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Austin F. Young, Jr.


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Is there any other information on Austin Young, an American Counter-Revolutionary in Cuba who was arrested and imprisoned and sentenced to 30 years, but possibly released in the same group that included John Martino?

Where was he from and what did he do before going to Cuba and after he returned?

Would also like any info on his sidekick Peter John Lambton

Thanks, - BK

http://cuban-exile.com/doc_076-100/doc0086...

HEADLINE: 23 Americans Held by Castro May Be Freed

[REF: Washington Post December 27, 1962 page A-16]

U.S. officials were increasingly optimistic yesterday that 23 Americans long held in Cuban jails may be released.

The optimism was based on reports from lawyer James B. Donovan, who arranged for the return of the Cuban invasion prisoners. Premier Fidel Castro has promised to discuss early release of the Americans too.

Peter John Lambton, Nassau, Bahamas, 25 years

John V. Martino, Miami Beach, 13 years

Austin F. Young, Jr., Palm Beach, Fla., 30 years

http://www.icdc.com/~paulwolf/gringosintherevolution/gringosintherevolution.htm

://http://www.icdc.com/~paulwolf/gring.../size]

Gringos in the Revolution

North Americans in the Cuban Revolution[/font]

COUNTER-REVOLUTIONARIES AND AGENTS

Paul Hughes

Austin Young

William Morgan

John Meckpless Espiritto

Rafael del Pino

Rolando Masferrer

Robert Fuller

Manuel Ray

Austin Young

At the present time there are approximately 460 members of this anti-Government organization, 300 of whom are now at liberty in Habana. Approximately 100 are still held in prison and 70 members of the organization under Luis Lara Crespo, an ex-corporal of the Batista Army, are now in the hills of Pinar del Rio and have already fought several engagements against the Cuban Army. ... According to Mr. Young, this group was approached by a member of the abortive coup betrayed by Comandantes William Morgan and Eloy Gutierrez Menoyo. When told that Morgan was heading the plot, Young's group refused to become involved. Apparently, this group now plans to concentrate its forces in the hills of Pinar del Rio, and according to Young, 200 men will be sent into the hills to join the unit under Lara within the next few weeks. American Citizen Reports Existence of Counterrevolutionary Group, August 26, 1959

While visiting Austin YOUNG on October 4 at Pinar del Rio Prison, the English speaking officer, Captain Pitaluga, left the room for a few minutes. Young took this opportunity to tell me that his organization was still intact. Although 25 had been arrested, he said, there were still 5000 active members. Austin YOUNG, American citizen under detention in Pinar del Rio charged with counter-revolutionary activities, October 5, 1959

William Morgan

Information recieved Embassy and Attache past several days indicates existence conspiracy aimed overthrow GOC by assassination Fidel and Raul Castro, plus defection and uprising portion armed forces in combination invastion from Dom. Rep. William Alexander Morgan reportedly key factor, claiming controls 4,000 armed men. Secret Telegram from U.S. Consulate, Santiago de Cuba, July 31, 1959

Morgan house in Habana under heavy army guard beginning night Aug 8. Understand house raided, found large cache arms and some Batista men inside. Whereabouts Morgan unknown. Telegram from US Embassy to Secretary of State, August 10, 1959

Morgan apparently not in Habana. Reliable source says he landed by yacht at Casilda near Trinidad on south coast sometime August 7-8. Yacht landed Morgan, Capt. FNU Betancourt representing Pedraza and two others and large quantity arms. Yacht now returned Miami, and captain reportedly says Morgan party met by approximately 250 men. Source feels Dom Rep intelligence service, particularly Consul General Miami, still insisting Morgan loyal to Trujillo. Telegram from Habana Embassy to Secretary of State, August 11, 1959

Reliable source states conspiracy essentially that outlined Embtel 275. Tellaeche to be President, Caiñas Milanes Prime Minister, Ramon Mestre Gutierrez Vice Pres (he son law prominent local American resident Alec M. Roberts. No indication to date Roberts implicated.) Chief Armed Forces Comandante Blanco or Comandante Medel. Assassination Fidel and Raul Castro and Camilo Cienfuegos also planned. Conspiracy included Second National Front Escambray leaders Eloy Gutierrez Menoyo and William Alexander Morgan. Both told Castro after first approaches and instructed play along. Conspiracy obtained support from Pedraza and Trujillo. ... Morgan got entire leadership conspiracy together night August 7-8. House wired and with cameras. Castro and Camilo Cienfuegos walked in at strategic moment. Since then everybody singing. Telegram from US Embassy to Secretary of State, August 11, 1959

