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JFK Press Association Speech April 27th 1961


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Hi guys,

 

What was JFK really saying in this speech? WC narrative supporters often say it was ALL about the Soviet Union, but, how could it be? There are clear references point regarding his own country. 
 

“The very word "secrecy" is repugnant in a free and open society; and we are as a people inherently and historically opposed to secret societies, to secret oaths and to secret proceedings. We decided long ago that the dangers of excessive and unwarranted concealment of pertinent facts far outweighed the dangers which are cited to justify it. Even today, there is little value in opposing the threat of a closed society by imitating its arbitrary restrictions. Even today, there is little value in insuring the survival of our nation if our traditions do not survive with it. And there is very grave danger that an announced need for increased security will be seized upon by those anxious to expand its meaning to the very limits of official censorship and concealment. That I do not intend to permit to the extent that it is in my control. And no official of my Administration, whether his rank is high or low, civilian or military, should interpret my words here tonight as an excuse to censor the news, to stifle dissent, to cover up our mistakes or to withhold from the press and the public the facts they deserve to know.” 

It sounds to me in this paragraph that much of it is pointed internally. In fact I find the reference to ’increased security’ very close to the use of ‘national security’ to silence dissenters or conceal information. None more so than the records surrounding JFK’s death. 

What are your thoughts? Full speech below ...

 

 

“Mr. Chairman, ladies and gentlemen:

I appreciate very much your generous invitation to be here tonight.

You bear heavy responsibilities these days and an article I read some time ago reminded me of how particularly heavily the burdens of present day events bear upon your profession.

You may remember that in 1851 the New York Herald Tribune under the sponsorship and publishing of Horace Greeley, employed as its London correspondent an obscure journalist by the name of Karl Marx.

We are told that foreign correspondent Marx, stone broke, and with a family ill and undernourished, constantly appealed to Greeley and managing editor Charles Dana for an increase in his munificent salary of $5 per installment, a salary which he and Engels ungratefully labeled as the "lousiest petty bourgeois cheating."

But when all his financial appeals were refused, Marx looked around for other means of livelihood and fame, eventually terminating his relationship with the Tribune and devoting his talents full time to the cause that would bequeath the world the seeds of Leninism, Stalinism, revolution and the cold war.

If only this capitalistic New York newspaper had treated him more kindly; if only Marx had remained a foreign correspondent, history might have been different. And I hope all publishers will bear this lesson in mind the next time they receive a poverty-stricken appeal for a small increase in the expense account from an obscure newspaper man.

I have selected as the title of my remarks tonight "The President and the Press." Some may suggest that this would be more naturally worded "The President Versus the Press." But those are not my sentiments tonight.

It is true, however, that when a well-known diplomat from another country demanded recently that our State Department repudiate certain newspaper attacks on his colleague it was unnecessary for us to reply that this Administration was not responsible for the press, for the press had already made it clear that it was not responsible for this Administration.

Nevertheless, my purpose here tonight is not to deliver the usual assault on the so-called one party press. On the contrary, in recent months I have rarely heard any complaints about political bias in the press except from a few Republicans. Nor is it my purpose tonight to discuss or defend the televising of Presidential press conferences. I think it is highly beneficial to have some 20,000,000 Americans regularly sit in on these conferences to observe, if I may say so, the incisive, the intelligent and the courteous qualities displayed by your Washington correspondents.

Nor, finally, are these remarks intended to examine the proper degree of privacy which the press should allow to any President and his family.

If in the last few months your White House reporters and photographers have been attending church services with regularity, that has surely done them no harm.

On the other hand, I realize that your staff and wire service photographers may be complaining that they do not enjoy the same green privileges at the local golf courses that they once did.

It is true that my predecessor did not object as I do to pictures of one's golfing skill in action. But neither on the other hand did he ever bean a Secret Service man.

My topic tonight is a more sober one of concern to publishers as well as editors.

