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I'm in the process of revising this thread. What you see here now is an evolving rough draft started in November 2017. Please stand by, it will take a while. I'm gearing this thread toward those that are interested in letter and number puzzles ("Steganography"), and those that are open to considering my hypothesis.

"Steganography":   https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Steganography

"ICO" stands for "Igor", "Case", and, "Oswald", and my hypothesis is that Richard Case Nagell, first working for Army Intelligence, and later the CIA, appears to have spent as long as six years running a pair of under-cover low-level look-alikes in a secret CIA operation. They were Lee Harvey Oswald and a man who went by the name of "Igor Vladimirs Vaganov" (I believe this name was cut from whole cloth, a puzzle creation of Richard Nagell's). All three men eventually got tangled up in the assassination plans of Ferrie/Banister/Phillips/Hoover/Dulles, and it's my belief that Nagell became ethically appalled at what he saw on the horizon for his crew, himself, his president, and his country. So while pretending and appearing to follow orders to the letter, the ICO group both tried to prevent the assassination, and intentionally sabotaged the framing of Oswald as the patsy. To further their ends, ICO created a huge system of letter/number anagram puzzles to chronicle their activities and their enigmatic sabotaging stunts. ICO had two civilian recruits, Buell Wesley Frazier, and Jerry B Belknap. In part, Wesley appears to have been chosen because of his name's anagram possibilities, and where his sister lived. Richard Nagell and Igor Vaganov were the genius puzzle makers, and their work appears to have been at least partially created for our benefit. 

LHO’s Way Revealed

The above phrase is an anagram of “Lee Harvey Oswald”. Below is a similar anagram of "Lee Harvey Oswald":

LHO Sway Revealed


We have what appears to be a small coincidence between an anagram of Lee Harvey Oswald and a curious feature in a photo of him. I believe that Richard Case Nagell created one of his major stunts around "LHO Sway Revealed", and other anagrammable material associated with the Backyard Photos. Richard was both making naturally occurring anagrams come true, and creating anagrammable discourse to fit with and tie together his informative sabotaging stunts. 

The body-tilt of the man pictured above is about 4 degrees, and there has always been controversy regarding the possibility of a person maintaining such a stance.  
Here’s our friend Andrej giving it a try. While we might have a slight problem with the angle of his right foot, Andrej appears to have pulled off the 4 degree sway. From my own experiments, sustaining a 4 degree tilt without being tethered to something verges on impossible.
Since the ICO puzzles use both letters and numbers ("Gematria"), ICO chose the most simple and complete method in existence for translating numbers into letters and vice versa:


The number "4" is an important number in the ICO puzzle system, and it's equivalent to the letter "E". All three subjects in the photos above "vary" from the vertical by roughly "4" degrees. "Lee Harvey Oswald" anagrams to:
Here’s another anagram of “Lee Harvey Oswald”:

The letter combination “HD” in the ICO puzzle system stands for Oswald's “HISTORIC DIARY”. “Historic Diary” anagrams to “RICHARD'S 88 TOY”, and there are “88” puzzles in the diary - “44” bracketed in parentheses, and “44” bracketed in quotation marks. The entire list of “88” puzzles and links to the 12 pages of the Historic Diary are in my June 25, 2014 post on this thread. 

(Note: The number "88" and its divisors is one of the unifying principles in the ICO puzzle system. The divisors of "88" are, 1, 2, 4, 8, 11, 22, 44, and, 88. "88" is the number of puzzles in Oswald's Historic Diary, and it's the number of degrees we will need to tilt several photos to perceive a few sets of 3D images Richard Case Nagell made for us.  "44" is the number of letters on the label of The Irving Nixie Package, and "44" is one of the puzzle names for that label. (it's also probably the number of letters on the so-called "Vaganov Note"). There are two groups of puzzles in the Historic Diary, "44" bracketed in quotation marks, and "44" in parentheses. "11/22" was assassination day.  We are currently working with the important number "4", it's the number of degrees in Oswald's tilt, and "4" was originally the total number of sets of 3D images (one got lost, and we'll discuss this later). There are "8" pictures in all that make up the set of "4" 3D pictures. The numbers "1" and "2" translate to the letters "BC", and this stands for "Binary Code",  and "44" is the potential number of bits available in ICO's Binary Code system, abbreviated "BC". "44 BC" is also the year Julius Caesar was stabbed to death in a coup, an event with parallels to 11/22/63. We'll discuss ICO's "Binary Code" system later.)