During the two hours I spent with Lt. Alberto Bayo in his capacity of government interventor [sic] of the Aero Fumigadora Technica Company, I was shown the DC-46 which had come from the Dominican Republic bringing arms for "Morgan's Counter-Revolution". ... Lt. Bayo pointed out that all of the bullet holes in the plane were made by someone inside doing all the shooting. I inspected and could not find one hole made by a bulleet coming in from the outside. DC-46 From the Dominican Republic and Comments From Lt. Alberto Bayo, Cuban Air Force, September 11, 1959

Assume this attitude of Castro needs be weighed in light CAS report that Castro peeved because Embassy Havana allegedly knew of Morgan invasion attempt and he Castro, not informed. This seems preposterous in view information furnished Embassy Havana approximately week ago re Morgan and which Ambassador discussed with FONMIN Roa. Is it correct assume that ROA might not have had opportunity to pass information to Castro? Telegram from U.S. Embassy, Havana, to Secretary of State, August 12, 1959

In television appearance last night Fidel Castro emphasized and praised part played by William Alexander Morgan in GOC scheme to trap counterrevolutionaries and Trujillo. Said Morgan informed GOC promptly after first approaches by conspirators, and thereafter pretended participation in plot on GOC instructions. Telegram from Habana Embassy to Secretary of State, August 15, 1959

Within a few weeks, "the gringo from Ohio" was leading rebel bands in ferocious attacks against Batista's troops and was quickly promoted to the rank of major in the National Second Front of the Escambray. Fidel Castro praised Morgan at the time and said that he was "the kind of American that Cuba needs." ... Gen. Fabian Escalante, former head of Cuban State Security and today an adviser to Castro, claims that he has a thick intelligence dossier on Morgan that firmly establishes he was a CIA agent under the control of the agency's former Western Hemisphere Division chief, Col. Joseph Caldwell King. However, Escalante says, Morgan's cover legend of being a chronic disciplinary problem for the Army and perennial outsider was too close to reality, and Col. King and CIA personnel operating out of the embassy in Havana were unable to control him. Writes Escalante "Morgan was undisciplined and reported little, greatly displeasing the CIA station, which complained about him constantly." The CIA's displeasure soon prompted the agency to dispatch another agent to Cuba who could watch over the unpredictable American. That agent, operating under the alias John Maples Spiritto, was a former "special employee" of the Federal Narcotics Bureau. In the early 1950s, Spiritto also had been employed in Manhattan as part of the CIA's top-secret Artichoke Project. William Morgan: Patriot or traitor? by H.P. Albarelli Jr., April 21, 2002

http://www.blythe.org/nytransfer-subs/99q3cari/Radio_Havana_Cuba,_Thu_July_8,_1999

Radio Havana Cuba, Thu July 8, 1999

CUBANEWS FROM RADIO HAVANA CUBAThe following items are taken from Radio Havana Cuba's newsservice for Thursday, July 8, 1999. Today's stories:1.- EVIDENCE SHOWS THAT U.S. CIA AGENTS DIRECTLY PARTICIPATED IN COUNTERREVOLUTIONARY GROUPS IN CUBA....EVIDENCE SHOWS THAT U.S. CIA AGENTS DIRECTLY PARTICIPATED INCOUNTERREVOLUTIONARY GROUPS IN CUBAHavana, July 8(RHC)-- The on-going trial proceedings against the U.S. government for 40 years of aggressions against Cuba have

revealed that CIA agents directly participated in the counterrevolutionary bandit groups that terrorized the island's civilian population during the 1960's. Retired Colonel Nieves Castillo Vazquez told judicial authorities how, as a First Lieutenant in charge of a Struggle Against Bandits unit in Pinar Del Rio, he captured CIA agents Austin Young and Peter John Lambton -- along with their Thompson 45-caliber submachine guns.Austin had already been arrested in Cuba in 1959 while attempting to spirit out of the island infamous torturers and assassins of the Batista dictatorship. He was deported to the United States, but returned the same year to lead a bandit group. Testimony also continued concerning the numerous aspects of the "Covert Action Program Against the Castro Regime" and "Operation Mongoose" -- plans to destroy the Cuban Revolution adopted in 1960 by the administration of then-President Dwight D Eisenhower. Among them is the operation known at "Patty Candela," which included assassination plots against leaders of the Revolution and the simulation of an attack against the