I want to talk about our common responsibilities in the face of a common danger. The events of recent weeks may have helped to illuminate that challenge for some; but the dimensions of its threat have loomed large on the horizon for many years. Whatever our hopes may be for the future--for reducing this threat or living with it--there is no escaping either the gravity or the totality of its challenge to our survival and to our security--a challenge that confronts us in unaccustomed ways in every sphere of human activity.

This deadly challenge imposes upon our society two requirements of direct concern both to the press and to the President--two requirements that may seem almost contradictory in tone, but which must be reconciled and fulfilled if we are to meet this national peril. I refer, first, to the need for a far greater public information; and, second, to the need for far greater official secrecy.

I

The very word "secrecy" is repugnant in a free and open society; and we are as a people inherently and historically opposed to secret societies, to secret oaths and to secret proceedings. We decided long ago that the dangers of excessive and unwarranted concealment of pertinent facts far outweighed the dangers which are cited to justify it. Even today, there is little value in opposing the threat of a closed society by imitating its arbitrary restrictions. Even today, there is little value in insuring the survival of our nation if our traditions do not survive with it. And there is very grave danger that an announced need for increased security will be seized upon by those anxious to expand its meaning to the very limits of official censorship and concealment. That I do not intend to permit to the extent that it is in my control. And no official of my Administration, whether his rank is high or low, civilian or military, should interpret my words here tonight as an excuse to censor the news, to stifle dissent, to cover up our mistakes or to withhold from the press and the public the facts they deserve to know.

But I do ask every publisher, every editor, and every newsman in the nation to reexamine his own standards, and to recognize the nature of our country's peril. In time of war, the government and the press have customarily joined in an effort based largely on self-discipline, to prevent unauthorized disclosures to the enemy. In time of "clear and present danger," the courts have held that even the privileged rights of the First Amendment must yield to the public's need for national security.

Today no war has been declared--and however fierce the struggle may be, it may never be declared in the traditional fashion. Our way of life is under attack. Those who make themselves our enemy are advancing around the globe. The survival of our friends is in danger. And yet no war has been declared, no borders have been crossed by marching troops, no missiles have been fired.

If the press is awaiting a declaration of war before it imposes the self-discipline of combat conditions, then I can only say that no war ever posed a greater threat to our security. If you are awaiting a finding of "clear and present danger," then I can only say that the danger has never been more clear and its presence has never been more imminent.

It requires a change in outlook, a change in tactics, a change in missions--by the government, by the people, by every businessman or labor leader, and by every newspaper. For we are opposed around the world by a monolithic and ruthless conspiracy that relies primarily on covert means for expanding its sphere of influence--on infiltration instead of invasion, on subversion instead of elections, on intimidation instead of free choice, on guerrillas by night instead of armies by day. It is a system which has conscripted vast human and material resources into the building of a tightly knit, highly efficient machine that combines military, diplomatic, intelligence, economic, scientific and political operations.

Its preparations are concealed, not published. Its mistakes are buried, not headlined. Its dissenters are silenced, not praised. No expenditure is questioned, no rumor is printed, no secret is revealed. It conducts the Cold War, in short, with a war-time discipline no democracy would ever hope or wish to match.

Nevertheless, every democracy recognizes the necessary restraints of national security--and the question remains whether those restraints need to be more strictly observed if we are to oppose this kind of attack as well as outright invasion.

For the facts of the matter are that this nation's foes have openly boasted of acquiring through our newspapers information they would otherwise hire agents to acquire through theft, bribery or espionage; that details of this nation's covert preparations to counter the enemy's covert operations have been available to every newspaper reader, friend and foe alike; that the size, the strength, the location and the nature of our forces and weapons, and our plans and strategy for their use, have all been pinpointed in the press and other news media to a degree sufficient to satisfy any foreign power; and that, in at least in one case, the publication of details concerning a secret mechanism whereby satellites were followed required its alteration at the expense of considerable time and money.

The newspapers which printed these stories were loyal, patriotic, responsible and well-meaning. Had we been engaged in open warfare, they undoubtedly would not have published such items. But in the absence of open warfare, they recognized only the tests of journalism and not the tests of national security. And my question tonight is whether additional tests should not now be adopted.