Getting back to the anagram “HD-4 REVEAL LO SWAY”, HD puzzle number 4 is, “IDEOT” (note spelling), and this anagrams to:


Here’s one indication that Oswald was possibly tied to something or someone on his left. However, many other puzzles indicate that the man’s body we see in the BYPs is not that of Lee Harvey Oswald, only the head is. The puzzles indicate that the body-double was Wesley Frazier. "Lee Harvey Oswald" anagrams to:


Here’s another anagram of “Lee Harvey Oswald”:


Here we are to combine HD-4, which is “IDEOT”, and HD-11, which is “TO VIWLINS” (also note spelling). “IDEOT" plus "TO VIWLINS” anagrams to:


In the anagram above, the answer is signed off by “IV”, the initials of “Igor Vaganov”. However, this puzzle answer appears to be a double entendre. If we remove the period in the sentence above, we can regard the “IV” as a Roman Numeral “IV”, the number of degrees he’s tilting:


An aside: It's my belief that "Igor Vladimirs Vaganov", Oswald's impersonating "twin" and ally, was a made up name - a creation of Richard's. Here's just one anagram of "Igor Vladimirs Vaganov":


Roman numerals and other things Roman, or Italian, appear frequently in the ICO puzzle system, and especially in the Backyard Photos stunt ("ROMAN" anagrams to "A RN MO"). There is, of course, the odd choice of a crummy Italian Mannlicher Carcano rifle, and the letters "MC" are also a Roman numeral that I'll discuss later ("MC" as a Roman Numeral is "ELEVEN HUNDRED" - try your hand at anagramming this). Also later we will see references to the "Leaning Tower of Pisa", which is also leaning at roughly 4 degrees. For now, notice the initials of "Leaning Tower Of Pisa:

"L TOP"  

This is suggestive of Lee's head being on "top" of the body in the photos, and anagrams of Lee Harvey Oswald indicate that the person in the BYPs is actually a composite of Lee's head pasted on Wesley Frazier's body. "Leaning Tower of Pisa" anagrams to:


This anagram suggests that the 4 degree lean was facilitated by the man's body being connected to something or someone with piano wire. I'll get back to the "Piano Wire Lean" in a  bit.


                              CE 133A                                                                   CE 133B                                                        133C

Above are the three extant Backyard Photos. There are many suspicious oddities in the pictures that have been discussed over the years, such as Oswald's head appearing too large in CE 133A and CE 133B, the "V" shaped nose shadows that don't seem consistent with the other shadows in the photos, the body shadows not being consistent with each other, Oswald's chin being to large and inconsistent with other pictures of him, etc. However, there are a few oddities that I don't think have received enough attention:

Notice that in the center photo, CE 133B, that the vertical yard features, the posts and the board and batten siding on the garage, are all indeed vertical. But in the right and left photos, the same verticals display a photographic "keystone" effect, that is, the space between parallel vertical features appear wider at the top of the photos than at the bottom. Furthermore, this amount of keystone is suspiciously profound. 

The three photos were taken with the camera roughly 4 1/2 feet above the ground (notice which stair tread appears level with the camera), and since the garage on the right is roughly twice that height, there should be absolutely no keystone effect. It has been suggested that possibly the plastic lens of the cheap Imperial Reflex camera, supposedly used by Marina to take the photos, was loose and flopping around inside the camera, and that this was the cause of the keystone effect. I submit that the answer lies elsewhere, and I'll present this alternative in a moment.

Also, the man in the photos above appears to be standing in roughly the same place in all three pictures, while the photographer appears to have moved around, appears to have snapped the three pictures from various distances from the subject. Check it out. The middle picture appears to be much more of a closeup than the right and left photos. 