Guantanamo Naval Base to provide a pretext for U.S. intervention in Cuba.One of the international observers participating in the trial proceedings is U.S. attorney William Schaap, a member of the New York-based Center for Constitutional Rights and director of the progressive news quarterly "Covert Action."In an interview granted to the Cuban newspaper Granma, Schapp stated that attorneys for the plaintiffs suing the U.S.

government "are carrying out their work in a very professional manner, presenting hard evidence and not just generalizations -- with eyewitnesses for each aspect and action of Washington's aggressions against Cuba."Schaap said it was important to individualize the tragedies and human damage suffered by the victims. "In this way," he said,

"people can understand that each victim had or has a family, parents, children, a home, a job."The Granma newspaper asked the U.S. lawyer and progressive activist whether or not people in the United States are aware of Havana's legal action against Washington. He said there is some information in the progressive media, but doubted that the

mainstream media would provide any coverage. He stated the mainstream media "has only tried to make fun of Cuba's 181 billion dollar suit against the U.S. government." Schaap said Americans are victims of their own government's propaganda and "generally don't know what Washington's war against Cuba has meant in terms of human suffering" and the money and material that the U.S. government provided to bandits and assassins. Another observer at the trial is Australian David Deutschmann, director of the publishing house Ocean Press. Deutschmann told local journalists that his company -- which has already published some 50 titles concerning Cuba -- is also going to publish, in

English, the entire legal process against the U.S. government and send copies to universities, legal experts and academics.

http://www.escambray.cu/Eng/bandits/chronology0912111117

Chronology (January 1959 - November 1960)

1959

The organization of a group of bandits in western Cuban province of Pinar del Rio, directed by Luis Lara Crespo, former military official of Fulgencio Batista's Army and fugitive of the revolutionary justice for his several crimes committed in service, marked the sunrise of terrorist bands in Cuba. In that same year, the Cuba's most western province happened to be also the scenery of the death of revolutionary soldier Manuel Cordero Rodríguez in a crossfire against a group of terrorists, commanded by Americans Austin Young and Peter John Lambton. Both captured later along with the rest of their troopers, and forced to unarm.

Other well-organized groups as the Pedro Román Trujillo's, in the region of the Escambray mountains in central Cuba and Olegario Charlot Pileta's, in former Cuban province of Oriente (eastern Cuba) succeeded these first terrorist groups.

It was in the hard-to-reach Escambray range, where the U.S. government considered was suitable to spread this new modality of aggression against Cuba due to its geographic and socio-economic conditions. Hence, the area was turned into the main operation field of such anti-Cuba terrorists, and to which the CIA concentrated its greatest material and financial funds.

According to the CIA General Inspector's report based on a disclosed top secret file, seven of the 10 missions carried out by the agency from September 1960 to March 1961, consisted of dropping weaponry and equipment from an airplane over the mountains of former Cuban province of Las Villas (today the provinces of Cienfuegos, Villa Clara and Sancti Spíritus)

A total of 168 terrorist groups, with 2005 counterrevolutionaries operated at that time in former Cuban province of Las Villas. Only in the Escambray, 136 gangs were registered that is to say almost half of the total recorded in Cuba by the time.

August 14: A C-46 aircraft coming from Santo Domingo was captured in Trinidad, loaded with war logistics for the US-made terrorists that began to get organized in that zone.

October 22: A passenger train on its regular journey across the province of Las Villas, was repeatedly machine-gunned.

November: The first group of anti-Cuba terrorists linked to the Rosa Blanca counterrevolutionary organization that operated in the Escambray, were captured.

1960

February 23: Several pirate planes fanned an amount of capsules that set on fire sugar industries "Washington" and "Ulacia" in central Cuba and in Manguito, a rural community in Cuban province of Matanzas.

February 15: The "Ten Cent" commercial center in the city of Santa Clara was set ablazed by terrorists supported by the U.S

March 17: During a meeting chaired by Richard Nixon, vice-president of the US and attended by Christian Herter, state secretary, Robert B. Anderson, secretary of the US treasure department, John N. Irwin, assisting defense secretary, Livingston T. Merchant and other top officials from the White House and the CIA, it was announced the US president's approval of the so-called "Program of Covert Action against Castro's Regime", proposed by the CIA, in which he granted full authorization to create inside Cuba a secret and undercover organization of intelligence and action.