The question is for you alone to answer. No public official should answer it for you. No governmental plan should impose its restraints against your will. But I would be failing in my duty to the nation, in considering all of the responsibilities that we now bear and all of the means at hand to meet those responsibilities, if I did not commend this problem to your attention, and urge its thoughtful consideration.

On many earlier occasions, I have said--and your newspapers have constantly said--that these are times that appeal to every citizen's sense of sacrifice and self-discipline. They call out to every citizen to weigh his rights and comforts against his obligations to the common good. I cannot now believe that those citizens who serve in the newspaper business consider themselves exempt from that appeal.

I have no intention of establishing a new Office of War Information to govern the flow of news. I am not suggesting any new forms of censorship or any new types of security classifications. I have no easy answer to the dilemma that I have posed, and would not seek to impose it if I had one. But I am asking the members of the newspaper profession and the industry in this country to reexamine their own responsibilities, to consider the degree and the nature of the present danger, and to heed the duty of self-restraint which that danger imposes upon us all.

Every newspaper now asks itself, with respect to every story: "Is it news?" All I suggest is that you add the question: "Is it in the interest of the national security?" And I hope that every group in America--unions and businessmen and public officials at every level-- will ask the same question of their endeavors, and subject their actions to the same exacting tests.

And should the press of America consider and recommend the voluntary assumption of specific new steps or machinery, I can assure you that we will cooperate whole-heartedly with those recommendations.

Perhaps there will be no recommendations. Perhaps there is no answer to the dilemma faced by a free and open society in a cold and secret war. In times of peace, any discussion of this subject, and any action that results, are both painful and without precedent. But this is a time of peace and peril which knows no precedent in history.

II

It is the unprecedented nature of this challenge that also gives rise to your second obligation--an obligation which I share. And that is our obligation to inform and alert the American people--to make certain that they possess all the facts that they need, and understand them as well--the perils, the prospects, the purposes of our program and the choices that we face.

No President should fear public scrutiny of his program. For from that scrutiny comes understanding; and from that understanding comes support or opposition. And both are necessary. I am not asking your newspapers to support the Administration, but I am asking your help in the tremendous task of informing and alerting the American people. For I have complete confidence in the response and dedication of our citizens whenever they are fully informed.

I not only could not stifle controversy among your readers--I welcome it. This Administration intends to be candid about its errors; for as a wise man once said: "An error does not become a mistake until you refuse to correct it." We intend to accept full responsibility for our errors; and we expect you to point them out when we miss them.

Without debate, without criticism, no Administration and no country can succeed--and no republic can survive. That is why the Athenian lawmaker Solon decreed it a crime for any citizen to shrink from controversy. And that is why our press was protected by the First Amendment-- the only business in America specifically protected by the Constitution- -not primarily to amuse and entertain, not to emphasize the trivial and the sentimental, not to simply "give the public what it wants"--but to inform, to arouse, to reflect, to state our dangers and our opportunities, to indicate our crises and our choices, to lead, mold, educate and sometimes even anger public opinion.

This means greater coverage and analysis of international news--for it is no longer far away and foreign but close at hand and local. It means greater attention to improved understanding of the news as well as improved transmission. And it means, finally, that government at all levels, must meet its obligation to provide you with the fullest possible information outside the narrowest limits of national security--and we intend to do it.

III

It was early in the Seventeenth Century that Francis Bacon remarked on three recent inventions already transforming the world: the compass, gunpowder and the printing press. Now the links between the nations first forged by the compass have made us all citizens of the world, the hopes and threats of one becoming the hopes and threats of us all. In that one world's efforts to live together, the evolution of gunpowder to its ultimate limit has warned mankind of the terrible consequences of failure.

And so it is to the printing press--to the recorder of man's deeds, the keeper of his conscience, the courier of his news--that we look for strength and assistance, confident that with your help man will be what he was born to be: free and independent.”

