information to obtain them (or exaggerate the size of your claim) you are subject to penalties and fines as well as the loss
of your allocations. And that can have a major financial impact since your allocations go with the land and have an impact on
its valuation and even leasing rights. Certainly Marshall was not a criminal investigator in the classic sense but if you
have your allocations challenged (and living in wheat and cotton country and having a history with them I can say this from
personal experience) you would certainly feel like you were being investigated - and there can be a number of sources for charges
that allocations are questionable.
Certainly Marshall would have done a very limited investigation, checking ownership and leasing rights and making sure that all the
filings were in place to ensure that Estes did have legal rights to the allocations he was claiming. That sort of investigation
is very much paperwork and records oriented.
In 1960 Marshall was asked to investigate the activities of Billie Sol Estes. Marshall discovered that over a two year period, Estes had purchased 3,200 acres of cotton allotments from 116 different farmers. Marshall wrote to his superiors in Washington on 31st August, 1960, that: "The regulations should be strengthened to support our disapproval of every case (of allotment transfers)".
I'm sorry but it's just plain wrong. Marshall was not an investigator and he never did any kind of investigation on BSE. I know that this story is wide spread but the facts and the files do not support it. Quite a contrary.
Over the next few months Marshall had meetings with eleven county committees in Texas. He pointed out that Billie Sol Estes scheme to buy cotton allotments were illegal. This information was then communicated to those farmers who had been sold their cotton allotments to Billie Sol Enterprises.
Marshall's job was to approve or not cotton allotments and he did change his position several times. Few days after his meetings, he wrote a memo stating that the deals were legitimate. And few days before his death, he did approve some allotments on Billie's behalf.