In order to accomplish such a clandestine mission, the U.S government provided the CIA with the necessary funds. In a newly disclosed memo on the meeting's agenda, General Goodpaster pointed out : "The President said that he did not know a better plan to manage the situation. The great problem is the filtration and flaw of security. Everybody must be willing to vow that he [Eisenhower] does not know anything about this. [...] He said that our hands should be never linked to anything of whatsoever is done."

http://74.125.47.132/search?q=cache:BGp2MuNNS-4J:newsgroups.derkeiler.com/Archive/Soc/soc.culture.cuba/2006-05/msg00311.html+Austin+Young+CIA&cd=61&hl=en&ct=clnk&gl=us

Re: OPERATION MONGOOSE FOR MORONS

On US-backed terror in the Escambray Mountains from Granma International:

CIA agents organized murderous counterrevolutionary bands in central and

western Cuba

http://www.granma.cu/cubademanda/ingles/demanda4-i.html

THE third day of gory revelations concerning anti-Cuban activities organized

by the U.S. government during the 1960-1965 period continued with the

presentation of evidence which included crimes committed by the so-called

Las Villas Northern Front, similar acts in Pinar del Río, the murder of

children and U.S. participation in counterrevolutionary bands.

The first of those armed bands to be captured in the country (September

1959), operated under the command of Fernando Pruna Bonet, in Consolación

del Sur, Pinar del Río, the island's westernmost province. But in fact, he

was not the sole or real leader. The band had been organized and commanded

by two U.S. citizens: Austin Young and Peter John Lambton, according to a

detailed account from Retired Colonel Nieves Castillo Vázquez.

A first lieutenant at the time and assigned to the fight against bandits in

the western region, Castillo took part in the capture in combat of U.S.

citizen Austin Young.

"Austin and Peter, carrying false passports and posing as tourists, traveled

directly to Varadero from the United States. They were transported to Havana

in a car belonging to the head of personnel at the Internacional Hotel."

They met up with Pruna in the house of Euclides Cabrera. Pruna was an old

friend of Austin's. "They became friends in prison, because the U.S. pilot

had already been imprisoned on the island for illegal and

counterrevolutionary acts, trying to get Batista's henchmen out of the

country. For that reason he was detained and then deported to the United

States."

Austin Young had returned, for the second time in one year, with a new

mission and a new recruit: Peter John Lambton. Theirs was no personal

adventure. They came prepared and directed by the CIA to set up a

counterrevolutionary band and use it for a propaganda campaign. They were

carrying documents, weapons, money and cameras.

The enclave chosen in that case was not in the mountains, but in a central

area which would allow them to move around and subsequently direct the

counterrevolutionary actions in the western part of the island.

The group barely lasted one week. "In its initial operation, where

revolutionary combatant Manuel Cordero lost his life, almost all of them

were taken prisoner in Lechuza cave, near Herradura junction." There,

Castillo found a notebook containing various data, including the names of

the two U.S. citizens, for whom a search was immediately organized. Austin

was caught the next day. After being interrogated, he voluntarily handed

over his "brand-new Thompson machine gun, which he had brought from the

United States," the witness recounted.

Another witness to appear on the third day of the hearing, Gervasio Sánchez

Robaina, likewise referred to Young's participation in those actions. At the

request of the 26th of July Movement, Sánchez participated in the

organization and training of Pruna's band.

He recounted that Young traveled from Havana to Consolación del Sur to take

charge of the counterrevolutionary band. When this group was caught, 12

pairs of boots, M-1 rifles and Thompson machine guns, all of U.S.

manufacture, were seized, he stated.

Shortly after Young's arrest, rolls of film and photos to be sent to the

United States, in order to circulate details of the band's work and thus

obtain funding, were confiscated from him, together with weapons and

supplies for these and other bands he intended to set up.

Edited by William Kelly
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Guest Tom Scully

Bill,

Since nearly the whole membership here has its attention devoted to discussion of image "evidence", I figured your post would bf given short shrift, tso this is what I could gather on the fly....you've got quite a can of worms, if James Buchanan's involvement in Young's escape is not the accident of circumstances described by Time magazine.

Is Violin III or Violyn III, aka Vejana III? I see a hand from Joseph F. Dryer and or Michael JP Malone in this Young/Buchanan background, but I haven't found one, unless Violin is Vejana....