 

Video:

https://www.jfklibrary.org/archives/other-resources/john-f-kennedy-speeches/american-newspaper-publishers-association-19610427

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Been some time since I reviewed this, but in my opinion it is actually speaking of the need for secrecy and especially for newspapers to not print a "state secret" such as military capability. 

Basically says some secrets are necessary but transparency is equally necessary. 

I don't believe it refers to any type of secret society, be that Freemasonry or government agencies. 

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10 hours ago, Mark Stevens said:

Been some time since I reviewed this, but in my opinion it is actually speaking of the need for secrecy and especially for newspapers to not print a "state secret" such as military capability. 

Basically says some secrets are necessary but transparency is equally necessary. 

I don't believe it refers to any type of secret society, be that Freemasonry or government agencies. 

And here:

And there is very grave danger that an announced need for increased security will be seized upon by those anxious to expand its meaning to the very limits of official censorship and concealment. That I do not intend to permit to the extent that it is in my control. And no official of my Administration, whether his rank is high or low, civilian ormilitary, should interpret my words here tonight as an excuse to censor the news, to stifledissent, to cover up our mistakes or to withhold from the press and the public the facts they deserve to know.” 

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12 hours ago, Chris Barnard said:

And here:

And there is very grave danger that an announced need for increased security will be seized upon by those anxious to expand its meaning to the very limits of official censorship and concealment. That I do not intend to permit to the extent that it is in my control. And no official of my Administration, whether his rank is high or low, civilian ormilitary, should interpret my words here tonight as an excuse to censor the news, to stifledissent, to cover up our mistakes or to withhold from the press and the public the facts they deserve to know.” 

I'm not sure what you mean, and if you mean to imply by that statement that he wasn't speaking about the need to keep some secrets. I do though believe this portion relates to actions being exaggerated and taken out of context. For instance him asking newspapers to not print certain information would be called censorship, etc. He won't allow that to happen. Basically, if the public needs or should know government business they will, but this business might not include the flight ceiling of the newest aircraft, or dive depths of new submarines... It should and will though include government mistakes, corruption, and other information deemed in the good of the public.

He does open his monologue with this:

Quote

I have selected as the title of my remarks tonight "The President and the Press." Some may suggest that this would be more naturally worded "The President Versus the Press." But those are not my sentiments tonight.

He does in the very next paragraph (from your quoted snippet) state:

Quote

But I do ask every publisher, every editor, and every newsman in the nation to reexamine his own standards, and to recognize the nature of our country's peril. In time of war, the government and the press have customarily joined in an effort based largely on self-discipline, to prevent unauthorized disclosures to the enemy. In time of "clear and present danger," the courts have held that even the privileged rights of the First Amendment must yield to the public's need for national security.

That would appear to "ask" for some secrecy and it continues with statements such as:

Quote

I have no intention of establishing a new Office of War Information to govern the flow of news. I am not suggesting any new forms of censorship or any new types of security classifications. I have no easy answer to the dilemma that I have posed, and would not seek to impose it if I had one. But I am asking the members of the newspaper profession and the industry in this country to reexamine their own responsibilities, to consider the degree and the nature of the present danger, and to heed the duty of self-restraint which that danger imposes upon us all.

I believe it's clear he is asking news organizations to practice some "responsibility" and while we are not technically at war, to treat situations like we are and to not print information which might help our enemies.

I've pretty much only heard (from others) that this speech was directed towards organizations like Freemasonry, I've never heard that he was speaking about the Soviet Union.

What point do you believe JFK is trying to make with his speech, which he himself titled "The President and the Press?"

Edited by Mark Stevens
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1 hour ago, Mark Stevens said:

I'm not sure what you mean, and if you mean to imply by that statement that he wasn't speaking about the need to keep some secrets. I do though believe this portion relates to actions being exaggerated and taken out of context. For instance him asking newspapers to not print certain information would be called censorship, etc. He won't allow that to happen. Basically, if the public needs or should know government business they will, but this business might not include the flight ceiling of the newest aircraft, or dive depths of new submarines... It should and will though include government mistakes, corruption, and other information deemed in the good of the public.

