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John Simkin

Europe's Other Half: Women in the 20th Century

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She looks like quite impressive woman the Russian bomber airwoman!

It's the smaller one in the middle!

She was very proud of what she'd done!

Edited by Nico Zijlstra

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I choose to write about four Czech women with different backgrounds and different professions. I plan to be ready with their biographies for Toulouse meeting. I hope that we can not later than at Toulouse meeting decide how our different products will be coordinated together into one single E-HELP teaching material. Or is it of no importance?

I guess that every one in our group would like to use his own pedagogical approach and also his own production technology. At the same time there was talk of using Content Manager System. For the start I am thinking to put the biographies at my school homepage (or my own homepage) with presentation of the project.

I was thinking to constantly enlarge the presentation of women from Eastern Europe during the whole project time. After my first four Czech profiles I would like to write for example about two quite different women from Soviet time. (But not about any bomber women. I heard nasty things about them when I visited Estonia few years ago.)

Edited by Dalibor Svoboda

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Researching the Dutch branch of the Women Peace Party I followed

Dr. Aletta Jacobs.

In Spartacus the link to Dr. Aletta Jacobs (John could you look into the spelling on your website?) was dead.

Aletta Jacobs

Could you please look into it John?

You will find the link now works. She has strong links with the work done by the suffrage movement. This includes the activities in the 19th century. I think it is important that we start this in this period. I know that it is impossible to understand the subject of women's suffrage in the UK without looking at the campaigns for birth-control, etc. in the 19th century. Aletta Jacobs' career illustrates this very clearly.

http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/USAWjacobsA.htm

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Today a new party - the "Feministic Initiative" will be formed in Sweden. According to the news the party will participate in the next election (Fall 2006).

The discussion about a feministic party in Sweden started after the former partyleader of the Left Party (the former Left Communist Party) was forced to resign in January 2003. She (Gudrun Schyman) had initiated a stronger feministic approach from the Left Party and she now expressed an idea of forming a feministic party. This idea has often been discussed since then and today (Monday the 4th of April) it's obviously going to happen. It will be very interesting to see the reactions on this new party as well as the party's program.

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I came across the following exhibition in 1898: De nationale tentoonstelling van Vrouwenarbeid in The Hague

The organising committee was impressed by the success of the Danish exhibition in 1895. Perhaps an idea to investigate this Danish exhibition from the Danish/Swedish side.

22nd June-15th September Kvindernes Udstilling

http://www.kvinfo.dk/side/454/

Edited by Nico Zijlstra

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Hi - I've been pondering the best way forward on the 'women's history' topic, and especially the oral/social history, rather than the political history. Perhaps if we can agree a kind of template for interviewing women about their experiences, that we could all use, so we are working in a similar way. This might make it easier to pick out similarities and differences across Europe. I wonder if Dan's better half has anything we might adapt? I'm not suggesting we should all stick rigidly to it, it just might make the whole project more coherent.

I have in mind a three [four?] generational interview with family members, asking similar questions and ...well, we'd have to see what comes out of it. It might be something to spend a little time on in Toulouse - although as I won't be there I am reticent to make suggestions about the agenda.

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Hi - I've been pondering the best way forward on the 'women's history' topic, and especially the oral/social history, rather than the political history. Perhaps if we can agree a kind of template for interviewing women about their experiences, that we could all use, so we are working in a similar way. This might make it easier to pick out similarities and differences across Europe. I wonder if Dan's better half has anything we might adapt? I'm not suggesting we should all stick rigidly to it, it just might make the whole project more coherent.

I have in mind a three [four?] generational interview with  family members, asking similar questions and ...well, we'd have to see what comes out of it. It might be something to spend a little time on in Toulouse - although as I won't be there I am reticent to make suggestions about the agenda.

Hi Alf - why don't you work on a template and post it up here? Those attending in Toulouse can then discuss it and ammend it as they see fit. It sounds like an excellent idea to me

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Hi - I've been pondering the best way forward on the 'women's history' topic, and especially the oral/social history, rather than the political history. Perhaps if we can agree a kind of template for interviewing women about their experiences, that we could all use, so we are working in a similar way.

This is a very interesting possibility and have been thinking along similar lines. A student of mine recently returned to Russia to interview a number of people about their experiences of childhood in Stalin's Russia. One of the people she interviewed was an elderly lady in her 80s. I was able to give my student one of the E-HELP video cameras and she recorded four hours on tape. I think we might be able to do something similar.

If we could agree on a template, we could use our cameras (already purchased) to record the interviews. This has at least two interesting E-HELP possibilities:

1) We will generate useful multimedia resources which we can use (in an edited form) on our website for which we will own the copyright. These will be multinational and multilingual but importantly will have a common focus.

2) We will have produced a model of good practice in the application of ICT in history teaching (digital video, oral history and the internet) which could form the basis of one of the modules in the course. Teaching people how to use DV has always to have a 'why they should' dimension. This seems to be an excellent example to me.

We should continue to research and prepare the curriculum content (20th century Women) for the Toulouse meeting but it will be interesting to see how this material fits into Alf's proposed template. If we can agree on this for Toulouse, I'd like to think that people will be taking cameras away with them to do the interviews. We could use part of the Gothenburg to train up on using the software for editing the material that members shoot.

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The World Economic Forum has just compiled a league table of countries measured according to the gender gap between women and men. It included assessing patterns of inequality in areas including economic status, political empowerment, health and education. Thought it would be of use for our project.

The list in rank order is:

1. Sweden

2. Norway

3. Iceland

4. Denmark

5. Finland

6. New Zealand

7. Canada

8. UK

9. Germany

10. Australia

11. Latvia

12. Lithuania

13. France

14. Netherlands

15. Estonia

16. Ireland

17. United States

18. Costa Rica

19. Poland

20. Belgium

21. Slovak Republic

22. Slovenia

23. Portugal

24. Hungary

25. Czech Republic

26. Luxembourg

27. Spain

28. Austria

29. Bulgaria

30. Columbia

31. Russia

32. Uruguay

33. China

34. Switzerland

Full details can be found here:

http://www.weforum.org/site/homepublic.nsf...obal+Gender+Gap

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So far I have produced articles on

1880-1900:

Alletta Jacobs (biography)

Johanna Naber (biography)

The National Exhibition on the Work of Women (1898) (examples of work and thoughts in the womens movement of that time)

The Dutch suffragettes: the struggle for the votes

The peacemovement (planned)

1900-1945

Rosa Manus (biography)

National Socialist Women's Movement (NSVO) 1933-1945 (Role of women in a fascist -national-socialist- society)

1945- present day

Joke Smit (biography)

The 'Dolle Mina movement' and the sexual revolution (planned)

Edited by Nico Zijlstra

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I have in mind a three [four?] generational interview with family members, asking similar questions and ...

The 3 generation approach is very rewoarding: I've done it with some of my groups!

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