Mar 31, 1959 - The American embassy reported Monday that Austin F. Young, a private pilot of Miami, has been arrested by Cuban revolutionary authorities. HAVANA, Cuba, March 30 [uPI] - The American em- bassy reported Monday that Austin F. Young, a private pilot of Miami, has been ar- rested by Cuban ...
http://books.google.com/books?q=col.%20%22...sa=N&tab=wp

Newsletter - Cuba Resource Center, Volumes 1-3‎

Cuba Resource Center - History - 1971

... March 31 Austin F. Young, a US pilot arrested for his activities in

connection with flying former officers of the Batista arny from Cuba to Miami,

http://www.google.com/archivesearch?scorin...tin&spell=1

Apr 22, 1963

Among relatives waiting at the Homestead base was Austin Young, of Palm Beach, Fla. His son. colonel, en tered the Isle of Pines prison in December,

Donovan Brings Back 21 Americans, Pale and Skinny, from Cuban Jails

Pay-Per-View - Hartford Courant - ProQuest Archiver - Apr 23, 1963

Austin F\ Young, 43, of Miami was reluctant to describe treatment given the Americans. Young, a former U.S. Army colonel, was convicted of trying to form an anti-Castro army in Pinar del Rio hills. Young said he had stayed in prison six days short of four years.

http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/...,865163,00.html

Hot Tip from Havana

Time Magazine - Time - Dec 21, 1959

By next morning, Herald Reporter Buchanan was through, and preparing to go back to Miami. But he had one more mission to perform: "Young had asked me to get ...

http://news.google.com/newspapers?id=s2AqA...rald&hl=eno

The Pittsburgh Press - Dec 13, 1959

Jailed Newsman- Hames Buchananm Miami Herald reporter who has been jailed in

Havana after obtaining a secret interview with escaped prisoner Austin Young,

lived for several days in the mountains with Fidel Castro'rebels in 1958.

And then, as in the case of Young, Mr. Buchanan's traditional newspaper code of secrecy kept him from revealing the location of Castro's troops to Dicatator Fulgencio Batista. Mr. Buchanan is shown here, at right, with Raul Castro and his bride-to-be (at that time) Vilma. at the rebel command post in Sierra Cristal in July, 1958.

http://news.google.com/archivesearch?q=%22...1&scoring=a

By James Buchanan .

Eugene Register-Guard - Google News Archive - Dec 30, 1959

Somehow this oversight became one of the moat important things in my 14 days of imprisonment. With that pen. I scratched out notes each day ended,

http://news.google.com/newspapers?id=nQAOA...hanan&hl=en

St. Petersburg Times - Google News Archive - Apr 18, 1961

By JAMES BUCHANAN Time miami Herald Service . What is the Cuban rebels' military strategy? The counter-revolutionary at tack to unseat Fidel Castro is a ...

http://news.google.com/newspapers?id=lAwkA...hanan&hl=en

Ocala Star-Banner - Apr 2, 1963

Spokesmand For Sea Raider says Boat not Armed or Manned in the U.S.

(Editor's Note: The following exclsive interview with Jerry Buchanan

was obtained by his brother, James Buchanan, reporter for the Pompano

Beach Sunday Sentinel, and made available to the Associated Press)

http://mcadams.posc.mu.edu/weberman/nodule10.htm

..."During the interview at MARTINO's residence, MARTINO introduced to the interviewing agents Cuban exile Felipe Vidal Santiago, who the Subject of Bufile 105-85523, Miami file 105-6466. Vidal has been active in anti-Castro activities and may be one of the 'unidentified sources' of information on Cuban matters.

"MARTINO revealed that he is a close friend of Jim Buchanan, reporter for the Pompano Beach Sun-Sentinel. Miami report, dated January 25, 1964, in this case is devoted to an article by Buchanan, which sets forth irresponsible statements concerning the FBI and activities of LEE HARVEY OSWALD. MARTINO stated that he is sure that LEE HARVEY OSWALD had been in Miami because Jim Buchanan had told him that his brother, Jerry Buchanan, had been in a fight with OSWALD at Miami when OSWALD tried to join a group of anti-Castro 'Freedom Fighters.' MARTINO said Buchanan told him this was a true fact and that MARTINO could use it in his lectures.

"The Miami Office does not contemplate efforts to locate Jerry Buchanan for interview concerning the foregoing claim in view of the fact there has been no evidence developed that OSWALD was ever in Miami and also in view of the fact the unreliability of Jim Buchanan has been self evident in the past.