He does open his monologue with this:

He does in the very next paragraph (from your quoted snippet) state:

That would appear to "ask" for some secrecy and it continues with statements such as:

I believe it's clear he is asking news organizations to practice some "responsibility" and while we are not technically at war, to treat situations like we are and to not print information which might help our enemies.

I've pretty much only heard (from others) that this speech was directed towards organizations like Freemasonry, I've never heard that he was speaking about the Soviet Union.

What point do you believe JFK is trying to make with his speech, which he himself titled "The President and the Press?"

I don’t believe he is talking about Freemasory per se, but, perhaps the presence of networking/manipulating news to mislead the public. We should be aware that not only in america but globally, organisations exist that do subvert democratic processes, that do have great influence. They could stem from Yale, Harvard, a religious order of some kind or be just a bunch of fat cats bankers at a social club. There can be lots of products of that. 

I don’t think there is one single point in the speech, he is addressing the press. 
But, he is clearly dressing down his own government/military in that paragraph. If I give this context, look at the date of the speech; a week after the failed Bay of Pigs invasion, I my opinion he is going to have some axe to grind there. 
 

Edited by Chris Barnard
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On 8/29/2020 at 11:18 AM, Chris Barnard said:

I don’t believe he is talking about Freemasory per se, but, perhaps the presence of networking/manipulating news to mislead the public. We should be aware that not only in america but globally, organisations exist that do subvert democratic processes, that do have great influence. They could stem from Yale, Harvard, a religious order of some kind or be just a bunch of fat cats bankers at a social club. There can be lots of products of that. 

I don’t think there is one single point in the speech, he is addressing the press. 
But, he is clearly dressing down his own government/military in that paragraph. If I give this context, look at the date of the speech; a week after the failed Bay of Pigs invasion, I my opinion he is going to have some axe to grind there. 
 

I guess I still don't follow, or at the least I don't see what you see in that paragraph. Can you tell me what parts of the speech you feel is a dressing down of government/military?

If it's anything in this paragraph:

Quote

And there is very grave danger that an announced need for increased security will be seized upon by those anxious to expand its meaning to the very limits of official censorship and concealment. That I do not intend to permit to the extent that it is in my control. And no official of my Administration, whether his rank is high or low, civilian or military, should interpret my words here tonight as an excuse to censor the news, to stifle dissent, to cover up our mistakes or to withhold from the press and the public the facts they deserve to know.

What JFK is saying here is that his words can be misinterpreted by people who want to restrict the flow of information and he won't allow that to happen. He then basically directly addresses those groups and tell them his words do not mean to restrict free speech or the flow of information. This relates to his overall speech asking the press to be more responsible and to not share information they don't have to. In his opinion, these words could very well be taken by those in military/government positions to mean it's OK for them to restrict and suppress speech/information which it does not, and he will not allow.

He does address those groups, I just don't see anything that I can relate to as a dressing down.

He may very well have an ax to grind, but it could be with the press. I'm not personally familiar with the reporting before/post BoP but maybe information was printed that in some way could have compromised the event or person's involved, or that was true in his opinion. It is a Press Association speech, it is members of the press present and the overall topic is laid out right at the beginning:

Quote

 

My topic tonight is a more sober one of concern to publishers as well as editors.

I want to talk about our common responsibilities in the face of a common danger. The events of recent weeks may have helped to illuminate that challenge for some; but the dimensions of its threat have loomed large on the horizon for many years. Whatever our hopes may be for the future--for reducing this threat or living with it--there is no escaping either the gravity or the totality of its challenge to our survival and to our security--a challenge that confronts us in unaccustomed ways in every sphere of human activity.

This deadly challenge imposes upon our society two requirements of direct concern both to the press and to the President--two requirements that may seem almost contradictory in tone, but which must be reconciled and fulfilled if we are to meet this national peril. I refer, first, to the need for a far greater public information; and, second, to the need for far greater official secrecy.

 

He clearly has a fairly singular point. We need information, but we need security. Information which maintains our integrity and ability to govern is of inherent importance and should never be compromised. Information which maintains our security and protects "our way of life" might not necessarily be articles in Popular Mechanics, or local news stories of "behind the scenes of the inner workings of an aircraft carrier."

