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"One of the many oddities of that amazing day is that when Oswald was arrested he had on him a payroll stub from the American Bakery Co. dated August 1960."


Actually, I see nothing that amazing or coincidental in this!


American Bakeries Company

Prior Name: Purity Bakeries Corporation (7/07/1953)

Type Entity: Business Corporation (Non-Louisiana)

Domicile Address: 100 West 10th St., Wilmington, DE

Principal Office: 10 S. Riverside Plaza, Chicago, IL

Principal Bus. Est. in Louisiana: 1300 Hibernia Bank Bldg., New Orleans


Merely a friendly reminder on the subject of United Fruit!


Mailing Address: 100 W 10TH ST, WILMINGTON, DE 19801

Domicile Address: 100 W 10TH ST, WILMINGTON, DE 19801

Principal Office: 100 W 10TH ST, WILMINGTON, DE 19801

Qualified: 03/16/1951

Registered Agent (Appointed 3/16/1951): CHARLES E. DUNBAR, JR., 1300 HIBERNIA BLDG, NEW ORLEANS, LA 70112

Registered Agent (Appointed 3/16/1951): SUMTER D. MARKS, JR., 1300 HIBERNIA BLDG, NEW ORLEANS, LA 70112

Registered Agent (Appointed 3/16/1951): LOUIS B. CLAVERIE, 1300 HIBERNIA BLDG, NEW ORLEANS, LA 70112



According to a CIA document dated June 26, 1953, the following also occurred:


After leaving the FBI offices, BARRIOS and GATLIN met with a Mr. DUNBAR, who occasionally represents the United Fruit Co. in New Orleans. They asked for one million dollars from the United Fruit Co., in support of BARRIOS' intended revolutionary movement in Guatemala, but they were unsuccessful in obtaining any commitment.


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Tom - Sir,

Keep On Keeping On Man.


For Mr. Simkin:


The National Child Labor Committee (NCLC) Collection

Like the U.S. Steel photo collection, the NCLC collection is a set of linked images. The more than 5,000 photographs are linked by subject (child labor) and by photographer (Lewis Hine, a talented photographer who did investigative and photographic work for the NCLC). The photos document working conditions for children in both industrial and agricultural settings in the early twentieth century.

The photos came to the Prints and Photographs (P&P) Division of the Library of Congress grouped by industry (e.g., canneries, mills, mines). All of the photos were digitized in 2003, and visitors to a collection Web site have the usual P&P Division search, browse, and preview options. Lewis Hine traveled across the country to take his photographs. We examined photos that documented work in industrial and agricultural settings in the Midwest and in other regions.

Figure 10: Some of the young shrimp pickers at Dunbar, Lopez, Dukate Co. Sore, swollen, and even bleeding fingers are common among these workers on account of the acid in the shrimp, Biloxi, Mississippi, February, 1911. Source: Library of Congress, Prints & Photographs Division, National Child Labor Committee Collection [reproduction number LC–DIG–nclc–00844].



Manuel, the young shrimp picker, five years old, and a mountain of child-labor oyster shells behind him. He worked last year. Understands not a word of English. Dunbar, Lopez, and Dukate company. Photograph by Lewis Hine, Prints and Photographs, Library of Congress.

Down Around Biloxi:

Culture and Identity in the Biloxi Seafood Industry

by Aimee Schmidt



Type Entity: Business Corporation

Mailing Address: ', NEW ORLEANS, LA 70150

Domicile Address: ', NEW ORLEANS, LA 70150

Incorporated: 11/20/1907


In 1867 the canning of seafood was begun by the Dunbar brothers in New Orleans. ... In 1903, for instance, Lopez and Dukate and Company in Biloxi was ...

http://www.dmr.state.ms.us/Coastal-Ecology/e ... /seafood-processing-book-v.doc



The Shady Oaks would become the Montross and later the Riviera. New Orleans' citizens traveled to Biloxi and the Mississippi Coast in hopes of escaping the yellow fever epidemics. Many of New Orleans' wealthy built large waterfront homes and traveled by steamboat to Biloxi bringing entire households and servants. Plantation owners from Mississippi, Alabama and Louisiana built summer homes.