"With respect to the alleged prostitute in Mexico City, whom MARTINO stated was kept under wraps because of her knowledge of the activities of LEE HARVEY OSWALD, this is an apparent reference to Sylvia Duran." [NARA 124-10169-10417]

On November 20, 1959, the FBI prepared a Letter Head Memorandum about MARTINO much of which was withheld. [FBI 64-44828-4] MARTINO was put on trial in December 1959. "I am a good man," MARTINO said, "I'm not the type that gets involved in this sort of thing." MARTINO was convicted and sentenced to 13 years in prison.

LA CABANA FORTRESS PRISON

MARTINO was released from prison on October 9, 1962, having served 40 months. He weighed 93 pounds...

http://hum.uchicago.edu/~jagoldsm/Papers/J...nCommission.pdf

12..The Buchanan brothers and Frank Sturgis:

Nov. 26 sees an article published by James Buchanan, who says that his source is Frank

Sturgis, to the ffect that in Novmeber 1962, Oswald was in the Miami area, contacting supporters

of Castro, trying to infiltrate an anti-Castro organizaton, distributing FPCC materials, and getting

into a fight with anti-Castro partisans.

Jerry Buchanan, James's brother, agreed that Oswald had been involved in a scrap be-

tween FPCC supports and anti-Castro activists with Oswald present.47

Hinckle and Turner write,

That same day [apparently Nov. 26] the Pompano Beach Sun-Sentinel attributed to Frank

Sturgis the news that Oswald had been in telephone contact with Cuban intelligence and "had

connections with the Cuban government in Mexico and New Orleans, Louisiana." The article

was by-lined by James C. Buchanan, whose brother Jerry belonged to Sturgis' International Anti-

Communist Brigade.

Agent O'Connor talked to Sturgis, who conceded he had made "offhand comments" to Bu-

chanan but styled them "guesses, speculation and rumor."48

11..John Martino

: a "prime organizer"of the Bayo-Pawley effort, and a source, according to FBI investiga-

tions, of the Buchanan story that Oswald was in Florida. Summers cites CD 1020; Secret Service

report CO234030; and FBI document 105-82555-2704; cd 691.2

Hinckle and Turner write,

On Tuesday John Martino, the Mafia technician who had been on the Flying Tiger expedi-

tion, charged on a talk show over Miami radio station WQAM that Oswald had distributed Fair

Paly for Cuba Committee literature in Florida and had traveled to Cuba via Mexico in Septem-

ber.

Interviewed by FBI agent James O'Connor, Martino stated the information came from a Cu-

ban source, who also said that Oswald "had made a telephone call to the Cuban Intelligence Ser-

vice Service in Cuba from a private residence in Miami" and, in Houston, "tried to sell maijuana

and handled the exchange of Cuban pesos for American dollars."

46

46 Fonzi, p. 58.

47

47 Summers, in the 1989 edition: p. 423.

48

The Fish is Red, 224.

48

Presside to divulge his source, Martino said that the Cuban was en route from California to

join the counterrevolution and could not be contacted. Martino never did produce the Cuban. 49

11..Letters from Cuba

Hinckle and Turner write,

In Dallas the Secret Service predictably intercepted a letter addressed to Oswald that had

been mailed from Havana. Dated November 10 and signed by "Pedro Charles," the letter im-

plied, as the Secret Service put it, that "Oswald had been paid by Charles to carry out an uniden-

tified mission which involved accurate shooting." In Washington the Justice Department re-

ceived a similar letter addressed to Robert Kennedy and signed by "Mario del Rosario Molina,"

who claimed Oswald "assassinated President Kennedy at the direction of Pedro Charles, a Cuban

agent who has traveled in the United States under various aliases," and that Oswald "met with

Charles in Miami several months ago and was paid $7,000 by Charles." Both letters were post-

marked in Havana the day after the assassination.

Laboratory examination determined that the two letters were written on the same typewriter.

They were dismissed as a crude attempt by persons unknown in Cuba to blame Casto.50

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Bill,

Since nearly the whole membership here has its attention devoted to discussion of image "evidence", I figured your post would bf given short shrift, tso this is what I could gather on the fly....

Thanks for paying attention Tom. When those interested in the photo evidence find that Austin Young is tied directly to NPIC they might start paying attention and will have to play catch up.

-BK

...you've got quite a can of worms, if James Buchanan's involvement in Young's escape is not the accident of circumstances described by Time magazine.

Is Violin III or Violyn III, aka Vejana III? I see a hand from Joseph F. Dryer and or Michael JP Malone in this Young/Buchanan background, but I haven't found one, unless Violin is Vejana....

