination". Eight days later may be considered a short while - but only with the hindsight of several decades. At the time, eight days later was most assuredly NOT a "short while" after.

The caller did NOT ask for the information to be relayed to Dallas (or anywhere else). She only asked that it be kept out of the news papers.

The evidence does not indicate that the caller knew Jack Tippit was related to JD.

(Despite the misreprentations, the document may still have some value)

To all of this I'll add that Armstrong ruminates on "Harvey" being interested in communism - possibly through his father and uncle per the "Mrs Jack Tippit doc" who were allegdly

committed communists. I find this hard to comprehend. Being committed communists - why would "Harvey" let alone any of his family - agree to "Harvey" being signed up to a lifelong CIA program aimed at the Soviet Union?

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