But this is an illusion, I think.

An intentional illusion created for us to notice and ponder.

I submit that the photos were created to appear to have been taken by a photographer in motion, appear to have been taken from different vantage points in the yard. This is an intentionally created illusion, I think. Pick any spot on the three photos for a reference, and you will see that the camera-to-subject perspective is essentially the same for all three pictures. I submit that the three photos were intentionally shot from the same spot in space, and they were intentionally cropped differently. I don't know, maybe cropped differently so as not to appear too obvious, but cropped so we would eventually notice, and ponder, and question.


                               CE 133A                                                                 CE 133B                                                        133C

Circled in red is a vent, or a window, on the house. It is several feet in back of the stairs to it's left, but notice that the vent/stairs relationship is the same in all three photos. Circled in blue is a dark rectangular spot on the fence that is several feet to the rear of the post appearing next to it, and once again, the perspective is the same in all three photos. Choose any near/far relationship on the photos and you will see the photographer has not moved the camera. If, as it has been assumed, the prints of CE 133A and CE 133B had been processed commercially, this would have been immediately obvious to us, but the prints were clearly cropped differently, and this piece of ICO theater was not a matter of Oswald simply dropping off the negatives at a camera shop to be printed. 

Disregard the center photo, CE 133B, for the time being. CE 133A and 133C are a vivid 3D stereo set of photos that need to be rotated "88" degrees to be viewed as such:


To view the 3D images, one needs to get a hold of good quality Stereoscope, and there are plenty of vintage examples out there. Ask your friends and relatives and you’ll surely come up with one. You will see Lee Oswald's backyard in stunning 3D, and Lee's 3D head thrusting toward you in super 3D. Wesley's body will have four arms, but I have not yet found the significance of this, other than the fact that had both poses been the same, it would have been a dead give-away. 


With no photo-card in the cardholder of your Stereoscope, it’s possible to view the 3D Backyard Photos directly on you computer monitor with many of the Stereoscopes. For proper viewing, Oswald’s nose on the left photo, for example, should be very close to 3 inches from Oswald’s nose in the right photo. Do whatever you need to do to achieve this 3-inch relationship. If you find that you cannot get the Stereoscope close enough to your monitor to achieve a good focus, you will either need to cut off the cardholder stick (bad idea), or print out a 3 x 7 inch copy of the photo pair above.
Before rotating the above photos 88 degrees, I removed the 12 degrees of keystone in each picture. Before I tell you why I did this, I want you to give a moment's thought to something: The term "3D" is an important puzzle term for a number of reasons, and it contains both a letter and a number. Using ICO's letter/number key, "3D" can be changed to "33", or "DD", or "D3". Considering the first option, "33", can you guess where to apply this possibly important number? Think for a moment.
If your guess was to look at puzzle number "33" in Oswald's Historic Diary, your guess is the same as mine. Puzzle HD-33 is "THEY MAKE NOTES", and this anagrams to three pertinent and obvious things:
(1) "THE KEYSTONE: A 12" (a description)
(2) "KEYSTONE THEM '0'" (an instruction)
(3) "THEN MAKE '4' TOYS" (an instruction we apparently can't follow to the letter. We can only make "3" toys, "3" sets of 3D images, as the mate to CE 133B has gone missing down the memory hole. More about the "3" sets in a moment)
But that's why I removed the 12 degrees of keystone, following the instructions to "keystone them 0" (zero) a per anagram #2 above. But having done that with Photoshop, I'm uncomfortable because (1) this leaves me open to criticism for having manipulated the images, and (2), one can straighten the keystone of an image with Photoshop, but there doesn't seem to be a way to specify or to know the number of degrees one has corrected. 
Many years ago, Jack White speculated that the keystone was intentional, and he described how he thought it might have been done, by tilting the easel of the enlarger on the final doctored print by a specified number of degrees. In the set of 3D images below I applied a similar technique; I accurately tilted my computer monitor 12 degrees, and carefully photographed both Backyard Photos. I lost some clarity in the process, but Photoshop wasn't involved. I then rotated them 88 degrees, an amount I will talk about later. 
For comparison, below is CE 133A and 133C again, but here the keystone has NOT been removed.
If you have a Stereoscope, you can plainly see that with the original 12 degrees of keystone left intact, the result is the same - stunning 3D. So why did ICO put us through all of this. My guess would be so they could demonstrate, as they did countless times in their puzzle system, that they were making puzzles, genius puzzles, and that they were a first-class operation all around.
CE 133A and 133C are a matched 3D set, but they are just one set out of 4 sets of 3D images that ICO originally created. However, there are only three sets extant. It's my current belief that CE 133B is an orphan, that it's mate went missing, just like 133C almost did.
Below are the three extant sets of 3D images. Remember the 3 inch nose-to-nose rule for viewing with a Stereoscope. If you have trouble with the size I posted on your particular monitor, you should be able to drop the three sets of photos below onto a blank page of Apple Pages, or MS Word, and size them correctly. Before answering "why the 88 degree tilt?",  I'll briefly describe each of the three sets below individually:
Above, the top pair of 3D images are the Mexico City visa application photos. 
The four photos above are not 3D because they have not been rotated. There is a top set of two photos and a bottom set of two photos. The two top photos are from the visa application and the visa application copy. The two below are apparently left-over extras found in Oswald's possessions, photographed by the Dallas Police, and that picture was stored in the Texas History collection. The first photo in each set, the pair on the left, appear to be exactly the same, and the second photo in each set, the pair on the right, appear to be exactly the same. 
Below left are overlays of the first photo in each set at 50% opacity, below right are overlays of the second photo in each set at 50% opacity (It’s hard to align fuzzy pictures, but I think I got pretty close).
There appear, then, to be two identical sets of visa photos, and this seems to be an impossibility if the four photos (four different clicks of the shutter) had been taken in a commercial photo booth in Mexico. 
The 3-D version above, the set rotated 88 degrees, is actually the pair photographed by the Dallas Police. I used this set because they are clearer than the actual visa photos, but as you can see, neither set is anywhere near high-quality, and the 3-D suffers greatly from this. Also, since there is no background there is no background perspective. The chin and neck area is where the 3D should be most noticeable to you. It would have been nice to have a good set of images to work with. 