Mar 31, 1959 - The American embassy reported Monday that Austin F. Young, a private pilot of Miami, has been arrested by Cuban revolutionary authorities. HAVANA, Cuba, March 30 [uPI] - The American em- bassy reported Monday that Austin F. Young, a private pilot of Miami, has been ar- rested by Cuban ...
http://books.google.com/books?q=col.%20%22...sa=N&tab=wp

Newsletter - Cuba Resource Center, Volumes 1-3‎

Cuba Resource Center - History - 1971

... March 31 Austin F. Young, a US pilot arrested for his activities in

connection with flying former officers of the Batista arny from Cuba to Miami,

http://www.google.com/archivesearch?scorin...tin&spell=1

Apr 22, 1963

Among relatives waiting at the Homestead base was Austin Young, of Palm Beach, Fla. His son. colonel, en tered the Isle of Pines prison in December,

Donovan Brings Back 21 Americans, Pale and Skinny, from Cuban Jails

Pay-Per-View - Hartford Courant - ProQuest Archiver - Apr 23, 1963

Austin F\ Young, 43, of Miami was reluctant to describe treatment given the Americans. Young, a former U.S. Army colonel, was convicted of trying to form an anti-Castro army in Pinar del Rio hills. Young said he had stayed in prison six days short of four years.

http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/...,865163,00.html

Hot Tip from Havana

Time Magazine - Time - Dec 21, 1959

By next morning, Herald Reporter Buchanan was through, and preparing to go back to Miami. But he had one more mission to perform: "Young had asked me to get ...

http://news.google.com/newspapers?id=s2AqA...rald&hl=eno

The Pittsburgh Press - Dec 13, 1959

Jailed Newsman- Hames Buchananm Miami Herald reporter who has been jailed in

Havana after obtaining a secret interview with escaped prisoner Austin Young,

lived for several days in the mountains with Fidel Castro'rebels in 1958.

And then, as in the case of Young, Mr. Buchanan's traditional newspaper code of secrecy kept him from revealing the location of Castro's troops to Dicatator Fulgencio Batista. Mr. Buchanan is shown here, at right, with Raul Castro and his bride-to-be (at that time) Vilma. at the rebel command post in Sierra Cristal in July, 1958.

http://news.google.com/archivesearch?q=%22...1&scoring=a

By James Buchanan .

Eugene Register-Guard - Google News Archive - Dec 30, 1959

Somehow this oversight became one of the moat important things in my 14 days of imprisonment. With that pen. I scratched out notes each day ended,

http://news.google.com/newspapers?id=nQAOA...hanan&hl=en

St. Petersburg Times - Google News Archive - Apr 18, 1961

By JAMES BUCHANAN Time miami Herald Service . What is the Cuban rebels' military strategy? The counter-revolutionary at tack to unseat Fidel Castro is a ...

http://news.google.com/newspapers?id=lAwkA...hanan&hl=en

Ocala Star-Banner - Apr 2, 1963

Spokesmand For Sea Raider says Boat not Armed or Manned in the U.S.

(Editor's Note: The following exclsive interview with Jerry Buchanan

was obtained by his brother, James Buchanan, reporter for the Pompano

Beach Sunday Sentinel, and made available to the Associated Press)

http://mcadams.posc.mu.edu/weberman/nodule10.htm

..."During the interview at MARTINO's residence, MARTINO introduced to the interviewing agents Cuban exile Felipe Vidal Santiago, who the Subject of Bufile 105-85523, Miami file 105-6466. Vidal has been active in anti-Castro activities and may be one of the 'unidentified sources' of information on Cuban matters.

"MARTINO revealed that he is a close friend of Jim Buchanan, reporter for the Pompano Beach Sun-Sentinel. Miami report, dated January 25, 1964, in this case is devoted to an article by Buchanan, which sets forth irresponsible statements concerning the FBI and activities of LEE HARVEY OSWALD. MARTINO stated that he is sure that LEE HARVEY OSWALD had been in Miami because Jim Buchanan had told him that his brother, Jerry Buchanan, had been in a fight with OSWALD at Miami when OSWALD tried to join a group of anti-Castro 'Freedom Fighters.' MARTINO said Buchanan told him this was a true fact and that MARTINO could use it in his lectures.