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9 hours ago, Mark Stevens said:

I guess I still don't follow, or at the least I don't see what you see in that paragraph. Can you tell me what parts of the speech you feel is a dressing down of government/military?

If it's anything in this paragraph:

What JFK is saying here is that his words can be misinterpreted by people who want to restrict the flow of information and he won't allow that to happen. He then basically directly addresses those groups and tell them his words do not mean to restrict free speech or the flow of information. This relates to his overall speech asking the press to be more responsible and to not share information they don't have to. In his opinion, these words could very well be taken by those in military/government positions to mean it's OK for them to restrict and suppress speech/information which it does not, and he will not allow.

He does address those groups, I just don't see anything that I can relate to as a dressing down.

He may very well have an ax to grind, but it could be with the press. I'm not personally familiar with the reporting before/post BoP but maybe information was printed that in some way could have compromised the event or person's involved, or that was true in his opinion. It is a Press Association speech, it is members of the press present and the overall topic is laid out right at the beginning:

He clearly has a fairly singular point. We need information, but we need security. Information which maintains our integrity and ability to govern is of inherent importance and should never be compromised. Information which maintains our security and protects "our way of life" might not necessarily be articles in Popular Mechanics, or local news stories of "behind the scenes of the inner workings of an aircraft carrier."

It’s not my job to educate you here, if you familiarise yourself with the Bay of Pigs invasion and the politics, it may offer you more insight but, none should be so blind as those who do not wish to see. I suspect somehow here your ego has been bruised and now you’re behaving as an internet xxxxx, I left your comment regarding LBJ being an innocent in Dallas on Nov 22nd 63 (on the other thread), as I suspected it to be the case, that you were indeed being obtuse and had some weird axe to grind or complex. There is more than enough information on this forum for you to read, some of it from very credible authors in regard to ‘cui bono’.
The next thing is you’ll be telling me is Oswald fired all of the shots in Dallas with that Carcano. I am certain you can find some others in the youtube comments or Reddit to stimulate your juvenile mindset and good luck to you, as that’s me ‘out’, I don’t have the time for you, sorry.

Edited by Chris Barnard
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8 hours ago, Chris Barnard said:

It’s not my job to educate you here, if you familiarise yourself with the Bay of Pigs invasion and the politics, it may offer you more insight but, none should be so blind as those who do not wish to see. I suspect somehow here your ego has been bruised and now you’re behaving as an internet xxxxx, I left your comment regarding LBJ being an innocent in Dallas on Nov 22nd 63 (on the other thread), as I suspected it to be the case, that you were indeed being obtuse and had some weird axe to grind or complex. There is more than enough information on this forum for you to read, some of it from very credible authors in regard to ‘cui bono’.
The next thing is you’ll be telling me is Oswald fired all of the shots in Dallas with that Carcano. I am certain you can find some others in the youtube comments or Reddit to stimulate your juvenile mindset and good luck to you, as that’s me ‘out’, I don’t have the time for you, sorry.

Uhmm...OK dude....

If you make claims, it is your "job" to support them. If that includes "educating" someone, then well that's what it is. If you aren't able to support a claim, you probably shouldn't make it.

That aside, I'm lost as to how you got under the impression you did. Maybe you expected half the forum to jump on and support your opinion and maybe it is you with a bruised ego. What would mine be bruised for? You haven't made any factual claims regarding this speech, or negated anything I've said. You've barely even engaged in conversation. Nothing you've done would be enough to bruise a peach, much less an ego. I mean seriously, what has taken place in this thread that would leave me with a bruised ego?

I have a weird ax to grind because I don't think LBJ did it? That's weird....

Juvenile mindset because I explained JFK's meaning behind his speech? I asked an honest question because I genuinely don't see what you see and I'm confused and curious as to what you see. I didn't even speak in an adversarial manner or belittle your points. I just explained what his words meant, and this is what you took from it all?

Wow....

 

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