Lopez, Elmer and Company became the first seafood cannery in Biloxi in 1881and by the end of the decade four additional canneries were established. These included Barataria Canning Company, 1882; Lopez, Dunbar's Sons & Company, 1884; E. C. Joullain Packing Company, 1888; and William Gorenflo and Company, 1886. The first cannery was the brainchild of Lazaro Lopez, F. William Elmer, W.K.M. DuKate, William Gorenflo, and James Maycock. This venture would take Biloxi into the next century. By the turn of the century Biloxi had become the Seafood Capital of the World. By 1910 Biloxi became the largest exporter of raw oysters by shipping over 15 million cans. In the 1920s there was more than forty seafood factories occupying the two cannery districts. The cannery owners also imported laborers from places like Baltimore and Louisiana.


Just in case one forgot:


Beauvoir is the retirement estate of Confederate President Jefferson Davis in Biloxi, Mississippi



King Komus Pure Louisiana Cane Syrup, 1912

The Dunbars, Lopez & Dukate Company of New Orleans, Louisiana advertised King Komus Louisiana Cane Syrup, which the packaged and distributed to grocers throughout the South.



This plant was bought out by the Dunbar and Dukate interests of Biloxi who also acquired the cannery at Bay St. Louis.

Oyster Exporter

Besides seafood packer George Washington Dunbar, there was Ernest Hudson Merrick, who was one of the first importers of out of state labor for the seafood packing industry at Pass Christian,



Type Entity: Business Corporation

Mailing Address: ', NEW ORLEANS, LA 70150

Domicile Address: ', NEW ORLEANS, LA 70150

Incorporated: 11/15/1911



Dunbar Molasses & Syrup Co.

In 1919, indicated as a recent addition, this New Orleans, LA company listed 70 tank cars, nos. 100-169. No gallonage was indicated. They were said to be marked with the name as above and "D.M.S.X."



DMSX Dunbar Molasses & Syrup Co. 7/1923


1913 New Orleans City Directory Orleans Parish

Capdeville August clk. Dunbar Molasses & Syrup Co. 3301 Chartres r. 2463 Esplanade av


Canadian Industrial Alcohol Company v. Dunbar Molasses Company: At the end of 1927, the plaintiff contracted to buy from the defendant about 1,500,000 wine gallons of refined blackstrap molasses, about 60% sugar, of the usual run from the National Sugar Refinery, Yonkers, NY. Delivery was to begin April 1, 1928 "to be spread out during the warn weather." The refinery that year produced far less than its capacity, less than a half-million gallons. The defendant shipped its entire allotment. 344,083 gallons, to the plaintiff. The plaintiff sued for damages, but the defendant contended that its duty was conditioned by an implied term, the refinery producing enough molasses to fill the plaintiff?s order. The defendant had no contract with the refinery. If the promisor is in some way responsible for the event, which makes performance of the promise impossible, justice does not dictate that he be excused. In this case, the defendant did not contract with its supplier to ensure usual production and he must pay damages.


Which brings us to the subject of Sugar & Molasses.



Resisting Slavery

At its heart, American slavery was a brutal system based upon physical force, threats, torture, sexual exploitation, and intimidation. Any black resisting overtly the orders of a slaveholder, or almost any white in the community, could expect immediate and often brutal retaliation. Few laws prevented slaveholders from doing whatever they wanted with their human property. Accepted methods of punishment for slaves included verbal rebukes, a few "cuts" with a stick or riding whip, kicks to the body, boxing of ears, confinement in corn cribs or tool sheds, branding on the flesh of the hand or head with a hot iron applied for 20 seconds, and mutilation of the body by clipping the ears, breaking legs, severing fingers, and slitting tongues. In some cases, slaves were forced to wear iron chains and even iron masks on their heads for weeks and months at a time. But the most common form of slave punishment was a severe whipping. Slave codes usually defined as a moderate whipping the laying on of 39 lashes on the bare back. In some cases, the whippings could be quite severe in number. For slaves who lived on large plantations, whippings and similar punishments were common, and few slaves escaped at least one severe whipping in their life. Here are three quotes from manuscript sources that suggest the extent to which floggings were commonly applied.

"On Sunday last Adam was found to be drunk upon which I ordered him to be confined in the Bastille. Also ordered him 500 lashes next day in order to draw a Confession from him how he came by the Rum--which had the desired effect. He acknowledged having secreted a key when he was cook, by which he got entrance to the store on the low land and stole rum--ordered a large chain to be fixed to his leg, which he has carried until today; had it take off, his leg being swelled, as I intend carrying him up to Point Coupee, when I shall sell him if I find an opportunity."

--William Dunbar, Mississippi Planter, November 12, 1777


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