"The Miami Office does not contemplate efforts to locate Jerry Buchanan for interview concerning the foregoing claim in view of the fact there has been no evidence developed that OSWALD was ever in Miami and also in view of the fact the unreliability of Jim Buchanan has been self evident in the past.

"With respect to the alleged prostitute in Mexico City, whom MARTINO stated was kept under wraps because of her knowledge of the activities of LEE HARVEY OSWALD, this is an apparent reference to Sylvia Duran." [NARA 124-10169-10417]

On November 20, 1959, the FBI prepared a Letter Head Memorandum about MARTINO much of which was withheld. [FBI 64-44828-4] MARTINO was put on trial in December 1959. "I am a good man," MARTINO said, "I'm not the type that gets involved in this sort of thing." MARTINO was convicted and sentenced to 13 years in prison.

LA CABANA FORTRESS PRISON

MARTINO was released from prison on October 9, 1962, having served 40 months. He weighed 93 pounds...

http://hum.uchicago.edu/~jagoldsm/Papers/J...nCommission.pdf

12..The Buchanan brothers and Frank Sturgis:

Nov. 26 sees an article published by James Buchanan, who says that his source is Frank

Sturgis, to the ffect that in Novmeber 1962, Oswald was in the Miami area, contacting supporters

of Castro, trying to infiltrate an anti-Castro organizaton, distributing FPCC materials, and getting

into a fight with anti-Castro partisans.

Jerry Buchanan, James's brother, agreed that Oswald had been involved in a scrap be-

tween FPCC supports and anti-Castro activists with Oswald present.47

Hinckle and Turner write,

That same day [apparently Nov. 26] the Pompano Beach Sun-Sentinel attributed to Frank

Sturgis the news that Oswald had been in telephone contact with Cuban intelligence and "had

connections with the Cuban government in Mexico and New Orleans, Louisiana." The article

was by-lined by James C. Buchanan, whose brother Jerry belonged to Sturgis' International Anti-

Communist Brigade.

Agent O'Connor talked to Sturgis, who conceded he had made "offhand comments" to Bu-

chanan but styled them "guesses, speculation and rumor."48

11..John Martino

: a "prime organizer"of the Bayo-Pawley effort, and a source, according to FBI investiga-

tions, of the Buchanan story that Oswald was in Florida. Summers cites CD 1020; Secret Service

report CO234030; and FBI document 105-82555-2704; cd 691.2

Hinckle and Turner write,

On Tuesday John Martino, the Mafia technician who had been on the Flying Tiger expedi-

tion, charged on a talk show over Miami radio station WQAM that Oswald had distributed Fair

Paly for Cuba Committee literature in Florida and had traveled to Cuba via Mexico in Septem-

ber.

Interviewed by FBI agent James O'Connor, Martino stated the information came from a Cu-

ban source, who also said that Oswald "had made a telephone call to the Cuban Intelligence Ser-

vice Service in Cuba from a private residence in Miami" and, in Houston, "tried to sell maijuana

and handled the exchange of Cuban pesos for American dollars."

46

46 Fonzi, p. 58.

47

47 Summers, in the 1989 edition: p. 423.

48

The Fish is Red, 224.

48

Presside to divulge his source, Martino said that the Cuban was en route from California to

join the counterrevolution and could not be contacted. Martino never did produce the Cuban. 49

11..Letters from Cuba

Hinckle and Turner write,

In Dallas the Secret Service predictably intercepted a letter addressed to Oswald that had

been mailed from Havana. Dated November 10 and signed by "Pedro Charles," the letter im-

plied, as the Secret Service put it, that "Oswald had been paid by Charles to carry out an uniden-

tified mission which involved accurate shooting." In Washington the Justice Department re-

ceived a similar letter addressed to Robert Kennedy and signed by "Mario del Rosario Molina,"

who claimed Oswald "assassinated President Kennedy at the direction of Pedro Charles, a Cuban

agent who has traveled in the United States under various aliases," and that Oswald "met with

Charles in Miami several months ago and was paid $7,000 by Charles." Both letters were post-

marked in Havana the day after the assassination.

Laboratory examination determined that the two letters were written on the same typewriter.

They were dismissed as a crude attempt by persons unknown in Cuba to blame Casto.50

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Real name Frank Austin Young. Indiana native. Son of a General Motors executive.

Used the St. John Hotel in Havana as a safe house. Also went by the name Jack Morton which is the name most information will be sourced.

Did a stint at the Isle of Pines same time as Daniel Carswell.

Austin Young and John Lambton below.

James

Edited by James Richards
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