Edited by Tom Hume
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It appears this is all too much for some to consider .

I am convinced there is more of this amongst Oswalds possessions

Those that thought Oswald was not too bright will have to think again

Maybe this changes too many theories for comment?.

If Oswald was the Author it explains a lot

If its a red herring then it brings bigger questions .


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If Oswald was the Author it explains a lot

If its a red herring then it brings bigger questions .

Dear Ian,

In my humble opinion, it's nothing but figments of imagination, a tempest in a teapot.

After all, isn't it a bit much to ask that we assume that Oswald (or whoever created it as a so-called red herring) believed that such a complicated message would be decoded quickly enough by The Intended Recipient to effect the freeing of Oswald and/or the capturing of the bad guys in a timely manner?


It's scary to imagine that if The Intended Recipient had made a deciphering mistake, he could very well have come up with a permuted anagram for "H-O-G-W-A-S-H."


--Tommy :sun

Edited by Thomas Graves
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  • 7 months later...

Wasn't Garrison also working on decoding messages?

"When Orleans Parish, Louisiana, District Attorney Jim Garrison sought to make a name for himself by implicating various people in the assassination of President Kennedy, one of the claims he made was the translation of “P. O. 19106” from Lee Oswald’s notebook into Jack Ruby’s unlisted Dallas phone number. The problem was, the scheme was too elaborately tailored to this specific translation." http://specularphoto.com/blog/2012/08/06/the-codebreakers/

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Hi Brian,

I'm not a code person, far from it, but I took a look at Garrison's argument a few years ago, and came to the conclusion that, as tortured as it was, it sort of worked, and who knows, he may have even been right. Two identical five-diget numbers, two "Lee Os", that is a little compelling, but one small problem I have with Garrison's scenario is that I don't think the entry in Oswald's address book reads, "PO 19106", I think what Garrison took to be "PO" is actually a pair of Cyrillic "Ds". Check it out (page #58):


Many think that Garrison would have been better off if he'd passed on the Ruby phone number argument.

