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The Suffragettes


John Simkin
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In early 1912 Christabel Pankhurst decided that the WSPU needed to intensify its window-breaking campaign. On 1st March, a group of suffragettes volunteered to take action in the West End of London. The Daily Graphic reported the following day: "The West End of London last night was the scene of an unexampled outrage on the part of militant suffragists.... Bands of women paraded Regent Street, Piccadilly, the Strand, Oxford Street and Bond Street, smashing windows with stones and hammers."

Hilda Brackenbury, aged 79, was accused of breaking two windows in the United Service Institution in Whitehall. She served eight days on remand before being sentenced to 14 days in Holloway Prison. Her two daughters, Georgina Brackenbury and Marie Brackenbury, were also both arrested during the demonstration. In court Marie claimed that she was "a soldier in this great cause". Hilda was the oldest suffragette that was sent to prison.

Hilda Brackenbury

http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/WbrackenburyH.htm

Georgina Brackenbury

http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/WbrackenburyS.htm

Marie Brackenbury

http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/WbrackenburyM.htm

Most of these women who carried out these militant acts were young women who volunteered to be arrested and to endure hunger-strikes.

Laura Ainsworth

http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/WainsworthL.htm

Louisa Garrett Anderson

http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/Wgarrett.htm

Rachel Barrett

http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/WbarrettR.htm

Jane Brailsford

http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/Wbrailsford.htm

Mary Clarke

http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/WclarkeM.htm

Clara Codd

http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/Wclodd.htm

Helen Crawfurd

http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/CRIcrawfordH.htm

Emily Wilding Davison

http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/Wdavison.htm

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The WSPU was supported by several wealthy women including:

Emmeline Pethick-Lawrence

http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/Wpethick.htm

Margaret Haig Thomas (Lady Rhondda)

http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/Whaig.htm

Lilias Ashworth Hallett

http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/WhallettA.htm

Hertha Ayrton

http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/Wayrton.htm

Janie Allan

http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/WallanJ.htm

Emily Blathwayt

http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/WblathwaytE.htm

Edith Zangwill

http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/WzangwillE.htm

This all came to an end when the WSPU began its arson campaign in 1912.

http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/Warson.htm

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