Thank goodness I don't have convince a jury of my hypothesis; I'm merely trying to get folks that are interested in, and good at, word puzzles to take a look (and hopefully join in).


Edited by Tom Hume
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  • 2 months later...
  • 1 month later...

This is a copy of my post #10, the "88" "ICO" puzzles located in Lee Oswald's Historic Diary. I am re-posting it in preperation for my next two posts, which will concern the decoding of these "88" puzzles.


[1] "Berlin"

[2] "studet"

[3] "sure"

[4] "Ideot"

[5] (mor)

[6] "Great Soviet Union"

[7] "USSR only great in Literature wants me to go back home"

[8] (extended it exipiers today)


[9] (con.) [Note "O" also looks like "D"]

[10] "how easy to die"

[11] (to violins) [Note letter "O" in "violins". Other puzzles correct it to "W"]

[12] (bathtub water a rich red color)

[13] (I remember that)

[14] (my Russian is still very bad)

[15] "go home"

[16] (my mood is bad)

[17] "my friend"

[18] (sick persons.)

[19] (2 hours)

[20] (amonst the mentaly ill)

[21] (not for insane)

[22] (airy, good food.)

[23] (they know)

[24] " " [Puzzle #24 is missing - see footnote #1 below]

[25] "dull"

[26] "Berlin"

[27] "Metropole"

[28] (to the last kopeek)

[29] (Intorist office head)


[30] (con.)

[31] (all unknown to me)

[32] (appar. He did not pass along my request at all but thought to simply get rid of me by not extending my Soviet visa. At the time I requested it)

[33] (they make notes)

[34] "American Embassy"

[35] "I would like to see the Consular"

[36] "If you are a tourist please register"

[37] (now Head Consular)


[38] (con)

[39] "fool"

[40] "my mind is make up"

[41] "now unless you wish to expound on your maxist belifes you can go."

[42] "how did you find out? The Embassy called us."

[43] "ifs for the public record."

[44) "Time"


[45] "Boratin"

[46] "for those without citizenship."

[47] "Minsk"

[48] "she asks are you happy"

[49] "yes"

[50] (a new one)

[51] "I do not wish to every contact you again." I am beginning a new life and I don't want any part of the old". [these two sentences are sequential, with an extra set of quotation marks between them]


[52] "Minsk"

[53] "soon"

[54] "uncultured persons"

[55] (now part of Belo.)

[56] "checker"

[57] "to help"

[58] (complusery)

[59] (shades of H. G. Wells!!)

[60] (8 min. walk)

[61] (60. Rub. A mon.)


[62] "mosivick" [the correct name of Russian car is "Moskvitch"]

[63] (except me)

[64] "patroict duty"

[65] (unvoiced)

[66] "collective"


[67] (at other times of the year unobtainable)

[68] (I dont smoke)

[69] "you understand the world situation there is too much against you and you don't even know it"

[70] (I am too stunned too think!)


[71] (Russian)

[72] "I would like to go back to U.S."

[73] "I could come in for an interview anytime I wanted."

[74] (in spite of my origin and accept)

PAGE #10

[75] (without police permission)

[76] (since all embassy personal live in the same building)

[77] (see - July 8 - 13.)

PAGE #11

[78] "someone"

[79] (expressed)

[80] (They'll call us.)

[81] "Queen of Spades."

[82] (I think!)

[83] "Pass for Forin,"

PAGE #12

[84] (as prespibed by law)

[85] "June Lee."

[86] (city hall)

[87] "Go ahead and do it, "Po-Russki" [This sentence has quotes at beginning, middle, and end]

[88] (Approved!!)

Footnote #1: Puzzle #24 is missing from the "Historic Diary", and I believe that part of the solution to puzzle #24 is, "finding the missing puzzle #24".

Links to Oswalds Historic Diary.

Page #1


Page #2


Page #3


Page #4


Page #5


Page #6


Page #7


Page #8


Page #9


Page #10


Page #11


Page #12



Edited by Tom Hume
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